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Caricature occasioned by the Stamp Act, 169.

Charter, the first Royal, granted to Pennsylvania, in 168I, 147*

Chatham, Lord, his Motion relative to America, 256—Visits Franklin, 258—His plan for settling
the disputes with the Colonies, 261—Rejection of the same, 265.

Clapham, Colonel, lip.

Clarkson's Life ofPenn, Refutation of censures on Franklin in, 156.

Clifton, John, first proposes the lighting of the streets of Philadelphia, 101.

Clinton, Governor, anecdote of, 89.

Coleman, William, Character of, 48—Liberality to Franklin, 52.

Colonies, plan for their Union, 104.

Collins, John, some account of, 10, 23, 26.

Collison, publishes Franklin's " New Experiments in Electricity," 175.

Congress General assembly of, 221—Their declaration of Rights: their petition to the King, 221,
239—Send their proceedings to Lord Chatham, 263—Present a second petition, 284—Declare
the independence of the Colonies, 290, 291—Appoint a deputation to meet Lord Howe and hear
his propositions of Peace, 295—Resolution respecting General Sullivan, 300—Report of the
Committee appointed to confer with Lord Howe, 301—Assemble at Philadelphia, 303.

Copelry, Sir Godfrey, his gold medal presented to Franklin, 126.

Creed, Franklin's early religious, 76.


Dartmouth, Lord, made Secretary of State for America, 181—His good wishes towards the

Colonies, 202.
Daschkaw's, the Princess, letter to Franklin, 408.
Delor introduces Franklin's Electrical Experiments into France, 175.
Denham, Mr. an early friend of Franklin, 31—His death: trait in his character, 39.
Denny, Governor, anecdote of, 126.

De Romas, invention of the Electrical Kite, falsely attributed to, 176.

DEstaing arrives in America with 6 sail of frigates, 325—Causes of his want of success, 325.
Dubourg, Mons. translates Franklin's Philosophical papers into French, 124, 171.
Dunkeri of America, some account of the, 93.

Eclon, in Northamptonshire, birth place of the Franklins, 3.
Electrical discoveries, general account of Franklin's, 172.
Electricity applied to various purposes by Franklin, 173, 174.

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Fires, Indian method of concealing, 119.

Franklin, early history of the family of, 1—Thomas born, 3—The name formerly an order of rank,
Note, 3—Benjamin Franklin born, 5—Placed at the Grammar School, 6—Placed with a Tallow
Chandler, 6—Youthful anecdote of, 7—General character of his father, 7—Erects a monument to
his father and mother, 8—Dislikes the business of a tallow chandler, which he quits, 9—Passion
for letters, the cause of his becoming a printer, 9—Is apprenticed to his brother, 10—Displays a
turn for writing poetry, 10—Method of teaching himself English composition, 11—Effect produced
by his reading Tyron on vegetable diet, 12—Course of reading pursued by him, 13—Writes for the
New England Courant, 14—Differs with his brother, the printer, to whom he is apprenticed, 15—
Leaves his brother and proceeds to New York, \6—Quits New York for Philadelphia, 16—Be-
comes acquainted with Dr. Brown, 18—Account of his landing at Philadelphia, 18—Is employed
by Keimer the printer, 20—Resides at Mr. Read's, his future wife's father, 21—Returns to Boston,
22—Second visit to Philadelphia, 24—Is introduced to Burnet the Governor of New York, 25—Is
deceived by Sir William Keith, 26—Relinquishes vegetable diet, 27—Proposal made him for estab-
lishing a new religious sect, 27—Resumes his vegetable diet, 28—Pays his addresses to Miss Read, 28
—Forms new acquaintance, 28—Embarks for London, 30—Contracts an intimacy with Mr. Den-
ham during the voyage, 31—Arrives in London, 31—Becomes acquainted with Mr. Hamilton, 32—
Obtains employment as a printer, 33—Writes a dissertation on Liberty and Necessity, with remarks
on Wollastone's Religion of Nature, 33—Becomes acquainted with Mr. Lyons, Dr. Mandeville,
Dr. Pemberton, and Sir Hans Sloane, 35—Is employed by Watts, 36—Prowess as a swimmer, 39—
Engages as clerk with Mr. Denham, 39—Is introduced to Sir William Wyndham, 40—Quits
England, 40—Lauds at Philadelphia, 40—Mode of Life, 41—Employs himself again as a printer,
41—Quarrels with Keimer, and quits his employ, 43—Makes paper money for New Jersey, 44—
Enters into partnership with Meredith, 45—His moral and religious principles, 45—Commences
business with his partner, 46—Founds a literary Junto, 47—Industry in his profession, 49—
Projects a newspaper; is forestalled in his intentions, 49—Writes under the signature of the Busy
Body, 49—Purchases the paper started in opposition to his proposed plan, 50—Separates from
Meredith and commences on his own account, 52—Writes on the uecessity of Paper Money, 53—
Opens shop as a stationer, 54—Declines an offer of marriage proposed by Mrs. Godfrey, 55—
Renews his intimacy with Miss Read, 56—His marriage to Miss Read, 56—Projects the first
Subscription Library in Philadelphia, 56—Luxury first introduced into Franklin's family, 63—
His Religious opinions, 66—Composes articles of belief and acts of religion for his own use, 67
Projects for attaining moral perfection, 67—Extensive project, 75—Observations on reading
History, 75—United party for virtue, 76"—Religious Creed, 76—Publishes Poor Richard's
Almanack, 77—Mode of conducting his newspaper, 78—Sends a Printer to South Carolina, 79
Recommends a knowledge of accounts as a part of female Education, 79—Begins the study of
languages, 80—Inconsistency of the common mode of teaching languages, 80—Pays a visit to
Boston, 81—Loses one of his sons, 81—Appointed Clerk of General Assembly, 82—First
turns his thoughts to public affairs, 83—Made Post-Master at Philadelphia, 83—Founds the
Vol. I. /

Union Fire Company, 85—Proposes establishing an Academy and Philosophical Society at
Philadelphia, 88—Publishes Plain Truth, 88—Its effect, 89—Proposes a lottery for building a
battery, 89—Invents an open stove, 94—Renews his attempts to establish an Academy at Phila-
delphia, 94—Writes a pamphlet to forward the intention, 94—Enters into partnership with Mr.
David Hall, 96—Devotes his time to philosophical experiments, 96—Is elected a member of the
Assembly, and a justice of the Peace, 97—His son appointed Clerk of Assembly, 97—Is
appointed a commissioner to treat with the Indians; the singular behaviour of the Indians, 97—
Plan for cleansing the streets of Philadelphia, and paving the same, 100—His improvement in street
lamps, 101—Appointed Post-Master-General, 104—Made Master of Arts of Cambridge and
Yale Colleges, 104—Plan for the Union of the Colonies, 104—His address to the Counties of
Lancaster, &c. 110—Renders great service to General Bradock's army, 110—Defends the North
West frontier, llfi—Chosen Colonel of a Volunteer Regiment, 121—Honors paid him by his
Regiment, 121—Philosophical reputation, 122—Chosen a member of the Royal Society of
London, 125—Is presented with the gold medal of Sir Godfrey Copeley, 126'—Embarks for
England, 131—Narrow escape from the Scilly Rocks, 133—Arrives at Falmouth, 133—In
London, 134.—State of politics on his arrival, 137—His connection with the London newspapers,
140—Reply to the insinuations of the "Citizen, or General Advertiser," 140—Defends the
American Question in various publications, 142—Dedication of his Historical Review, &c. to
Arthur Onslow, Esq. 143—His conduct during the differences of the Pennsylvanians, 156—is
noticed by persons of rank in England, 159—Consulted by Mr. Pitt, 159—Writes " England's in-
terest with respect to the Colonies ;" its effect, 160—Visits Scotland, is made LL.D. at St. Andrews,
160—Receives the same honour from Oxford, l6l—Error corrected respecting his attempting to
seduce his son Governor Franklin, from his allegiance to the King, l6l—Returns to Philadelphia,
162—Writes a pamphlet entitled "Cool Thoughts," 165—Loses his seat in the Pennsylvania As-
sembly, 165—Reinstated, and again visits Great Britain, 166—Examined before the House of Com-
mons respecting the Stamp Act, 169—Visits Holland, Germany, and Paris,171—Introduced to Louis
XV.; his Electrical experiments are repeated in the presence of Louis XV.; and by Count de Buf-
fon, &c. 175—Opposition to the Act making paper money legal tenders, 178—Publishes a work,
"The Cause of the American Discontent," 179—His account of the affair of Hutchinson's Letters,
186—The dispute betwixt Whately and Temple stated, 203—Is involved in a Chancery suit, 206
—Reflections on Hutchinson's affair, aud vindication of himself, 206—Is dismissed from the office
of Deputy Post-Master, 210—Controversy with Dean Tucker, 210—Reflections on that Contro-
versy, 215—Invents and uses an emblematical design, 219—Receives private information of the
intention of the British Government to arrest him, 222—Determines on, and quits England, 222—
On his passage home writes an account of his efforts to negociate betwixt Great Britain and Ame-
rica, 222—Hints for terms of Union with Great Britain, 231—Letter to Lord Dartmouth,
269—Answer to Lord Howe's Letter, 272—Interview with Lord Howe, 275, 278—Memorial
addressed to Lord Dartmouth, 280—Experiments on the Waters of the Ocean. Reflections on
Navigation, 2S2—Arrival in America. The state thereof, 284—Proposes the adoption of Paper
Money in America, 289—Visits the American Camp, 289—Sent on a Mission to Canada,
289—Writes to Holland for assistance, 290—Correspondence with Lord Howe, 296—Protest
against equal voting in Congress, 304—Is appointed Minister Plenipotentiary to the Court of
France, 307—Sets off for France. Experiments during the Voyage, on Sea-water, 309—Is
chased-by Cruisers. Takes two prizes, 309—Journey to Nantes, thence to Paris, 311—State
of American Politics. Account of his Mission to France, in a letter to Dr. Ingenhausz,311 —
Grants Letters of Marque to American Privateers, 313—is presented to the King, 316—
Letter to the Count D'Aranda, 317—Letter on Wilson's claiming the discovery of Lightning con-
ductors, 324—Epigram on Lightning Conductors, Note, 324—Letter to Mr. Hutton the Moravian,
327—Receives a present of Cooke's Voyages from the British Government, 328—Private Jour-
nal, 329—Requests leave to retire from the Court of France, on account of his age, 329—The
Congress refuse his resignation, 331—Curious Letter to a Friend on that Account, 331—Account
of General Arnold's treachery, in a letter to General La Fayette, 334—Amuses himself in printing
at a private press in his own house, 337—Singular deceptions practised by him, 338—Political
Communications with Sir William Jones, 351—Negotiates for a Peace at Paris, 351, 352—Opens
negotiation with the Swedish Court, 355—The Treaty of Peace with Sweden signed, 355—Com-
municates to Congress the request of the Baron dc Stael, for Mr. Temple Franklin, to be sent as
Envoy to the Swedish Court, 356—Again renews his request to Congress to be recalled and his
grandson employed, 359—Extracts from his private Journal, girl —Is nominated by the King of
France to examine the properties of Animal Magnetism, 368—Several letters on the same subject,
369—Signs the Treaty of Peace with Great Britain, 370—Proposed improvement in the law of
nations, 371—Leaves Passy on his return home; arrives at Havre, 372—Crosses the British Channel
and arrives at Southampton, 372—is visited by persons of distinction, 372—Private Journal of his
tour from Passy to Havre and Southampton, 372—Passage to America,376—Arrives at Philadelphia,
377—Congratulatory addresses on his arrival, 379—Chosen a member of the Council, 382—Notes,
remarks and speeches in that assembly, 382—Speech on Salaries, 384—Speech on Representation
and Votes, 386—Motion for prayers in the Convention, 388—Sentiments on the New Constitution
of America,391—Jews and Antifederalists compared, 393—Retires from public affairs,397—Is dis-
satisfied with the treatment of the AmericanGovernment, 397—Sketch of his services, 400—His plan
for improving the condition of free Blacks, 403—Writes against the Slave Trade, 405—Elected a
member of the Imperial Academy of St. Petersburg, 408—Last Illness and Death, 409—His fune-
ral, 410—Congress of America, and the National Assembly of France order mourning, 410—
Orations occasioned by his Death, 411—His Statue in the library, Philadelphia, 412—Inscription
thereon, 412—His Character, 412—His sentiments on Death, 415—Religious Sentiments and
Opinions, 416—Epitaph written by himself, 417—His Adieu, 417—Extracts from his Will and
Codicil, 418—Characters and Eulogiums. Supplement. By Dr. Price, 427—From the Patriote
Francois, 429—By Cordorcet, 430, 435—By Dr. Smith, 437—Lines to his Memory, by Mr.
Lamont, 439—Latin Verses by Professor Antonio, 440—By Dr. Styles, in Latin, 444—Anecdotes,

Franklin, William (Dr. F's. Son), appointed Governor of New Jersey, 161.

Franklin, Temple, Baron de Stud's Letter relative to him, 356—recommended by Dr. Franklin,
359, 398.

Fothergill, Doctor, Character of, 101—Letters to Dr. Franklin, 228, 313.

French, Colonel, Attention to Franklin, 22.

French Government first take interest in the Dispute betwixt Great Britain and America, 178.


Gates, General, defeats the British troops, 314.
Gerard, Monsieur, goes as Envoy to America, 316.
Gnadenhut burned by the Indians, 117.
Godfrey, Thomas, inventor of Hadley's quadrant, 48.

, Mrs., projects a marriage for Franklin, 55.

Government, Franklin's system of, eulogized by the Duke de la Rochefoucault, 303.
Grace's, Robert, liberality to Franklin, 52.


Hadley's quadrant invented by Thomas Godfrey, 48.

Hall, Mr. David, a partner in business with Franklin, 296.

Hamilton, Mr. Andrew, account of, 31, 51.

Harry, history of David, 54.

Hartley, David, Esq. employed to negotiate with Franklin, 357.

Hemphill first settles at Philadelphia, 79.

Hillsborough, Lord, made secretary of state for America, 179—his resignation, 181.

Historical Review, opinion of various writers on the, 155.

History, observations on reading, 75.

Holmes, Mr., brother-in-law to Franklin, 21.

Hostilities commence betwixt Great Britain and France, 315.

House of Commons, Franklin's Examination before the, 169.

Howe, Mrs., conference with Franklin, 228—letter to Franklin, 275.

f Lord, courts an acquaintance with Franklin, 246—meets him by appointment, 272—letter

to Franklin, 273—appointed to command the British fleet in North America, 294—correspon-
dence with Franklin, 297-

Hutchinson, Lieutenant Governor, disputes with, 183—his Letters, Franklin's account of, 186.

Hutton, Mr., the Moravian, account of, 326.

Hyde, Lord, his interview with Franklin, 276.

Ingenhausz's, Dr., detection of Wilson's deceptive experiments relative to Franklin's lightning con-
ductors, and pretended improvements of his own, 323.
Indian method of concealing fires, 119.
Innis, the Messenger, some account of him, 128.

James, Abel, letter to Franklin, requesting him to continue his memoirs, M.

Jay, John, Esq., sent minister to the court of Spain, 318—arrives at Paris to negotiate for peace, 352.

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