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played throughout Asia, the descend. rhyme. Undoubtedly: but this dispoants of the first Arabian shepherds, sition to accuse every nation of robbery became the cultivators of the gentle and plagiaristn, is not the proper way to arts of peace. The Saracens discovered consider the subject. Verse is the and invented little, but they formed the simple and original mapuer of embodylink which unites ancient and modern ing thoughts, because men are naturally letters. The Moors were the great de inclined to harmonious associations of positaries of science.

language; and, by a continuance of “ Literature emanated from Italy and the principle, rhyme will sooner or later Spain, and passed into the other Euro- appear in their compositions. Every pean states.

The Saracenian schools rude nation is poetical, and turos its were attended by students from all parts verse into measure. As well might it of Christendom. The establishment of be contended, that the art of poetry the Saracens in the peninsula, was com was transferred from one country to pleted in the eighth century, and the another, as that rhyme was borrowed. elder Spanish romances are strongly The sources of the Muhammedan tinctured with Arabian ideas. When, thcology, morality and laws, are two three ages afterwards, Provence was fold-the Koran, or written law, and the annexed to the throne of Raymond Sonoa, or traditionary law. Whether Berenger, Couot of Barcelona, and tbe the Kurau was writion in the time of Catalonians and Provençals became in. Muhammed seems doubiful, aud the termixed; a direct and immediate im- conjecture of Mosheim, inay pot'be pression of oriental sentiments and man very far from the truth, “that the true ners was made upon the christian world. Koran was an Arabic poem, which The Provençal 'poets are indebted for Muhammed recited to his followers some of their most beautiful images to without giving it to them in writing, their acquaintance with Arabic litera. ordering them only to commit it le ture. The notions of honor, the mys- their memory. Such were the laws of ticism of love, the barmonious blending the Druids in Gaul, and such also those of opinion and sentiment, the romantic of the Indians, which the Bramins re. grace of manners, and the character of ceive by oral tradition and get by ihe female sex, which the Troubadours heart. The lex scripta of the Moslems, describe, are in accordapce with the has long been accessible to the general general strain of oriental poetry: and reader, by the transfusions which have Thyme, one great characteristic of mo been made of it joto the vernacular dern verse, was derived by these bards idioms of Europe; and the liberal policy from the Arabic measure." p. 404, of our merchant kings has opened to 405.

us the Miscbat and the Hedaya, two This last assertion requires a com books of high authority in the East, on ment. If rhyme were not an original subjects of traditionary law. Like invention of the Provençal poets, the Brahma, Confucius, and Zoroaster, the claims of the Franks and the Latins Arabian Prophet blended his religion, are at least equally strong with those of his morality, and his law; he legislated the Arabians. The Spaniards of the only for one people, and bis permission twelfth century, called rhyming verses, of polygamy, and his probibition of a lei Francesca. The life of Sancta wine, sutficiently show his want of foreFides, written in the Catalan dialect of sight to the extensiveness of his reli. the Spanish tongue, is in rhyme. Now gion's influence. The favorable chathis dialect is, with some exceptions, racteristic of this system, is its conthe Roman language current iu Gaul, ceptions of the attributes of Gud*before and after its conquest by the Fraoks. This Rustica Romana, as it * Any one who reads the Koran will was called, nearly resembles the Pro see, that the Moslems hold most exalted vençal dialect, and the basis of the ideas respecting the attributes of God, and Provençal was the Latin language. Its that those ideas are expressed in the words corru ons were words from the Celtic

of the Jewish and Christian 'scriptures, or Gaulish idiom, and afterwards from

canonical and apochryphal. The Greek the Visigoth or Frankish. In a note contended, that in the judgment of the

Christians, however, of the twelfth century under the before quoted passage, our

Moslems, God was a material and spherical author seems to question the opinion being: the God of the Mussulmans was expressed in the iext, and says, that therefore anathematised. This strange cir. other sources may be found for modero

cumstance begat a controversy, and much

its hatred of Paganism and Idolatry in jurisprudence is the best general ono every shape. Intolerance is its great which has hitherto been made. We and striking vice.

are not disposed to question the accu“ That war is an ordinance of God, racy of his statements, but we object to and that success is a mark of Divine his mode of illustration; he is indeed favor, are the natural principles of peo more fond of comparisons than arguple whose religion was founded by the ments, nor are bis illustrations always sword-lordly pride, savageness, and happily chosen. 10 writing on the ferocity, must be the strong and pro- laws of the modern kingdoms of minent features of the characters of Europe, it is necessary to refer to the men who are influenced by a religion civil law; because in cases where the which breathes war and persecution. feudal law spoke pot, the public reason The stamp of divinity and eternity of the Romans was generally resorted which Islamism fixes on every instituti. to. Mr. Mills' illustrations are very on bas preserved the principles of Asiatic entertaining, but are all too classical'; despotism, and the evils consequential he should have drawn from Oriental, to such a state of society are sufficiently and not from Grecian, sources. pumerous and dreadful to prevent, or We cannot agree with our author, at least to check, the practice of mora. that the Moslem's religion has suffered lity, however pure and beautiful such uo diminution of followers. He bimmorality may be.” p. 368, 369.

self admits, that Spain has been lost to Few objections can be raised against them, and that their progress in Rusthe moral code of Muhammed. All sia aud Tartary has been checked by imposers bave collected from other the Greek churches. Where are the systems some few wise maxims; and it proofs of his assertion, p. 414, that “in is not too much to say, that as Chris. the middle and lower Asia, and also in tianity had been established in the East Africa, the professors of the Moslem's for six. centuries, much of its spirit creed have gradually increased.” His may be found in Islamism. The rule own statements are against bis opinion; of reciprocal benevolence is stated in at least they prove, that with the ex. the Koran nearly in the words of ception of Africa and India, the Mos. Christ. With a few exceptions, Islam. lems are indifferent about their reliism is a wretched compilation of all gion; and want of zeal is not the way the false religions of the East. The to gain proselytes. Instances of the sensual Paradise was borrowed from ferocity of the African Moor are withthe Persian and Indian schools; the out number; but we know little of the wonders of the Hindoo abode of bliss success of their endeavours at conver. are almost literally copied in the Koran; sion ; even in lodia the Muhammedaos Muhammed's notions on demonology and Hindus have very much amalgaare all taken from Zoroaster; and in mated, and live in as social habits as his consecration of Friday for the Sab- their faith will permit. bath, he followed the example of the “ The disciples of Muhammed in idolatrous Arabs, who sanctified that India, have not only become more lax day by adoriog on it tbe Goddess of in the performance of their religious Love.

duties, than their brethren in the faith The theology and morality of the in Persia, Arabia, and Turkey, but Moslems, as deduced from the Koran, seem gradually to have adopted some are known to most people. Mr. Mills' of the minor usages of the Hindus," view of the subject is more extensive p. 423. than that which is generally taken, for In Arabia, the champions of ortho. it comprises both the written and the doxy could not repel' the heretical odwritten law. His survey of their Wahabees; and the Bedoweens say, 'the

religion of Muhammed could never learning and charity were wasted. Peace have been intended for us. We have at length was restored; it was declared,

no water in the deserts, how then can that the God of the Christians, and of the

we make the prescribed ablutions? Turks, were the sarne: and the anathema

We have no money, how then can we on the Deity of the Moslems was transferred (an anathenia in the church, like a

give alıns? The fast of Ramadan is trust in equiry, is never lost for want of an

an useless command to persons who object) from that awful being to the Pro- fast all the year round; and if God phet himself, bis doctrine, and his fole be every where, why sbould we go to lowers.

Mecca lo adore bimi

In Persia, Islamism is the pational regular lessons already in use. The and nominal religion; but in that true author states, that the priocipal object seat of despotism, the moral character of every one, should be to make bis of the people is formed inore from the pupils thorvughly comprebend one nature of the government than from question, before they proceed to ano. religion.

ther ; for this purpose, they sbould each • The Persian citizens are but vomi- be provided with a music slate, upon nal Muhammedans, and the wandering which, or the instrument, the teacher tribes have even less virtue. The should first give and then require from Kurds, for example, honestly confess, them, other examples than those set that they more nearly resemble Euro- down; for instance, though only one peans than Muhammedans; and on example is inserted of major and minor being questioned on the points of simi- thirds, the pupils should be required to larity they reply, We eat hogs' Acsh, write or play major and minor thirds keep no fasts, and say no prayers.' ” to any given note; and proceed in the p. 429 note.

same manner with all the other quesIn Turkey too, every thing denotes tions. a falling religion. Proselytism is but After being made thoroughly acJittle thought of; and a freedom of quainted with the contents of this book, conversation, bordering on infidelity, the pupils may proceed to the study of is nuentioned by every traveller. The harmony, and the practice of playiog pumber of the Meccan pilgrims an- from figured bases. nually declines, and the stern laws of the Prophet against intoxication are bent to the wishes of the people. Family Annals; or the Sisters. By “ All the kingdoins of ihe world

Mary Hoys. 12mo. pp. 183. 5s. shall become the kingdoms of our Lord and of his Christ.”. Such was the lofty To Miss Edgeworth, whose name strain of the holy men of old. May ought never to be pronounced without “thy kingdom come,” is the daily gratitude and respect, the public is in. orison of every follower of Jesus. In debted for a revolution in works of the councils of the Lord, the total imagination.' Delineations of real chadownfall of Islamism inay be reserved racters and manners, pictures of the for some distant day; but the signs of age and times in which we live (to the times point to Constantinople as which future historians and philosothe scene of some approaching tremen. phers would be glad to refer) good dous change. From Russia, or speake sense, sound principle, and unaffected ing to Moslem readers from Tartary, feeling, have in these lighter producthe torrent of horror and devastation tions of literature, been substituted for again shall flow; and if by the hene. the wonders of ancient romance, for ficent and politic interposition of the the intricate incidents, in faled descripEuropean potentates Greece shall once tions, and still more inflated sentiments more flourish the seat of liberty, relia of the modern novel. Amusement and gion, and letters, the repentant nations instruciion are thus happily and inseof the Souih will mark and own the just' parably blended ; and from their conjudgments of God, and rise from their nexion, more widely and generally dif. long slumbers in grateful acknowledg. fused. menils of his mercy.

The author, it appears, has been induced to restine a pen long throwo

aside, by no other view or solicitude, The Piano Forle Primer: containing than that of co-operating, in some

the Rudiments of Music, enfoniated degree, with the auinirable writer beeither for Private I uition, or Feuch- fore mentioned, and others of her ing in Classes. By J. F. Burrowes.

own sex who have entitled themselves 12mo. pp. 654.

lo a portion of the same grateful resThis Book not intended to inter pect. Though only one talent should fere with the mode of instruction wbich have been entrusted, we are laugbt by any masier has already adopted, but to the purest of moralists, that one can be used either in private tuition or not, with impunity, be folded in a napteaching in classes, in addition to the kin, or suffered to rust disused.

The French Scholars' First Book; com The reading lessons in the third part,

prising a copious Vocabulary, a Col. have been arranged with particolar atleclion of Familiar Phrases, Reading tention. Endeavours appear to have Lessons, and a Concise View of French been used to adapt them to the c pacity Granmur. By Ph. Le Breton, A.M. and taste of children, for whose use Master of the Academy in Poland- they are chiefly intended. They are street. 12mo. pp. 92.

also designed to exercise the learner in

translating, and with this view, the This little work is comprehended assistance at the bottom of the page is under four divisions. The first part gradually abridged, as the student is contains a vocabulary of the words in expected to acquire a knowledge of the most common use, and the second words of most common recurrence. part a collection of familiur phrases.

THEATRICAL JOURNAL.

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DRURY-LANE. VHE audience of this Theatre were supposing her crime completed, dies

oo Wednesday evening, March 25th, soon after of despair. Diana Vernon, presented with a novelty which has been with the help of Dougal (Wallack,) a long iu preparation-a romantic drama trusty Highlander, far surpassing in in three acts, called Rob Roy; or The intellect his namesake in the novel, and Gregarach. It is from the pen of Mr. the best character in the piece, is carSoane, the ingenious author of The Falls ried by the seer into a cave, aod resof Clyde, and some other popular pieces. tored io life. Rob Roy whose advenThe following are the leading incidents, tures do not blend sufficiently with which, it will be seen, owe little to the those of his mistress, is impeached by story from which the title is derived :- Sir Rashleigh, taken prisoner, suffered

Diava Vernon (Miss Smithson) be to escape, kills his betrayer, is purtrotbed to, but hating Sir Rashleigh sued, surrounded, and on the point of Osbaldistone (Mr. Rae), and secretly in being shot, when General Vernon aplove with Rob Roy (Mr. H. Jobuston), pears with his pardon, procured by the chief of the clan Gregarach, is urged ihreat of resigning his commission ; by her father, General Vernon (Beu. Diana appears, rushes to the arms of gough), on account of a large fortone, ber husband, and the curtain drops. which will be lost to both if the union This drama, on the whole, has condoes not take place, to a precipitate siderable merit, but it is not without fulfillment of her contract. The mar material faults. The most obvious of riage ceremony is interrupted by Rob the latter consists in annexing characRoy and his followers, who takes the ters to particular names, wbolly differplace of Sir Rashleigh, and intimidating ing from the previous associations we the priest by his threats, becomes him- bad formed of Ibern: a character like self the husband of Diana Vernon. Diana Vervon or Rob Roy resembles Helen Macgregor (Mrs. Glover), the an acquaintance: ovce alier the feamother of Rob Roy, considering her lures of which they are composed, asclan degraded by ihis alliance with sign new attributes or different modes Southeru - blood, 'is indignant at the of conduct, the identity is destroyed, marriage, and forms a design to carry and our seuse of propriety violated. off and destroy the bride by poison. We may tolerate General Vernon share The seer Morvyn (Holland), to whom ing a fate like that of Captain Thornshe applies for the drug which is to too, ensnared and captured by the Higheffect" her fatal purpose, deceives her landers; and even a Helen Macgregor, by a plan similar to that which is

prac as the moiher of Rob Roy, and the lised in Romeo and Juliet. The sup murderer of his wife; but not a deli. posed poison is administered, with every cate, high minded creature, similar to addition of atrocious cruelty and malig.. Diana Veroon, voluntarily barivg froin nant invective, by Helen herself, who, auy conceivable motive che furtuues of Europ. lag. fol. LXXIII. April 1818.

X x

a robber and an outlaw: and still less succeeded by a new Interlude, of the can we imagine Rob Roy, the bold burlesque or bombastic species, called free-booter, the chief instrument in a Amoroso, King of Little Brilain. The daring rebellion, wasting his time, and author of this dramatic trifle, which in ruining his purposes, in the pursuit of the style bears some resemblance to a love intrigue. To distort characters Bombastes Furioso, has shewa much thus, is in some measure to pervert ingenuity in its composition: and has the truth of history; a few steps far. carefully avoided in bis mock reprether, and we might have Julius Cæsar sentation of royalty, every thing that represented as a coward, and Cicero as

could be interpreted into offence; it is an idiot. The piece is much too long, written in rhyme, and is interspersed and some incidents of minor impor. too thickly with songs: a serious song, tance occupy by far too much space; from its nature, scarcely admits of bur. but, on the other hand, there is great lesque; and, unless the words are disroom for recommendation. Many of tinctly heard, produces no effect. We the situations are uncommonly striking decidedly object too, to any burlesques and dramatic, and the dialogne, espe on Shakspeare. If the author will omit cially in the serious part, is nervous these entirely, which were the worst and appropriate. The characters of executed parts of bis Interlude, and Dougal, meotioned before, and that of curtail the number of his songs, the Sir Rashleigh, are drawn with much piece will prove, we think, one of the force and discrimination ; and even most successful of its kind. Harley, Diana Vernon, had she appeared with a who played Amoroso, was irresistiby different name, would have possessed ludicrous. The characters in general strong claims to our favor.

were well dressed, in the style of the The conclusion of the piece was not mock heroic drama, aod were performunattended with marks of disapproba. ed with much spirit. The first scene tion, but the applause greatly predomi- is the best. The new interlude was nated.

announced for repetition with universal APRIL 8. This evening we were approbation from one of the fullest highly gratified to witness the return audiences of the season. of that excellent and popular actress APRIL 23. This evening the comic Miss Kelly, to tbe boards of this theatre, opera of The Lady of the Manor was after her long absence. She was re revived. The plot is simple, the cha.. ceived with the greatest enthusiasm by racters possess some liveliness, and the the audience. The character selected language is unaffected, but in neither for the occasion was that of Lucy respect does the drama often rise above Lockit, her just delineation of which is mediocrity. The music is sometimes too well knowo and admitted to require very pleasing, and Miss Byrne, Miss any comment.

It is certainly one of the Kelly, and Mr. T. Cooke, exert them. most finished and forcible exhibitions in selves with success in the vocal parte its kind that ever was represented on the We need scarcely observe, that 'Miss stage; she looked extremely well, and Kelly was of still greater service in the performed with as much spirit as we delineation of character, in which she remember to have observed in any of acquitted herself with that spirit and her former undertakings.

judgment which never desert her. W. APRIL 21. This evening the histori- cannot, however, pronounce aoy sancal play of Deaf and Dumb was revived guine expectations of the ultimate sucat this theatre, when the part of Julia cess of this. opera as an actiog piece, was perforined by. Mrs. Bartley with judging from the reception of this considerable pathos. The Play was evening.

PERFORMANCES.

1818.

IA18.
Mar. 26. Rob Roy-Devil to Pay.

27. Ditto--Review.
98. Ditto-What Next!
30. Ditin-Honest 'Jhieves.

31. Millo-Follies of a Day.
April 1. Beggars' Opera-sleeping Drauglit.

2. Double Gallant- Ditto.
3. Confederacy-Ditto.
4. Heir al Law-Ditto.
6. Rob Roy-Ditto.

7. Bury Bodv-Sleeping Draught.
8. Beggars' Opera - Ditto.
9. ConfederaciDiito
10. Follies of a Day-Falls of Clyde--Sleeping

Drauglit.
II. Ways and Means-Ditto-Ditto.
13. Richard the Third--Ditto,
14. Macbeth-Ditto.
15. The Rivals-Ditto,
16. Iron Chest-Ditto.

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