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oconomising human food. The receipts not be passed over in silence, or rather and directions he drew up for the latter that should be mentioned with merited purpose were printed, and circulated applause, tbat Mr. Colquhoun, daring by his Majesty's Principal Secretary this alarmiog period, disinterestedly of State; and thus the knowledge of abandoned every pursuit of a private the system so successfully practised in bature, and vot only generously conthe Metropolis, was diffused through. tributed in pecuniary aid to the utmost out the islaod. He thus largely con of liis power, but devoted all the time he tributed to diminish the umeccssary could spare from his official duties, in waste and expenditure of food, at a obviating those evils which would arise time of scarcity; and thus, by in from multitudes collected together with. creasing the quantity of the means of out the weans of adequale subsistence subsistence, tranquillised the feelings for themselves and their children. For and soothed the minds of those who these services respecting the Fish Estawere irritated by the want and the high blishment, the Society for beltering the price of sustenance.
Condition of the Poor voted him ibeir In the same year, the unruly and po warın acknowledgınents in the followpulous districts of Wapping, Shadwell, ing handsome manuer : and St. George's, effectually felt also the force of Mr. Colquhoun's evcrgetic
" At a meeling of the Committee,
13th Dec, 1800, activity in their behalf. He was also well known here, as he had, pro tein
“ Lord Bishop of Durham in the Chair,
“ Resolved Unanimously, pore, acted as a Magistrate, in bringing
"Oo the motion of Sir John Cox to a systein the Marine Police scheme. By his exertions, a large pecuniary fuod
Hippesley, Bart. was raised, by which a large soup-house be given to Patrick Colquhoun, Esq.
“ That the thanks of the Committee was established, which, under very pres for the suggestion of his play for the sing circulustances, supplied a consider. able quantity of cheap and nutritious supply, of corned herrings to the mefood to a body of people who, from tropolis, and also for the arrangement
with which the said plan has been cartheir habits, would have caused troublesome riots, but wbo were thus tranquil. which the most extended and beneficial
ried into execution ; a measure from lized into quietism. From the pressure effects bave already been, and are likely of the war, and tbe effects of an unpro. ductive harvest, the distresses became to be, experienced by the industrious still more urgent in the subsequent year
Extract from the Minutes, of 1800. There was no part of the nietropolis which did not call for and re
ROBERT Gillan, Clerk. ceive the benefit of Mr. Colquhoun's And jo the subsequent year, as a comunexampled exertions. The utmost plimcot to hiin, as the resolution execonomical care was required in dis. presses it, for his unremitted god sucpensing cheap substitutes for bread; cessful attention, he was voted a Mem. and he had the merit, at the close of ber of the Society, and of the General this year, ofsuggesting, and of ultimately Comunittee for life. carrying into effect, a farge supply of The result of these gigantic exertions, herrings, and other cheap fish, for the in which yast ourubers of the benevorelief of the poor of the metropolis, lent inhabitants of the melropolis meand of the districts in its vicinity. lo ritoriously co-operated, both by pecu. these exerlions he had the bearty co- diary aud personal aid, was the relief operation of the Society for bettering and tranquillity of vast multitudes of the condition of the poor. This distri- the lower orders of the people, who, bution of fish was afterwards, through vader the pressure of extreme and oni. the immediate interference of Goveruversal distress, would have broken out ment, extended to many of the more into various destructive excesses. So distressed and populous districts of Eng. extensively beneficial had Mr. Colqu. land. It accords also with the strict justice houn's exertions proved, that at a of Mr. Colquhoun's miod, that I should General Meeting of the Merchaots, slate i he acknowledgments which are due Bankers, Traders, and other lobabitto the great services rendered to the ants of the Metropolis, convened at public at this time by Nicholas Van- the London Tavern, by public adversiltart, Esq. and other Members of the tisement, December 23, 1800, lo con. Pub.committee for conductiug the Fish sider of the most effectual means for Establishmcut. It is a maller ibat must coutinuing the relief heretofore so be
neficially afforded to the poor, on ac this City-I have the pleasure to transcount of the present high price of bread, mit you berewith your diploma. and other necessaries of life, their uni * I have the honour to be, &c. nimous thanks were voted to Mr. Colqu.
“Jas. STIRLIN, Provost." houn for bis able assistance, &c. and “ To P. Colquhoun, Esq." were transmitted to him by William Thus, if at any time the buman heart Devaynes, Esq. M. P. their Chairipan ; has throbbed with inward satisfaction and in the same year, he received the for the good its owner bad done; if a unanimous thanks of his own parish just and inanış pride has ever, at any of Westminster, for his upwearied cxcr time, been felt for honorary rewards tions, once in January and again in justly bestowed ; if a conscious and April, on the motion of William Wilo laudable dignity ever cloth :d the bu. berforce, Esq. M.P. the Rev. Dr. Fixes man character; Mr. Colquhoun has ja the Chair.
had the high gratification to kwow, that But it would be almost endless to enu. at this period in the same year, and merate the grateful emotion which per. almost on the same day, when a tur. vaded allrauks of society in the metro bulent spirit was ready to break out on polis towards him, for ibose multifa. one side, and the cry of helpless beings rious and incessaot occupations with for sustenance was iinploring societs on which he filled all bis time, in devising the olber, meetings were held in tho means and in procuring money for re different parishes of London, to distrilieving the indigence of the labouring bute, by means which his exertions had classes at these distressing periods. mainly furnished, and upon plans which From the year 1794, down to the time his deliberative wisdom had suggested, of bis life at which I am now writing, the comforts of clothing and of whole. viz 1801, he received the warmest ex some nourishment to the poor; while pressions of gratilude from the Parishes at the same time, with einoliops of of St. Peter and St. Micbael, Cornhill; grateful sensibility, they raised their
From the Commillee of the Society voices with thanks to him, their bene.' for supplying the Poor during the Wine factor and their fricod.—The fears ter 1797 :
which distracted the minds of the naFrom the Board of Agriculture in tion at this critical period, the stormis 1798, through Sir John Sinclair ; which agitated the political atinosphere,
From the Committee for the Relief the distrusts which threalened to rend of Labourers and others, who had beeu asuuder the Government and the peocompelled to pawo their Clothes, Tools, ple, spread over the minds of all a &c. io 1797, by Sir John Call, their prospective gloom. In the midst of Chairman ;
ihese fearful and adverse clouds, which : From the Parish of Christ Church, checquered the prosperity of the counMiddlesex, in November 1800), and again try, Mr. Colquhoun sat calm, dignified, in February 1801, for the many and and philosophical, watching the direcgreat obligations they were under to tion of the storm, and averting with: him, both in his magisterial and pri- masterly activity and judgment the vale character, they felt themselves force of its violence. In the coofusion particularly called upon to express which sometimes prevails at popular Their warmest gratitude for his most meetings, he was listened to with atteobenevolent and zealous perseverance tion, and heard with respect. and exertions in behalf of the poor.
Tam pietate gravem ac merilis si forte virum In January of this year, the freedom
quem of the City of Edinburgh was voted to Consperere, silenl. arrectisque auribus astant him, in testimony vot only,” as it is Ille regil dictis animos el pectora mulcet. stated, “ of their esteem for his great
Virgit-Æneid, 1. activity as a Magistrate, but for his late The Officers of the Hamlet of Milo polile communications for the relief of End New. Town had already, on the
It was transmitted to him 220 November 1800, expressed their in a letter, couched in the following acknowledgments to him for termps, from the Provost :
Dent services and seasonable relief af“sin, Edinboro', 22d Feb. 1800. forded them in their distressed circum“ I have the honour to acquaint you, stances :" but the wretched condition that, on the fifteenth of January last, of this district was so deep and awful, the Magistrates and Common Council and multiplied in all the appalling wuanimously voted you the freedom of shapes of purerty and disease, that it
required no ordinary means to com: would be of great use in prodacing unibat these frightful obstacles ;--ever- formity at all the other offices. tual success, however, crowned Mr. When the war was renewed in 1903, Colquhoun's efforts, and which are so Mr. Colquhoun, who, in addition to well depicted in their acknowledgments other gratuitous services, had executed to him at this momentous crisis, and the duties of Chairman at the Court are expressed with such energy of' of Lieutenancy for the County of Midlanguage, that they are given entire, as dlesex, and who has also presided at transmitted to bím by the Rev. Joun most of the numerous subdivision meet. COTTINGHAM, Chairman.
ings in Westminster for nearly twenty * Hamlet, Mile End New Town, years, having had the meetings fixed March 20, 1801.
on those days when it was not his turn “ The Trustees and Managers of the of duty at the Public Office, deroled
Affairs of the Poor, belonging to his vacant time to this service, This
the Hamlet of Mile End New Town. service was highly important and labo. “ Highly sensible of the great benefits rious, not only from the pressure of conferred on the said Hamlet, unparal. the case under the critical situation leled for its unrivalled poverty, with pe- of the country, but from the act then culiar pleasure embrace this moment to passed, for raising by ballot an army express their most respectful gratitude, of 40,000 men: it became, therefore, for the very seasonable succour which, necessary to make great exertions, through your benign exertions, has been which subjected him to much graluiobtained, whereby ibrec thousand iodus. tous labour and faligue, by which bis trious indigent persons have been re- health was materially impaired : yet peatedly relieved; who, for want of that consideration did not deter him food and clothing, in all probability from a regular atiendance down to the would have perislied in their affliction. present period. Nothing connected Recollecting the scenes of distress to with solacing the misfortunes of the which they have been witnesses, and the poor, whether in their circumstances timely assistance they were enabled to or their situation, seems to have escaped administer, they are at a loss for words the beneficent attention of this praiseto express the grateful sentiments they worthy Magistrale; for I find that, in feel ; under a lively sense of which, it this year, he received the thauks of the shall be their earnest and fervent prayer, Commillee of the Society for improving that a life so truly devoted to the cause the Condition of the Tufant Chimney. of suffering humanity, may long be sweepers, transmitted to him in a hand. spared to enjoy the picasure of doing some mamer from their Chairman, good; and that the blessing of the poor, John Julius Angerstein, Esq. the fatherless, and of those who were ready For the space of more than twenty-five to perish, may come upon you, and every years, Mr. Colquhoun presided at the branch of your worthy and respectable fa. Pelly Sessions, for enforcing the paso wily, in allits richest and fullest extent." ment of the Parochial Rates. During
in this year, also, Mr. Colquhoun, the first four years, he acted for the with a view to establish a correct sys. large perishes of St. Luke's, Middlesex, tem for conducting the bosiness of the and Si. Leonard's, Sboreditch, and ocPolice Office in Qucen-square, and for casionally for the parish of Hackney: the purpose of clearly defining ihe spe. and for the last tweniy years, for the cific duties of the Magistrates, Clerks, united parishes of St. Margaret's aud and Constables, composed a Constitu St. John's, Westminster : always fixing tion for the Office, in which are in
upon such days for this very extended scrted all the distinct duties required employment, as did not interfere with to be performed by the different fuuc- his duties as a Magistrate at the Public tionaries. It contains full instructions, Offices. During ihe same long period, explaining at great length the fonctions he regularly attended the Special Meet. to be performed, with the form of a ings appointed for Licensing Public very solemn oath, to be taken by each llouses in his district. constable, with respect to bribery and Mr. Colquhoun, as I have already corruption ; also a table of the fees of bad occasion to mention, and it caunot office, authorized by law, with every be too often enforced, on account of its olher regulation necessary for the good great utility when adopted, was always government of the Establishment. The anxious, not only to counteract existing details
to a considerable length, and, crimes, but to eradicate their very orie if sanctioned by the Secretary of Stalė, gin, so as to prevent their commission.
One of the most fertile sources to which For the EUROPEAN MAGAZINE. the increase of crime is to be attributed, is the ignorance of that class of the An Essay on the Good Effect of lower orders of the people with whom
AMBITION. crimes originate, and by whom they A entive, by which we arrive to the are multiplied. By ignorance is not meant the want of the embellishments greatest perfection in whatever art or of literature or of fine writing, but of an faculty we profess; it influences the early inculcation of those principles mind to ose the most approved methods, upon which is fouoded the regulation and assiduous practices, to excel others of the passions by reason, by babils of the same fraternity: I say, it makes of virtuous employment, and of general each individual to exert his ulmost ahiçood conduct. Mr. Colquhoun,tberefore, Jity to be distinguished above that puin contemplating the sources calculated merous race who, living and dying in to produce a corruption of moralo obscurity, have their memories buried among the lower orders of society, with them, and are remembered no jostiy considered the almost total want more. Though it is certain vivacity of education among the children of is the gift of nature, yet I know not the labouring classes, as tending to why any tolerable capacity, prompted lead to a greater multiplication of by a competent share of resolution and crimes than even theo existed. With assiduity, to pursue the art which he anxious care, he promoted and carried designs to altain to, may not arrive to into effect, in 1803, the establishment of the greatest (known) perfection. a school in Orchard-street, Westininster, Every mortal, I say, is fervid to obo for the education of from three to four tain a shining characteristic: onc stuhundred male and female children, be. dies to be eminent for his affluent trea. ing the first school founded on the prin- sure, another for his noble pedigree, ciples of the Established Church. It rich attire, &c.; whilat there are the has since been annexed to the National rude, flagitious, and upcultivated. School, under extended patronage; and Those are only to be distinguished in a new building has been erected for this this life (and that, perhaps, not to their purpose in the Broad Sanctuary, West. honour); for as soon as death has ipade milister, capable of accommodatiog one a conquest of them, their pames are thousand children, who are educated forgotien, and their memories perish. according to the Rev. Dr. Bell's system. Being told of any gentleman of opulent
The subordinate branches as well as fortune residing in a seat of the greatest the higher functions of his more imnie- decoration and taste; we naturalls ask, diate and important duties, as a Magis- For what is he worthy of distinction? Is trate, also occupied his attention. he charitable to the poor, benevolent to Fluding that constables in general are those even of inferior degrees, good. ignorant of the correct duties of their humonred to all men ? &c. If these station, as peace-officers, as well as perfections of soul be completed with of what they ought to feel they are Iris transient estate, so that he may called upon to perform, by the rank be the instrument of doing good therethey hold
he published, in 1803, a by, he is the man that merits applause, fuller exposition of their duties, as it and his memory ought to be precious. applies to modern practice, in a work But if the man is possessed of the greatentitled, " A Trea:ise on the Func. est affluence, and the seeds of virtue tions and Duties of a Constable; con not inculcated in his breast, though be taining Details and Observations in- be descended of the most noble extracteresting to the Public, as they relaże to tion, his name is buried' with hiın in the Corruption of Morals, and the Pro. perpetual oblivion tection of the peaceful Subject against Some there are, who, with respect Penal and Crimioal Offerees."
to art, have carried their ambition loo This work, being divested of all tech- far, or rather in an improper patb, and pical phraseology.so as to render it easily thereby exposed their weakness and inunderstood, not only by all Officers of ability too soon : from whence results J:istice and Constables, but by all bis a character, which wang reiterated good Majesty's subjects, bas proved accept. performances cannot restore to its prisable to the public, it is now out of line state: I mean, those authors, who print, although a large impression was are ambitious to bear that exalted name, published.
and not having patience or assiduity to (To be concluded in our ncxl.) make theinscives qualified to dispense
with truth, elegance, and perspicuity, therefore, do not hesitate a moment in on what they write, render themselves enriching our " Repository" with the and their performances despicable to following letter written by Dr. Yeats, the ingenious, and are both buried in to the Right Hou. Sir Joho Newport eternal obscurity, or beld in contempt the 1st May, 1818. to succeeding ages. There are many, also, who strive to be illuminaled by To The Right Honourable Sir John New. borrowed rays; but those Moon gen
port, Bart. M.P. tlemen being discovered by their sto. len particles, render themselves ridi. I have read with much satisfaction in culous in the highest degree, and when the Newspapers, that Commitlees have the copied parts are extracted fron their been appointed by the House of Com. own insipid works, it leaves a total mons for the purpose of inquiring into eclipse. But to return: I remeniher to the state of ihe Contagious Fever in bave beard of a very eminent mathe. this country and in Ireland. In consematician, who affirmed he owed all the queuce of ihe communication which I. perfections he attained in the inost diffi. bave had the bonour to hold with you, cult branch of science to a reproof of his and as you have the praiseworthy merit master, when learuing the rudiments of of being the mover of this inquiry for aritbmetic'; wbo told him,“ he was Ireland, I feel much pleasure in addresse, not bord for an artist.” This he in- ing a few liues to you on the subject, wardly resented to the highest degree ; as it relates to that country, although and that short sentence so influenced the observations will be found applica. his affronted soul, tbat, in a very short ble to the general question. It may be time, he was deservedly esteemed the right for me lo premise, that durieg The best scholar in tbe school, and at length time I had the honour of accompany. had scarce a superior anywhere. Ani. ing his Grace the Duke of Bedford, ás mated with ambition, joined wilh the Physician, during his Grace's Lieuten-, influence of their country's welfare, see antry in Irelaud, in 1806, I went several Britons range the limits of the globe, times, by his Grace's desire, over all, where even their name carries terror, 'the Hospitals and Dispensuries in Dub). and their weapous destruction, to all lin, which afforded me an opportunity their antagonists.
of becoming professionally acquainted Thus we see the great efficacy ainhi. with the netropolis of the Sister Island. tion has in all arts whatever, aud that with respect to the contagious disease, no possible thing can withstand it, when such as is usually denominated low, joined with resolution and assiduity. nervous, or typhus fever, there are variLet us then apply it to what may be ous causes, cbietly originating with the eternally interestivg, and be so animated unfortunate poor, to which it is attri. with the thought of everlasting felicity, butable. as to make it our nuost important busi From the improvement which media ness to mitigate the just anger of that cal science has received within these . Omnipotent Being, whose conspicuous few years, these causes are very well, wisdon made and supported all things. ascertained, and are easily obviated
when means can be procured for that purpose; and further, should the causes, by not baving been removed, have pro- ;
ceeded to produce their effect in the. THE REPOSITORY.
full formation of typhus fever, such is No. XLVIII.
now the greatly increased knowledge and inproved method in the treatment
of fever, that it will generally, with no “ The mind of man not being capable of great difficulty, be subdued, provided
having many ideas under view at once, it was necessary to have a Repository tó pains be laken to gire and to pursue the Jay up those ideas."--LOCKE.
MLCCPssary direclions, and provided full and ample means be possessed for cat.
rying them into effect. The contagious (PON a subject so vitally interesting fever has much diminished in Loudon, to
thanks to the spirited subscriptions of too much pains cannot be taken in the public last year, to the zeal and disseminating the opinions of compe- judgment of the professional gentlemen, teot and experieoced professors—we, and of the Managing Committee of that
SELECT COLLECTION OF FUGITIVE PIECES.
U PONankindas. Contagious Fever,