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cultural products. They will extend and increase the num. ber of our yards, for building ships. They will demand more iron, more founderies, for making machinery for steamers, and more men to labor in these factories. These men will need clothes to cover them, and food to support them and their families.
The trade, navigation and fisheries of the Upper lakes, ought, at no distant day, to support one million of our citizens living on the shore, and near it, of lake Erie. Another million might easily be supported by the trade, navigation and manufactures connected with the western rivers. Ten millions more could easily find a support, and full and profitable em ployment, in the interior of this state, on their farms, in their shops, offices, stores and factories of all sorts. The valley of the Mississippi, the largest one on the globe, contains ample space in addition to the Upper lakes, for us, in which, to move about and act. In this large theatre, we should be the actors. On these boards the people of the East may be as they please, either the actors or the audience.
Laying aside the figure, their productions will be very different from ours, and will not compete with us, in any market. Ours, consisting of food for the planter and his laborers, of hay and horses to eat it, of cotton bagging, and gins to clean his cotton, of boilers and steam engines, with which to manufacture his sugar; will not compete with Maine, with her ice and 'tripes packed in it, of fishes, either fresh or salted, of lumber, such as boards spars and staves. · Massachusetts and Rhode Island may carry their cloths and their fishes, and Connecticut her wooden clocks, but Ohio will not be in their way.
Name, place, and date.
Commercial Bank, Cincinnati, Jan. 4, 1836|3,103,4611 501,847 666,787 Franklin Bank,
dó. 195.4141 142 8611 204.628 Lafayette Bank,
I do. 1987,571) 140,033 105,650 Ohio Life and Trust Co., do. January, 1836 (1,515,952 357,116| 268,984
7,802,398) ,141,857|1,946,049 Miami Fxporting Co., do, Oct. 17, 1836 591,742 86,681 119,531 Total of Cincinnati banks,
|8,394,140|1,228,538|1,365,580 On or near the Ohio river: Columbiana Bank, New Lisbon,
1 98,009 96,331 41,629 Far. and Mech. Bk. Steubenville, Jan. 6, 1836 376.758 110,417 56,754 Belmont Bank, St. Clairsville, Jan. 5, 1836 316,088) 43,364 43,536 Bank of Marietta, Mariet:a, do
145,184 27,886 26,412 Scioto Bank, Portsmouth, January 7, 1836 306,450 103,727) 38,308
Valley of the Muskingum:
Far. Bank of Canton, Canton, Jan. 4, 1836 214,803 95,820 56,124 Bank of Massillon, Massillon, do.
247,152 Bank of Wooster, Wooster, do. 213,046) 4,093|| 53,403 Bank of Zanesville, Zanesville, Jan. 8, 1836
343, 204 85,3201 54,728 Bank of Muskingum, Putnam, Jan. 1, 1836
239,378 100,351 32,068
Valley of the Miami:
On or near Lake Erie: Western Reserve Bank, Warren, Jan. 9, 1836| 279,878 56,654 35,5:30 Bank of Geauga, Painesville, Dec. 7, 1835 | 197,629
31,759 Com. Bk. of L. Erie, Cleveland, Jan. 15, 1836611,910 90,755 75,387 Bank of Cleveland,' do., “Jan. 4,' 1836| 411,257|| 57,385 56,747 Bank of Norwalk, Norwalk, Nov. 30, 1836 | 272,587
38,867 Bank of Sandusky, Sandusky, Jan. 1, 1836 214,810 86,291 16,371
Total of 31 banks and 1 branch 117079714,3,318,708 2,924,906
STATE OF AGRICULTURE, PRICE OF LANDS, PROVISIONS AND LABOR.
The state of agriculture has improved greatly within a few years past. There are farms in the vicinity of all our larger towns, in a good state of cultivation, and our farmers every where, either have already, or soon will have good substantial houses, barns and out houses. These are not only commodious and substantial but sometimes even elegant. In New Connecticut, almost every farmer has an elegant dwelling house. In that part of the state, we see more framed than brick houses; in some parts, though, brick houses predominate, In the remainder of the state, brick is preferred as the cheapest, most durable and best. The materials for brick are near the spot when they are needed; the wood to make fuel, and burn them, needs to be cleared off, and the farmer and his sons can make the brick without hiring any of the work done. Within a very few years, after the farmer had settled down in the woods, we generally see around him a well fenced, well cultivated farm, with good buildings, and a good orchard coming forward. In a few more years his children will be grown up, married and settled on farms of new land like the one on which they were brought up. Thus the forest recedes before us, and a highly cultivated country smiles far and wide around us,
Farmers in parts of New Connecticut, in Washington county, and along the upper part of the Scioto country have, during twenty years past, turned their attention to dairies and the manufacture of cheese. The business has been profitable, but enongh is not made yet for our own consumption.
The apple tree flourishes in all parts of the state, and cider is so abundant some years, as to sell for only one dollar a barrel. Many apples are carried down the Ohio river to New Orleans, and the lower country. .
The price of land varies from one dollar and twenty-five cents, to one hundred dollars an acre.
The price of labor is fifty per cent. higher than in the At: lantic states, and provisions are about fifty per cent, cheaper than there.
Mechanics of all sorts get higher wages, and where they settle in towns, as they mostly do, they get rich in few years, if they are industrious, and well understand their business.
Laborers by the day, month or job, can always get employment, high wages and prompt payment, in cash, on our public works-our roads and canals. It will continue to be so for ages, because this state will never cease to improve the country by canals and roads. Every dollar laid out thus, by the state, will pay an interest that will forever make it the duty of the state, to proceed in her internal improvements. So that any young man in the East, who wishes to become a good substantial farmer, may come to Ohio, get employment, buy a farm, pay for it, own and improve it, and be an independent citizen of this great and growing state. ". Manures have been but little used yet, in this state. Such is the natural fertility of the soil, that farmers have neglected to make use of their manure. Compost is unknown to our farmers, and plaster of Paris is, as yet, but little used. That many parts of Ohio would be the better for manure we doubt not, nor do we doubt but that when the lands are more worn by cultivation, that manure will be used by farmers. The best soil is doubtless one that contains sand enough in its composition to prevent its baking or becoming hard after a rain, and which also contains clay enough in it, to retain sufficient moisture. That our hilly region, whose soil is composed of such materials as these, possesses within itself a mineral richness, scarcely equaled any where else, is certain; hence, all our hilly region has deceived every one, almost, who saw it covered with a forest. Such lands are coming into high repute for farms; and whole counties, once deemed poor,'are settling rapidly, and will continue to do so for a long time to come. Their soil is as good for grain, especially wheat, as any portions of the state, formerly supposed to be preferable,
THE RAISING OF HOGS, HORSES AND CATTLE.
In these branches of a farmer's business, our people have very well succeeded. In a country which produces so easily and so abundantly, all the grains and grasses, on which such animals subsist—where there is so little winter for which to provide—where the snow lies only a few days, at a time, and then is not over three or four inches in depth, all the domestic animals can be supported with ease, on the abundance of food which this country furnishes. Formerly, vast droves of hogs were driven every year over the mountains, but since our canals are made since the steam boat moves on the Ohio, Mississippi and the lake, our people kill their hogs at home, salt them and carry them off in barrels, either to New Orleans, or to Cleveland, thence, to Montreal and Quebec, or to New York. Horses are still sent off in droves to market, either to the east or to the south.
So of our cattle, they are fattened and driven, sometimes, all the way to Boston to market. The value of all these exports we do not know, nor have we the means of knowing, but it amounts to millions of dollars annually, for our cattle, hogs, horses, mules and sheep. Great pains have been taken to improve the breeds of all these animals, and companies have repeatedly sent all the way to England to get better hogs, horses and cattle. The evident improvement of the whole breed, shows that those who have done these things, are public benefactors.
In 1435, John Gutenburgh of Mentz, was carrying on a law suit, in Strasburgh, with a burgher of the place last mentioned, one Drizen, about a copying machine, which Gutenburgh had invented. .
That copying machine was A PRINTING PRESS, which has done more for mankind than any other invention. By this machine of Gutenburgh's, mind can move minds, and render