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abuse the Ministers of that Church into with whom be was arguing.--"A person which he has been received by an excess might make a very bad book of that of tolerance, but it may be generally which you know," was the reply. concluded upon, that too many of those who lay claim to, and obtain, extra

A hasty passionate fellow was supping ordinary privileges from the tolerant with a friend who never contradicted spirit of our Establishment, use their him, not wishing to provoke his wrath. liberty as a cloak of maliciousness, Unable to endu e this acquiesence, he and are usually found to be the most at last burst out, “ D-nil, deny some. intolerant in their rejection of others thing, ihal I may lenow there are læo of who have too just a conscience to associate their principles with those of their ungrateful accusers.

The President Goussaut had acquired (To be concluded in our nexl.) a reputation of that sort, that his name

was made synonymous for any act of

stupidity. One evening, when he bad a THE HIVE.

large company, iwo gentlemen were No. XXXVII.

playing at piquet; one of whom having discarded his game, exclaimed, withoot thinking, “ By Jove! I am a perfect

Goussant - The President, almost A FRENCHMAY, "conate a dispo

with a Turk in Constantioople, choked with rage, cried, “ You are and had stabbed him, was coudemned to

a fool"--" That's just what I called death. The criminal thought on means

myself," said the Player. to save himself; and as he knew that the Emperor was a great lover of elephants,

A girl forced by her parents into a he proposed to him to spare his life, and

disagreeable match with an old man he would in return teach one of these whom she detested, when the clergyanimals to speak. The Emperor, who

man came to that part of the service knew the sense of the elephant, thought where the bride is asked if she consents it possible, that by pains and art they

to take the bridegroom for her husband, might be tanght to do s«: he therefore

said, with great simplicity.

"Oh dear accepled the proposal of the prisoner, no, Sir; bout you are the first person and, besides, promisod a handsome re

who has asked my opinion about the ward if he fulilled his promise in a cer matter." tain time. The Frenchaian said, that ten years would be wanted to instruct

A Yorkshireman taking the advice such a very large animal, if he was to teach it to speak the Turkish quite his fortune dependel, the advocate told

of his counsel on a law-suit on which perfectly; but he would be content him he would be cast, and shewed bima to suffer the most cruel death at the

case in point against him in East's Reexpiration of that time, if he should bot fulfil what he had undertaken. ports:- Never mind," said the suitor,

* the judges may not remember it ;" After they had agreed to this, he and a young elephant were coolined in a tower, the counsel was called out on some bu

and while he was discussing the matter, and supplied with abundance of pro. siness; when, seizing his opportunity, visions. After a little time, he was vi

our bite culthe disagreeable pages clean sited by some of his countrymen, who testified their astonishment at his mad his fob. His cause came on, and he

out of the book, and stuffed them into promise “ You bring destruction on yourself by it," said one of them. obtained a verdict; on which his law. Don'l fear, gentlemen," said the Pric per congratulated him.-“ 0, Sir," he

I could not lose, for I have ten years is a great period of taken special care to kerp the law human life; I assure you, that before these are expired, one of is, either the against me snug in my pouch!" Emperor, the elephant, or I, shall be

A wit wishing to annoy a general offidead."

cer of no great merit, who had affront.

cd him, otiered to publish a volunie eil“ A person inight make a very excel. titled, “ The Exploits of the famous lent book of that of which you know

General ****,” Alter the title-page nutbing," said a would-be wit, to owe there were only some blunk leaves.






instances where these suggestions have

been acted upon, the inost complete PATRICK COLQUHOUN, E«q. LL D. success has followed, as will be fully (Continued from page 192 )

shown in the sequel: and what will conTantumque a specie adulativnis absit gratis vey not a little surprise, but not less

arum ortio mea, quantum abest a necessi surprise than truth, to the reader, when tate. -Plinirs de Trajano.

he is informed of the extraordinary * Ego aulem elsi vereor laudare præsenlem, fact, that notwithstanding Mr. Colqu

justico tamen de re obucurti aique difficile houn's exertions und labout's in the pube timá à te dictum esse dilucide' ; neque sen. lic service, for more than a quarter of a tentiis solum copiosè, sed verdis etiam or

cenlury, he has never cost the Slate one nalius quàm solent vestri.

farihing. Moreover, he disclosed to CICERO de Natura Deorum.

the public, above 20 years ago, all those N

does not include the city of London, ine Comunittees of the House of Comall the inferior magisierial duties, with mons have recently displayed to the some few exceptions, were, for many view of the nation. years, conducted by certain individuals, In 1793, the year after Mr. Colqu: who were generally denominated Trading hown had been appointed one of the Justices Nothing could be on a worse police magistrates, under the Police footing than the then state of the po. Act, he received the public thanks of lice. The object of the Legislature the silk manufacturers of Spitalfields, 'was to obtain a purer and more intelli. couched in warm and grateful langent Mayisiracy, under a stipendiary guage, and signed by Mr. George Husystem, piedged to attend regularly at bert, their Chairman, " for his great the different public offices, and to rem attention and assiduity in putting into ceive no fees or erpoluments, except execution the laws against persons their parliamentary salaries. The be- guilty of embezzlement, and other ofnefits derived from this new establish- fences in the silk manufactors, and meot, by the lower classes of the people which have tended effectually to check it especially, have been almost jucalču• system of depredation wbich formerly dable, as it sheltered them against those occasioned a loss to the manufacturers expensive litigations arising from petty of very considerable amount.” assaults, and other trifling disputes, In ihe years 1794 and 1195, which which, under the old system, were sent were marked by a turbulent spirit id to the Quarter Sessions, merely to in the people, spreading a general alarm, crease the emoluments of the Trading not only in the inetropolis, but through Justices. Such, however, were the great out the country, Mr. Colquhoun, then police objects Mr. Colquhoun prospec- resident in tbe eastern district of lontively enıbraced in his view, that, in ace don, laboriously exerted bimself in cepting the appointnent of a Police Ma. counteractiog the dangerous effects gistraté, he did not look forward merely which were likely to result from such to the vapid official routine of bearing unrestrained turbulence. The mass of and investigating charges, and of com useful information he industriously cols mitting offenders for trial, he contein. lected, with respect to the nature, ex. plated a wider range. He kept steadily tent, and plans of some seditivus asso. in view the improvement of a system of ciations which then existed, greatly aspolice which bad long been a disgrace to sisted in enabling his Majesty's ministhe inetropolis : for, while he acted as a ters, before whom it was laid, in deviga magistrate ou the bench, he eagerlying measures for their defeat. Not saseized every opportunity to investigate tistied with corporeal labout in the ineritbe nature aod extent of the various mo. torious discharge of his duty, during ral evils wbich afflicted society, to ena which his life, highly precious to a ble him with greater certainly to apply rising family, was often greatly endan practicable and efficient remedies. Al gered in the tumults which occurred, thoughi, bowever, we have to lament, this conscientious magistrate, with a that inany of his suggestions for the spirit which ought io animale the prevention of offences have not, from breast of every public man, wrote, pubs various causes, yet obtained the sanc lished, and circulated, at his own • Lion of the Legislature; yet the public pense, several thousand copies of bas the satisfaction to know, that in all pan pblet, recommending and pointing Europ. Mag. Vol.LXXIII. April 1818.


out the means of economizing food, sanction of the Legislature, the services which, especially in the article of bread, rendered to the public by those who had risen to a very high price. In all prepared this iinportant bill are pot the communities which have existed in the less meritorious, as it is hoped its beneworld there are always found some iodi- ficial effects will be experienced when viduals, who, from various causes, are i is provisions may be passed into a law. mischievous enough to take advantage And in 1798 Mr. Colquhoun received of any insubordinate spirit that may the acknowledgment from Mr. King, arise

among the people, to goad them the Under Secretary of Slate, that, on to acts of violence. At this time owing to his discovery and detection, such a spirit manifested itself, connect, large quantities of counterfeit dollars ed with circumstances arising out of were collected for exportation to North that hydra-headed monster, the French America and the West Indies, and that Revolution, and increased by the high letters had been written to his Majesty's price of provisions. Mr. Colquhoun, Governors in North America to prevent with the wisdom and benevolence of a the further circulatiou. The success. true political economist, clearly saw ful labours of Mr. Colquboun in 1793, that the mere action of coercive law, already mentioned, for preventing, and without attention to the removal of the detecting the depredations committed causes of discontents, would be insuffi. on the property of the silk weavers, cient in restraining those who are urged were more fully felt this year in 1796, on to violence by deprivation of food. when he again received the uoaniHe therefore did incalculable good, by mous thanks of their committee, “ for first drawing the attention of the pub- his kind and upremitted assistance and lic to the preparation of cheap and exertions, whereby the perpetrators of wholesome soups for the poor ; and by the robbery of the silk belonging to representations to the Lord Mayor, and Mr. James Lewis Desormcaux, one of personal activity with some of the most the members of this society, were discorespectable citizens at Lloyd's, be laid vered and brought to trial and convice the foundation for those économizing tion, and the stolen property, of large establishments which have been, under amount and value, restored to the the pressure of scarcity, so useful to the owner. Signed by William Wilson, poor. Important and laborious as were and the other gentlemen of the comthe occupations, both of body and mittee. mind, which engaged Mr. Colqubouo's Alive at all times to the diminution attention, from 1793 to 1795, he still of vices and crimes, Mr. Colquboun did found time, I almost said made it, for not suffer the condition of the public, another object of great national mag- houses, too often the receptacles, as pitude; viz. devising means for coun. well as the lure, for idleness and dissi, teracting the excessive evils arising

from pation, to escape his ever vigilant at counterfeit coin and base money,

which tention. He accordingly, in 1798, were circulated to a very great extent framed and suggested various regulaat this period. After much patient tions, which were adopted by the li labour and indefatigable investigation, censing magistrates of the Tower Hamhe detected and apprehended many of lets, and at the same time published bis these nefarious coiners, and exhibited a 66 Observations Public-houses," list of 130 persons engaged in the trea. which brought under the review of the sonable practice of fabricating, not only public, and particularly the brewers the current coin of the realm, but of and the magistracy, so many new, im. different foreigo states, to so large an portant, and useful facts, as called forth extent, as to become, from nefarious

warm acknowledgments, in the follow, cupidity, the object of great commer- ing handsome vote of thanks : cial speculation. As the existing laws were not sufficiently operative, he di. At a special meeting of his Majesty's rected his attention to their deficiencies,

Justices of the Peace acting for the and by the sanction of Government,

Tower Hamlets, 9th February, 1798, and with the insistance of the Solicitor “ Resolved unanimously, of the mint, framed a bill in 1796 for " That the magistrates of the Tower obviating this offence, so injurious to division, fully impressed with the ser, the interests of the public; and although vices rendered by Patrick Colquhoun, this salutary effort did not procure the Esq. to thc Hamlets by bis active exers



tions, return bim thanks for these exer the metropolis received from the infor: tions, and request that he will favormation it conveyed. It speedily at them by considering himself an honorary tracted the attention of the legislature. menber of thrir meetings.

The twenty-eighth report of the select “ By order of the magistrates, Committee of Finance alluded to it in

• Jas. RowSWELL, terms of high approbation; and in their

Clas. Luet, statement to the House, recommended

JUAN SMITA." the plan of police drawn up by P. Col. Mr. Colquhoun soon found, after his quhoun and Charles Poole, Esgs. menappointment to the magistracy under tioning that the subject was further the Police Act, however useful that elucidated by the examioation of Mr. Act was, that much still remained to be Colquhoun. Mr. Colquhoun had also done in the prevention, particularly of the gratification to receive the personal those misdemeanours and crinies which thauks, on this subject, of his Grace were committed from the great facililies the Duke of Portland, ther Secretary for the sale of stolen goods which re of State for the Home Department, who ceiving shops afforded. Their suppres. also conveyed to him the gracious siou formed an object of bis auxious notice of the King, a monarch who thoughts, as the new Act was totally knew well how to appreciate moral inadequate to the effect, He, there. conduct, and who was always attentive fore, had a Bill prepared for the accom. to the moral rectilude of his people, in plishment of this great point, which the following Aaltering and merited received the approbation of govern- terms : ment, and was only not passed into a "I am commanded to express to you law in consequence of the pre-eminent the high satisfaction with which his employment of Parliament on the Majesty observes your unremitting and weighiy concerns of the revolutionary zealous attention to all the objects

which come within the scope of your The consideration that the public official situation, and to the means of attention should be fixed upon the pe. establishing a system of morality and cessity and importance of a well-regu- good order in the metropolis. Tated police, applicable in all its bear

“ I am, &c. &c. ings, to the prevention of crime and

(Signed), " PORTLAND." preservation and encouragement of mo. But the extent of Mr. Colquhoun's ral quietism in the people, induced Mr. labours for improving the police did Colquhoun, after a patient and laborious not end with suggesting and publishing collection of materials, to publish that the means -- he felt for the wretched important and highly useful work, condition of the criminals, particularly “ The Treatise on the Police of the for those who, with loss of character, Metropolis."

were released from the gaols and bulks, The many gratuitous and beneficial and were turned out again upon society act: Mr. Colquhoun had, by this time, without the means of getting employ. performed for the public io each ex. meut, be, therefore, with the patriotic tremity of the island, the bigh' reputa- feelings of humanity dirocted the attention which had followed him from Glas- tion of the public to the subject. gow to Londoo, his active industry as a "The reputation which the work magi traté, his ķeen penetration and on police acquired, and the beneficial assiduous perseverance in the detection effects resulting from its practical sug. of criine, his prompt but merciful ad- gestions on police regulations, were ministration of the laws from the be. not confined to this island, for it was nevolent tendency of his mind, and the translated into the languages of the known comprehensiveness of his views, Continent, and altracted the attention pointed biin out at once to the public as of the government of the l'oited States, the author of this work, originally pubs of America, where its principles have lished anonymously. It was, çouse: been adopted and acted upon, and quently, eagerly sought for, and read where it is mentioned in transatlantic with avidity: it soon passed through publications, as oue of the most vaseveral editions, and all the reviewers, juable books in the legislature that ever ju the several stages of its progressive was published."- It soon made its way, editions, rose unitedly in encomiastic' tvo; into our East India possessions, strains for the great utility and advan. and to the West India colonies ; and tage which the musicipal regulations of such was the impression made upon the

legislative body of the Virgin Islands, labour, and with the great difficulties that in appointing Mr. Colquhoun to by which the suhject was surrounded, the confidential situation of Agent lo he promptly produced a plan to governthat colony jo great Britain, they give, ment and to the merchants, which repinong others, the following honourable ceived their full approbation:and, under and highly gratifying reasons : their sanctiou, he superintended iis exe

“ As the choice which has fallen upon cution without fee or praard In this you is totally uninfuenced by any pri arduous undertaking he was engaged yate exertions in your behalf, and is for more than two years and a half, and only owing to your elevated character the perilous labour to which he gra. as a magistrate, and the eminent ser. tuitously subjected himself upin this yices which you have rendered to suciety subject, will be best seen and uyder. in general, and to the West India colo stood by a reference to his Trealise on pies in particular, by your admirable the Police of the River Thames, pube Treatise qu the Police of the Melro. lished in 1800-a work fraught with the polis : we hope much, Sir, we expect most comprehensive information on the every thing that energy and ability can subject, and with suggestions, plans, effect.”

and observations, highly beneficial in a As part of a great commercial na. practical point of view, to all the shiption, the trade of the port of Londoa, ping interests. Il completed the statethe emporium mart for ships from all meats given on this subject in the Po. quarters of the globe, bad now increased lice of the Metropolis. Accordingly, to a gigantic magnitude. With this in. immediately on its publication it was crease of widely-extended commercial bailed as an era in the police establishintercourse, affording, from the in: ments, and the different Reviewers were pepse géantity of property constantly almost at a loss for words to express the importing and exporting, greal facilities high opinion they entertained of the for the practice of all species of fraud merits of these labours. “The beneand depredations, considerable plunder fits," said they,“ likely to result from pas daily and nightly committed, to the bis labours will not be coufived to this great loss not only of private property, country alone, hut must extend in their but to the detriment of the fair public operation to navigators, 'raders, manu• revenue of the country: So Herculean facturers, and agriculturists, in every was the mischief produced from this part of the civilized world, who may source, that the ship-owners formed have any connection, however remote, associations for the protection of their with the commerce of the port of Lonproperty on the Thames, and it there don "- London Hopier. fore required efforts and means equally This prediction was very soon veri. Herculean to combat the difficulties fied; for, after the system bąd received opposed to the application of remedies the sanction of government, and after for this destructive evil. The charac. experience had pointed out to Mr. Col. teristic firmness of Mr. Colquhoun, the quhoun the improvements best calcu. reputation he had acquired for muni. Taled to render the institution most cipal regulations, the success which generally beneficial in every way, whe: had resulted from the adoption of his iher public or private, he framed a Bill kyggestions in his admirable work on which fixed the establishment of the the Police of the Metropolis, induced Thanies Police Office by the Act of the the West India merchants to solicit 401h of his Majesty; and, thus, as the his aid, at the close of the year 1797, British Critic well and truly observed, to devise and superintend the exes Mr. Çalquboon may be considered as cution of a plan for the preveuting the Parent of this system of Marino these great depredations on public and Police. The great beneficial effects privale property. The lors to the pube which were felt by interests lic revenue made it also a great object connected with ihe Port of London, of government to remedy the evil. lo gare still a more complete fulfilmeut of consequence of this application, Mr. the prediction in the distinguished no. Colquboun imniediately applied bis lices, thanks, and more solid marks of tboughls to the subject of marine po. họnour, he received from judges, dif. Jice, under the sauction and with the ferent shipmasters in the Port of Lona co-operation of his Majesty's Home Se- don, from the American, Low Country, cretary of State. Consistently with the Hamburgh, and West Judia merchants, necessary previous investigaliou and the body of Wharfingers, and differegt

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