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haps, has never plead ten causes of any importance-before he has had two years practice, before he has had scarcely any acquaintance with men and their dealings, he is placed on the bench as a president judge, instead of a min of greater and better qualifications. And this last one, will be displaced by some younger aspirant in his turn. So of the young physician, who comes forward at once, and occupies, often, the place of his older, and better qualified predecessor. In older states, though the snows of fifty winters may have whitened the head, it is not, therefore, inferred, that the heart is chilled by them. The WISE MEN OR THE EAST, do not suppose that there is any period in human life, in which we cannot make new acquisitions in knowledge; in which we cannot be useful, innocent and happy. There seems to be a set of ascetics in the West, who think that as soon as a few gray hairs appear in any man's head, he ought to be excluded from all business, public and private: that he ought to withdraw himself from society; become idle, dull, insipid, and wholly useless to mankind. Is there any period of human life, in which men of learning, science and tase, should be secluded from the society of the good, innocent and virtuous, of both sexes? To men like Franklin, Jefferson, Jay, Clinton, Marshall, and a thousand others, whom we could easily name; MEN to whom business and books, science and literature; all the pleasures of taste, friendship and society, have furnished all that refines and strengthens the mind; renovates and expands all the affections of the heart; old age exhibits no diminution of either talent or happiness. Such men, when they cease to be statesmen, do not the less love mankind, the less rejoice in human happiness, nor the less participate in it. Too many in our country, think and act as if there was a law of the mind, which limits its pleasures and powers to some particular period of human life. There is no such period. His physical powers may be diminished, his senses somewhat blunted, but the impressions which they have so long conveyed to him, remain vivid; and the treasures which they have conveyed to him are laid up, “where no moth can corrupt,

and no thief can break through and steal them.” The objects of his early affections, may have been taken from him by death; but, if they were wise, virtuous and innocent human beings, they have only preceded him a few years, to his and their ultimate, eternal home; and they must have left with him, ten thousand tender recollections, that will become dearer and dearer; and hopes that will shine brighter and brighter, every day, during his life time. Such a man from his age, profound learning, knowledge of mankind, disinterestedness and sincerity, broad and liberal views, experience of all kinds; business-talents, and other qualifications, is fitter for any high civil station, than at any earlier period of his life.

However, the present course of things in this respect, will be changed, within a few years, when the state becomes more fully settled. From the very nature of circumstances, we in Ohio, are now exactly half way between the highest, and lowest states of society. In the very wisest society, age is honored-so it is equally in the savage state, but here, either very young men, or new comers among us, take the lead in every thing. Time, experience and good sense, will eventually cure the evil of which we may now so justly complain.

In a country where every man is a sovereign, means should be used to make that sovereign a wise and good one. Good masters make good servants. Too much pains cannot be taken by our legislature, and all our influential men, to diffuse the lights of knowledge, morality and religion, among the great mass of the people. That we have, considering our age as a state, considering our remote interior situation, and all the hardships in the way when Ohio was originally settled; located as the early immigrants were, in a vast wilderness, where savages, fierce and barbarous roamed among wild beasts --that we have prospered, we say, more than any other people ever did in the world, is most certain; but our exertions to improve our condition, are by no means to be relaxed. It will require increased activity every moment, to keep pace with the age in which we live; and as our means of doing good increase, the increased numbers of our people will require in

creased activity to instruct them, and point out to them the roads which lead to prosperity, comfort and happiness—to elevate their views, and finally to make Ohio, what it ought to be, the first state in this Union, in numbers, knowledge, wealth and political power. Having attained that elevated point, it will then be our duty to use our power and influence so as to wrong no one, to do justice, and make it the interest of all our neighbors to be our friends. Our position in the nation is peculiarly felicitous, as to soil, climate and productions, and it will be our own fault if we are not the happiest people in the Union.


The state library was established in the year 1817. It was commenced with only about five hundred volumes, but, through the liberality and fostering care of the legislature of the state, it now contains more than five thousand volumes of books, most of which are of a choice kind, and selected with great judgment and taste. It embraces nearly all of the AMERICAN, and some of the most approved FOREIGN PERIODICALS; and a great variety of such historical and miscellaneous works, as are anxiously sought by a reading community. The legislature has usually made a small annual appropriation for the purchase of books; and these appropriations have, by a judicious application, already rendered the state library a pleasing resort for all men of reading and science, from different sections of the state, who make a temporary stay at Columbus.

The law portion of the state library affords great conveniences to gentlemen of the legal profession; and the annual purchases of new works, have usually embraced many of the most valuable of the reports of the different states, and the most learned treatises on the science of law and American jurisprudence.



Arthur St. Clair, Governor."

Samuel H. Parsons, James M. Varnum, John Cleves Symmes, Judges.

Winthrop Sargeant, Secretary. William H. Harrison was subsequently appointed secretary of the territory; he was afterwards elected delegate to .congress.

Governors of the state,

Edward Tiffin, elected and sworn 3d March, - .
Thomas Kirker,* (acting governor part of the year,)
Samuel Huntington, elected and sworn in . .
Return J. Meigs, do. do. .
Othniel Looker,* (acting governor part of the year,)
Thomas Worthington, elected .... . :
Ethan Allen Brown, do... .. -
Allen Trimble,* (acting governor part of the year,)
Jeremiah Morrow, elected ...
Allen Trimble, elected,. . .:.,
Duncan McArthur, do. . . . . : .
Robert Lucas, do. -
Joseph Vance, do. -


1803 1808 1808 1810 1814 1814 1818 1822 1822 1826 1830 1832 1836

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*Those marked with a star, were presidents of the senato, who were, by the constitution, governors for short periods only.

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The names of the respective state librarians are as follows: John L. Harper, Librarian from 1817 to 1818 John M'Elvain, ' 66

1818. to 1820 David S. Broderick, 66 . 1820 to 1824 Zachariah Mills, 6 1824 to the present time,

Judges of the Supreme Court. Return J. Meigs, William W. Irvin, Elijah Hayward, Samuel Huntington, Ethan Allen Brown, John M. Goodenow, William Sprigg, Calvin Pease,.. Reuben Wood, George Tod, John M'Lean, John C. Wright, Daniel Symmes, Jessup N. Couch, Joshua Collett, Thomas Scott, Charles R. Sherman, Ebenezer Lane, Thomas Morris, Peter Hitchcock,

President Judges. The names of the President Judges, from the organization of the government, are as follows: Francis Dunlevy, Orris Parish, Frederick Grimke, Wyllis Silliman, J. H. Hallack, John M. Goodenow, Calvin Pease, Alexander Harper, Matthew Burchard,

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