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Journal of Belles Lettres, Arts, Sciences, &c.
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SATURDAY, JANUARY 3, 1835.
REVIEW OF NEW BOOKS,
masqueraders of Callot, furnish abundant mat. Rowlandson was a caricaturist; so were ter in this way.
Gillray, Bunbury, Nixon, Woodard, Williams, CARICATURE.
But belonging to this class of art, perhaps, no and many others who flourished during the Political Sketches. By H. B. Vol. I. for 1829, country has abounded more with examples in reign of George the Third. George Crukand II., III., IV., V., and VI. for the years which wit, humour, and satire, were the compo- shank, too, is a caricaturist-though we uiter 1830, 31, 32, 33, and 34. Published by is the catalogue, that the retrospective view art, whether in poetry or painting, be wrought
nent parts, than England. Indeed, so abundant it not in depreciation; for if the hyperbole of M Lean.
puzzles the brain in the choice to fix either on with the originality and mastery of a Rabelais The fertility and celebrity of H. B., the con- iudividuals or their productions. The liberty or a Gillray, we cannot but applaud the ima. tinual effusions of whose talent serve so essen- of the pencil, no less than the liberty of the ginative powers that excite in us such pleatially to enliven and, we may add, inform the press, has been exercised to its fullest extent, surable sensations as the magic of their inTown, having turned our attention more imme- hardly stopping short of treason in some in- ventions produce on our risible faculties. diately to the subject of Caricature, we trust stances, and not at all of libel in others. An What struck the observant glance of Walpole, our readers will not be displeased if, in passing attempt was at one time made hy, we believe, and moved him to open the eyes of the public the above volumes in review, we throw toge- the late Lord Bateman, to bring some of these to the charm of Hogarth's graphic wit, were a ther a few desultory observations on the history graphic offences, of a political character, before few, very few indeed, happy original points of and by.gone practice of this curious compound parliament; but the arguments for and against humour, which told their own tale.* One, the branch of satire and art.
were so interrupted by laughter, that the sub- undisturbed possession of a house-spider, whose The principle of Caricature is as old as human ject fell to the ground; and the pencil-shafts web covered the slit of a poor-box in a parish nature; for a sense of the ludicrous and absurd of wit and ridicule have since been permitted church ;-an admirable satire upon alms-giving. is as inborn in man as the love of beauty, the to fly abroad without a trial to control or Another, chickens roosting upon perpendicular appreciation of grandeur, or the feeling for the punish them.
waves, in the scene behind the scene; and sad and mournful. Laughter in its antiquity Hora 'e Walpole, in his excellent essay upon another, that most intelligible and most orimay fairly be reckoned the twin of crying; the genius of Hogarth, proclaims that great ginal frontispiece to “ Kirby's Perspective.”+ though it must be confessed that, with our fallen dramatic painter * the inventor of graphic We, born in the succeeding age, have lived to nature, the latter takes the precedency. As wit;" but much as we, in common with all the see a tribe of designers in the same school, the some compensation, however, the former is uni- world, have been used, in matters of criticism on pourings out of whose inventions have been as versally acknowledged to be the more agreeable the arts, to submit to his dictum, we cannot as constant, and seem to be as inexhaustible, as emotion; insomuch that the only crying at all sent to this. For having very carefully exa- the ever varying scenes of that great drama of spoken of with liking is that which is the result mined that most curious travestie, by the pencil human life that has been played for the amuseof much laughing.
of Jan Stein, “ Sampson and Dalilah,” we are ment of philosophy for the greater part of six To trace the entire annals of what is called in candour compelled to own, that Hogarth, thousand years. Caricature, therefore, would be to give the bis- original as he was, could not have introduced We profess to be of that fraternity of philotory and development of the human mind, its more point and wit into the same subject, had sophers who own themselves the disciples of faculties, perceptions, and passions; since, as he been commissioned to make the effort for Democritus, rather than of Heraclitus ; inwe have said, a sense of the ridiculous appears a prize.
clined to smile with Thalia, or laugh even with to be equally inherent with mirth itself. Nei- Hogarth is also frequently quoted as “the Momus, rather than weep with Melpomene. ther is it confined to individuals, but whole great caricaturist.” This is a mistake: he was The facetions, witty Dr. Arbuthnot, whose nations have been found with so great an apti- not a painter of caricatura ; but, properly, the wise diction was a law at the college, moreover, tude to the ludicrous, so prone to laughter on great dramatic painter:-one who imagined and used to say, “ Laughter prolongeth life; and a almost every occasion, as in some degree to wrought his own painted moral drama — one, Merry Andrew's arrival in a town dispenseth defeat the object of our missionaries when perhaps, whose “like we may never see agait.”+ more health to its inhabitants than a dozen asstreating them for purposes very different to
loads of medicine." those of promoting merriment. From accounts Holbein, and that artist's designs illustrative of Erasmus
* The celebrated “Dance of Death,” attributed to Hans
Were we disposed to go deep into the details we have read of these people, we learn that on Folly, are in like manner a species of caricature.
of the origin of dramatic graphic design, we there was nothing on board our ships or in the † Neither his humour nor satire
come under the deno- might trace it to a much earlier period in the
mination of caricature; yet he is often placed at the head persons of the crew which had any thing out of of the school, simply because his pencil, like the wit of wood-carving of the monkish ages than in the the way in dress or appearance, which did not Falstaff,
was the cause of wit in others ;' and his has engravings on metal. The representations of become subjects of mimicry or sources of cachi- been followed by a succession of aspirants, many of Purgatory on the carved remains of our eccle. nation." It is not,” said the great apologist and perfect delineations of humporous characters under siastical buildings exhibit many ludicrous ailu. for laughter, Sterne,“ in the power of every their various emotions, or more powerful display of vonshire, "— in the corner to the left, “ Car. Pietro Leoni one to understand humour; it is the gift of passion, have attained a degree of excellence sullicient to Ghezzi, delt.," and on the right, the initials A. P., meruGod.”
Ghezzi, an Italian artist, was contemporary with. How back we had the pleasure of seeing the paintings in De The history of the art of painting, in its garth, and, we believe, a resident in this country; as there vonshire House, where, among many fine examples of earliest state, atfords examples of the burlesque in our metropolis found among his works, some of them pencil of Ghezzi--a conversazione, in which were a which may be termed caricature. Nor is it con- etched by Arthur Pond; and as there are also drawings number of figures, evidently
portraits, truly Hogarthian fined to that period; on gems of the remotest in the possession of the Duke of Devonshire of which in their character, and skiifully executed.
If the preantiquity are found subjects of droll chara ter ; exhibit a contrast of character principally by that distin: this painting, we are sure it would not fail of being ac
sent duke were to allow an etching to be executed from such as chimeras, made up of all incongruous, guishing feature in the huinan countenance, the most ceptable to the lovers of graphic humour, as well as to all abortive things.
Whether the artist meant to establish a claim to aris: the antiquary and amateur.
tocracy by thus exaggerating this feature, or a ludicrous Somewhat in this way Leonardo da Vinci jest on some individual, cannot easily be determined, as
• It had been well for Hogarth if he had not lent himproduced a set of caricatures; and, indeed, the the prints which have been alluded to have nemther titte self to party politics, as it cannot be doubted that the arabesques or grotesques of Raphael, Annibale than, “ In the Collection of his Grace the Duke of De- the time, lowered the public estimation of his works. Caracci, and others of the Italian school of art,
Graphic satire is a dangerous weapon, and must be care
* Where the aged father of a family, together with his fully, as well as skilfully used, or it will cut both ways, may fairly come under the same title. Of more numerous progeny, are represented with a double allow- and injure both sides. recent date, the works of Jerom Bos, of Brue-ance of its parrot-like prominence, and, by way of con- † The same may be said of the wit and humour exhighel, (for distinction called Hellish,) the in- trast, a female, evidently a druge, is curtailed of her bited in the armorial bearings in the
funeral scen: of the
The nose has ever been inade the " llarlot's Progress," and the escutcheous of the mourninga cantations of D. Teniers, and the merry handle of a quarrel or object of a jest.
room of the " Rake's Progress," &c. &c.
Two of these
sions to the gluttony, and in some instances the the First observed, that there is little fear of extravagant sums lavished on foreign operatives obscenities, of the monks. Certain curious and, the political levities of the press, but much to in dancing,attitude, and feats of the like dexte. indeed, interesting specimens of this species of dread at the hands of those gloomy politicians rity. The print represented the famous operagraphic satire arestill preserved in the under-part who are never seen to smile.
dancer, Vestris, standing on tiptoe, holding a of the friars' stalls in the Chapel of Henry VII., That zest in which the works of Rowlandson well-filled purse in one hand, his cap and Westminster Abbey. Others we could name. and Gillray were too often deficient, namely, feathers in the other, laughing at the audience Several carvings of similar subjects have been the want of identity of personal resemblance in who had enriched him. Below, and at each incorporated in a series of candelabra, designed many of their dramatis personæ, is richly prea corner, was represented a goose standing on in the Gothic taste, and heretofore forming dominant in the works of H. B. They are, one leg, with a query, referring to the per. part of the furniture of the conservatory at moreover, replete with that compatibility of formers, —“Can you find any man that can Carlton Palace. The groups, composed of figures expression which suits the subject and the stand so long on one leg ?" to which the about six inches in height, though so small
, action ; and he must be dull, indeed, who is answer is, “ No, but every goose can." About are admirably done, and replete with cha- not suddenly excited to mirth in contemplating the same time appeared a print, levelled at an racter. Neither should it be forgotten, that the groups thus so admirably portrayed by the empiric of the day: it is called, " Les Ca. those series of moral pictures which are known inventive and ready crayon of this able political prices de la Goutte; or, Ballet Arthritique." in history under the designation of Death's caricaturist. We are not in the secret as to Here, under the patentee's muscular exercises, Dance," such as in olden time were painted on whom this H. B. may be, but in his walk he are seen three of his gouty patients, with their the cloister - walls of Pardon-Haugh church- may be dubbed another “Great Unknown.” limbs variously cradled and bandaged, endea. yard, part and parcel of old St. Paul's Cathe- It has been observed, that a sense of the lu. vouring to perform the several evolutions of dral, and in other places in England and on dicrous has, in various degrees, pervaded the the ballet, and writhing under the pain and the continent, may be somewhat allied to our practice of painters and sculptors from a very torture of their exertions ; while the master notions of graphic wit: such, for instance, as early period; and we find in our own day and is represented (cane in hand) giving directions the miser, seeking to dig a hole to hide his bags times examples in many where we should least to a workman, who is employed in strapping of gold, finding a ready dug grave, which, top- expect it-painters of history, portraits, and the limbs of another patient. The device below pling into, served to bury the treasure and its subjects of the imagination. A specimen from is two crutches crossed, and the ballet before guardian together, without putting him to one of the latter class, Fuseli, we have an op- alluded to set to music. This print is oval, further expense.
portunity of presenting to our readers ; the the size of that of Vestris, and is engraved Our present business, however, is with that occasion of which was as follows : — the late by Paul Sandby, 1783. Whether these were species of design for which the English carica. Lord Orford entertained a party at his house from the designs of that artist, we do not know, turists are so eminently distinguished ; namely, at Strawberry Hill, among whom were the two but are well aware of his talent in graphic the graphic representation of political events; distinguished artists, Cipriani and Fuseli. satire, which his series of prints ridiculing which, as related in the universal language of Beauty and deformity became the subject of Hogarth's "Analysis of Beauty ” sufficiently picture, form a striking political history of the discussion, and, at length, as some illustration prove, but which his better sense and good last half century.
of the argument, the two painters were invited feeling led him to suppress before they attained Rowlandson commenced this species of politi- to give specimens of their powers. The result, notoriety. Since the death of Paul Sandby, cal drama about the year 1780. His caricatura from Fuseli, was the pictorial monstrosity however, his son, the late Thomas Sandby, had of the events at the period of the memorable which we have the pleasure to exhibit for the a few copies struck off; and we believe the coalition of Charles Fox and Lord North first time : what the example of grace and plates, as old copper, will find their place in amused not only the British, but the people of beauty from the hand of Cipriani was, we pots, pans, &c., upon our kitchen-shelves, till all Europe. The graphic record of the long- have had no opportunity of knowing.
called into action for more pacific and more contested election of Fox, Hood, and Wray,
useful purposes. accompanied by a descriptive catalogue of the
Some of our first-rate artists have stepped events by the pens of Captain Morris, Harry
from the pedestal of their elevation to exercise Bunbury, and other wits of the day, formed a
their fancy in the ludicrous or caricature ; and quarto volume, which in its way may be pro
among these Sir Joshua Reynolds, in the early nounced unique.
part of his career, played off two or three squibs Gillray's commencement was shortly subse.
of this sort; but, well knowing that as a painter quent to this period; and the superiority of
of portraits it was dangerous, or at least de. his caricatura was too evident to yield to any
batable, ground to stand on, withdrew from the comparison with the works of his ingenious
practice. Allan, though designated by the predecessor. Rowlandson, whose candour ex.
title of the Scotch Hogarth, began with the ceeded even his talent, was amongst the first to
study of history and the imaginative in art, but admit this ; himself pronouncing Gillray to be
was tempted to depart from his classic elevation; the Michael Angelo of his art.
and, while at Rome, the Carnival and its masIn looking over the vast collection of the
querading groups and characters attracting his works of this extraordinary artist, the exhaust.
attention, he produced a series of subjects the less invention which he has exhibited in dra.
most grotesque and burlesque in form and matising the ever-changing political events
costume. These, with his designs for Allan during the revolutionary war, surprises even
Ramsay's “Gentle Shepherd,” procured him those whose genius delights to revel in imagina
the before mentioned title, and established his tion. Some few subjects, as the Apotheosis of
reputation for the comic in art. the republican General Hoche, and others of
With the key which accompanies H. B.'s six the same cast, really border on the sublime.
volumes, we have gone over about three hun. Scarcely could the pen of the historian depiot The legitimate objects of caricature are hu- dred and seventy productions of his prolific the horrors of the French Revolution more mour and candid satire, no less to shew “Scorn pencil, all possessed of merit, and many of them potently than did the etching-tool of this extra. her own image, " than to “shoot folly as it displaying extraordinary talent. The whole ordinary person.
flies ;” a few instances of which, that have may almost literally be viewed, not only as the There has been a lack of talent in this species come under our notice, may be mentioned political history of the last six years, but the of design since the death of these eccentric here.“ Tax on Post-Horses,” by John Nixon, personal memoirs of the chief actors who have geniuses—for such they truly were, none having an amateur, in the year 1782; in which is figured in its development. No. I. shews us arisen to supply their place until of late, when represented two clericals on their road to Ox- the melancholy Shade of the departed patriot the political drama commenced by the ingenious, ford, both mounted on sorry hacks : the first and perhaps no less inventive and original, maintains his seat with great dignity, but
Rowlandson, though a mannerist, had a most fluent H. B., bids fair to add, if it has not already with far too great weight for the poor animal ; remarked, might, in many instances, be said to unite the
and characteristic style; and that of Gillray, as we have added, another series equally satirical, and while the second, designated by the name sublime with the ridiculous. The late lamented Lane alike amusing. It is only in a land of liberty of Doctor Drowsy, having loaded his horse possessed a quiet vein of humour; and his painting of that such artists can thrive. Foreigners are with travelling-trunk, portmanteau, and hat- garth in point of whimsicality as well as execution of wont to consider the British people the only box, has fallen asleep and brought himself and the same kind are the works of Buss; and a mixture true philosophers, who thus turn all their poli. his hackney to the ground. We also remember of the comic and the sublime will be found in the admitical miseries into fun and laughter. Charles an example of public resentment levelled at the mour sufficient to fill a volume of comment and remark.
Canning; and from that era the Catholic We had intended to add to this paper some that direy face of yours, or, by the Lord, I'll Questioa, the Reform-bill, and other measures, rernarks on the ancient Greek dramatic masks, souse you in a bucken of salt water. Here supply in turn the heroes of the graphic drama. on the paintings found at Herculaneum, on the was a deplorable change! From the enjoyment In some the likenesses are so admirable that writings of Theophrastus, and other matters of every luxury, I had become suddenly a slave we can truly declare no exhibition within the curiously connected with its subject; but, on - a slave to my inferiors in every requisite of walls of Somerset House ever presented them looking back, we must confess that it is already life. I had been brought up with all the ideas in so complete and characteristic a shape. The sufficiently desultory; and therefore, with all of a gentleman, and su ddenly found myself the Kings, George and William, the Dukes of its faults, we can only hope that the informa- cabin-br.y of a brig, wirhout a single article of Cumberland, Sussex, and Gloucester, breathe tion it contains may render it not displeasing to clothing but that whirh was on my back, my and live on these cartoons. The Duke of Wel. our friends and readers.*
whole fcortune consisting of four shillings. I lington, in every playful shape, and Lord
had no hed; in short, was as helpless a pauper Brougham in equal variety, are wonderfully The Unfortunate Man. By Captain Frederic as ever hureathed. A sailor-like compassion was clever. But the same remark applies to the Chamier, R.N., Author of " The Life of a evinced by some of the seamen; and, in spite Law-lords, Eldon, Lyndhurst, Denman, Scar
Sailor.” 3 vols. 12mo. London, 1835. Bentley of the assertion of the captain that he had not and to the Lawyers –Wetherell, Horne, &c hero of this novel is represented as being within besides myself
. But all attempts to relieve my lett, Sugden, Manners, Plunkett, Redesdale ; It is unfortunate to be unfortunate ; and the sufficient hands to weigh bis anchor, after a day Lord Grey is capital throughout, and so is Lord that category from his infancy. Were he a situation were opposed by the captain's son, Althorpe. Lord Melbourne, Lord Durham, real being, it might be some compensation to who said that some two years back he had Lord Westmorland, Lord Holland, Lord Stan. him to find at last a biographer in Captain entered on board a frigate, and was midshiphope, the Duke of Devonshire, the Duke of Chamier, who, to use his own word, has shewn men's buy; that the ill usage he had then Buckingham, the late Lord Carnarvon, the himself to be so “ talented” in his Life of a received made him vow eternal vengeance upon late Lord Liverpool, Lord Kenyon, Lord
Sailor. Sidmouth, Lord Bathurst, Lord Anglesey, his subject very early for sea, and we have all if ever the chance occurred by which he should
In the present case he also embarks
any thing bearing the name of a gentleman, Lord Wharncliffe, are striking portraits, the sufferings of a youngster in that predicament become master : his time had come ; and he Of some others we not such good judges ; but, presuming from the fidelity
very forcibly painted. Ex. gr.:of those we know, we dare to say they are but how altered from his former looks! He bitterness he had tasted ; and that mercy was
“At this moment the captain came on deck, be revenged upon me; that I should know the
followed up his vow with a curse that he would equally true to nature : thus, the Duke of Richmond, Lord Palmerston, Lord Stanley, and a thick pair of rough inexpressibles ; he
was dressed in a round jacket, a glazed hat, a word he once had used, but never found.” Mr. Goulburn, Lord Chandos, Lord Harrowhy,
This is perhaps too diabolical a spirit for Lord Duncannon, Mr. Littleton, Mr. Ellice, I had ever seen. He first looked at the compass, that they can become utterly unfeeling and was the most diabolical-looking, ferocious man
youth : it is only as men get nearer the grave Mr. C. Wood, Lord Londonderry, Sir J. Gra- then at the sails, and then saluted the man who unrelentingly cruel. We need not follow the ham, Lord Ebrington, Lord Howick, are severally identified. Sir Robert Peel does not don't you steer her with a small helm? What privations, his battles, his adventures among was steering in nearly these words : “ Why
course of the Unfortunate Man's cruises, his in the later pieces , such as driving the New the devil are you yawing about so, like a pig pirates, and all the vicissitudes of a very wan
in a fair ? look at her wake, you sleepy hound, dering career. Government Omnibus (where Wellington is a
Russia is visited, and we have superb cad) – H. B. has got him perfectly. you. Why, it has as many twists as a snake; real travels, not fictions, in that country introgradually into fac-similes of the individual. Lord keep bobbing over the tiller like a fisherman's and, indeed, duelling, gambling, and other Joan Russell is one of these, till we arrive at addressing me.
float. Oh! you're alive, are you,' said he, questions, which we could hardly expect to find
Come, none of your shore. Lansdowne, till No. 100'; Mr. Croker, till going laughs here, if you
please.. Why, you're scenes border, now and then, a little upon the No. 157.
We do not consider Lord Aberdeen as dirty as any other of your Tower-bill mess- freedom of a preceding generation of novelists ; to be a happy hit (the best is No. 224); nor mates. Here, Bill,' said he to his son,
and we might say that Smollett was the more Lord Ellenborough ; nor Lord Ripon ; nor the pair of shears and dock his coat-tails for him.' immediate model on whom Capt. Chamier had Speaker ; nor Lord' Clanricarde. But, on the Ay, ay, father,' responded the little imitator endeavoured to form himself. His references other hand, the following are perfection in de- Returning in a moment with a pair of large thors, impart something of stiffness to his nar. of tyranny, and down he jumped into the cabin. to Dr. Johnson, Lord Lyttelton, and other
auexact likenesses, but the perfect characters of scissors, he caught hold of my coat-tails and cut rative ; and in some other respects it wants the
them off in a moment.
crop the parties :—Talleyrand, O'Connell and Shiel,
ease and flow so desirable in such compositions, Lord Nugent, Mr. Hume, Cobbett, Burdett, too?" said his son, and, without waiting
for an where every thing ought to reem quite natural, Hunt, the Serjeant-at-arms Seymour, Crock- answer, he whipped off my hat, and with a and not as if written with labour, simply he? ford, Mr. Thornhill and Chifney,, Gully and close of the scissors left one side of my head
cause it was required to write about them. Pease, Sir R. Wilson, Mr. Spring Rice, Sir H. nearly bare. In vain I cried.; I was quite help. But we have done with remark, and conclude Parnell , Sir W. Ingleby, Fyshe Palmer, Sir R. less, for, had I relinquished the hold of the
rope with quoting what may either be deemed a misBirnie and old Townsend, Mr. Liston, and to which I chung, I should perhaps have rolled fortune or the reverse-viz. the sight
of one's Mr. Ruthven,- and no mistake. Lord Mun.
Come, none of sweetheart wedded to another. ster is slight, but like ; and, in short, the entire your holding on there like death to a sick man,"
“ I was,” says the unfortunate man,
re. said the captain ; try and get your sea-legs. solved to see Lucy once more, and I was, and merit of the series can only be appreciated by I am not going to feed you for doing nothing, am, a determined person whenever I take such turning over these folios of wit and humour.
And many a wholesome truth do they also as they do in the king's service; I am not going resolutions. To see her at her house was im. teach—for they are a treasury of individual to have any of the king's hard bargains here possible, but to see her for the last time as Lucy and general instruction, as well as of perpetual fellows with short hair and long teeth; trot Stackpole, and for the first as Mrs. Henderson, amusement. It is curious to observe how down and clear away the cabin for breakfast.
Bill, shew him how to set about it, and make fixed for the marriage, I placed myself in one of
was very probable. Accordingly, on the day caricatures may either mislead the public or
him your mate.' correct its judgment. The common idea of
, ay, father, said the the pervs near the altar, which possessed a conGeorge the Third was much generated by the ruffian, and, catching me by one ear, I was soon venient pillar, and there, concealed from public verse of Peter Pindar and the pictures in the he : you're mammy-sick, I suppose ; but I'll hopes. A pair or two of honest tinkers and
in the cabin. None of your lobstering,' said curiosity, I awaited the termination of my after some years of retired life, he visited the soon work that out of you. Come, clear away tailors were turned off in couples, the ceremony London, being so different from his carica. coppers for some water ; and mind you wash being judiciously shortened, for the humble are
imagined to live as comfortably as such animals ture representations. In a graver point of view, we are much inclined to agree in opinion remarkable for grotesque architecture,
Notes.--- Great Panton Church, we remember, is can, without the example of Isaac and Rebecca.
They appeared, poor devils ! happy for the mowith the able and intelligent Sir Alexander Rowlandson has been aptly styled the Rubens of ment ; and I verily believe they looked forward Johnston, who has strenuously recommended
Holland, the publisher of Gillray's early productions, to about one dozen children, all half-starving, the use of works of art as a great means for lived in Chancery Lane, and died in a warm bath. One as a proof of their conjugal felicity. Then came spreading civilisation and British power over
had bought it on the promise of not being angry, he flung it a preparation for a greater show; the mob were the vast territories of India.
out of the shop in a sage, and never purchased another," lejected and the doors were closed : some dozens
of women bedizened in blonde, and some score Gongo mine in person, and, indeed, seems al- the thong seven yards in length; so that, of men in blue coats and white gloves, distri- ways ready and able to explore every description as a matter of course, it requires the use of buted themselves in various parts of the church. of object, as if he had the sight of the lynx or both hands in the application of this unwieldy The portly and jocund countenance of the Bi- eagle. It is an easy and a pleasant task for us instrument of castigation. We stopped at Wynshop of c. was exhibited under a mask of gra- to demonstrate this by a few selections. On his berg to breakfast with Mr. Mackay, who is a vity. A slim and elegant man led in the beau- way, returning, to Rio, he tells us :
collector of taxes, and a justice of the peace for tiful figure of a woman; her face was concealed “Eight miles from Grandie, near the Padre's Cape Town. This gentleman has two domes. under a rich Brussels veil, and she could not house at Capoté, the muleteers suddenly called tics, whom he brought from the Bushmen's and did not conceal the agitation of her mind, out · Marambundas, Marambundas !' which in-country when in their boyhood, and whom he or the apparent horror of her situation : by dicated the approach of a host of wasps. In a has since trained to be excellent servants. I her side was another elegant creature, whose moment all the animals, whether loaded or am fully persuaded, that the only efficient beauty was not clouded by the flimsiness of otherwise, laid down on their backs, kicking means of reclaiming man from his savage state, lace. At first I did not imagine the couple to most violently; while the blacks, and all per- is to take him, like animals of a lower scale, be the objects of my search ; but in closely sons not already attacked, ran away in different when very young ; for no cultivation of intelexamining the company, I saw Sir Jacob in all directions, all being careful, by a wide sweep, to lect, begun after his habits become fixed, will his glory, I saw Mrs. Stackpole in all her taw- avoid the swarms of tormentors that came for- entirely eradicate the aboriginal propensities driness, and I espied the jocund and merry ward like a cloud. I never witnessed a panic so resident in his nature. After a very hospitable countenance of Mary. This, then, thought I, sudden and complete, and really believe that the entertainment at Mr. Mackay's, we proceeded is the consummation of experience over hope. bursting of a water-spout could scarcely have on our journey to Simon's Town; and in crossThe ceremony proceeded according to all rules produced more commotion. However, it must ing one of the smaller bays, my friends descried of decorum and of the service. I endeavoured be confessed that the alarm was not without a a great number of baboons descending from the to catch Lucy's answer when the question was good reason ; for so severe is the torture in-hills in quest, as they supposed, of water or asked if she would have this man to be her ficted by these pigmy assailants, that the bulbous roots : the latter is their favourite food, husband,' but it was inaudible. I heard the bravest travellers are not ashamed to fly the and are very plentiful in the valleys. While bishop proclaim them man and wife, without instant they perceive the terrific host approach. on this subject, I shall take leave to relate some fainting or any hysterical buffoonery. I saw ing, which is of no uncommon occurrence on anecdotes of these extraordinary animals; and the late Lucy Stack pole invested with all the the Campos. We reached a farm-house at although the witty author of Gulliver's Travels dignity of the Hendersons, and I was an eye. Catonnie, about three o'clock in the afternoon, has described a scene very similar to one which witness to the consummate coolness with which where our lodging was tolerable, but there was I shall recount, I would not have my readers a girl, who was outwardly the emblem of inno- no beverage palatable to an English taste. Our believe that mine is a mere invention, since I can cence, could give her hand to one, whilst cer- host was officiously attentive, and our hostess assure them, that I personally have every reason tainly, until the last fortnight, her heart was something more so than is common to Brazilian to eonfide in the veracity of the statement, as another's. This was a masterpiece of perform- women.'
it was vouched for to me by persons to whom a ance; it imitated nature so closely that it ap- At one place the hostess behaved with the doubt would be totally inapplicable. The coinpeared quite natural. No deep-toned ' amen!' rudest inhospitality to our travellers, which he cidence is, however, very remarkable ; so much at least from my lips, followed even the blessing. indignantly records, as a contrast to the almost so, that I shall append an extract, by which I watched the frustration of all my chances with universal sympathy and kindness with which the reader may perceive how closely the jocose a dry and a clear eye. I was wound up for any the sex cheer the weary wayfarer in every dean approached the natural qualities of the thing, and I only felt as if I could stab--stab-quarter of the globe. The following is another creature described, even when in his most huay, to the very heart, both the fickle, faithless, Brazilian extract :
morous modes. Baboons are seldom seen in girl, and the more successful lover. They re- “We met, during the last two or three days, smaller numbers than about a hundred in a turned to eat and drink in their new state ; to several small troops of young negroes and ne- troop; they move in a manner similar to an be the show of the moment, and then as if gresses, each party wearing a particular kind of army in the field : that is, they are apparently ashamed that such an act had been committed fancy dress, with a variety of glaring colours, conducted by some fixed rule of discipline, as, and not properly appreciated, the postilions who selected by the taste of their proprietors, under for instance, when a detachment descends from drove the new travelling carriage from the door, whose care they travelled. These itinerant the hills to the plain in search of food, some were decked with favours, that all the world slave-dealers, after they have made their pur- of the largest are separated from the main might know, what an old lord once remarked, chases at Rio, ornament their slaves in this body, and sent to occupy the outposts, to watch * The trap was down, and another fool caught.' fantastic manner, in order to attract attention (it may be supposed) the approach of an enemy. Away they went, at rapid speed, to a place be- and set them off to the best advantage. Having Should they observé a human being advancing longing to the major's uncle; and as they passed completed their arrangements, they go into the towards them, they give notice, in a very sothe corner where I had posted myself, my eye interior, expecting ready purchasers in the norous voice, to their comrades, calling out caught that of the bride, and I looked, I hope, estates and villages through which they pass. distinctly, Yahoo! This cry can be heard as if I wished her all the happiness she could The appearance of these poor creatures forcibly at so great a distance, that it is generally the experience in her novel situation-I never saw reminded me of the garlanded victims of hea- first intimation which the intruder receives of them afterwards."
then fable. The sight of slaves is humiliating his vicinity to their quadruped army. On This extract, though short, is a fair specimen and painful in the abject condition of compul. receiving this signal the foraging party returns of the author; and we have only to add, that sory labour; but thus dressed up for sale, I con. to the main body, and the whole troop rapidly Paris and its hells- the fate of Bandana, an fess that they inspired me with a feeling still retires toward their fastnesses in the moun. uncle, and a well-drawn character - and, in more melancholy.”
tains; the most able-bodied animals acting as short, a number of bustling incidents, keep the From Rio Janeiro* Mr. Holman obtained a rearguard to cover the retreat of their weaker attention alive throughout these three volumes. passage in the Falcon for the Cape of Good brethren. Once in the mountains, they defy
Hope, where also he traversed and explored all pursuit; for they skip from rock to rock A Voyage round the World, including Travels the colony far and wide, giving us excellent like mountain-deer; and should a dog over
in Africa, Asia, Australasia, America, &c.&c., accounts of missionary settlements, Dutch far. take their rearguard, he is certain to be corn from 1827 to 1832.
By James Holman, mers, Hottentots, Caffres, and, in short, of in pieces in an instant. Baboons are uncomR.N., F.R.S., &c. &c. 8vo. pp. 492. Vol. II. every thing remarkable or worthy of notice in monly sagacious in their manner of robbing London, 1835. Smith, Elder, and Co.
that part of the globe. As an example, we gardens ; and this they do as often as they can We are glad to see the second volume of this copy a curious account of the baboon :- find an opportunity, especially in the fruit interesting work, which has been delayed so “ I accompanied Mr. and Mrs. Fry, and two season, when they occasion great destruction, much beyond our expectation, that we begun young ladies, to Simon's Town, in a covered They usually make their incursions while the to fear some serious impediment, from ill health Dutch wagon without springs, drawn by eight family are at dinner, or taking their siesta ; or other cause, had occurred to the estimable horses, and driven by two coachmen; one of and if a slave be placed to watch the garden at author. Here he is again, however, all right; the latter is intended to manage the reins, those times, he usually goes to sleep on his and we give him heartily a new-year's welcome. and the occupation of the other is solely con. post, overcome partly by the heat, and partly
The journal proceeds to narrate Mr. Holdfined to the management of the whip, which by habit ; therefore these mischievous animals man's excursions through the mining district of is indeed a most enormous implement, the could not by any possibility select a period the Brazils ; and our wonder increases as the staff being of bamboo, six yards long, and better adapted to their purpose ; and, I am proofs accumulate of his surprising activity and acuteness of observation. He descended the page 63, September 1829,
Apropos of the date.—Page 17 says, September 1828 ; told, that it is truly laughable to see them at
those times hopping off with their respective