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· Naphar advena,
Yellow water lily. Aquilegia canadensis, Wild columbine. Clematis Virginica,
Virgin's flower. Clematis viorna,
Leather flower. Caltha palustris,
American cowslip. Hepatica acutiloba,
Liver leaf. : Lynandra grandiflora, ' Liver leaf. Dracocephalum Virginianum, Dragon head. Scutellaria cordifolia, Scullcap. Euchroma cocinea,
Painted cup. Ruellie strepens,
Painted cup. Antirrhinum linaruia, Snap dragon. Collinsia verna,
Snap dragon. Chelone glabra,
Snake head. :. Pentstemon levigata, .' Beard tongue. Martynia proboscoides, Unicorn plant. Dentaria laciniata,
Tooth root. Geranium maculatum, Crowfoot. Hibiscus militarus,
Swamp hibiscus. Liatris scariosa, : Blazing star. Liatris spicata,
Gay feather. Eupatorium coelestinum, Blue eupatorium. Eupatorium,
Yarrow, . .
Sick weed. Coreopsis,
Several species. Silphium perfoliatum, Ragged cap. Habenaria psychoides, Ragged cap. Habenaria incisa,
Ragged cap. Cacabatus stellatus, Campion.'
Orchis spectabilis, .
The foregoing list of native plants of Ohio, was furnished me by R. Buchanan of Cincinnati. The most of them have been cultivated in his own garden. Many of them are found in the gardens of Mr. Joseph Clark, and of Mrs. G. Lea, and all of them in the beautiful grounds of N, Longworth, Esquire. This gentleman's taste for the collection of the elegant and curious plants of our own region, is deserving of all praise. Why should we be indebted to other climes, for sickly exotics, whilst the woods and prairies of our own state, furnish the most beautiful variety of flowering plants, throughout the season? They are all perfectly hardy and are cultivated with but little trouble.
The misseltoe grows on the banks of the Ohio, and near them. By procuring its seeds in September, it might be transplanted into the trees of our woods, where it would grow well, any where almost, in this state. '
. We see all along the bottoms of the Scioto and the Great Miami rivers, all the plants that we do along the bottoms of the Cumberland and Tennessee, excepting the reed cane, growing still, near these latter rivers, where protected from cattle.
Such plants as require a very poor soil are rare in Ohio, because, we have little such soil; so of those that grow in very high latitudes, or in elevated grounds. Such is the arbor vitae; it is found near the Yellow springs, in Greene county,
them. Byed into the title in thi
though with the hamamelis, or witchhazle, the alder, and Canadian yew. The red cedar is found in several places on the high cliffs, along the larger tributaries of the Scioto near their heads, in Delaware county. The white cedar or cypress is found on some few cliffs near the head of the Scioto. It once grew along the wet, old beds of the Scioto, but that was long since, and while the mastodon frequented our swamps, which were then almost impenetrable thickets.
Most of our timber trees, will soon be gone, and no means are yet resorted to, to restore the forests which we are destroying. In many places even now, woodlands are more valuable than cleared fields. It is true, that in the northwest part of the state, we have vast forests yet, but it is equally true, that their majesty is bowing before the wood chopper's axe, and will soon be gone. We do not regret the disappearance of the native forests, because by that means, more human beings can be supported in the State, but in the older parts of Ohio, means should even now begin to be used to restore trees enough for fences, fuel and timber, for the house builder and joiner. In our forests we are by far better off than Illinois state, Wisconsin, or Iowa Territories, where wood is scarce, even now, and coal is equally so, at this early date of their settlement.
Though fifty years have passed by, since this state began to be settled by us, yet we have vast forests unfelled in our hilly region, and in the northwestern corner of the state. Even along the Ohio river, an European, as he passed along the stream, would naturally suppose from what he saw of it, that our interior was occupied by one unbroken forest, tenanted only by wild beasts and wild men.
Mankind in all ages, even before the fall of man, and in all communities, have first settled along the rivers, and, their banks are even now, most densely populated. Paris, London, Vienna, and all the great citics of Europe, rear their tall and glittering spires on the margins of rivers.
This remark holds good in every region of our globe where a dense population “ do congregate.” Canals are
but artificial rivers, and attract to them a dense population. Good roads come in competition next, after rivers, either natural or artificial, in attraction. We are multiplying them, and thereby, increasing our numbers, our wealth, and our moral power..
But we return to travel in our narrow path, out of which, we have taken two or three steps. From the wild woods, we come back to continue our botanical journey. We next treat of such plants as have been long cultivated. This we do under the head of
NATURALIZED PLANTS. " The cultivation of the yellow leafed tobacco has been attended with signal success, in our hilly region. This kind of tobacco, sells higher than any other, in several European countries, such as Holland and Germany. It has sold even in Ohio, sometimes as high as ten dollars a hundred, in the leaf. It is cured in a particular manner, and grows only on rather a thin soil, such as exists in our hilly region. It grows on new lands, just cleared of their woods. A crop of wheat does well on the ground where the tobacco had grown in the preceding season. Instances like the following have often been known. With one hundred dollars, a farmer has purchased eighty acres of hilly land, in the woods, which he, and his family, cleared off, or deadened what timber he and they did not clear off. He then planted the whole in yellow leaf tobacco, the first year, except such land as he reserved, for corn and vegetables. He erected his houses of logs, in which he dried his tobacco, by the aid of fire. In the winter following, he sold tobacco enough to enable him to purchase six hundred and forty acres of the most fertile land, in some other part of the state. In the meantime, he had a crop of wheat coming forward on the same land where the tobacco had grown. The latter crop, which when arrived at maturity, he sold for money enough to enable him to remove to his large farm, and to go forward with his improvements there. In a few years he became a wealthy and independent farmer.