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valuable establishment, the Fever Insti- limine, the ravaging progress of infectution. Notwithstanding, Sir, equally tious fever. These facts are so fully valuable and equally well-conducted verified by daily experience, that it is Institutions exist in ireland (for so ex- not necessary to iosist upon ther, excellent is the one in Waterford, of which cept to impress them with all their force city you have been so long the distin- upon the minds of those not in the guished and active Representative, that habits of being usually acquainted with it was the model of the one in Dub- them--a motive, Sir, for this public lin*), and notwithstanding the saine in- address to you. I will therefore mentelligence pervades the profession there, tion, that many years ago, a fever of yet we do not hear of a similar dimivu. this kind broke out in a village in a tion of the fever which has thinned the midland county of England. It spread raoks of the warın-bearted people of from the village to the neighbouring Ireland. I believe we may attribute hamlets, till some of the wealthier this not only to the greater intensity of farmers in more airy situations fell victhe local, but to the widely spreading tims to it. It attracted the police of a and powerfully-operating general cau. late eminent member of the House of ses, which I submit to your eulightened Commons, who, with the concurrence consideration.
of the Magistrates at the Quarter Sessi· The prolific sources to which is justly ons, seut a professional Gentleman to attributed the origin of Typhus Fever investigate its nature and to check iis
progress. He was furnished with ample Filth--unwholesomeness and insuffi. means and full authority, and was ciency of food—a collection of num. therefore sortuoate enough in prevente bers of people in a confined space-lhe ing its further advance, although he waut of free ventilation of pure air found above thirty persons dispersed in, fatigue--exposure, without proper clo- the district labouring under the disease. thing, to the inclemencies of the wea. I beg to be understood as stating this ther, the constant wearing of ibe same with a view lo sbew ibat the most ample clothes vochanged-and the depressing means, the fullest directions, steadily, passions of the mind. When these cau followed up, should be afforded it for, ses combine and co-operate, they will if any deficiency in the management most unquestionably generate in the should occur, the contagion remains persous exposed to their influeuce feve. Jurking, lalcal scintiliula fursan, about rish excitement, which becomes the con the person, babitation, or clothes, contagiocs lyphus: the person or persons tinues a protracted disease, or breaks so affected communicate it to the family out again, after it is supposed subdued, -it thus spreads from house to house, as it has not been rendered effele or, jam proximus ardel Uralegon, till a totally annihilated. The greatest proof whole district becomes infected, whelher that can be adduced that the causes the whole of the district have in itself enumerated are the prolific sources of the original cuuses or not; for the con. fever is, that they can be always traced lagion, after being worked up, if I may to their commencement in situations so express it, into a bighly malignant where these causes abundantly exist. and infectious nature, by the distur. In the Meath Liberly of Dublin, the bance and excitement of ihe constitu- St. Giles's of that city, the causes above tion, is no respecter of persons, and stated abound in their fullest force, and attacks all (with some exceptions easily I believe it will be generally found, that accounted for), the rich as well as the whenever fevers prevail in Dublin, they poor. If molives of humanity, there can be traced to that or some similar fore, did not incite, motives of self- district of the metropolis of Ireland: interest would, to take the earliest and being that part of the city, where, if I most efficacious steps to check, in recollect rightly, the greatest number
of the poorest reside, there is always a • The Fever Hospital and House of considerable mass of filth, and from the Recosery io Cork-street, erected in 1802, want of money to purchase warın cloThis Institution is well managed by the zenithing and fuel
, mure especially in the and ability of the professional gentlemen
recent distress, they crowd together in who attend it, and has proved of much service to the city. It has been found neces. + These directions will be found detailed sary, since that period, however, to provide in the Reports of the London and Dublis other similar loslitu Lions.
small habitations, begrimed with dirt, more to a greatly increased and in. to keep themselves warm against iu- creasing population, political sagacity element weather; hence the putrefac- will probably direct ils alleution to tive fermentation generated in the dirt the consideration of a sinilar remedy; which surrounds ihem, with tbe accus most commonly we find, that when mulared aud confined exhalations from those general causes prevail, the worst the skin and Jungs, deteriorates the air fevers have taken place. The most they breathe, vilialing its vital princi- destructive fever ancient Greece ever ple, and exciting and disturbing the cir- knew, was that which depopulated eulating and nervous system, lill fever Athens soon after the commencement is produced This feverish state further of the Peloponnesian war, and which causes morbid secretions, and thus ori- is so well described by Thucydides. ginates the infection which, at first an The accounts given of fevers by Livs, etfect, becomes the ravaging cause of Procopius, Divdorus Siculus, the Hali. reproducing a inore violent and conta- carnassian historian, and others, have gious disease.
been at a time when, from wars, or The compass of a daily print does not other similar causes, there have been a allow me to enlarge ; but, Sir, to the deficiency of food, anxious fatigue of local are to be added the general causes body, and agitations and depression of of the more than usual unsteadiness of mind by fearful despondencies. I need the weather for the last two or three pot say to you how poetically this has years—the want of employment de- been described by Lucretius, and, in priving the poor of the means of pro- part, also by Ovid, Lucan, and other curing a sufficiency of food – the in Latin poets.* It may be curious, Sir, creased anxiety in endeavouring to pro to bring to your bistorical recollection, cure this, undergone, too, with exposure that Hesiod and Herodotus attribute to severe weather--and though last, the pestilential fever which raged in not least, in this list of powerfully ope Greece and the neighbouring countries rating causes, the great depression of of Asia, immediately after the destruc. the mind, from fear and despondency, tion of Troy, to the effects of that when the parents return to their coru
decennial war. fortless bomes, without the sustenance The treatment of typbus fever, com. necessary for their craving families. prising the prevention of contagion, is The generous spirit rises into despair so simple, so easy, and so generally uns or sinlts inlo lethargic despondency, derstood by the intelligent part of the when all the doors 10 independent labour profession, that it is unnecessary to enare closrd; the allenlion, therefore, large upon it. A hearty zeal and acti. must be as much directed to moral vity in the medical managers will do a as well 18 to physical management. great deal ; but allow me lo add, tbat, These general causes bave operated in considering the subject upon a more very largely within the last three years, enlarged scale, the useful employment aod, i bave no doubt, have mainly con of the superabundant population, by tributed not only to produce, but to in- giving wholesonie activity to the body, crease the malignancy of the fevers by supplying the independent means of which have been so prevalent among the procuring suficiency of food and cloth. labouring classes of the community. ing, and thus by relieving the mind from Under such circumslances, mere medical oppression, and by creating the cheers aid will nol be sufficient, the great engine ful hope of being able to support their of Government must move with its co families, will be the most powerful operation in assisting the medical means. adjuvants to the more immediate me. I am bappy to find, from the otserva dical means for annihilating the de. tions of Mr. Peel, that this is inlended; structive march of the contagion. it will not escape his energy and ac I have the bonour to be, Sir, knowledged talents, that, previous to With respect and esteem, the cultivation of civilized life, bordes, Your faithful and obedient servant, after consuming the produce of the
G. D. YEATS, M.D. soil wliere they resided, wandered from Queen-streel, Miny-fair, May 1, 1818. multiplied numbers to new selliements for additional food; and if in these days logical account of the pestilential fevers
The medical reader will find a chrono. the produce of retined labour in our
which have raged in the world, from its own country has been exhausted, with
commencement to 1636, iu Kircker's Scru. out the means at home of supplying tinium Medicum,
TIE HOUSE OF NESS E-HOMBURG. and the friend of Nature, Homburg is The late union between the Princess indebted, among other salutary arElizabeth and the hereditary Prince of rangements, for the tasteful improve. Hesse: Homburg, must naturally give an meots with which he has embellished interest to all that relates to the history his paternal residence, and which diffuse of that Prince and his illustrious family. peculiar charms over that romantic dise' We therefore feel great pleasure in be- frict. But this humane and learned iog enabled to lay before our readers Prince implants many other memorials the following Memoir of the House of in the hearts and souls of his people. Hesse-Homburg, and the hereditary It may indeed with truth be said, that Priace, which we can assure them is Nature destined him for a prince. His derived from the most authentic character is noble and resolute, his lem
per in every respect amiable and gra. Tbe bistory of Homburg, which was cious. With a powerful understanding, formerly called Hobenberg and Hobo greatly improved by study, bis informa. burg, is enveloped in obscurity. It tion is various and extensive, and he is belonged in the 12th century to the particularly intimate with the history of dynasty of Eppenstein, as imperial bis vative land. He is a lover of nature, Waldgraves of the Seulberg and Hohe and his post favourite recreation is to Mark. la the year 1486, it became walk or ride out in the evening una part of the county of Hanau. Mun. attended, to visit ths plains of Homzenburg, and in 1521, under Philip burg, or the neighbourhood of the the Magnanimous, it fell into the pos. Schlangenbad.* session of the united house of Hesse. The Consort of this estimable Prince Jn 1602, on the division of the Hessian is of nearly the same age as himself. territories, the bailiwick of Homburg She is the sister of the present reignbecame the property of the Landgrave ing Grand Duke of Hesse. Darmstadt. George I. of Darmstadt. Twenty years Though their’s was purely a marriage afterwards, Louis V, resigned it in of inclination, yet it was not upate favour of his brother Frederick I. the tended by political advantages, for it founder of the line of Hesse- Homburg. contributed in eminent degree Being somewhat reduced, misunder to strengthen the relations between standings arose with the female line, Darmstadt and Homburg. The Land. which lasted upwards of 150 years. gravine is besides distinguished for la 1768, through the Imperial media- every grace, both of mind and person : tion, au advantageous stipulation was her inerit did not escape the observaentered into, which was confirmed by
* The waters of the Schlangenbad, which the marriage of the present reigning Landgrave, Frederick v. to Carolina,
are peculiar in their kind, bear some re.
semblance to the Baths of Mochingen. daughter of the Prince of Hesse
They are particularly salutary in disorders Dariustadi. The wbite tower, which
of the nerves, cramps, &c. The springs was repaired by Frederick •Jacob, is were discovered about 200 years ago, still slaodiog. It is a part of the old through the cure of a diseased cow. Che. castle. If not originally constructed mists have in vain endeavoured to ana. by the Romans, il at least contains lyze these waters; but the cures they have (built into tbe walls) several Roman operated speak sufficiently in their favour. monumental stones, which must have They flow at a temperature of between been dug up in the neighbourhood. 21 and 22. degrees of Reaumur, or between
82 and 84 of Fahrenheit. The waters of The present castle was built in 1630
the Schlangen had possess the power of by the Landgrave Frederick II. the softening and strengthening the rigid fibres Bero of Fehrbellin, of whom there is an of the skin, and thus, as it were, restoring equestrian statue, and a metal bust over. old age to a kind of second youth. They the castle gates. Frederick II. was the are likewise salutary to young persons, henefactor of his little territories, and and particularly to females, to whose comreceived exiled Waldenses, and other plexions they impart extraordinary fair.. iudustrious religious emigrants, wbo
ness and delicacy. These waters more. sellled in Dornhohzhausen, New Hom
over possess highly medicinal qualities burg, and Friedrichsdorf.
when taken internally. They have been
found beneficial in cases of pulmonary To the present Prince, the good and
affection, though they are devoid of all the wise, the happy father of six heroic
mineral favour. Linen when washed in sons and five lovely and accomplished the Schlangenbad water acquires the white.' daughters, the favourite of the Muses ness of drifted spow. Europ. Mag. Vol. LXXIII. May 1518.
tion of Buonaparte, who, whilst at rious. On the 15th of April 1796, Menlz in 1794, treated her with the whilst serving under General Latour, most marked attention and respect.. near Neuburgh, he received a wound He distinguished her above every other in the neck. In 1797, he was raised to Princess, always conducting her him. the rank of Brigadier-general. He conself to the dinner and card-tables. But tipued to serve on the Rbine until the the House of Hesse Homburg, and in year 1200. Tu July of that year, he particular the Landgrave himself, would and his brother Gustavus particularly never stoop to avail themselves of this distinguished ibemselves under General preference in order to obtain political Kray at the battle of Neuburgh : he advantages. On the esiablishment of was immediately after created a Lieuthe Rhenish Confederation, and the tenant Field- Marshal. wars which ensued between Prance aud On the 19th and 20th of April 1809, Austria and Prussia, he was warmly be evinced the utmost bravery ; and at urged to withdraw his sons from the Regensburg, on the 21st, he, with his service of the two last mentioned brother Gustavus, covered the retreat. powers ; but this he resolutely refused Gustavus attacked the French no less to do. It was then proposed that his than five times. His conduct was youngest son, Leopold, should enter equally meritorious at Esslingen, Asibe service of Buonaparle ; but the pern, and Wagram. His brother Phigallant youth unexpectedly quilted lip, who distinguished himself in an Homburg during the night, fied to equal degree on all the above occasions, Berlin, and obtained a commission in received a wound at the battle of Wa. the Prussian army.' This hopeful grain. At Znaym, the hereditary Prince Prince, the ornament of his bouso, be. of Hesse- Homburg led the final attack, came a sacrifice to the hervic spirit and the Austrians gained the victory. which distinguishes every member of He had previously obtained commands his family. Disregarding precautions, in Hungary and Poland, from his Mahe was vever accustomed to conecal jesty the Emperor of Austria ; and in · the star of bis order during an engage the year 1812 lie was appointed to a ment, and he fell at Lutzen. The list command in Cascha, in Hungary, from words he uttered to those around him which he was recalled in 1819, when were, " Let not my reinains fall into the army was forming in Bohemia. the hands of the french.” An oak- On General Meerveldt's being made tree now overshadows his grave. prisoner, the hereditary Prince of
The bereditary Prince, Frederick Hesse-Homburg obtained the comJoseph, who has lately had the happi-' mand of the left wing of the army at Dess of obtaining the hand of the ami.
Dresden and Leipzig. On the 18th of able Princess Elizabeth, was born at October he received a wound, as did Homburg ou the 30th of July 1769. bis brother, a Lieutenant general in He received an excellent education in the Prussian service, on the 19th. In his faiber's house; and, for the sake the year 1814 he was created a Gene. of attaining the French language, was ral of the Austrian cavalry. He led the sent to Geneva, where he became ac reserve through Switzerland towards quainted with bis Royal Highness the France, and look Dijon. As commander Duke of Kent: the friendelip there of the army of the South, he gained the formed was, on both sides, of the warm battle of Lyons on the 20th of March, est and most unalterable description and on the gist entered that city. On In the year 1789, he entered the Impe. the 20th of April, he took by storm Rorial Austrian service in the rank of Cap. mans, in Dauphiné, the gaies of which tain. His first acts of heroism were he ordered to be broken down. This achieved under General Laudon, ai me last affnir concluded the campaign. hadia, at the siege of Belgrade, where The horeditary Prince of Hesse- Homhe storined a battery, and at the taking burg is at present Vice-General Como of Calafat, in the war with the Turks, mandant of the Kingdom of Hungary. in the years 1789 and 1790.
As a reward for his numerous heroic From 1792 to 1794, he was with the actions, the following orders have been Austrian army on the Rbine. He was conferred on him :-The Commander's then promoted to the rank of Colonel, Cross of the Order of Maria-Theresa, and went to Poland in 1795. He was and the Grand Cross of St. Stephen, by engaged in the affair of Stockach, in his Majesty the Emperor of Austria ;* which the Arcbiduke Cbarles was victo. the Orders of the Black and Red Eagles,
by his Majesty the King of Prussia ; the privilege of serving God according the Order of St. Alexander Newsky, by to thai form. Not only has he left this bis Majesty the Emperor of Russia; uvaliempted, but even from his own moreover, the Grand Crosses of the statement it appears that a very great Order of the Lions, by the Elector of proportion of the West End residents Hesse, and of the Order of Louis, hy are so extremely indifferent to their the Grand Duke of Hesse Darmstadt. , religious duties as to require " the Finally, having obtained the promise of meretricious attraction of popular being bonoured with the baod of a preachers, theatrical singers, &c. &c. daughter of the King of Great Britain, io compensate to a ceriain class, for his Royal Highuess the Prince Regent the mortification of sitting two hours, invested him with the Grand Cross of with nought but religion to amuse the Hanoverian Order of the Guelphs. them!!!" If, then, such is the de
Such is a brief sketch of his history plorable state of religion among these to whom one of our most esteemed fashionables, it is not too much to Princesses bas vuited her destiny; and assume, that they might as well be at we are sure there is not a Briton who home for any good they get from athas witnessed or heard by report of tendance at parocbial chapels under the almost unexampled filial affection such circumstaoces, and, therefore, that and duty displayed by her Royal High- if the performances above described ness, boib to our beloved Sovereign in were superseded by a genuine and unbis infirmity, and to her venerable Mo affected worship of God according to ther, who will not join us cordially in the formularies of our Church, a large the prayer that she niay be as happy as dumber of the 216,768 persons might a wife as she has beco exemplary as be accommodated at a diminished exa daughter. - Literary Gazelie.
penall. But, Sir, it does not seem to have occurred to E. R. that there may
be another portion of this overplus. To the Edilor of the European Magazine. composed of real Christians, and yet
not of the Established Church, and that 1
QUITE agree with E. R. (page 238), they may have access to places of wor.
that the erection of new churchesin silip within the five parishes which are the metropolis is a measure that cannot neither churches or parochial chapels. be viewed without deep interest by It sh uld appear, therefore, from his every member of the Established Church; having entirely overlooked these, that but ibe rellections to which it bas given he does not consider them as places rise in my mind, are of a very difirent which the great Creator will deign to description to those of your Correspond acknowledge--they have not been conent. He says, that “ the want of places secrated by a bisbup, and, as a conof public worship commensurate with sequence, cannot be fit for “ the poputhe population of the west end of the lation of the west end of the town!” town is an evil that has been long and That this is the notion of your liberal justly complained of." This he pro- and enlighten d Correspondent, appears ceeds to illustrate by a calculation of from a subsequent paragraph too long the ouinber of persons residing in the to quote, but beginning with, “ Hence five principal parishes of that district; the alarming increase of sectarism,” and finds that there is an unaccom &c. modated overplus of 216,768 persons. Perhaps there is no species of attack He then enquires, “ Jo what places are more insidious Iban that which deals they to fulll the duties of iheir reli- only in general assertions. Had your gion ?" and affects to discover that, in Correspondent entered into particulars, addition to the present number of pa and described the “new leaders' whose rish-churches, there are also parochial baneful principles are pregnant with so chapels, but makes no mention of any much mischief, it would bave afforded other places of worship.
us some criterion to judge of the degree Now, Sir, I apprchend, before E. R. of estimation in which we ought to hold can make out a case requiring legis. his qualifications as a judge on this sub. lative interposition, he must shew that ject. In the absence, however, of this this overplus is composed of persons data, he must excuse me if I with. who are really members of the Church bold implicit confidence in the correctof England, but who are excluded by Dess of his general attack on the disthe alleged deficiency from enjoying senters, whose conduct and principles