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adopted in its room. It was resolved to sion, therefore, the officers dressed fit up the boats belonging to both the themselves in flannels, and the common ships with such coverings as were most men put on the clothes which the offi. easy to be accommodated, and of lightest cers had thrown off. It was inconceivconveyance; and, by scating them overably laughable to see these motley bands the ice, endeavour to launch them in yoked in their new harness; and to say the open sea. Could this be effected, the truth, there was not one solemn they hoped, that by sailing and rowing face among the two companies. That to the northernmost barbour of Spits- headed by the commodore drew stoutly bergen, they might arrive at that island for the honour of their leader, and that before the departure of the last ships be- headed by their lieutenants had their longing to the fishery for Europe. music to play to them, that they might
The boats were all brought in readi- dance it away, and keep pace with the ness on the ice, fitted with weather commander-in-chief: indeed, the offi. clothes, about 13 inches above the cers who headed them were deservedly gunnels, in order to keep off the cold beloved as well as their commanders. as much as possible, if, by good fortune, In six hours, with the utmost efforts they should be enabled to launch thein of human labour, they had only proin an open sea ; for, at this time, they ceeded a single mile, and now it was were in a very unpleasant situation, time for them to dive, and recruit their embayed in the very iniddle of the almost exhausted spirits, seven islands. They were, therefore, As the commodore had laboured with now chiefly employed in boiling provi- them, it was in character that he should sions to put in the boats for the intended aiso dine with them ; and an accident voyage homewards; in delivering out bappened that made it necessary for him bags to the men to carry their bread, so to do.-The cook, with his mates, and in packing up sucb necessaries as (who were bringing the con modore and every one could take along with him; his officers their dinners under covers) for now every man was to be his own to keep out the cold after coming from porter; the necessary provisions and a warm fire-side, had made a little too liquors being found load enough for free with the brandy bottle before they the boats, and twenty-five days' bread set out, and before they had got half Joad enough for each This way to the launches, the liquor began to being adjusted, when night approach- operate; the cooks were soinetimes very ed they were all ordered on board to near boarding each other, sometimes sleep.
they bauled off, and sometimes steered The next day at six in the morning right a-head: At length, coming to a all hands were ordered to turn out, and cliasm, or parting of the ice, which they a detachment of 50 men from each ship, were obliged to leap, down came the headed by their respective officers, were master cook, with dish, cover, meat and appointed to begin the bard task of all; and wbat was still worse, though it - hauling the launches along the ice. The was not then thought of much value, bravest and gallantest actions performed the commodore's common service of in war, do not so strikingly mark the plate, which the cook carried for the true character of a sea commander, as officers to dine on, fell in the chasm, the readiness and alacrity with which aud instantly sunk to the bottom. This his orders are obeyed in times of immi- accident brought the cook a little to nent danger. Every one now strove who himself, and he now stood pausing wheshould have the honour to be listed in ther he should jump down the gulph the band of haulers, of whom the com- after the plate, or proceed to the commodore took the direction, leaving modore to beg mercy and make his Captain Lutwych to take care of both apology. His mates persuaded him to the ships, that if any favourable turn the latter, as the commodore was a kindshould happen, in the disposition of the hearted gemman, and would never take ice, he might make use of the remain a man's life away for a slip on the ice. ing part of both the crews to improve Besides it was a great jump for a fat it. Upon a general consultation of offi man, and commodore, they were sure, cers. previous to this undertaking, it had rather lose all the plate in the great had been agreed, and an order issued cabin, than lose cookee. Comforted a accordingly, that no person on board, little by this speech, the cook proceeded, of whatever raok, should encumber but let his mates go op first with what himself with more clothes than what he remained, to carry the tidings of what wore upon his back. Upon this occa befel tbe rest. When the commodore
had heard the story, he judged how it in the very moment, when every hope was with them all :-But where is the of deliverance from their own united cook ? said he to the mates. He's cry. endeavour had relinquished them, ining behind, au' please your bonour. In terposed in their favour, and caused the the mean time the cook caine up. winds to blow, and the ice to part in au Cook, said the commodore, bring me astonishing mavner, rending and crackyour dinner ; I will dine to-day with ing with a tremendous noise, surpassing my comrades. My dinner! Ay, a pound that of the loudest thunder. At this of flesh next my heart, if your ur very instant the whole continent of ice, likes it. The promptness of the reply which before was extended beyond the shewed the sincerity of the cook's good reach of sight from the highest moun. will, and pleased the commodore better tains, moved together in various directhan a feast upou turtle. He dismissed tions, splitting and dividing into vast bim with a smile, and partook with the bodies, and forming bills, and plains of officers in wbat was left, who made up various figares and dimensions. All their dinners with a mess from the com- hearts were now again revived, and tbe
prospect of being once more released They had just begun to renew their from the frozen chains of the north labours, when word was brought, that inspired the men with fresh vigour. the whole body of ice had changed its Every officer and every idler on board situation, and was moving to the west laboured now for life. The sails were ward; that the ships were both a-float; all spread, that the ships might have and that the ice was parting. The joy the full advantage of the breeze to force which this news diffused through the them through the channels that were two companies of haulers is easier to already opened, and to help them, like conceive than express. They instantly wedges, to rend the clefts that were but shook off their harness, ran to assist in just cracking Soon afterwards they working the ships, and once more to re hoisted the launches on board the ships, sume their proper employments. and made all the sail they could, drive
When they arrived at ihe ships, Cap- ing with the loosening ice, and parting tain Lutwych, who was no less beloved it wherever it was moveable with their by his men than the commodore, had whole force ;-they soon lost sight of by his exainple and judicious directions the seven islands, and in a very little done wonders. Both ships were not only while after, to their great joy, Spitsa-float, with their sails set, but actually bergen was seen again from the mastcut and warped through the ice near head. balf a mile. This ray of bope, how. On their voyage from Spitsbergen to ever, was soon darkened; the body of England the Racehorse and Carcass ice suddenly assumed its former direc. parted in a violent storın, but aftertion to the eastward, and closed upou wards joined company, and arrived safe them again as fast as ever. While the off Deptford, at one o'clock in the moru... ships remained in the ice dock, they ing of the 1st Octover, 1773. Thus were lashed together for their greater ended an unsuccessful voyage of about security, but now being launched and four months from the time of their de a-float, the ice pressed upon them with parture, till their return to England. such weight, that it was every momeot I cannot help mentioning that our expected that the hawser would break inmortal Nelson when a boy, sailed on that held them together : orders were, this expedition, under the care of Captherefore, given, that the hawser should tain Lutwych. be slackencd, and the ships released. Mr. Southey in his Life of Nelson,
For the remainder of the evening, relates the following anecdote of his and till two in the morning, the drift youthful intrepidity : coutinued east ward, and all that while “ Young as he was, Nelsoni was apthe ships were in danger of being crush- pointed to command one of the boats ed by the closing of the channel in which which were sent out to explore a pasthey rode They had now drifted two sage into the open water. It was the miles to the eastward; the men were means of saving a boat belonging to the worn out with fatigue in defending the Racehorse from a singular but immiships with their ice-poles from being nent danger. Some of the officers bad engulphed; and now nothing but scenes fired at and wounded a Walrus. As of horror and perdition appeared be no other apimal bas so human-like an fore their eyes. But the Oinnipotent, expression in its couotenance, so also is
there none that seems to possess more Captain Ross in the ship Isabella, of the passions of humanity. The burtben 380 tons, 50 men, accompanied wounded one dived immediately, and by Licutenant Parry, in the ship Alex. brought up a number of its companions; ander, 270 tons burthen, 33 men, will and they all joined in an attack opon proceed up Davis's Strait, taking their the boat. They wrested an oar from course in a north-westerly direction to one of the men ; and it was with the Behrings's Strait. utmost difficulty that the crew could Caplain Buchan will sail in the ship prevent them from staving or upsetting Dorothea, 375 tops, 50 men, accompa. her, till the Carcass's boat came up: nied by Lieutenant Franklyn in ihe and the Walruses, finding their enemies brig Trent, 270 tops, 33 mei), and prothus reinforced, dispersed. Young Nel- ceed as nearly as possible, due north, son exposed bimself in a more daring on the meridian of Greenwich, passing manner. One night, during the mid over the North Pole, and then to make watch, he stole from the ship with one the best of their way to Behring's Strait; of his comrades, taking advantage of a where the four vessels will endeavour to rising fog, and set out over the ice in join company and sail together through pursuit of a bear. It was not long be the Pacific Ocean, touching at the Sandfore they were missed. The fog thick. wich Islands, then proceed to Cape ened, and Captain Lutwych and his Horn, and from thence to Eugland. officers became exceedingly alarmed for All the vessels are provided with their safety. Between three and four in wooden awnings, sloping like the roof the morniog the weather cleared, and of a bouse, over the upper decks, to the two adventurers were seen, at a keep the inclemency of the weather, considerable distance from the ship, when the ships are blockaded up in the attacking a huge bear. The signal ice for them to return was immediately The men are not to take their repose made: Nelson's comrade called upon in hanımocks, but in wooden cabins, him to obey it, but in vain : his mus. just sufficiently large for three men to ket had fashed in the pan ; their ammu sleep in; therc are sliding wooden doors nition was expended ; and a chasm in to each cabin, and so contrived that if the ice, which divided him from the it should be required they can be rebear, probably preserved his life. moved whole, as they are now placed. • Never mind,' he cried, do but let In the captain's cabin (between the me get a blow at this devil with the but cabin-windows) is fixed, in a perpenend of my mosket, and we shall have dicular direction, a new patent log, ia him.' Captain Lutwych, however, see a round frame covered with glass, hai. ing his danger, fired a gun, which had ing the appearance of a time-piece ; the desired effect of frightening the this machinery has communication with beast, and the boy then returned, some the rudder of the ship, whereby they what afraid of the consequences of bis can ascertain how many knots an hour trespass. The captain reprimanded him their vessel has run. sternly for conduct so upworthy of the Should this expedition prove successoffice which he filled, and desired to ful; most probably, owing to the inclekoow what motive he could have for mency of the climate, it would not be hunting a bear? • Sir,' said he, pout- beneficial in a commercial point of view, ing his lip, as he was wont to do when yet it may be the means of improving agitated, “I wished to kill the bear, that our geographical knowledge in those un. I might carry the skin to my father.'” explored regions, and perhaps make us
I have made the foregoing extracts, beiter acquainted with the variation for the amusement of such of your rea of the compass, and the attraction of ders, who may never have had the the magnet, circumstances of infinite opportunity of perusing Commodore importance to navigation; and it is not Phipps's Voyage.
impossible but that a more careful ex. Now, permit me, sir, to add some amination of the polar regions may lead thing relative to the four vessels, which to the solution of problems that have are at this moment fitting out in the hitherto baffled the enquiries of the River, preparatory to their sailing on ablest navigators." voyages to explore the northern regions, At present we are unacquainted with as our geographical knowledge, in that the northern coasts of Greenland, and part of the world, is at present very North America ; por is it known whedefective.
ther the regions adjoining to the Pole
992 On the Hope that Earthly Allachmenls will be renewed in Heaven. (March are land or water, frozen or open sea; air is indispensably necessary for the nór does it appear by any maps or continuation of all animal existence, globes, tbat I have had the opportunity and therefore it embraces a contradic of seeing, that any land has ever been tion to assert the contrary. Again ; if discovered towards the North Pole, we are told that a government, whose further than about 81 degrees, being the measures were invariably characterized latitude of the northerly parts of Spits. by consummate wisdom, bad placed bergen.
arms in the hands of its subjects for the In the present enterprising expedi. purpose of overthrowing itself, we tion they must not only expect to meet should ridicule such a palpable absurwith dreadful extreme of cold, so in- dity, and disbelieve it as impossible. tense, indeed, as to blister the skin; but But where, I would ask, is the contradicalso with many impediments of noun tion--where the absurdity, in the doctains, and rocks of ice, frozen seas, trine I am endeavouring to establish ? adverse winds, &c.; notwithstanding Does it consist in the interchange of which, I most sincerely hope, that they perceptions between spiritual beings? may be enabled to overcome every No: a mutual intercourse must subsist dificulty, accomplish their intended among them, though we can form do voyages, return in perfect health, and adequate idea of the manner in which once morc enjoy the endearing company it is conducted ; even if we asceod to of their relations and friends whom the divine Creator of all things, we bad left in old England. I remain, Sir, must be convinced, that he has establish
Your constant Reader, ed means by wbich he manifests his will London, 16th March, 1818. W.F. to his creatures, or how could that will
be executed ? And though it is proba. For the EUROPEAN MAGAZINE. ble tbat between the soul of man, and On The Hope That EARTALY ATTACH the highest order of created beiegs, MENTS will be RENEWED in BEAVEY. there is an almost immeasurable dis
MONG the various miseries which tance, yet it is not too much to conA
embitter buman life, there is not clude, that it may possess, thougb in a one that rears a more towering fabric of limited degree, many of those excelwretchedness in the heart, than the loss Jencies which distinguish those to whom of a dear relation or valued friend; de the Author of existance has assigned prived of the society that he loved, the the first rank in creation. sufferer surveys the world and finds it a I trust that what I have said has been desert; and existence appears continued sufficient to prove, that the subject we only for the recollection of joys that are are considering does not contain an im. annihilated for ever ; in this moment of possibility, and I shall now attempt to affliction, the hope of a future re-union display the force of those arguments and recognition seems like a star shin. which render it probable. ing through the gloom of night, and The human mind is compounded of pointing its rays to worlds of intermin. various, and opposite sensations and able bliss. The hope of a re-union after principles; the evil proclaims the man, death with those whom we have loved while the good incontrovertibly testion earth, will prove an antidote to the fies that it had its origin in heaveo. But poison of many a grief, which would if there is one feeling more than another otherwise cause the complete overthrow which communicates to life its brightest of mental health. To advance this ob- charm, it is social affection : the indul. ject, I shall consider its possibilities, its gence of this aflords a happiness so pure probalities, and its certainty. It is pos- and unalloyed, that Arigels might de. sible, because the infinite Controller of scend from Glory and drink its cup with the Universe can dispose the perceptions gratitude ;—it is the crowning gem to of spirits, as easily as he can impress the diadem of human pleasures :- it is form upon matter : but, not to insist on the Sun, wliose wild effulgence irradi. this position, which is indisputable, let ates though it may be unable to dispel it be remembered, that a thing to be the gloomy clouds of wretchedness and literally and strictly impossible, must woe; the possession never produces sa. involve either a coniradiction or an ab. tiety, nor the recollection of it remorse; surdity; for instance, if we hear it and when every other virue bas forsaken maintained, that an animal will live the heart, this will alone remain, and after a certain time, in the exhausted compel us to admire and esteem the receiver of an air-pump; we declare it husband, the father, and the friend, to be impossible, because we know that though we abbor and despise the traitor,
the robber, and the murderer. Can it David believed that his child was elerthen for an instant be imagined, that nally separated from him, what consola. the exercise of a feeling so innocent tion could it be for him to reflect, that will be terminated by the grave; in in a few years he should mingle his dust power it is equal to devotion, and it is with that of his infant? Or if he went only the infinite difference of the ob- farther, and referred to their mutual ject that constitutes its inferiority. existence beyond the grave, still the
When man is moved from earth, and hope of his child's immortality could is become an inbabitant of heaven, poi relieve the woe he was then sufferthough his nature will be improved, yet ing, for the loss would be to him as the inference that it will be altered is irrevocable as if absolute annibilation not deducible, either from reason or had taken place. But it is evident that from Scripture. It may appear a bold his mind was relieved by his anticipaassertion, but I am inclined to main. tions of futurity, and that anticipation lain, that so long as memory continues, must have been, that he should follow the possession of Heaven itself could not bis child to realms where sorrow was confer happiness without that society, unknown, and where a re-union with which had written every character of the being he had regretted would obli. joy, engraved on the annals of recol. terate the remembrance of the anguish lection.
he was at that moment enduring: If the soul is to exist in another In the narration delivered by our world in a state of complete and eternal Saviour, of the rich man and Lazarus, bliss, if every thing is to continue which there is a positive assertion that the at present composes it, but purified, former recognized the latter during the exalted, and enlarged, those beings on period between death and the general whom it had bestowed its fervent and resurrection, that he conversed with legitimate attachments during the pe bim, and that he continued in eternity riod it was feltered by the chains of to remember the events of time. If it mortality, must participate in its en is contended that this was not an actual joyments or regret, will diminish that circumstance, but a parabolical reprehappiness which gratitude and praise to sentation, it militates nothing against a God of boundless mercy will reader my argument, for Jesus never iucapable of destruction.
posed his parables from impossible iociShould the truth of the doctrine in dents, but from those which were proquestion be denied, it must be admitted bable, and occurriug daily. But I see that there is a sorrow incident to huma. no reason for concluding that it was a nity, for which Christianity affords no fiction, though the discussion of it alleviation, no remedy, the Saviour of would be totally irrelevant to the premankind has left the minds of his fol- sent subject. If the reality of the hislowers in the hour of distress and tory is conceded, confirmation is stanp. agony, as the heathen who believes ed upon the doctrine, and its belief is death to be an eternity of sleep. grounded on the rock of certainty. The
I shall now conclude, by detailing last passage I shall cite is extracted those arguments which support the cer from the Epistle of St. Paul to the tainty of it. It is a subject incapable Thessalonians: — “ But I would not of either sensible or demonstrative evi- have you to be ignorant, brethren, condence; and wben reason has proved that cerning them which are asleep, that yo it is possible and probable, her task is. sorrow not even as others which have finisbed, and she resigus to revelation no hope; for if we believe that Jesus the completion of the task she had died, and rose again, even so them also commenced. I shall therefore select which sleep in Jesus will God bring with from the Bible those passages which are him.” As this was professedly written adapted to my present purpose; and to comfort those who were lamenting which, when weighed with their depen. the dissolution of the ties of kindred dencies and consequences, will, I think, and affection, the inference must be be sufficient for the establishment of the immediately assumed, that at the resurdoctrine in question. The first I shall rection union shall succeed to separamention is the declaration of David, tion, and that torch shall be illumined, when he is made acquainted with the which the damps and chillness of the death of his infant son: “ But now he grave had smoihered, but not extinis dead, wherefore should I fast? Can I guished. If this was not its import, bring bim back again? I shall go lo him, the Apostle's reasoning was a mockery; but he shall not return to me.” If he substitutes delusion for reality, and