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- What thou bidst affection will produce reasonable obedi. Unargued I obey; so God ordains; ence, and that the best ground for the God is thy law, thou mine; to know no husband's right of command is that

upjon of his own will with his wife's, Is woman's happiest knowledge, and her

which makes both attractive, and weipraise.

ther burdensome. Attractive, I mean This I bumbly suppose must be al- in opposition to an imperious claim of lowed as a just criterion of a wife's authority on his part, which the mind affection-and if so, as correct a rule of always repels with displeasure, and a obedience as can be insisted upon-fur, cootradictory waywardoess on her's, If others more learned than myself in which at once robs her of all the amiable these subjects be not egregriously mis- graces of her form, and changes her takeo, it would appear that affection is into an object of contempt, instead of the source of this obedience, and that esteem.” when the will is subjected to its pure At the conclusion of the Manager's infuence, it has its seat id reason, and observations, the servant announced is judicious.' Let me not be deemed that supper was ready. The tidings presumptuous, then, if I venture to were received by the company with a suggest that the wedded daughters of simultaneous start from their seats. Eve may find a very useful principle of Every one was making for the supper. submission in the passage which I have room, when a cry of “ Fire! Fire!"

resounded through the streets, which “ Mow excellent would be such a was increased by the vociferations of the priociple," exclaimed the manager's crowds that seemed rushing to the spot. wife, were it but adopted! How many At the same instant a loud knocking violations of the conjugal faith would was heard at the door of the Superinbe prevented ! How many busbands tendant's house. Two or three footand' wives would have escaped the men, who were waiting for the carwretched doom in which they bave riages of some of the coinpany, ran up involsed themselves! And how many stairs to inform them that the fire had family miseries would never have been burst out at the opposite house. The heard of, which are now canvassed in alarm was general, and the supper was every gossiping party throughout this left untouched. Miss G swooned metropolis

- Captain Otto asked, in great agita. “ Ab!” cried the Manager, “ it tion, whether there was any danger of Fould, indeed, be a most sovereign pa the fire comiaunicating to the SuperinDacea for all the lamentation and woe tendant's house 7 – The City Baronet orwbich now fill the breasts of many a dered his carriage to the end of the man and woman, who have fancied that street. Lady S - ran to the windows, in the blissful state of matrimony pri. and opened the shutters, when the meval felicity might be found. But frightful glare of the flames, the hideous my dear Madam, it is rather uofortunate crackling of the burning raffers, struck for the applicatory force of Mr. T-' us all with horror. While we were gaz. quotation, as it is for the anticipations ing in the most tormeoting suspense of of such self-deluded pairs, that Eve's apprehension, we beheld a female figure submissive speech was made before her with a child in her arms, endeavouring, fall, and that her sentimeats of duty but in vain, to open the window of an were sadly changed after it. Now, for attic. The raging element had not yet the bonour of your sex, I must insist reached the upper story; ber shricks upon it, that considering the burden could be distioctly heard. Save her, which our good inother Eve was so save the poor infant!” proceeded from derer as to throw upon the shoulders of every mouth. “ Gracious Heaven!” all womaokiod, there are as many obe- exclaimed Mr. “ What's to be dient wives to be found as can well be done? There are no engines--there is expected; aod taking also into the ac no water. Positively," cried the count that Adam was as deep in the dirt Captain, putting on bis great coat with as his rib was in the mire, bis sons can much trepidation, “ this is a horrible bare but few exclusive pretensions to situation to be in; bow shall we get superior oxcellence over his daughters. away?". At that moment the distracted We will therefore, if you please, Mr. female left the window.-“She inust -, close the argument by one general be burnt-the child will be destroyed," ummary of the whole,- that rational cried Mr.

and darting out of the

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SIR,

I

room, we heard bis voice in the street, where the floor of the canal is level, and calling upon the people to bring the where the perpendicular section is not ladders. • Here! here is one, wider below than at the surface. claimed a part of the crowd. In an in Were it required to ascertain the ştant it was applied to the front of the pressure on a dam-gate whereof the house, and the first person we saw floor is horizontal, but the undera mounting it was Mr. ; he broke in

breatdth the greater, change to the glass of the sash, and throwing it in the given Rule, and the application up, he was enveloped with smoke. In a will be faultless. few moments we saw him with the child If the floor be not horihontal, a level in one arin, and the female supported is to be taken at the less depih, and the by the other.

pressure on the triangle below that level (To be continued.)

must be calculated by the last Rule, and added to the pressure above the level. By all which it appears, as your Cor

respondent suggests, that Mr. Dows To the Editor of the European Magazine, LING's Rule is correct in practice, since

floud-gates have always a level floor,

and are never wider at the bottom than N answer to the query of your Cor

at the surface. respondent T. Wright, respecting

The Rule, in my opinion, is not Mr. Dowling's rule for the pressure of only neat and concise; but will be water on food-gates, let ABCD be a

found eminently useful. Indeed, the

whole of Mr. Dowling's Key to Dr A I

F B

Hullon's valuable and elaborate Trea. tise is so pregnant with elegance and improvement, that po mathematician in possession of Hutton's Course of Matbeinatics should be without a copy of a work of such sterling merit.

I remain, Sir,

Your obedient servant, perpendicular section of any canal wider

T. W. C. EDWARDS. at the surface than at the bottom, and

40, Pall-mall, 5th Feb. 1818. whereof the bottom is level; and let CE, DF, be both perpendicular to CD; also let C G be taken equal to EC, the depth: then if the diagonal EG be REMEDIES FOR CHILBLAINS. drawn, the triaogle ECG will truly represent the pressure against the line E C. chilblain is a well-knowu inflams [Hulton's Mathemalics.] But the tri matory affection of the extremities angle ECG is equal to half the square of of the body, produced by “ the applicathe depth. Hence E F drawn into half tion of cold." The following embroibe square of the depth will be the pres- cation, if early resorted to, will seldom sure on the parallelogram E D.

fail of effecting a cure:-Again: because (as it is proved by

Soap liniainent, 1 ounce ; the writers on Statics) the lateral pres

Compound camphor liniament, 1 oz. sure of any fluid, whose perpendicular section, is a triangle, having for its base

Mix.-A small quantity to be well the borizontal surface of the fluid, is rubbed on the affected part every night equal to the pressure on a rectangle and mornjog, or as often as convonient. under the breadth, at the surface and

If, as frequently happens, an ulcer of grealest perpendicular depth, it follows a gangrenous nature should form, com: that the pressure against the triangle monly terined a “broken chilblain," it AEC is į of A E drawn into half the

should be dressed with a little" com: square of EC; and that on the triangle pound lead cerate,” spread on fine lint. FB D equal to of FB drawn into half "The dressing to be renewed at least the square of FD.

once a day. Now AE+FB is the difference of the

W. W. M. breadths at the surface and bottom; and St. John's-squnre, Feb. 21, therefore the Rule is correct in all cases

1818

SIR,

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To the Editor of the European Magazine. Nile was westward into the Sea of

London, 16th Jan. 1818. Soudan, and the current of the Western T is a satisfaction to perceive (after a

Nile was eastward into the same Sen

of Soudan : thus the current would be the publication of my account of sometimes one way and sometimes Marocco and the interior of Africa), another, making the Sea of Soudun the that in proportion as we are becoming common receptacle for the Eastern as better acquainted with the interior of well as for the Western Nile. that continent, my account becomes Ptolemy's Sea of Nigritia is undoubts more authenticated, notwithstanding edly the same with my seu of Soudan ; the attempts that have been so insi- I Lybia Palus being the Latin denomina. duously made to invalidate it.

tion, as Bahar Soudan is the irabic, The various hypotheses, for the most for the interior lake called the Sea of part founded in theory, that have, Soudan ; but whether this Sou of Souwithin the last seven years, been adopt dan will ultimately prove to be situated ed respecting the course of the Nile **as I have described it, ++fifteen jourel Abeede (Niger), are beginning now to nies east of Timbuctoo, or 450 English fall to the ground, and the learned and miles, or as Ploiemys has described it, judicious editor of the Supplement to or in the intermediate distance between the New Eocyclopedia Britannica, the two extremes, must be left for future founding his opinions, as it should seem, travellers to ascertain. upon the facts that have beeu corrobo The enterprising and indefatigable, rated respecting the interior of Africa, the patient and persevering, genius bas actually adopted my opinion ;* viz. of Burkhardt, deriving incalculable

That there is an union of waters be advantages from a long residence in ween the Nile of Egypt and that of the eastern regions of Africa, may proSoudan : t where the common recep- bably decree him to be the person to tacle is I have not ventured to declare, clear up tbis long-contested geograbut it is probable that it may be phical poiut, unless the fascination of

Babar Kulla, io Wangara, or in the Arabian manners, or soine Utopia in

Sea of Soudan ; the opinion that the the interior regions of that continent, junction is formed in the Sea of Soudan should wean him froin the desire to reis supported by the Sheriff Imhammed, visit his native country . who saw the Nile at Cashna, and de This iotelligence of Parke may be clared that it was so rapid there from considered some corroboration of what east to west that vessels could not slem I have maintained respecting the union it.

of waters between the Eastern and WestAgaio : Parke's iotelligence, in his

ern Niles. It 2d Journey, densonstrates an union of The following testimonies are some waters iu the (| Baseafeena) Sea of confirmation of my report respecting Soudan ; for be says, the current was decked vessels, &c. in the interior of said to be sometimes one way and some

Africa. times another; which I will take the Dr. Sielzen, a Germau physician reliberty to interpret thus :

siding at ||| Alexandria, says, that be That the current from the Eastern has received intelligence from a pil

grim on his way to Mecca, a native • See my letter to the Editor of the of Ber Noh, or TIBernou, that the Monthly Magazine, Vol. XLIII. March 1817, page 125.

I See Ptolemy's map of N. Africa. + It is incorrect to say, that the word ** See Jackson's eularged Account of Nile is applied in Africa to any great river Marorco, page 310. (the name, I can with confidence declare, ++ Fifteen journies horse travelling, is never applied to any river in North which are the journies here alluded 10, Africa, except the Nile of Egypt and that at thirty miles a-day, is 450 British miles. of Soudan): whoever has propagated this #1 See Monibly Magazine, March 1817, opinion has mistaken the matter altogether. See Proceedings of the African Associa

See Jackson's molarged Account of tion, Vol. I. page 540.

Marocco, &c. page 309. # See Major Rennell's Map of North ||| For full particulars sce New Supp. to Africa, lat. Dorth 6. long. west 18°, &c. Ency. Britt. article “ Africa."

See Jackson's enlarged Account of 11 This Bernou, or, accorcing to the Marocco, Timbuctoo, &c. page 310. Arabic orthography, Ber Nutt, is asserteci

Another name for the Sea of Soudan, by the Arais to be the birtre;lace of the as will hereafter appear.

Patriarch Nual.
Furnn Mag roi LXXUU. Feb. 19:8.

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river within a mile of the city is as Magazine, (that as opinions have been large as the Egyptian Nile, and over- industriously propagated tending to flows its banks, it is navigated by ves. discredit my account of Marocco and sels of considerable dimensions, carry. the interior of Africa,) that nothing ing sails and oars.

bas been set down therein until I had Mr. Barnes states, that the Niger previously investigated the qualificadischarges itself into a large lake ; tions of the narrators, their means of that he has beard from the Black tra• knowledge, and whether the respective ders that there are white inhabitants vocations of the several narrators made upon the borders of this lake ; and bas it their interest to disguise or misreprebeen told, by people who have seen sent the truth of their communieations; them, that they dress io the style of and after ascertaining these important Barbary Moors, and wear turbans, but points, I have generally had recourse to do not speak Arabic. * See Report of other testimonies, and have seldom reCommittee of Council.

corded any thing until confirmed by Parke, in his Second Journey, was three or four concurrent evidences: on informed, that “ One month's travel this pyramidical basis is founded the inSouth of Baedo, through the kingdom telligence in my account of Marocco, of Gotto, will bring the traveller to the and of the interior of Africa, annexed to country of the Christians, who have that account. their houses on the banks of the + This assertion is to be understood Scafeena, which they describe as in. in respect to intelligence that I could comparably larger than the Lake Dib. not ascertain by ocular demonstration, bié." - This is another corroboration Finally, My description of the black of the accuracy of my account of the heart headed serpent, called s Bouska, interior of Africa ; but before I dis. has been doubted ; but a late || tramiss this subject, I should observe,

See Jackson's enlarged Account of that from the general ignorance of the

Marocco, &c, page 109. African Arabic, an important circum

!!" I paid two dollars for a station, and stance respecting this Ba Scafeena is I looked into the room without interruppot yet (it appears) discovered; it tion. It was about twenty feet long and is this, the words Ba Seafeena, or, ac fifteen broad, paved with tiles and play cording to the correct Arabic ortho tered within. The windows had also been grapby, Bahar Sefcena, literally trans secured by an additional grating made of lated into Evglish, signifies the Sea

wire, in such a manner as to render it im

possible for the serpents to escape from the of Ships, and is evidently only another

room: it had but one door, and that had a name for the Sea of Soudan, declaring

hole cut through it six or eight inches it to be a sea wherein ships are found !

square : this hole was also secured by a Here then are two topographical grating. In the room stood two men, who facts first asserted by me, among the appeared to be Arabs, with long bushy hair moderns, to exist in the beart of and beards; and I was told they were a Africa, and since confirmed by Aly particular race of men that could charm Bey, Parke, and Dr. Sietzen, or, as serpents. the enlightened editor of the Supple

" A wooden box, about four feet long and ment to the New Encyclopedia Britt.

two feet wide, was placed near the door, observes,

with a string fastened to a slide at one end « We have thus three independent door. The two serpent-eaters were dressed

of it; this string weot through a hole in the testimonies # from opposite quarters in haiks only, and those very small ones. meeting exactly in the same point; After they had gone through their religious, nor does there, as far as we know, exist ceremonies most devoutly, they appeared any evidence at all respectable to the to take an eternal farewell of each other: contrary."

this done, one of them retired from the It now remains for me to declare room, and shut the door tight after bim. to the public, through the medium The Arab within seemed to be in dreadful of your intelligent and widely-circulated distress

. I could observe his heart trob, and his bosom heave most violently: aud

he cried out very loudly,' Allah lovakiber,' * See Jackson's enlarged Account of three times; which is, as I understood it, Marocco, &c. page 309.

God have mercy on me.(a) + See New Supp. to Ency. Britt, article (a) N.B. This is a misinterpretation of Africa."

the Arabic words here used, which, liteThe testimonies here alluded to are rally translated, signify, God alone is Horaman, Parke, and Jackson.

great! -J. G.J.

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veller has confirmed the accuracy of animal.-In Riley's narrative of his my account even of this extraordinary Shipwreck on the coast of Sahara,

“The Arab was at the farthest end of other Arab applying a call to his mouth : the room : at that instant the cage was the serpents listened to the music, their opened, and a serpent crept out slowly; fury seemed to forsake them by degrees, he was about four feet long, and eight they disengaged themselves leisurely from inches in circumference; his colours were the apparently lifeless carcase; and creepthe most beautiful in nature, being bright, ing towards the cage, they soon entered and variegated with a deep yellow, a pur- it, and were immediately fastened in. ple, a cream colour, black and brown, “ The door of the apartment was now spotted, &c. As soon as he saw the Arab opened, and he without ran to assist his in the room, his eyes, which were small companion : he had a phial of blackish and green, kindled as with fire; he erected liquor in one hand, and an iron chissel in himself in a second, his head two feet high; the other : finding the teeth of bis comand darting on the defenceless Arab, seized panion set, he thrust in the chissel, forced him between the folds of his haik, just them open, and then poured a little of above bis right hip hone, hissing most hor the liquor into his mouth; and holding ribly: the Arah gave a horrid shriek, when the lips together, applied his mouth to the another serpent came out of the cage. This dead man's nose, and filled his lungs with last was black, very shining, and appeared air: he next anointed his numerous wounds to be seven or eight feet long, but not more with a little of the same liquid, and yet than two inches in diameter: as soon as he no sign of life appeared. I thought he was had cleared the cage, he cast bis red fiery dead in earnest; his neck and veins were cues on his intended victim, thrust out his exceedingly swollen ; when bis comrade forked tongue, threr himself into a coil, taking up the lifeless trunk in his arms, erected his hend, which was in the centre brought it out into the open air, and conof the coil, three feet from the floor, and tinued the operation of blowing for several sattening out the skin above his head and minutes before a sign of life appeared ; eyes in the form, and nearly of the size, of at length he gasped, and after a time recoa human beart, and springing like light- vered so far as to be able to speak. The ning on the Arab struck its fangs into his swellings in his neck, body, and legs, graDeck near the jugular vein, while his tail dually subsided, as they continued washing and body flew round his neck and arms the wounds with clear cold water and a in two or three folds. The Arab set up sponge, and applying the black liquor the most hideousand piteous yelling, foamed occasionally; a clean haik was wrapped and frothed at the mouth, grasping the about him, but his strength seemed so far folds of the serpent which were round his exhausted that he could not support him. arms with his right hand, and seemed to self standing, so bis comrade laid him on be in the greatest agony, striving to tear the ground by a wall, where he sunk into a the reptile from around his neck, wbile sleep. This exhibition lasted for about with his left be seized hold of it near its a quarter of an hour from the time the head, but could not break its hold: by serpents were let loose until they were this time the other had turned itself around called oil, and it was more than an hour bis legs, and kept biting all around the from that time before he could speak. other parts of his body, making apparently I thought I could discover that the poison. deep incisions : the blood, issuing from ous fan:s had been pulled out of these for. every wound (both in his neck and body), midable serpents' jairs, and mentioned that streamed all over his haik and skin. My circumstance to the showman, who said blood was chilled in my veins with horror that they had indeed been extracted; and at this sight, and it was with dificulty when I wished to know how swellings on my legs would support my frame.

his neck and other parts could be assumed, * Notwithstanding the Arab's greatest he assured me, that though their deadly ciertions to tear away the serpents with fangs were out, yet that the poisonous quabis hands, they turned themselves still lity of their breath and spittle would cause tighter, stopped his breath, and he fell the death of those they attack; that after a to the door, where he continued for a bite from eitber of these serpents, ir man moment, as if in the most inconceivable could exist longer than fifieen minutes! agony, rolling over, and covering every and that there was no remedy for any but part of his body with his own blood and those who were endoved by the Almighly froth, until he ceased to move, and ap- with power to charm and to manage them ; peared to have expired. In his last strug- and that he and his associates were of that gle, he had wounded the black serpent with favoured number! The Moors and Arabs his teeth, as it was striving, as it were, to call the thick and beautiful serpent El force its head into his mouth, which wound Effah, and the long black and beari headed seemed to increase its rage. At this in one El Bushfah. stant I beard the shrill sound of a whistle, “I afterwards saw engravings of these and looking towards the door saw the two serpents in Jackson's Marocco, which

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