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human soul, and all these faculties rise up against persecution and oppression. Every riot, mob and disturbance of peaceable people assembled for deliberation on slavery or anti-slavery, add to the number of the friends of anti-slavery in this state. Nominally we have now very few more than seventeen thousand members of this anti-slavery society; but let one man be killed by a mob, as E. P. Lovejoy was, at Alton, Illinois, for belonging to this society; printing or circulating its books, newspapers or pamphlets: or if another press is destroyed in Ohio by a mob, because used or owned by this anti-slavery society, and we know that thirty thousand new members would instantly join this society in Ohio. A few more such mobs following afterwards, and this state government in all its branches, would be in the hands of the anti-slavery society. So beware.

We care comparatively little about the liberty of the slave, but we do seriously care about preserving our own freedom; and our citizens are determined to preserve it against all sorts of violence, come from whence that violence may-whether from domestic or foreign foes. If any man or combination of men, assail any public meeting (peaceably assembled, and conducting its proceedings) with missile weapons, he or they who thus assail the meeting, would be tried for the offence, sentenced to a dungeon and be in one, within two hours after the commission of the crime. This is Ohio now, and so may it remain forever, under the dominion of the laws and the constitution.

Drawing a circle around Columbus, as a centre, large, enough to contain one hundred thousand people within the territory included in the bounds of the circle, and there are within such a circle but two anti-slavery societies, with less than seventy members in both of them! Why are there so few members among such a population? We an: swer, these societies and their members meet as often as they please, where they please, stay there as long as they please, and say and do, write print and publish what they please, and no one interferes either with them or with what they do. So far as this state is concerned, the great mass of this society are the most quiet, peaceable and unoffending christians, beloved and respected by all who know them.

There is a sensitiveness among the friends of slavery, which we cannot understand. Any discussion on this subject in Ohio cannot reach their slaves and render them uneasy. That is absolutely impossible. What then can be the reason of all this madness, about this discussion? It may be that, possibly, although our discussions might never reach the slaves, yet they might reach the masters of them, and induce them to push slavery south, and below Virginia and Kentucky, and thereby prevent Ohio from draining these states of all their young men; the life, the enterprise and energy of those states. These friends of slavery in the south, and friends to us, may naturally suppose, that had Rufus Putnam and his associates settled on the soil of Virginia, on the 7th of April 1788, and had that state beer then a vast wilderness, filled with Indians and wild beasts, and the settlers being under precisely the same law which following as a cloud by day and a pillar of fire by night, they journeyed into this vast forest; that instead of Ohio, had Virginia been the region in which they had settled, that vast state with its rich mines of iron ore, of coal and of gold! with its vast water power descending from the Alleghanies in never failing abundance, in a million of streams; with its towering forests so near the sea coast; its pure mountain air, the purest which ever was breathed by human beings; with its broad, deep and splendid rivers, unrivaled' by any others in the world; with its lofty mountains and low vales, and with an extent of latitude, aided by altitude or depression equal to eight degrees of latitude; our opposers of the anti-slavery society may suppose, we say, that had Rufus Putnam and his pilgrims settled in Virginia, on the same day on which they did in Ohio, and under the same law, which he and they followed here, prohibiting slavery forever in that state, Virginia would now contain five mil

lions of white freemen; and in the next fifty years, Virginia would contain twenty millions of happy human beings.

As a state, it is our interest, in Ohio, to have slavery continued in the slave-holding states, for a century yet, otherwise our growth would be checked. The broad and deep streams of wealth, numbers, enterprise, youth, vigor, and the very life blood of the slave holding states, now rolling into Ohio like mighty floods, 'would be stayed; and even roll back to their sources, rendering those states, not merely our equals, but even our superiors, in numbers, wealth and political power. No. We have adopted a policy which, for a century yet, requires slavery in the states south of us, to be continued, until they become deserts, (that is none of our business) while we have twelve millions of people in Ohio; until, indeed, this whole state, becomes one vast, lovely paradise: all cultivated, intersected every where, by roads and canals; covered with cities, and their splendid domes. No; let slavery be continued where it is, during the next century, at least. Bat, let that subject, be freely discussed, though, by whoever pleases to discuss it, either in Ohio or elsewhere. Let the law reign, and our people be free forever. No; never will we whisper a word, that any old Virginia nabob shall hcar, advising him to abolish slavery in that most splendid of all countries in the world, wherein to build up manufactures, and make that state more populous than Great Britain is at this time. .,

The secret of our growth, in all that is desirable, must be kept a profound secret among ourselves. With such views of this subject, where is the patriotic citizen of this most prosperous of all states ever founded, on the surface of this earth, who would wish to stay its growth or, even check its prosperity? No; let slavery be continued for a century at least, and our descendants will go and settle in the now slave holding states, as forests, and make them, what they will not be until then.

CINCINNATI ORPHAN ASYLUM.

This institution, situated on Elm street, was founded in June 1833; and designed for the reception of destitute orphan children.

An act was passed by the legislature, in the session of 183233, incorporating the Asylum, with an endowment of ten acres of land, situated near Mill Creek. There was on the land, a small building to be occupied by the orphans. And one thousand dollars were paid out of the Township treasury for the support of the orphans. This site being unhealthful, an exchange was made with the City council for the ground on which the present building stands, which was erected by subscriptions collected from the citizens of Cincinnati. The one thousand dollars from the township treasury were withdrawn according to the charter in 1836, and one fourth part of the duties collected in Hamilton county, from the sales at auction, was appropriated in its stead, until the year 1840.

Its present income, is the auction fund as above, and a sum received from the trustees of the townships for the maintenance of destitute children, placed by them in the Asylum, together with such subscription as the managers collect from its patrons.

Twelve female managers are elected triennially by subscribers, to regulate all the interior concerns, and govern the institution; but the township trustees, appointed by the charter, make all the contracts for the sale, or purchase, of real estate.

The building is of sufficient extent to accommodate from two hundred and fifty, to three hundred children. About seventy orphans are now maintained, clothed and educated in the Asylum. June 11th 1838.

Mrs. Clarissa H. Davies, is the President, Mrs. Louisa, Staughton, relict of the late learned, talented, and benevolent Doctor Staughton of Cincinnati is the Corresponding secretary of this truly christian institution. Mrs. Staughton, Mrs. Davies, Mrs. Bates, Mrs. Hall, Mrs. Baum, Mrs. Vail, Mrs. Butler, Mrs. Urner, Mrs. Carlisle, Mrs. Hammond, Mrs. Burnet and Mrs. Mitchell have set an example in founding this asylum, which we hope will be followed in all our future cities, in every part of the state.

ORGANIZATION OF COUNTIES.

COUNTIES.

When organized.

Square

543

10

The state of Ohio is divided into seventy-four counties. The date of their organization, number of civil townships, superficial contents and the respective county seats of each, are as follows:

Miles. Townships. . COUNTY SEATS.
Adams, 1797 ; 550 10 West Union.
Allen,
1831

Lima.
Ashtabula, 1811 700 27 Jefferson.
Athens,

1805 740 - 19 Athens. Belmont, 1801 : 536 16 St. Clairsville. Brown, : 1818 470

Georgetown. Butler, 1803 480

Hamilton. ; Carroll, 1833

Carrollton.. Champaign, 1805

Urbana. Clark, 1818 412

Springfield. Clermont, 1800 515 12 Batavia. Clinton, 1810 400

400 . 8 Wilmington. Columbiana, 1803

21 ' New Lisbon.
Coshocton, 1811 562 21 Coshocton,
Crawford, 1826 594 12 Bucyrus.'
Cuyahoga, 1810 475 19 Cleveland.
Darke, 1817 660 10 Greeneville,
Delaware,
1808 610 23

Delaware.
Fairfield, 1800 540 14 Lancaster.
Fayette,
1810

Washington.
Franklin, 1803 520 18 COLUMBUS.
Gallia, 1803 500 15

15 Gallipolis. Geauga, 1805

23 Chardon. , , Greene,

400 8: Xenia. Guernsey,

1810 621 19. Cambridge. Hamilton,

1790 400 14 CINCINNATI Hancock,

576 5. Findlay. : Hardin, 1833 570

Kenton.

1803

1828

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