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additional misfortune to many of this class of persons, not only to be deaf and dumb, but poor, · The Asylum is managed by a board of Trustees, appointed by the Legislature. It is at present under the immediate superintendence of a Principal, and two Assistants. The expense attending a year's residence at the Asylum, is seventy-five dollars. This sum covers all expenses at the institution, except those for clothing. Pupils remain at school four or five years, during which time they study Arithmetic, Geography, History, &c., and become able to do business for themselves. The system of instruction is that of the Abbe L'Epee, and perfected by his celebrated successor, Abbe Sicard. The eye is the avenue through which the instructor communicates with the minds of his pupils. Signs are substituted for sounds; and they are found sufficiently copious and expressive, to teach written langague, or any branch of education.' · There is now erected in the vicinity of Columbus, a building for the accommodation of the pupils. Its dimensions on the ground are eighty feet by fifty. There is some land belonging to the Asylum, on which it is expected the male pupils will labor.
In this Institution, the unfortunate Deaf and Dumb children of our state will for a time find an “asylum,” and will, through its means, have light shed on their darkened minds. H. N. Hubbell, A. M., is the Principal.
TRADE AND COMMERCE.
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We export, wheat, maize, or indian corn, hemp,flour, bran, salt pork, beef, bacon, feathers, hops, iron in hollowware, and bars and pigs of iron; cider, apples, hay,whiskey, mill stones, grind stones, earthen ware, glass, cordage, cattle, horses, hogs, sheep, wool, boards, shingles, coal, wnolen and cotton cloths, janes,gun powder, printing types, cabinet ware, beer, fowls, butter,cheese, boards, planks, steam boats, frames for houses,
bricks, hewn stone, boots, shoes, books, paper, rags, thread, twine, tobacco, of all sorts, manufactured or not manufactured, plows, shovels, spades, potatoes, grass seed, ale, porter, domestic maple sugar, molasses, axes, hoes, saddles, bridles, bristles, tallow, staves, printing types and printing presses. The two last articles are made at Cincinnati in abundance for our supply, and enough, for the West..
Of the above enumerated articles of commercè, horses, cattle, hogs, sheep, beef, pork, lard, bacon, wheat, flour, indian corn, and whiskey, form our principal ones; of value, and produce, at least, a great many millions of dollars, annually, equaling, and more than equaling in value, all our imports. This balance of trade, in our favour at this carly day, of our existence as a state, is but the mere dawning of a brighter day, when all our territory shall be filled up with such a population, as will naturally find their way to Ohio. Large quantities of pork and flour, are exported from the Scioto Valley to Montreal, Quebec, and the Islands below the mouth of the St. Lawrence bay. These are sent to feed the getters out of lumber, in the British North American provinces. For these, we receive cash, in payment. English, goods landed at New York, pay for pork in Ohio. The money comes from New York and returns there, or buys lands in the west.
Consist of the productions of every country on the globe; and of the manufactures of every manufacturing town in Europe. The cloths of England, Scotland, Ireland, France and Germany, find their way into Ohio, and are worn by our citizens. England, sends us her earthern wares, her cloths, Liverpool china, her cutlery, needles and pins. France sends, us her silks, printed calicoes, watches, wines, brandies, prints, and procelains. Switzerland sends to us watches and jewelry.
Germany, her cloths, and glass. Holland sends her gins, pins, and delf wares. Italy sends us her figs, currants, raisins, olive oil, gewgaws and beggars. Sweeden and Russia, send their iron, cordage, and furs. Africa 'furnishes us ivory for the handles of our knives, and for combs. Central America sends her mahogany wood to make our tables, chairs and bureaus.
We use the teas of China, her porcelains and silks. We have the wares of Japan, the coffee of Java and of Mocha-of Brazil, of Cuba, and the West Indiąn isles-their sugar also. We have the spices of the East Indian islands, and the cocoa nuts of the islands of the Austral Asians--their tortoise shell, and their pine apples. We use the oil and bones of the whales of the arctic oceans, about each pole..
We use the furs of the Northwest coasts of America. We use the skins, and fur of the seals of the far southern islands of the Pacific ocean, and the tins of Banda, and of England. We have in our Cincinnati Museums, specimens of nearly every mineral, and of every animal in the world.
Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama furnish us with cotton and sugar. We import lead from Galena and Du Buque-furs, skins and peltries from the Rocky Mountains, and send them our productions in return. .
We import the manufactures of our own eastern states glass, and the manufactures of iron from Pittsburgh-shoes and leather from all the cities, east of us--their cotton and woolen goods--their fishes, and all sorts of manufactured articles, either of wood, iron or steel. Paints, dye stuffs, drugs and medicines are imported. We feed our eastern brethren, and they clothe us, and they send us medicines to keep us in health, or cure us, when sick, so that we can furnish them with meat and bread to eat, and horses to ride on, or be drawn along by, in their carriages, on their roads.' .
We build steamers for Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama, and they send us sugar and cotton in return. We send cabinet ware to the west, northwest and south-so of whiskey, flour, pork, dried fruits, &c.
. This trade and commerce--this interchange of productions keep up, a constant intercourse between men, render them active, enterprising and industrious, promote their health; comfort and happiness. . This constant intercourse, is a bond of union, which may no one, ever burst asunder. Mutual intercourse produces mutual dependence, mutual profit and mutual friendship. May these forever be continued to us and our posterity, to our eastern brethren, and their descendants.
This constant intercourse, trade and commerce, will require all the energies, of ourselves, and of all our neighbors to be in constant exercise to improve all the means of transportation, now in operation; to create new modes of conveyance; new roads, new canals and rail roads, passing through the state, and to and from it, so as to make Ohio, what it should be, the point at which, all the travel to and from the western states, should centre.
Our trade should be extended more and more, north and south;, to Montreal, and especially, to New Orleans and Texas. The northern trade will build up our cities located along Lake Erie, and the southern trade, render wealthy and populous, our towns along the Ohio river. Canada needs our beef, pork and flour, and we want British goods, British sovereigns and guineas.
The amount of our productions for exportation, will for a long time to come, increase annually, as our numbers increase; and new markets should be sought for them. . .
Foreign goods can frequently be purchased in Montreal cheaper than in New York city, and our merchants should visit Montreal, in the autumn, and ascertain where they can buy the best and the cheapest goods.
Canada will forever, to a certain extent, be a good mart for our agricultural productions. So will Western New York be one for our grain.
All the lower Mississippi country will always purchase their flour and provisions, from the people north of them. Texas will soon open a market for our flour and manufactured
articles. This trade will be more and more valuable as that country fills up with people.
Why do our merchants when from home in quest of goods buy in New York, domestic goods, which are produced in Rhode Island and Massachusetts?. The New Yorker purchases them at the east and puts his profits on them. Why should Ohio pay these profits? The article of fish, a great amount of which we consume annually, should always be bought in Boston or even farther eastward. The savings in the purchase of these things in Massachusetts and Rhode Island, would in a few years, amount to a million of dollars. Why not add this million to our wealth? Why not go to Montreal and obtain our English cloths, and order them home, and then rapidly proceed to Boston and Providence and procure their productions, and return to Ohio, through New York, Philadelphia and Pittsburgh, and there complete the assortments?
Our trade to the south is very important to us, and is daily increasing in amount and value. Our cotton, sugar, coffee and spice are brought to us from the south. When we have more houses established in New Orleans, Tampico, Cuba and St. Domingo, more of our productions will there be sold, consumed and paid for, in the productions of those regions. Steamers, such as navigate lake Erie, rigged with tall masts, carrying sails would best suit the navigation of the Gulf of Mexico. The people of Ohio can build and navigate them from island to island, and from port to port; extending our commerce, and enriching our citizens. Our coffee, our cotton and sugar should be purchased by us, on the spot, where they are produced.
Our commerce on the upper lakes should be increased annually, and those seas covered with our sails.
The fisheries on those lakes, ought to contribute at least a million of dollars' worth of fish annually to this state.
All these extensions of our trade and navigation will in- ' crease our manufactures, and open new outlets, for our agri