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am'eter, barom'eter, inter'preter, register, empow'er, assayer, &c. (er, accenf. ed, s. &r, in) defer', refer', prefer', infer", deter', &c. (eer, s. ère, in) beer, rain'deer, mountainéer, engineer, dominéer, mutineer, privatéer, volunteer chariotéer, gazettéer, &c. (e'er, 6. åre, in) e'er, ne'er, whene'er', where'er' (ier, accented, and in one syllable, s. ere, in pier, cashier, cavalier, chandeliér, carabinier, cannoniér, &c.

62. or, s. ůr, in ambass'ador, méteor, an'chor, met'aphor, author, major, sénior, júnior, inférior, supériour, intériour, war'rior, sailor, demeanor, minor, stúpor, em'peror, júror, vis'or, cen’sor, suc'cessor, profess'or, possess'or, prognos'ticator, elucidator, gladiátor, mediátor, ven'tilator, le'gislator, translator, gen'ator, denom'inator, moderátor, or'ator, speciátor, equátor, debt'or, ac'tor, collect'or, protect'or, vic'tor, proprietor, aúdiior, invent'or, &c. (or, s. ôr, in) or, achor, ichor, sápor, prétor, unlooked'for, unhoped'for, &c. (or and oor, s. dre, in) louis d'or', corridor', bat'tledoor, backdoor, trapdopr', death’s'door, ground floor, thrash'ingfloor. (oor, s. öðr, in) boor, moor, poor, unmoor', black'amoor.-or, s. Or, in abhor'.

63. our, s. ůr, in labour, tábour, ar'bour, har'bour, suc'cour, ran'cour, splen'dour, vigour, val'our, colour, par'lour, clam'our, ar'mour, rúmour, hon'our, endeav'our, fávour, savour, &c. (our, s. owr, in) our, scour, hour, flour, sour, devour'. (our, s. 88r, in) amour', par'amour, tour, contour'.- the verb to pour, s. pore, or powr.--four, s. føre.--your, s. úre.-jour, s. yür, in behaviour, sáviour.

64. ass, s. åss, in lass, class, glass, look'ing-glass, ising-glass, tin ́glass, weath'erglass, hour'glass, amass', repass', surpass', spar'rowgrass, scur'vygrass, car'cass, cutlass, com'pass, encom'pass, tres'pass, har'ass, sas'safras, cuirass', morass', can'vas.

65. ous, s. ůs, in tremen'dous, stupen'dous, hideous, spontáneous, plen'teous, terráqueous, anal'ogous, odious, stúdious, plous, várious, jeal'ous, perilous, friv'olous, cred'ulous, trem'ulous, in'famous, unan'imous, mountainous, luminous, poisonous, won'drous, númerous, dex'terous, odorous, clam'orous, tráiterous, adven'turous, soli'citous, momen'tous, porten'tous, gratuitous, fortuitous, &c.

66. ceous, s. shús, in fabáceous, herbáceous, argilláceous, cetáceous, cretáceous, crustáceous, &c.

67. ious and eous, preceded by d, s. důs, in tédious, perfid'ious, fastid'ious, insid'ious, invid'ious, compen'dious, odious, melódious, commódious, &c. bid'eous, lapid'eous, stúdious.

68. cious and scious, s. ås, in efficácious, audácious, sagacious, fallacious, tenacious, pertinacious, spacious, gracious, voracious, vivácious, loquácious, spécious, pre"cious, judi"cious, off"cious, mali"cious, perni'cious, auspi'cious, capricious, atrocious, &c. omnis'cious, con'scious, lus'cious, &c.

69. tious, s. shůs, in ostentatious, vexatious, fac'tious, ambi'tious, propi'tious, ficti'tious, adventi'tious, supersti'tious, conscien’tious, senten’tious, conien'tious, cap'tious, cautious, incaúcious, &c.

70. uous, s. důs, in conspic'uous, promis'cuous, assid'uous, ar'duous, am. big'uous, contig'uous, mellifluous, super'fluous, ingen'uous, stren'uous, sin’uous, impet'uous, tumul'tuous, contempt’uous, sumptuous, virt'uous, tempest'uous, con'gruous, incongruous.

71. eat, s. éte, in eat, beat, brow'beat, defeat, eschéat, repeat, entréat, retréat, in sweet'meat.--eat, s. év, in threat, sweat.-eat, s. åte, in, s. éåt, in caveat.--hereat', thereat', whereat', s. hère at, thare at, hware åt

72. ct, s. kt, in act, enact', compact', defect', infect', per'fect, deject', select', as'pect, respect', inspect', pros'pect, direct', dissect', predict', strict, dis'trict, in's stinct, extinct', adjunct, deduct', prod’uct, obstrucı', instruct', construct', &c. (ct has the same sound when s is added, thus) acts, enacts', defects', infects', dejects', respects', inspects', pros'pects, directs', sects, dissects', predicts', dis'tricts, ad'juncts, &c. (ict, s. lte, in endict', and iudict'.)

13. ight, s. Ite, in fight, alight', delight', enlight', moon'light, star'light,

day'light, skyʻlight, benight, birth’right, yes'ternight, overnight, aright, affright, down'right (ado ) outright, secondsight, eyesighi, (ight, s. fte, in) twilight, mid night, fortnight, birth’right, down'right, (adj.) up'right, foresight, in'sight, oversight. (seven-night, s. sển’nit.)

74. eight, s. ate, in freight, pen'nyweight, troy'weight, weight'ily, weight'iness, weigh'ty, eighteen, eight'fold, cight'score, eight'y. (eight, s. ite, in height, sleight.)

75. aught, s. åt, in'aught, ful'fraught. (aught, s. âft, in) draught, roughdraught.

76. ought, s. åt, in ought, dear'-bought, methought', fore-thought, afterthought, mer'ry-thought, high-wrought, inwrought', unwrought', overwrought', besought'. (ought, s. owt, in drought.)

77. scent, s. sent, in scent, ascent', renas'cent, descent', quies'cent, convales'cent, evanes'cent, cres'cent, excres'cent, &c.

78. 09, s. o, in elbow, rain'bow, mead'ów, shad'ow, overshad'ow, widow, win'dow, bow'-window, sur'below, fallow, hallow, shal'low, sal'low, lallow, wallow, swallow, bellow, fellow, school'fellow, play'fellow, mel'low, yellow, billow, pil'low, wil'low, fól’low, hol'low, whit'low, win'now, scarecrow, overthrow, (^;) arrow, nar'row, harʻrow, marrow, spar'row, yar'row, bor'row, mor'row, sor'row, bur'row, fur'row. (ow, s. o, in) bow (n.) to shoot arrows; rare. show, foreshow', pup'petshow, overblow', below', overflow' (v.) foreknow', overgrow', overthrow' (v.) bestow'. (ow, s. ow, in) bow (n. an act of reverence, or v. to bend), endow', some’how, allow', disallow', mow (n.) now, good'now, enow', erenow', eyebrow, avow'.

79. ay, s. à, in bay, decay', alack'aday', noon'day, delay', relay', allay', inlay', display', overlay', mislay', waylay', dismay', defray', affray', array', betray', assay, (v.), away', high’way, &c. (ay, s. à, in) mon'day, tues'day, wednes'day, thurs'day, friday, sat'urday, sun'day, yes'terday, hey-day, hol'yday, nosegay, round'elay, sooth'say, hear'say, es'say (n.), run'away, car'away, castaway, cause'way, half'way, gang'way, path'way. -ay, s, e.—quay, 8. ke.

80. fy, a verbal termination, s. sl, in jus'tify, rec'tify, púrify, tes'tify, pa". cify, crucify, notify, ter'rify, for'tify, cal'efy, tumefy, beautify, sanc'tify, sig'nify, qua'lify, glorify, &c. (fy, or fi, in the participles of such verbs, has the same sound, thus) jus'tifying, jus'tified; rec'rifying, rec'tified; púrifying, púrified, &c. (the same sound of fi prevails in the nouns derived from such verbs as these, sig. nifying(an actor, thus) jus'tifier, rec'tifier, púrifier, &c. (but in nouns from these verbs signifying an act, fi takes the sound of tė, thus) justification, purificá. tion, testification, &c. (fi has the sound of tè also in such words tificátor, testificátor, &c. (fy, sounds fi, in the verbs defy and affy, also in the interjection fy.-fy sounds fè in the adjectives) léafy, chaf'fy, shelf'y, turt'y.

81. ly, unaccented, s. le, in ably, prob'ably, at'fably, remark’ably, séasonably, dúrably, suitably, learn'edly, sacrediy, assúredly, idly, friend'ly, timely, humanely, opportúnely, securely, pur' posely, ultimately, completely, politely, remotely, ab'solutely, pen'sively, ac'tively, obligingly, willingly, lav'ishly, med'ically, finally, lib'erally, delightfully, firm'ly, openly, am'ply, clearly, orderly, man'nerly, end'lessly, remiss'ly, haz'ardously, stúdiously, gen'erously, perfectly, discreetly, sprightly, pleas'antly, décently, prúdently, apparently, consistently, &c. (ly, accented, and in monosyllables, s. Il, in) supply', apply', comply', reply', july', ally', outfy', rely'.

82. ably, s. åble, in prob’ably, am'icably, laud'ably, peaceably, af'fably, variably, remark’ably, conform’ably, réasonably, seasonably, com'parably, al'terably, tolerably, mem'orably, fávourably, war'rantably, lam'entably, com ' ably équably, observ'ably, &c. (the abverb ábly, s. áble.)

83. ibly, s. éblè, invin'cibly, forcibly, cred’ibly, aúdibly, leg'ibly, intel'ligibly, infal'libly, ter'ribly, vis'ibly, sen'sibly, pos'sibly, plausibly, compar'ibly, percep'tibly, contemp'tibly, conver'libły, irresist'ibly, inflex'ibly, &c.

84. ily, s. éle, in read'ily, steed'ily, gaud'ily, wor'thily, luck'ily, fam'ily, hap' pily, primarily, or'dinarily, solitarily, voluntarily, sausfac'torily, tranósitorily, búsily, lof'tily, hear'tily, &c. ily, s. llè, in shíly, slily, wily.-ily, s. ile, in lily:-aily, s. ale, in daily, gáily.

85. iety, s. lete, in society, piety, impiety, contrariety, variety, ebriety, sobriety, insobriety, notoriety, propriety, impropriety, satiety, anxiety. (aiety, s. détè, in gaiety:-oiety, s. oy-e-tè, in moiety.)

86. ity, s. ètė, in prob'ity, saga"city, capacity, feli"city, dupli"city, velo". city, atro" city, valid'ity, rapid'ity, profun'dity, déity, frugal'ity, liberal'ity, plurality, fatal'íty, abil'ity, flammabil'ity, durabil'ity, stabil'ity, credibil'ity, sensibil'. ity, flexibil'ity, util'ity, human'ity, len'ity, dig'nity, solem'nity, impúnity, author'. ity, maturity, quan'tity, vacúity, nativ'ity, &c. (ity, s. ltė, in) cit’y, pit'y:

87. osity, s ösére, in verbos'ity, morbos'ity, curios'ity, sententios'ity, anjmos'ity, generos'ity, impetuos'ity, &c.


VARIATION OF ACCENT. A Change of Accent takes place on the following words accord

ing as they are Nouns, Verbs, or Adjectives. Nouns. Verbs.


Verbs. abíject to abject'


to descant ab sent to absent

dis' count

to discount' abstract to abstract


to digest' &c'cent to accept

to essay af fix to affix'


to export as'sign to assign


to extract attribute to attrib'ute


to exile aug'ment to augment'


to ferment' bom bard to bombard'

frequent (adj.) to frequent cem'ent to cement


to import colleague to colleague


to incense collect to collect'


to insult com'pact to compact


to object' com pound to compound

to perfume com'press to compress'


to permit concert to concert


to prefix don'crete to concrete


to premise con'duct to conduct'


to presage con'fine to confinél


to present conflict to conflict


to prodúce con'sent to consent'


to project oon'serve to couserver

prot'est, or protest! to protest con'sort to consort'


to rebel' con'test to contest


to record con'tract to contract


to refuse con'trast to contrast


to subject con'vent to convent


to survey' con'verse to converse


to torment con'vert to convert


to traject con'vict to convict'


to transfer con'voy to convoy'


to transport des'ert

to desert


august (the month);
champaign' (wine)
ex'ile (banishment)
gallant' (a lover)

august' (noble)
campaign (open)
exile (small)
gal'lant (bold)

Levant' (a place)
min'ute (of time)
supine (in gram.)

lévant (eastern)
minúte (small)
supine (indolent)

Sometimes the same parts of speech have a different accent to make a difference

of signification. buffet (a blow)

buffet' (a cupboard) des'ert (a wilderness) desert' (merit), to con'jure (to prac

sin'ister (insidious) sinis'ter (the left side. tise magic)



The Cruel Boy. 1. AS a bird one day was Aying to seek food for its young ones, a boy, who had a gun in his hand, saw it, and shot the poor thing through its head, and down it fell to the ground. The boy then ran to it, and picked it up; and when he saw that it was dead, he was very sorry for what he had done.

2. How cruel it was to kill the poor bird, which never did any harm in all its life; and to take it from its young ones, which were in the nest, wanting it to come back and feed them.

3. The poor little birds could not think why their mother staid so long from them, and kept chirping till they were quite tired. At night they grew so cold, for want of their mother to brood over them, that they did not know what to do.

4. There were five in the nest, and two of them perished with cold and hunger in the night. The other three lived till the next morning, when, getting to the edge of the nest, to look for their mother, two of them fell out, and broke their bones.

5. They lay in great pain for some time upon the ground, but could not move, for they were too young to hop or fly. At last the poor things died. But the other poor little bird that was left in the nest, did not die so soon, for it lived all day very cold and in great pain ; it was almost famished for want of food.

6. It kept chirping, as long as it had strength to make any noise, in hopes its mother would hear, and come and feed it. But, poor thing, she was dead, and could not hear it. So, at last, when it was quite tired, it lay still at the bottom of the nest; and in the night it rained fast, and the wind blew; so it died with cold, just as it began to grow daylight.

7. Thus, there was an end of the five pretty young birds, which all died in such a painful manner, because a hard-hearted, cruel boy shot their poor mother.

Preparatory to the learner's commencing the reading lessons, it is strongly recommended that he be required to spell, accent and pronounce at sight all the primitive and derivative words in the introduction, and determine which are the initial and terminational syllables, and be practised in spelling these exercises both in and out of the book.

The Silly Girl. 1. A LITTLE girl, whose mother was so kind as to teach her to read, had a great many pretty books given to her; but she was so silly, that she would not take care of them, but used to spoil, and tear them so, that they could not be read.

2. One day, her aunt gave her a new book, full of spelling and reading, and pretty pictures, desiring her to take care of it, and not let it get soiled or torn. The little girl said she would be sure and keep it very choice.

3. But it was not long before she forgot to put it into her box, after she had been reading in it; and so it was tossed about, and some of the leaves were pulled out, and the back broken off; and at last a little dog, in playing with it, gnawed it all to pieces.

4. Then the little girl could not read in it any more, nor see the pretty pictures again. She was now sadly vexed that she had been so careless, and wished for a new book ; and her father was so kind as to give her one. But she soon let that be spoiled, as the others had been.

5. All her friends grew tired of giving her books, when they saw that she took no care of them; and she was obliged at last to go without any to read in.

6. What a sad thing that was, to have no book, but to grow up and not to be able to spell or read. I hope all the little boys and girls who hear about this careless child, will think of her, and take care not to let their own books be so spoiled and torn, as her's were; but, when they have done reading, put them away in some place where they will be safe, and ready for the next time they want them.

The Brother and sister. 1. A GENTLEMAN had two children, a son and a daughter. The boy was often more admired for his beauty than the little girl. They were both very young, and happened one day to be playing near their mother's looking-glass. The boy, pleased with his appearance, viewed himself for some time, and observed to his sister, how handsome he was.

2. The poor little girl was very much hurt at his remark, and went quickly to her father to be revenged upon him; and, in the height of her resentment, said, it was a shame that a boy, who was born to be a man, should make so free with a piece of furniture which entirely belonged to the ladies.

3. The good gentleman clasping them both in his arms, with all the tenderness of a fond parent, said, "My dear children, I

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