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not be kept up; and that the military shall be kept under strict subordination to the civil power.

Sec. 21. That no person in this state, except such as are employed in the army or navy of the United States, or militia in actual service, shall be subject to corporal punishment under the military law.

Sec. 22. That no soldier, in time of peace, be quartered in any house without the consent of the owner; nor in time of war, but in the manner prescribed by law..

Sec. 23. That the levying taxes by the poll is grievous and oppressive; therefore, the legislature shall never levy a poll tax for county or state purposes.

Sec. 24. That no hereditary emoluments, privileges or honors, shall ever be granted or conferred by this state.

Sec. 25. That no law shall be passed to prevent the poor in the several counties and townships within this state, from an equal participi ion in the schools, academies, colleges and universities within this state, which are endowed, in whole or in part, from the revenue arising from donations made by the United : tates, for the support of schools and colleges; and the doors of the said schools, academies and universities, shall be open for the reception of scholars, students and teachers, of every grade without any distinction or preference whatever, contrary to the intent for which said donations were made..

Sec. 26. That laws shall be passed by the legislature, which shall secure to each and every denomination of religious societies, in each surveyed township which now is, or may hereafter be, formed in the state, an equal participation, according to their number of adherents, of the profits arising from the land granted by congress for the support of religion, agreeably to the ordinance or act of congress, making the appropriation.

SET. 27. That every association of persons, when regularly formed, within this state, and having given themselves a name, may, on application to the legislature, be entitled to receive letters of incorporation, to enable them to hold estates, real and personal, for the support of their schools, academies, colleger, universities, and for other purposes.

Sec. 28. To guard agrinst the transgressions of the high powers, which we have delegated, we declare that all powers, not hereby delegated, remain with the people.


Sec. 1. That no evils or inconveniences may arise from the change of a territorial government to a perminent state government, it is declared by this convention, that all rights, suits, actions, prosecutions, claims and contracts, both as it respects individuals and bodies corporate, shall continue, as if no change had taken place in this government.

Sec. 2. All fines, penalties and forfeitures, due and owing to the territory of the United States, northwest of the river Ohio, shall inure to the use of the state. All bonds executed to the governor, or any other officer in his official capacity, in ihe territory, shall pass over to the governor or other officers of the state, and their successors in office, for the use of the state, or by him or them to be respectively assigned over to the use of those concerned, as the case may be.

Sec. 3. The governor, secretary and judges, and all other officers under the territorial government, shull contine in the exercise of the duties of their respective departments, until the said officers are superceded under the authority of this constitution. · SEC. 4. All laws, and parts of laws, now in force in this territory, not inconsistent with this constitution, shall continue and remain in full effect, until repealed by the legislature, except so much of the act, entitled "an act regulating the admission and practice of attorneys and counsellors at law,” and of the act made amendatory thereto, as relates to the term of time which the applicant shall have studied law, his residence within the territory, and the term of time which he shall have practiced as an attorney at law, before he can be admitted to the degree of a counsellor at law. .

Sec. 5. The Governor of the state shall make use of his private seal, until a state seal be procured.

Sec. 6. The president of the convention, shall issue writs of election to the sheriffs of the several counties, requiring them to proceed to the election of a governor, members, of the general assembly, sheriffs and coroners, at the respective election districts in each county, on the second Tuesday of January next; which elections shall be conducted in the manner prescribed by the existing election laws of this territory: and the members of the general assembly, then elected, shall continue to exercise the duties of their respective offices until the next annual or biennial election thereafter, as prescribed by this constitution, and no longer.

Sec. 7. Until the first enumeration shall be made, as directed in the second section of the first article of this constitution -the county of Hamilton shall be entitled to four senators and eight representatives; the county of Clermont, one senator and two representatives; the county of Adams, one senator and three representatives; the county of Ross, two senators and four representatives; the county of Fairfield, one senator and two representatives; the county of Washington, two senators and three representatives; the county of Belmont, one senator and two representatives; the county of Jefferson, two senators and four representatives; and the county of Trumbull, one senator and two representatives.

Done in convention at Chillicothe, the twenty-ninth day of

November, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and two, and of the independence of the United States of America, the twenty-seventh. In the testimony whereof, we have hereunto subscribed our names.

EDWARD TIFFIN, President, Attest. THOMAS Scott, Secretary.

No. III. .


. “Base hypocrite! You boast of liberty while one sixth part of you are slaves. Look at your twelve southern provinces with two and a half millions of enslaved citizens bearing all the shades of color from the Caucasian to the Ethiopean. On the return of each 4th of July, rail and descant on mitres and crosiers and sceptres, and denounce royalty, in all its forms, while above, and beneath, and around about the orator of the day, stand forth in characters of blood the distinct mottoes of your land. DOWN WITH DISCUSSION! LYNCH LAW TRIUMPHANT! SLAVERY FOR EVER! Hail COLUMBIA HAPPY LAND!

6 Ornament your hails with scourges, wet with the blood of the sons of freedom, who dare to advocate the natural rights of man. Snuff the sweet savor of the tar cauldron, and delight your eyes, with the gibbet reared aloft in terror of those who would not bend the knee to the dark spirit of slavery.

6 And then join in the gentlemanly mob to protect liberty and law, by taking special care of the press and the mail, as the wolf would care for and protect the lamb.

“ And finally by way of admonition to our American brethren we would say, “Spare, 0, spare, the name of liberty from further pollution until you have removed from your capitol, the greatest slave market in christendom.--Abolish your internal slave trade. Undo the heavy burden, cut assunder the bonds that make men chattels; in a word, become what you dare not contemplate--a nation of freemen. Then, and not till then, will the genius of liberty, breathe her ambrosial breath upon your land. " .


It may be thought by some persons, that our remarks on England and Englishmen are quite too severe, on the page, to

* See Page 212.

which this appendix refers. Doctor McKeehan's capture and imprisonment, sent as he was, to administer relief, to our sick and wounded men, in Proctor's wood yard, is the most shame. less, barbarous and cowardly transaction, recorded in history.

Previous to Doctor McKeehan's mission, that is, on the 22nd of January 1813, Proctor pledged his honor, to protect the wounded prisoners until the next morning, when he would send sleds to convey them from Frenchtown to Amherstburgh. The next morning at early day light, two hundred Indian warriors coming from Malden, killed and burned the wounded, in the houses of the citizens where they lay. These were Proctor's SLEDs, these two bundred warriors! In recounting such transactions, we have said what we have in the text, for saying which, we offer no apology and never will make any. We loathe the British government, not the good people of England.

But, to those who think our remarks ill-timed, during a profound peace, between us and England, we bring forward, an extract, honestly copied from an English paper, in which the reader can see, how we are spoken of in England during this same peace.

This extract, ran through all the papers from John O'Groat's house to Lands End. The piece from which it was copied, was applauded to the echo, by all parties, in every part of Great Britian. With this explanation, we dismiss the subject.

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