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THE GLEANER:

precious. book which our opponent, No. VII.

from the hardness of bis heari, is un

able to appreciate; if we allude to the That should teach us, obvious fact, that there are numbers There's a Divinity that shapes our ends,

of real Christians, whose habits have Rough hew them how we will. HAMLET, Act v. Sc. 2: entirely prevented their exanıining into

the historical evidences of Christianity, N

who has ventured to ridicule religion, directed to the convincing proofs wbich and to treat the doctrines and consola- they afford, but wbo stili possess this tions contained in the Bible as suitable “ internal witness of the Spirit:” he only for a weak mind and uncultivated will tell us, that we are only proving the taste: there is one very forcible proof truth of what he has advanced against of the high claims upon our attention us ; that we are laying ourselves open which they possess, which we can never to the charge of that delusion to which urge upon him with the convincing he is superior ; that we have assumed energy which really belongs to it. We the premises as true which he conmay point out to him the long and siders to be allogether false; and that luminous train of external evidences we must revert to some antecedent which history affords ; we may dwell principles before we are to be allowed upon the purity of the morality of the to rest upon these. Gospel; we may defy our opponent to But we are willing to join issue with produce from the records of either an him upon this point : we are willing to cient or modern times, a system so well leave, for a wbile, all ibe external evi. calculated to subdue the evil passions, dences and internal proofs of the authenor to regulate the inordinate desires of ticity of the scriptures: to relinquish, man; and we may adduce the correct for the present, all the extrinsic de delineations of the real character of the monstrations, and intrinsic value, of human race, which the Word of God the sacred writings: and not only to contains : and he will consider us as assert our privilege lo urge the eviusing weapons, which, whilst he feels dence to which we have alluded; but the sharpness of their edge, he is obliged also to declare, that were there,

no to acknowledge are such as we have other satisfactory testimony of the a rigbt to wield in the combat. But Divine inspiration of the scriptures, there is one proof of the divine origin this alone would be sufficient to prove of the sacred scriptures, which, though it. it may often throw a splendid ray over We will make the question one which the volume of inspiratioo, whilst in the shall become a matter of fact. We will bands of the humble and pious Christian, not confine our inquiries to mere spe. will be regarded, however, by the infi- culative probabilities, but will look to del, when employed, as the mere pro actual experience; we will not rest duction of that very credulity, which, contented with theoretical reasonings, in the pride of his boasted - pbiloso, but will draw our arguments from praco pby, falsely so called," he scornfully tical results. And where, let us ask, in affects to despise. It is the heart-felt the whole bistory of mankind, in all conviction of the truths of the pro. the records of the bumao race, in all mises of the Gospel; it is the expe. the investigations into the peculiaritios rimental acquaintance with their power of the constitution of the mind of man, to " bind up the broken heart;' it is will be found (if accounted for on mere the sensible consolations which their philosophical principles) an explana. " still small voice” wbispers to the tion of that power which the truths troubled conscience ; it is ihe forcible of tbe Gospel afford, to cheer and to demonstration they produce as they support, to console and alleviate ? Is are engraven upon tbe mind as with the there any thing in aflliction naturally

finger of God;" which convey to the calculated to soothei any thing in bosoms of the meek and lowly * disci pain, to produce resignation? any thing ples of the Saviour" a delightful evi in poverty, to comforl? in want, to en. dence of their dirine origin, wbich the liven: in tears, lo • Thake ihe heart to sophistry of the unbelieving will ia leap for joy ?" in sickness, lo console? vaią attempt to destroy. But if we in distress, to gladdes? Is the frown of urge these effects, and adduce them the great, or the comiumciious taupt of as so many proofs of the value of that the vulgar, likely to promote the bap

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pincss of the object of their scorn ? ment of sig, and sin has led to the Are the deprivatious of penury, and introduction of misery. But amidst the niseries of pauperimm, calculated all the trials of life, and all the disto produce in the mind a thankful. tressing events which occur, I can draw ness to the Providence which allots our from This inexhaustible source- this condition? Is the comparison of ar neglected book- my most valuable com. own distresses with the apparent bap- forts; and can derive, by its encoupiness of others, a probable prelude to raging declarations, my purest pleasubmissive resignation ? Are the bitter sures from the very existence of ihose recollections of former prosperity, and evils wbich you urge as a proof of my the heart-redding contrast with present delusion." adversity, such as we might suppose And where else can we look for such to be nearly allied to a cheerful sub. effects as religion is able to produce ? mission ? Or (to venture on still holier Could any of the systems of lbe ancient ground) are the pangs of remorse, the philosophers, who were uoblessed with convictions of conscience, the excru- the light which we enjoy, afford those cialing torments of a wounded spirit, consolations which the scriptures be“ which pone but he that feels it stow Can any of the visionary theories koows," the natural initiatory steps, of modern speculators, who have refused which lead to that exquisite menial to be guided by the rays of Revelation, tranquillity, which makes the lately so remove one pang from the afflicted boagitated mind

som, or cast a gheam of light across the " Calm and unrused as a summer's sea, darkness of affliction ? Bid the man who When not a breath of wind blows o'er its is suffering under all the anguish that surface."

sickness, poverty, and want, can inflict, We alluded in a former Number to the to bear up under his accumulated load objection against the existence of a of sorrows, but make the experiment superintending Providence, which the without any allusion to the reviving infidel has drawn from the prevalence cordials of the promises of the scripof moral evil. This objection can only tures, and his agonizing look will tell have any weight, on the supposition a tale that needs not words to give that nothing bas been bestowed on man

it meaning

Offer to the victim of which would serve as a coupteraction pleasure, who is feeling the thorns that of that evil. But if, whilst ils exist. were concealed under the tempting roses ence is a fact too palpable to be contro. of sensual gratifications, the system of verted, it can be proved that the cala. Epicurus, and the verses of Lucretius, milies and misery which it has produced for bis supports -- Point the departing have been made instrumental in eventu. victim of disease to the writings of a ally adding to the happiooss of those modern infidel; and what will be the who have been exposed to it, the infer: result? A foreboding dread of dissoluence that is drawn from it is unfouuded. tion-a hope of anuibilation chased by The sceptick says, “ You desire me to the fear of an hereafler -a wavering believe in a revelation which charac- presentiment of those “ new scenes terizes the God who bestowed it as pose and changes” through which be “must scssed of the most glorious attributes, pass,” accompanied by the anticipaand amongst these compassion and tion of a day of retribution--recollecmercy appear to sbine preeminent. tions of a life contaminaled by guilt, But I see around me the greatest misery succeeded by a consciousness of its and distress ; and as I cannot suppose futore punishment and all the apthat these can proceed from such a palling attendant upon departure from Being as your Bible describes, I am this world, which reoder Death “lbe justified in refusing my belief in its King of Terrors.” authenticity.”— But what is the reply But let us change the scene. Go to of the humble Christian, wo assisted as the cobwebbed hovel of the firm behe

may be by the advantages of a culti- liever in the truths of the Gospel; valéd mind, and unaided by the in- whose hours have been passed in their fluence of commanding talents ?--- perusal, and whose life has been regu" True-Misery does exist--but the lated by ils precepls-- whose feelings attentive perusal of this inspired volume, have beeu softened by the spirit of its which you despise, affords an explana- tendersiers, and whose prospects base tion of the apparent mystery, but me been brightened by the splendour of lancholy fact.")! iscry is thc puaishils glories aliosc amiclions have been

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rendered by its promises the source of It lays a foundation for the faith of his joys, and whose scanty comforts those who are not able to investigate have inspired the emotions of his grati- the external evidences of the autheg. tude-whose hopes have been elevated ticity of the inspired volume; and estaby the sublimity of its promises, and blishes in their minds the constant be. whose doubts have been dispelled by the lief of their authority, which is so indisinward witness of its truih: and say pensible as a preliminary step to their then, if that evidence of the divine cordial reception. It chases away the inspiration of the “ lively oracles," doubts that would question the wisdom which is produced by the conscious of Providence; and resolves many of ness of their antheuticity resulting from the mysteries that obscure the light a personal application of the promises of truth. The man of science may they contain, and an individual appro- draw, his conclusions from the appearpriation of the blessings which they ances of nature : the traveller may disproffer, is one of trivial importance, cover in many of the spots which have or little account?

been hallowed as the scene of the fulfil. And what can infidelity do for the ment of predicted judgments ; poor man? It may put an end to all the the ruinso f the cities of the East, whose charities of home and of neighbour names have), en handed down to us bood-it may untwist that band of on the sacred page, a satisfactory proof sympathy which binds heart to heart of the truth of the divine Revelation : -it may sever those links of friend the close observer of the distinguishship which unite man to his fellow- ing intellectual features, and peculiar man-it may destroy the finest sen national customs of a particular people, sibilities of our nature-it 'muy rob may arrive at a similar conclusion : os of tbe jostitution of the Christian the learned historian may trace, in the sabbath, which a porthern bard. has anpals of the profane, the firmest corso appropriately designated “The Poor roboration of the records of the inMan's Day”-it may throw a gloom xpired: the lover of elegant literature, over the vale of life, and spread a cloud who delights in classic fore, may pause across the glory that bounds it: but in the perusal of his favourite authors, it will never it beal the broken ia

to draw from some remarkable passage heart"-it will never" bring deli a new evidence on the side of Chrisverance to the captives" - it will never tianity. The beauties of creation-and be the “ recovering of sight to the the lovely scenery which it exhibits : bliod' -it will never “set at liberty the structure of the world, and the them that are bruised" - it will unfold “ constellated canopy” which crowns to them “ the acceptable year of the it: the rivers which fertiliz: the earth Lord"

-and the volcanoes that disfigure ils " Where shall the living, weeping o'er his surface : the rugged promontory--and

the broken rock ; the verdure of vegewoes, The dying trembling at the awful close ;

lation-and the strata that lie beneath Where the betray'd, forsaken, and deprest, it: the fallen grandeur of Babylon The thousands whom the world forbids to --and the stagnant Jake that covers rest;

the cities of the Plain : the customs Wbere shall they find; the comforts at an of the East and the superstitions of end

its deluded idolaters: the scattered The Scripture yields—or hope to find- descendants of the faithful Abraham a friend?"

and the wandering progeny of the But this subject does not only appear banished. Ishmael-may all afford to in an ioteresting point of view, when the diligent observer so many interest considered as fornishing an additional ing objects of consideration, and may argument in proof of the truth of the

serve as so mnany proofs of the authenChristian religion, but as being calcu- ticity of the sacred record. But these lated to afford the most pleasing re are reflections which are confined to flections to those, whose minds are a peculiar class. They lie beyond the firmly eslablisbed in the belief of the reach of the observation, and above the doctrines contained in the sacred compass of the comprehension of thou. writings. It sets a higher value on sands to whom the Gospel has proved a all the truths which they exhibit, and

message

of
peace. The Bible

appears lends to briog them home to the con. • as a messenger who brings his own croscience with a more coaviaciog energy dentials. Ils lengthened train of in

OF

RECENTLY DECEASED.

SIR RICHARD CROFT.

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dubitable witnesses, and extended reti- wifery practice. Mr. Denman finding nue of external evidencos, may mark that through her Grace's interest be the diguity of the sovereign from whose should be established as the fashionable court it issues, and whose commands it accoucheur in London, relinquished bears ; but it requires not the im. his shop and boarding-bouse, purchased posing splendors, nor princely atten- a diploina, and started as a physiciandance of these, to prove its accredited accoucheur; and to give an importance authority. It contains within itself the to his professional character, comnoblest evidence of the source from menced lectures on the science of midwhence it originaled. It is the phi- wifery and the diseases of children, for losophy of facts : avd it will ever verify all of which he was well qualified. its own declarations, “ that be who Fortunate as this occurreuce was for runneth may read"-and " that the Mr. Denman, it was no less so for the wayfaring man, though a fool, shall medical professions for it was the means not err therein."

ALFRED of bringing forward talents which would

otherwise have been lost to the world ;

and in this metropolis many are the BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER

practitioners wbo obtain a scanty live

lihood by the trade of an apothecary, EMINENT PERSONS who only want the same good for

tune to briug them into notice.

Mr. Deoman, by his lectures, prored No. XXVI.

himself to be a man of strong intele

lect, great ingenuity, and scientific VIR RICHARD CROFT, Bart. M.D. attainments ; and to him we are in. Chavasse, an apothecary, at Burton. midwifery that has appeared in this upon-Trent, where he betrayed marks of or any other couotry. Sir Richard a comprehensive mind. On the expira Croft commenced his career as surgeontion of the term of his servitude, bis apothecary and man-midwife at Tud. parents sent him to London, to com bury, where a predeliction for the sports plete his medical education. Here he of the field introduced him to Lord Ver. became a pupil of the celebrated Dr. non. From Tudbury he went to Oxford, Hunter ; aud by the recommendation of which he quilted for London. Dr. DenDr. Baillie (a fellow pupil), he boarded man being now in great practice, Sir and lodged with Mr. Denman, an apo

Richard and Dr. Baillie renewed their thecary then living in Queen-street, acquaintance with his daughters, whom Golden-square (being contiguous to they soon afterwards conducted to the Hunter's Theatre in Windmill-street, altar. Denman having acquired an inwhose chicf dependance was on board. dependence by his practice and the libe. ing and lodging the pupils of Hunter). rality of the Duchess of Devonshire, he In this family he and bis friend Baillie gradually withdrew from the fatigue of met with that kind of rational amuse- practice, in order to introduce his sonsment from the society of Denmaa and in-law; and this he managed with so his two daughters (twins), which stu- much dexterity, that Sir Richard in dious characters require to relax their a short time succeeded to the whole minds, in order to enable them more of his practice- probably in conseeffectually to prosecute their inquiries. quence of Dr. Deoman's having intiThe Duchess of Newcastle, who was mated that he would give him his then pregoant, and in a bad state of attendance in cases of difficulty. Dr. health, being advised by Hunter to go Baillie being also the nephew of Hus le to Portugal, engaged Mr. Dedman, on a powerful interest was thus formed, the recommendation of Hunter, to ac sufficient to secure the best practice in company her, chiefly for the purpose of the metropolis for the sons-in-law o superintending her saboer. Her Grace Denman. having a good time, and the climate Sir Richard Croft succeeded to the having greatiy improved her general baronetcy on the death of Sir Herbert þealth, she and the Doctor returned Croft, a gentleman well known in the to London. Soon after their arrival, literary world.* Sir Herbert had been Hunter discharged his debt to Nature : and her Grace exerted all her interest to * For a Portrait apd Memoir of Sir secure för Mr: Denmau Hunter's mid- Herbert Croft, vide April 1794, Vol. XXV.

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some years at the Bar, which he quitted Aye," cried the Baronet, u it is for the Church. On the lamentable great pity that such disobedience is not affair of Miss Ray and Hackman, he included within the criminal code of the related the story in a work entitled country;--for of this I am confident, " Love and Madness," which formed an that there cannot be a more ruinous interesting miscellany, though relating breach of the peace than that which principally to evenis of a melancholy destroys the happiness and unaniinity of nature. When Dr. Johnson was writing a family--And when a woman, who tbe Lives of the British Poets, not be- migbt be a happy wise if she would ing sufficiently acquainted with the bio- submit to the duties of her station, graphy of Dr. Young, he applied to Mr. takes upon her to thwart her husband Herbert Croft (not theu a Baronet) to in his domestic hopes, she becomes as supply the deficiency. Mr. H. Crolt evil a violator of the general comfort of wrole the article requested, and has sociely, as any of those atrocious imitated Dr. Johnson's style so well as offenders who are tried, cast, and trans to give a uniformity to the whole of that ported for robbery, whether perpetrated treasure of biography: Ou the death of by swindling or breach of trust. - At all Dr Johnson, Sir Herbert was preparing events, she who marries and promises to to publish a new edition of bis Dic obey, by breaking her promise, marries tionary, with the addition of many thou with false pretences - and when she sand words.

abuses the confidence of an affectionate busband, sbe defrauds him of his just

expectations—for he had a right to A CONVERSAZIOXE.

insist upon her part of the compact ( Continued from page 42.) so long as he observes his own.”

“ All this, my good Sir,” resumed to avoid the tædiuin of formal Mr.-, is doubiless very true in the desertation ; more especially as ) per- abstract : but I caonot think there is ceive it acts with so paralizing an effect any omission on the side of our pro: upon the witty energies of Lady S visionary laws, of sufficient sanction in and the patient gentleness of niy better support of the busband's right to punishi half-I will, therefore, acquit myself a refractory wife.- For instance, Sie of the remaining part of my task with as B

-, you remember the famous deci. much brevity as the nature of the sion of Judge Buller, who with a consubject will allow.

summate union of justice and mercy "Jo order, therefore, not to lengthen decreed that a husband might chastise imy observations by repetition, I shall his rebellious rib by applying, in answer take it for granted, that when a wife to ber wayward taunts and veratious bas lain aside all affection for her disputations, the orgumentum baculi, husband, whatever conformity she may provided the stick were not thicket condescend to sbew to his commands, than a man's thumb. must originate either in a conviction He was a Daniel in judgment,” that resistance is totally useless, or that exclaimed the Baronet, “ for he thought it may produce worse consequences it right, that both parties should rigidly to herself, than the mere trespass upon adhere to the very letter of the bond.” ber convenience or the constraint upon He might be a Daniel in judgment,” her inclinations,”.

observed the Director's Wife, but I think “ It is well known, that there are he was no Solomon in bis systen--for characters in society who escape the wlio ever heard of a woman being beaten opprobrium of penal infliction by pos. into love-she way indeed be awed sessing more cunning thau honesty, and into obedience-and were you to quote by adroitly, contriving, in all their all the judges in Israel, -and all the obliquity of unfair dealing, to keep prophets in Judea, in favor of your just within the limits of the law-Such position, Sir B--, I should set their persons are certainly honest much against authority at defiance, without the least their wills, since, if it were pot for the scruple of conscience, whenever I chose barriers of justice, they would overleap to dispute the lordly injunctions of niy all bounds of honourable restraint, and husband, in justification of my owa correct principle-It is exactly so with will." those wives who obey because they juust, “ Then, Madam, you must abjore but who resist when they can, tho your religion," observed the Director, prescripts of their busbands.”

ic and tear the bond of your conjugal Europ. Mng. Vol. LXXIII. Feb. 1818.

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