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sion, that they who “abase themselves, minister of Sky, the Rev. Dr. Mac. sball be exalted.”

queen. This good man and excellent Another refinement I would mention, pastor invited several of his friends of unexceplionable tendency, is that of to meet the Eoglish lexicographer ; Waltzing; a proper accompaniment, and it may naturally be supposed, that certainly; to our other refinements, and the ardent love of literature which pefar from suspicious in its nature; culiarly marks the character of the for how can any person, of the chastest Scotch, induced all that were invited to conceptions suppose, that there is any attend. The Doctor bad been remarkthing licentious in the movements it ably communicative at the hospitable displays, or any thing even remolely board of his reverend host; and from calculated to inspire voluptuous emo the vein which he appeared to be in, a tions in that entertwining of the limbs rich treat seemed to be in reserve for this foreign importation exhibits. the company that were assembled in the

Thus ihe man of fashioo spends bis drawing-room, anxious to catch the days, (which are to be accounted, not 67€alienryla of the Great Map—Tbe like others froin sun-rise lo sun-set, disappointment, therefore, must have but from mid-day to about 4 A.M.) been very grievous to them, at findiog between the lounging at Tattersall's that the Doctor preserved an infexible, and White's in the morning, and the . and to thein an intolerable, silence figuring at Almack's in the eveoing. at length. Mrs. Macqueen addressed him To follow him through all the ininutiæ in the general phraseology of the teaof his manners, refined as they are, table, “ Dr. Johoson, shall I give you to a picety and exactness no onc can any more tea ; you have had twelve adequately appreciate, would be end.

clips already."_TO

any one who knew less-the hauteur of his gait, the low the Doctor's appetite for tea, and had congee approaching to servility to some observed the avidity with wbich be swalfavoured fair one, and the contemp. lowed cup after cup, this question of the tuous nod to some poor tradesman; lady's will not appear at all extraordi. the hollow professions of friendship, nary ; it must also be recollected, that ready on all occasions, but never in at that time tea-cups were of much less tended to be realized; and the ease capacity than they are at present. The with which appointments and engage. reply was made in all the souorous senments may be violated without a blush

tentiousness of Johnson, " Yes, Ma. -all these I p.188 by, because they dam, I will have twelve more, to punish are only the appendages to the charac- you for asking the question." - The ter and complete its excellence. I now astonishment of the company may easily conclude this too long extended ar be conceived, when their expectations, ticle, but shall, if cousonant with your which were raised to the highest pitch, wishes, pursue my remarks at a future were thus met by a speech that might period. I am, Sir, your's respectfully, well have been considered, in a party

ONE OF THE OLD SCHOOL. much less civilized and intelligent than London, 9th April, 1818.

that which heard it, as savouring more

of uncourteous self-reference than of Tolhe Editor of the t'uropean Magazine. brilliant repartee-but it shewed the

mind of the man as distinctly as any SEND you the following original elaborate argument that he could have Samuel Johnson, which I believe bave lectual powers. never before met the public eye. You have them, Sir, as recounted to me by The Doctor, on his return from this authorities of unexceptionable veracity. tour, stopped a few days at one of the If requisite, these authorities can be re Scotch universities. li happened, that ferred to; for I am perfectly aware that in an evening party formed on purpose nothing ought to be fathered upon the to meet him, ai the house of one of the fame of Johwson which is not suffi. professors, a young North Briton, lately ciently autbeuticated to bear the test of returned from America, took upon him inquiry. I am, Sir,

to monopolize the conversation rather Your obedient servant, F. I. $. longer than the Doctor's patience was

disposed to allow, inore especially as the DURING the Doctor's tour of the subjcct conveyed a very energetic des. Hebrides, he paid a visit to the worthy cription of the advantages enjoyed by

SIR,

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our transatlantic brethren above those Greenland is a country where every which the inhabitants of Great Britain object is strikingly singular, or highly could boast of. The author of “ Taxa magnificent. The atmosphere, the land, tion no Tyranny" could not endure this and the ocean, each exhibit remarkuble indirect reflection upon his Tory princi- or sublime appearances. ples, and abruptly interrupted the young The atmosphere is dark coloured, traveller with one of his thunder-clap dense, frequently producing crystallized interrogatories—" Pray, Sir, are we to snow in a wonderful perfection and vaaccept your account as a relation of riety of forin and texture, and remarkpositive fact, or only as the vision of able for sudden transitions from calm to a rebellious hope 1 - You think, per. storm, and from foul to fair. haps, that you have said enough to The land is a sublime object; its staamuse us, but I think, young man, pendous mountajos rising abruptly from that you have said a great deal too the very margin of the sea, and termimuch, which no one will thank you pating in ridged, conical, or pyramidal for, and every one who thioks cor summits; the dark rocks chequered with rectly will despise, either as an evi. their burthens of purest snow; and the dence of an imbecile judgment, or of whole, viewed under the density of a an evil heart."-The traveller, mani- gloomy sky, forming a grand and imfestly much offended at this speech, pressive picture. Its most remarkablo instantly withdrew from the company. inhabitant, the white or Polar bear, Mrs. Piozzi took occasion to expostu.

which also occurs on the ice, the fero. late with the Doctor upon the cruel cious, and apparently patural lord of severity of his attack.

:-“ Madam,” those regions. He preys iudiscriminate. said the Doctor, cutting her gentle re- ly on quadruped, reptile, fowl, and fish; buke short, be that has not genius all behold him with dread, and dee bis enough to give dignity to fiction, or presence. The seals signify their fear judgment enough to preserve the pros of him by constant watching, and be bability of truth, deserves to be re take themselves precipitately to the proved for those defects by which the water on his approach.* Carrion, theretreachery of his vanity deceives him." fore, (chiefly the carcass of the whale at a

certain season) affords bim a passive,

sore, and favourite food. His sense of THE REPOSITORY.

smelling is peculiarly acute; in bis march No. XLVII.

he frequently faces the breeze, raises his

head, and snuffs the passing scent, "The mind of man not being capable of whereby he discovers the nearest route

to his odorous banquet, though the having many ideas under view at once,

distance be incredibly great. it was necessary to have a REPOSITORY to lay up those ideas."--LockE.

The water affords the bed, and partly

the materials for the most prodigious THE ARCTIC EXPEDITIONS.

masses of ice. Its colour is peculiar. (From the Literary Gazelle.) Its products numerous and important. THE The game of Captain William Here the buge mysticetus, or whalebone

Scoresby, junior, is familiar to all whale, resides and collects his food; who have takeo an interest in the pro- sports and astonishes by his vast bulk blem, the solution of which is now at. and proportionate strength; is the ob tempting. His observations on a voy. ject of maritimet adventure and com: age, wherein he penetrated to a very inercial wealth. high northern latitude, may be consi. dered as the foundation for this attempt; * We are assured by a Greenland cap. and the paper contaising his remarks, tain that he has seen the bear display astoread to the Wernerian Natural History wishing proofs of sagacity. When woundSociety, and contained in the second ed by a musket-shot, they will apply ice to volume of their Memoirs, cannot fail to the wound, with their paws, in order to be reckoned extremely important.

staunch the bleeding. Of this fact oor ig.

formant lias been an eye-witness.- Ed. The following is its substance, and the onls alteration we make, is that of naŭigator's life wi.b“ moving accidents by

+ The perils of the whale fishing fill the pulting Ciplain Scoresby's information Boud," and their adventures are truly de. into our own language, instead of copyserving of the name of romantic, as well as ing that of the literary gentleman who of dangerous and tragical. One lash of prepared it for the Werueriau Sociсty: the monster of the derp will dash their

A SELECT COLLECTION OF FUGITIVE PIECES.

of the inanimate productions of exceed forty or fifty yards in diameter. Greenland, none excites so much inte. Now, such a number of these pieces rest and wonder as the ice, in its great collected together in close contact, so abundance and variety, in the ice that they cannot, from the top of the islands, floating mountains, or ice-bergs, ship's mast, be seen over, are termed a common to Davis' Straits.

Yet the pack. fields * of ice more peculiar to Green. When the collection of pieces can be land are not less astonishing. Their seen across, if it assuine a circular or deficiency in elevation is sufficiently polygonal form, the name of patch is compensated by their ‘amazing extcut applied, and it is called a slream when of surface. Some of them have been its shape is more of an oblong, how observed near a hundred miles in narrow soever it may be, provided the length, and more that half that breadth; continuity of the pieces is preserved. each consisting of a single sheet of ice, Pieces of very large dimensions, but having its surface raised io general four smaller than fields, are called floes; or six feet above the level of the water, thus a field may be compared to a puck, and its base depressed to the depth of and a floe lo à patch, as regards their near twenty feet beneath.

size and external forin. We shall now extract literatim Capl. Sinail pieces which break off, and Scoresby's excellent descriplion of the are separated from the larger masses various kinds of ice, which are met by the cifect of attrition, are called with in the Northero Seas.

brush ice, and may be collected into :. The ice in general is designated by a streams or patches. variety of appellations, distinguishing it Ice is said to be loose, or open, when according to the size or number of the pieces are so far separated, as to pieces, their form of aggregation, thick- allow a ship to sail freely amongst ness, transparency, &c. I perhaps can. them; this has likewise been called not better explain the terms in com drift-ice. mon acceptation amongst the whale A hummock is a protuberance, raised fishers, than by marking the disruption upon any plane of ice above the con. of a field. The thickest and strongest mop level. It is frequently produced field cannot resist the power of a heavy by pressure, wbere one piece is squeezed swell; indeed, such are much less capa- upon another, often set upon its edge, ble of bending without being dissevered, and in that position cemented by the than the thioner ice which is more frost. Hummocks are likewise formed, pliable. When a field, by the set of by pieces of ice mutually crushing each ihe current, drives to the southward, oiber, the wreck being coacervated and, being deserted by the loose ice, upon one or both of them To bombecomes exposed to the effects of a niocks, the ice is indebted for its va. grown swell, it presently breaks into a riety of fanciful sbapes, and its picturgreat many pieces, few of which will resque appearance. They occur in

great numbers in heavy packs, on the little boat in pieces, and break the limbs of edges, and occasionally in the middle men like the wheel, or crush them together of fields and floes. They often attain as with an avalanche. When the whale the beight of thirty feet and upwards. has young, she is particularly fierce, and,

A calf, is a portion of ice wbicb has requires to be approached with caution;

beco depressed by the same means as a and her maternal fondness is so great, that if her offspring is struck with the barpoon: by some larger mass: frow beneath

hummock is elevated. It is kept down she will not desert it, and the fishers are

which it shows itself on one side. I sure of the parent. It is a strange sight to see these unuieldy creatures with the have seen a calf so deep and broad, young laid, as it were, a-ross their tails, ibai the ship sailed over it without sucking their “inighty mothers." Buats tonching, when it might be observed are sometimes carried through the spumy on both sides of the vessel at the same sea at the sale of fourteen miies an ionr, time; this, hewever, is attended with by the barpooned whale, and many an in.

considerable danger, and necessity alone stance occurs of their vever returning to join, their vessels. There is some resem

warrants the experiment, as calves have blance to the magnificence of Eastern hunt

not uofrequeoty (by a ship's touching, ing in these exploits, .

or dinlui bingilie sei near theni) been * A field is a continued sheet of ice, so

called from their sub-marine situation large, that its boundary cannot be seen

to the surface, and with such an accele. from the summit of a ship's mast,

rated velocity as to stave the plankę

and timbers of the ship, and in some pelluced, whilst the solar rays emerging instances to reduce the vessel to a therefrom were so bot, that the band wreck.

could not be kept longer in the focus Auy part of the other superficies of than for the space of a few seconds. In a piece of ice, which comes to be im. the formation of these fenses, I roughed mersed beneath tbe surface of the them with a small axe, which cot tlie water, obtaios the name of a longue. ice tolerably sinooth; I then scraped

A bight sigoifies a bay or sivuosiły, them with a knife, and polished them on the border of any large mass or merely by the warmth of the band, supe body of ice. It is supposed to be called porting them during the operation in a bight, from the low word bite, or take woollen glove. I once procured a piece in, or entrap; because, in this situa. of the purest ice so large that a lens of tion, ships are sometimes so caught by sixteen inches diameter was obtained a change of wind, that the ice cannot out of it. be cleared on either tack; and in some The most dense kind of ice, which is cases, a total loss has been the couse- perfectly transparent, is about one.lenth quence.

specifically lighter than sea water at a When salt-waler ice Aoats in the sea freezing temperature. Plunged into at a freezing temperature, the propor- pure water, of temperature 32°, the protion above to that below the surface, is portiou Boating above, to that below às 1 to 4 nearly; and in fresh water, at the surface, is as I to 13, and placed in the freezing point, as 10 to 69, or 1 to 7 boiling fresh water, it barely fivats. Ils nearly. Hence the specific gravity ap- specific gravity is about 0.937. Fields, pears to be about 0.873. Of this des- bergs, and other large masses, chiefly cription is all young ice, as it is called, consist of this kind of ice. Brash ice whicb forms a considerable proportion likewise affords pieces of it, the surfaces of packed and drift ice in general; where of which are always found crowded with it occurs in flat pieces commonly cover couchoidal excavations when taken out ed with snow, of various diinensions, of the sea. but seldom exceeding fifty yards in Captain Scoreshy states, that land is diameter.

not necessary for the formation of ice; Fresh-waler ice is distinguished by its even in a rough state the ocean freezes, black appearance when loating in the forming first detached crystals, the sea, and its beautiful green hue and sludge of the sailors, and resembling transparency when removed into the snow when cast into water which is air. Large pieces may occasionally be leo cold to dissolve it. This smooths obtained, possessing a degree of purity the surface of th“ waters like oil, and and transparency equal to that of the the congelation which ensues forms ultifinest glass, or most beautiful crystai; mately into pieces called pancakes, of but generally, its transparency is inter- perhaps a foot in thickness, and many rupted by numerous small globular or yards in circunference. In sheltered pear-shaped air-bubbles: these frequent situations, what is lerved bay ice, forms ly form continuous lines, intersecting more regularly and rapidly. Much of the ice in a direction apparently pero this is formed in the boys and islands of pendicular to its plane of formation. Spitzbergen, bui even this quantity will Fresh-water ice is fragile, buthard ; the not account for the inmense fields which edges of a fractured part are frequenliy abound in the Greenland Seas, ar:d which so keen, as 10 ivdict a wound like glaus. evideolly (says our anthority) cowe The homogeneous and most transparent from the Norihward, and have their pieces are capable of concentraling the origin between Spitzburgen and the rays of the sun, so as to produce a con Pole. siderable intensity of beat. Wiba lump of ice of by no means regular convexity, I have frequently burnt wood, fired gun

MISCELLANEOUS INFORMATION. powder, nielted lead, and lit the sailors'

No. XLI. pipes to their great astonishment; allof wloin who could produce the needful THE following is a correct return of articles, eagerly Bocked around me, for all Income received by their the satisfaction of sinoking a pipe, Royal Highnesses the Dukes of Claigaited by such extraordinary means. rence, Kent, Cumberland, Sussex, and Their astonishment was increased, on Cambridge, arising from Military, Nao observing that the ice remained fire and val, or Civil Appointments, Pensious,

ROYAL IVCOES.

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or other Emoluments ; as well as all Grants out of the Admirally Droite.
Grants out of the Admiralty Droitu To his Royal Highness the
made to them since the year 1800:-

Duke of CLARENCE,
Annual Income,

8th April, 1806... .20,000

To his Royal Highness the
His Royal Highness the Duke of

Duke of KENT,
CLARENCE.

10th Oct. 1805 £10,000 Out of Consolidated Fund 20,500 O O To bis Royal Highness the

8th April, 1006 ..10,000—20,000 As Admiral of the Fleet 1,095 0 0

Duke of CUMBERLAND, As Ranger of Bushy Park;

14th Oct. 1805 ..15,000 which is appropriated to

8th April, 1806 5,000- 20,000 pay the Fees and Claims

To his Royal Highness the of subordinate Officers 187 98

Duke of Sussex,
8th April, 1806

.20,000
Total ....21,782 9 8 To bis Royal Highness the
His Royal Highness the Duke of Kent. Duke of CAMBRIDGE,
Out of Consolidated Fuod 18,000 0 0 8th April, 1806

.90,000 As Governor of Gibraltar,

Note-On the 15th of October, 1819, witb Staff Pay, and Con

the sum of 20,0001. was advanced, by tingent Allowances 6,517 18 4 As Colonel of the Royal

way of loan, to his Royal Highvess the

Duke of Clarence, to be repaid by Scotch Regiment of

quarterly instalments of 5001. each ; of Foot..

613 2 6 which six instalmeuts have been reAs Ranger of Hampton

paid. Court Little Park ;

On the 14th July, 1806, the sum of which is appropriated

6,11001. was advanced, by way of loan, to pay the Fees and

to bis Royal Highness the Duke of Salaries of subordioate

Kent; of which two instalmeots of Officers

74 3 of
5001. each have been repaid.

C. ARBUTINOT.
Total...,25,205 4 2

Whilehall Treasury Chambers, His Royal Highuess the Duke of 2012 April, 1818.

CUMBERLAND Out of Consolidated Fund 18,000 0 0 As Colonel of 15th Regi. ment of Hussars 1,008 10 10 A sort of plaster so called, which well

withstands our moist climale, is spade Total....19,008 10 10 by mixing one bushel of lime slaked

with three pounds and a half of green His Royal Highness the Duke of Sussex.

copperas, fifteen gallons of water, and Out of Consolidated Fund 18,000 0 0

half-a-bushel of fine gravel sand. The His Royal Highness the Duke of copperas should be dissolved in but CAMBRIDGE.

water ; it must be stirred with a stick, Out of Consolidated Fund 18,000 0 0 and kept stirring continually wbile in As Colonel of the Cold

Care should be taken to mix at stream Guards

882 15 7 once as much as may be requisite for

one entire front, as it is very difficult to Total....18,882 15 7 match the colour again ; and it ought

to be mixed the same day it is used. Note- Besides the Incomes derived from the aboie-:neationed sources, their Royal Highnesses the Dukes of Kent, Cuinberland, and Cambridge, A steam boat, uf a new construction, draw some emolument from the allow- invented by Marquis de Joffrey, has ance for clothing their respective regi. been tried at Bercy, in France. ments ; but the amount thereof cannot ascended rapidly from Bercy lo Cha. be stated, as it luctuates according reuton, against a strong current and to the nonber of men required to be a violent yale. The boilers are of cop. clothed, the slation on which the regi. per, and the safety-valves are so ar. ments may be serving, and the prices of ranged as to secure the boat from every the articles furbisbed.

decident.

ROMAN CEMENT.

use.

STEAMBOATS.

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