« AnteriorContinuar »
same year in which he was so honour. vernment, which ultimately proved ably chosen Chief Magistrate of Glas. successful, the Convention of Royal gow, he was appointed Commissioner Boroughs transmitted to him a vote of by the convention of royal boroughs of thanks, accompanied by a handsome Scotland to proceed to London, to ob- piece of plate, as a mark of the high taic an Act of Parliament to place the sense they entertained of the services British linen inanufactory on the same rendered to the manufactures of the footing as that of Ireland.
country. This being the year, also, in Glasgow having greatly extended, and which Mr. Colquhoun, while in London, having become a inauufacturing as obtained a royal charter for erecting the well as a commercial city, and legisla- Chamber of Commerce into a corporative facilities being required in conse tion, that respectable body voted' bim quence of changes which were taking their thanks, accompanied by a valuable place, and as there existed then no com- picce of plate. This was, likewise, the bined body of men interested in the year when Mr. Colquhoun was, on the diversified branches of trade, calculated 30th of September, unanimously chosen, to collect information, or to give force, for the third time, Lord Provost of Glas. energy, or system, to any public mea. gow; he was, at the same time, ap. sure necessary for partial or general pointed a magistrate for the county of benefit, Mr. Colquhoun turned his Lanark, and a delegate from the Counthoughts to the means of remedying cil of Glasgow, for the election of a this inconvenience, and devised a cham. member of Parliament. ber of commerce and manufactures, for In October, 1784, Mr. Colquhoun which he afterwards obtained a royal ceased to all the office of Chief Magischarter, erecting the same into a cor trate of Glasgow, but continued to exeporation. This institution has since cute the duties of a Counly Justice of proved of essential service to the trade the peace, and to atlend sedulously to and manufactures of the city. In this all other objects respecting the trade year, likewise, he was elected president and manufaciures of the city, and to of the Committee of Management of other public objects connected with the the Forth and Clyde Canal; to the affairs prosperity of the country. of which he paid much attention, for In 1785, we find Mr. Colquhoun's nearly ten years, as a great national attention almost unceasingly devoted to object. In the year 1783, we find this the means of relieving the distresses of indefatigable magistrate chosen chair- the maonfacturers in different brauches, maa of the Chamber of Commerce and particularly those engaged in fabricating Manufactures, now consisting of about cotton, in printing calicoes, tobacco 300 members, 217 of whom aitended manufactures, and other trades. And, the election-so that, in this year, Mr. in March of this year, he proceeded to Colquhoun had his comprehensive mind London, delegated by all the manufacemployed in attending to the functions turers of Scotland, to meet those of of the following important situations, England, to concert measures to avert besides being necessarily occupied by the calamities which were likely to be an altention to private concerns : caused by the adoption of the Irish 1. Lord Provost of Glasgow.
propositions, and to obtain legislative 2. Chairman of the Chamber of Com- , relief for the languishing couditiou of merce and Manufactures.
the collon manufactures. In March he 3. Chairman of the Tontine Society. was sedulously and constantly engaged,
4. Chairman of the Committee of in conjunciion with the delegates of the management of the Great Canai, manufacturers from different parts of
In the spring of this year Mr. Colqu. England, in representations and is negohoun proceeded to Manchester w col. cialiong with the Minister, and in coulect information relative to the lheu ex ference with Members of Parliament tent of the rising manufactures, prepa- representing the different districts from ratory to a negociation with the minis. whence the delegates were sent. Alter ter, and for obtaining the assistance of encountering, and ultimately overcomthe mapofacturers in England, in pru. ing numerous difficulties, Mr. Colqucuring a drawback on the bleaching hoin, after a residence of three months materials. After a most tedious and in London, finished the object of his laborious negociation with Lord Joha Inission, the result of which was, that Cavendish, Chancellor of the Exche. by a new modification of the Irish pira. quer, and with other members of go positions, muny points were concedere
to the British manufacturers. The ma 5. An Important Question relanufacturers of printed goods were thus tive to the present Competition beexempted from an additional duty which tweep the Calico and Muslin Ma. was contemplated, and an act was ob nufacturers of Great Britain, and tained, which was considered as the same Sprcies of Goods imported tremely beneficial; and further, the from India
..1788 cotton and musliu manufacturers ob. 6. An Important (rives in the tained a repeal of the duties which Calico anu Muslim Manufactures of pressed hard upon them. These ad Great Britain explained
.....1788 vantages, obiained aller the most un 7. Observations on the Relative wearied exerimuns, laid the foundation Resources of the East India Comfor that burst of prosperity which the pany for Productive Remitances, cotton manufacturers afterwards expe. and on the National Loss occa. rienced, and made a deep impression on sioned by the Importatiou of the the ininds of all the parties concerned, same Species of Cotion Goods who expressed their gratitude by the which cao be ma ufactured in presentation of four valuable pieces of Great Britain
......1785 plate, with appropriate inscriptions and 8 Observations on the Means of devices, from tour differ, ut public bo- extending thc Consumption of Bridies. At the same time, on Mr. Col. tish Calicoes, Muslins, and other quhoun's return to Glasgow, the Cor. Cotton Goods, and of affording poration of Weavers unanimously re Pecuniary Aid to the Manufacture solved
ers under Circumstances of the “ To beslow the freedom of their highest Advantage to the Piade ..1788 corporation on Patrick Colquhoun, Esq. 9. Queries on the Press Dislate Lord Provost of the city, in lesti- tressed Situation of the collon mony of their approbation of his public Manufactures of Great Britain, conduct: parricularly of his seasonable and on the Means of clief ...1788 and spiritud exertions in warding off, 10 A Represemiation ot Facts refrom the nusliu manufactures of this lative to the Rise and Progress of country, an oppressive and ruinous tax, the Colton Manufactures ju Great equally pernicious to the landed inter: Britain, with Observations on the ests, ihe manufacturers, and the great Means of Extending and Improv. collective body of the people; humbly iog iliis valuable branch of Trade..1789, requesting that Mr. Colquhoun will 11. A Representation of the Facts bonour them by his acceptance of this relative to the Sufferings and Losses public demonstration of their esteem of the Merchants residing in Great aud gratitude, and permit them to add Britain who carried on Trade to the his name to the roll of the corporation. United States of America..... ..1789 Signed, at Glasgow, the
During the interval from 1785 10 1788, 16th of July, 1785, in
Mr. Colquhoun devoted inost of his time the name, and by the
to public business, and to the means of appointment of the Cor.
extending and improving he trades and poration,
manufaclures of his country, and in de“ Joon Park, Deacon." visiog means to remove the difficulties Notwithstanding the multiplicily of which were opposed to their extension, all these importaut aod urgent avoca which now became an important desi. tions, Mr. Colquhoun, from 1783, pubs, deraluni, in consequence of the rapid lished the following works, in further. increase of the colton mills, not only in ance of the various vational objects coin. England, but also in Scotland.
In con, mitted to his management:
of this state of ihings, a gene1. Observations on the present ral meeting of the manufacturers was State of the Liven and Collon Ma called, and Mr. Colquhoun was strong. nufactures ...
.. Printed 1783 ly solicited once mor to advocate their 2. Case relative to the Proposed cause in London He accordingly proSystein of Interchange of British ceeded to Manchester oni bora way to the Manufactures with Freland ......1785 metropolis, for I be purpose al collecta
3. Case of the Colton and Linen ing accurate informatwu as to for then Priniers of Great Britain ........1755 situation and actual oriental ile mills,
4. Case of the British Merchants and of the state of the colion manufacwho Iraded to America previous to tures in England. After passing two the late War
1787 . days there, and after bavirg oblaiuxd
the follest information, he arrived in of the best measures which could have London, and associated bimself with the been adopted for the benefit of the principal manufacturers then on the whole, and which afterwards became a spot. . His first ohject was to prepare a subject of regret with some of the leaddigested view of the actual stale of the ing oppusers, and a great disappointColton trade in Great Britain in 1789, ment to a numerous class of industri. which he presented to the Minister Mr. ous manufacturers, who looked forward Pitt, who, until that periind, had no to the measure with a well-founded con. means of procuring a general view of the fidence that it would have been the rise and progress of this important means of renovating the rade then manufacture Mr. Colquhoun was fur greatly depressed ther employed in preparing papers for In the spring of the year 1789, Mr: the press calculated io elucidate the Colquhoun visited Flanders and Bra. subject, and for the purpose of distri bani, to open a mart in those countries bution a 110ng the Members of Parlia- for the relief of the then distressed manu. ment ad f his Majesty's Government, facturers, and returning to Lo.mon, he with who, and with the East India continued nearly three mo...bu cvastapt. Directors, conferences were at different ly engaged in virious ohjecis counected tiines held. As the result, an Act of with the improvement of the commer. Parliament was obtained exempting cial and manufacturing interests, and British manufactures from auction duty, having succeeded in various points of in contemplation of public sales after great importance, by conferences with the manner of the East India Company, the Minister, he returned to Glasgow as the weans of extending the demand early in the month of August, having of British inanufactures, and of render- during his absence accomplished the ing them better known on the Conti. following important objects :gent by a cheaper diffusioni. Mr. Col. Ist. His efforts in Flanders and Braquhoun, returning to Scotland by the hant rendered the then infant manufacway of Winchester received, on the 12th tories of muslins known on the Collof June, the thanks of the manufactu. tinent, and which ultimately laid the rers for his services in London. On the foundation for that extensive demand 2011 of the same month. a very numer. which afterwards took place. ous ineering of the manufacturers of 2d. He procured a renewal of the act Glasgow voted their thanks for the ser. oblained by him in 1783, allowing a vices rendered the trade which was ful. drawback on bleaching materials which, lowed up on the 24th of the same month but for his exertions at a critical moby a similar vote from the manufactu- ment, would have been lost. rers of Paisley
3d Ile procured certain amendments On the 19ih of March of the same to be introduced into the Excise To. year, the Governors and Council of the bacco Bill, which reinosed the objecForth and Clyde Navigation, ugani. tionable parls so as to meet the wisbes inously voted their thanks to Mr Col. of the importers and manufacturers. quhoun, with a piece of plase, val::e 4th He was instruinental, atier great 1001, o testimony of the benefits de- exertions at a very critical moment, in sived by the proprietors from his ser. procuring the insertion of the names of vices in the management and superio. the merchants in the City of Glasgow, tendance of that important establish who bad property confiscated io Ame. ment, and which has since proved also so rica during the war, in a bill brought useful to the country.
At the close of into Parliament, which enabled ihe the present year. 1788. Mr. Colquhoun parties concerned to recover a very conweito Ostend, being theo a depôt for siderable suin of money which would East India goods, to ascertain how far have been otherwise lost. similar Brilish manufactures could enter 5th He procured the passing of an into coinpetition in the sales in that Act to exempt picce goods exposed to part llier making arrangements for sale loy public auction so as to place the an experimeat ihe ensuing spring. he goods on the same footing as the piece returned to o rlon in January 1759, goods sold by the East India Company. and finished undection which promis. 6th. He finally arranged with the ed to prove highly beneficial to the parties in London the great and importrade at large; but the jealousies which tant plan of a Cotlou Hall for the sale Arose among some of the more opulent of British manufactures in London, free pganufacturers ultimately defeated ove of auction duiy, on the samc fooling us
East India goods in respect to foreign since the best authors, both ancient and purchasers, by a general periodical modern, have not thought it below the exhibition, supported by a very large najesty of hislory to mention the like, capital, for the assistance of the manu it may be the inore excusable to take facturers, and to be available in antici. notice of. pation of the sales ; and had the mapu. “ The King being at Oxford during facturers been universally true to them, the Civil Wars, went one day to see the selves, and had not the French war public Library, where he was shewa, soon after taken place, the ben its among other books, a l'irgil, nobly which would have resulted from this printed and exquisitely bound. The great national establishment would have Lord Fulkland, to divert the King, been incalculable.
would have his Majesty make a trial of his In the month of November in the year fortune by the Sorles Virgiliance, which 1789, Mr. Colquhoun finally settled in every body knows was an usual kind of London with his family-still continu. augury some ages past. Whereupon ing bis exertions in promoting every the King opening the book, the period object which tended to give vigour and which happened to come up was that prosperity to the trade and manufac• part of Didos' imprecation against tures of Great Britain; and in affording Æneas, which Mr. Dryden translates his assistance in promoting useful legis thus: lative regulations whenever they were • Yet let a race untam'd, and hanghty foes, found necessary, during the years 1790 His peaceful entrance with dire arms opand 1795. In 1792, the state of the
pose; police of the metropolis being long a Oppress'd with numbers in th’unequal field, subject of reproach, from its inefficiency
His men discouraged and bimself expelled, and from the want of a proper and Let him for succour suc from place to place,
Torn from his subjects and his sons embrace. more intelligent magistracy, an act was
First let him sec his friends in battle slain, passed in this year, authorizing the
And their untimely fate lament in vain ; establishment of seven public offices,
And when at length the cruel war shall with three justices to each, under a par
cease, liamentary establishment, and Mr. Col. On hard conditions may he buy his peace. quboun baving been appointed to one Norlet bim then enjoy supreme command, of these offices, he imniediately turned But fall untimely by some hostile hand, his attention to the subject of police,
Avd lie unburi'd on the barren sand." S to the errors and imperfections of the
ÆNEID, B. iv, 1. 88. then existing system, and to the means “ It is said, King Charles seemed of improvement.
concerned at this accident, and that the (To be continued.)
Lord Falkland observing it, would like
wise try liis own foriune in the same To the Edilor of the European Magazine. manner, hoping he might fall upon
some passage that could have no relaAS
S a part of your plan is to insert in tion to his case, and thereby divert the your entertaining and instructive
King's thooghts from any impression miscellany illustrations of English His the other might have upon him. But tory which are not generally knowi, I the place that Falkland stumbled upon, send the annexed, hoping it will prove was yet more suited to bis desting iban acceptable to your readers.
the other had been to the King's; beYour's, &c.
ing the following expressions of Evan.
der upon the uutimely death of his son A paper among the Lansdowne MSS.
Pallas, as they are translated by the in the British Museum, records the ful. same haud :lowing curious circumstance respecting • O Pallas ! thou hast fail'd thy plighted the unfortunate Charles the First, and
word one of his favourite Courtiers, the To fight with caution, not to tempt the youthful and accomplished Lord Falk
sword: laod, who was slain in a skirmish in I warned thee, but in vain; for well I wbich he had rashly and unnecessarily
What perils youthful ardour would pnrsue, engaged, theday before the first battle of Newbury:
That hoiling blood would carry thee too far;
Young as thou wert in dangers-raw in “ About this time, there befel the
war! King an accident, which, though a tri- O curst essay in arms,-disastrous doom,fe in itself, and that no weight is to loc Prelude of bloody fieldsand fights to come.'" la: upon any thing of thal wature ; yet
Ibid. B. xi, 1, 230.
EXTRACTS FROM A LAWYER'S called Slyass, .even if the whole twelve PORTFOLIO.
should judge wrong, one full woman
would set them right, for she would (Conlinued from page 100.)
contradict them all." T appears from the Regiam Majesta The Sheriff laughed, no woScotland as carly as David Ist. 1124. fold." Every body knows how a learned From Olaus Wormius (Monu. Danm. German oruithologist contrived to foster cap. 10. p. 72), that the trial by twelve bis motherless broods of chickens wbite men was introduced into Denmark hy he pursued his studies. Now, saith the Regnerus, wlio began to reign in 820, aforesaid Silas, if such broods were profrom whom it was borrowed hy Ethel- perly distributed in the chambers of the red. 'Tis not improbable that our jury senale, in courls of law, colleges, and decided originally withoui a judge all coffee-houses, where a few irrelevant controversies within a certain district. chirpings and crowings would not be We are in the dark concerning their strange, long siltings would prove marproceedings till i he time of Edward II. vellously useful, and speculating philowhen the Year Book began. Unani. sophers might be tolerably certain of mity was required, 1st, out of mercy to providing their own dinners, and some the prisoner ; 2dly, from the danger of thing for the benefit of the state." attaints against jurymed; diy, to pre.
Mr. Elliot looked round for the provent any individual from being ob. bable owner of these citations, but saw Doxious to the crown or to parties. no one except an old hen-wife at the In the time of Henry III, this unani door of her cothouse.“ Truly,” said mity was not required in the first twelve he to himself, “this rogue's wit runs impannelled, for, according to Bracton, through his law likequicksilver tbrough if they disagreed, a number equal to the a tube of tough leather - What will dissentients, or at least six to lour, were como next?"-But he found only a few added. From Fleta it sceins this was lover.like verses addressed to an “ Elthe practice in the next reigo, but the fin Arrow," commonly called a Scotch judge then appears to have had a power pebble. to oblige the first twelve to agree. In Neil Elliot, Sheriff.depute of a Scotch Scotlaud the decision is by a majority district, had once claimed only the liumeven of one, and the naibber is fifteeni. bie designation of writer to the signet ; Aldermen and citizens of London in the but powerful connections, quick talents, third Henry's reign bad the privilege and a happy address, placed him soon for a trespass against the King to be among the most important commoners tried by twelve cilizens, for a mur in the west.country: He was as ear. der by thirty, and for trespass against nestly sought on festival-days ag at maa stranger by the oath of six citizens' gisterial meetings and arbitraments : and himself. (Vide Fabian's Chronicle.) and perhaps the fragment be had found -Hickes, in his Thesaurus, the most was more touching to the humorous learned research into Saxon antiquities, than the legal polity of his character. proves it was ouknown to the Saxons, He perused it twice before he noticed a and supposes it was introduced into letter lying on his breakfast-table, adEogland by Henry II. (ibid.)"
dressed to him iv the same hand writing. Such were the contents of a torn It contained a concise and modest peli. paper which the wind wafled to the feet lion for employment among his junior of Sheriff Elliott, as he took his morn clerks, with an intimation that family jeg walk. He said as English lawyers circunstances deprived the writer of are wont to say on a more important any recommendation, except that which occasion -"spy a Brother ;” and the Sheriff's benevolence might find in opened the next fold with great care his diligence and integrity. Mr. Elliot and curiosity.
held this appeal in his hand when his “It is remarkable, that the English servant entered to remove the mula have always preserved an eveo number tifarious abundance of a Scotch breakin their juries ; thinking, perhaps, that fust; and after some preamble, he enamong every twelve men there will bea quired if the person who waited his majority of wise ones, or that the wise reply had the air of a lawyer's pupil minority may always govern the ma. or clerk. jority of fools: but, saith my learned Silas Mucklequack was on some occa. friend Silas Mucklequack, commonly sions a clerk bimself, and be answered Europ. Mag. Pol. LXXIII. Mar.181%.