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Michigan and then marched back again, without seeing any provisions, until they had arrived within about nine miles of Detroit, on their return. Here they were refreshing themselves, on the products of some bee-hives and a fat steer, which they had just killed. Here they were met by a flag of truce borne by a british officer, and a file of men, from whom they learned that they were prisoners of war! They marched forward to Detroit, laid down their arms on the pavement, and were marched into the fort, which was then so crowded that there was scarcely room for them to lie down in it.
Captain Brush who was guarding the provisions was included in the capitulation, as well as the provisions themselves; and as if that were not enough, all the troops who were then marching to join Hull's army, we presume, amounting to ten thousand in all, were also surrendered. These, however, never gave themselves up, but returned home.
Thus ended this expedition. The militia were allowed to return home on their parol of honor not to serve in the war until exchanged. They were landed on our shore along lake Erie, at different points. The company from Circleville, commanded by captain Bartholomew Fryatt, lieutenant Richard Douglas, and ensign Pinney, were landed at the mouth of Huron river from an open boat, in which seventy-two of the company, had come from Detroit. From thence they made their way home through Mansfield, Mt. Vernon, Newark and Lancaster, on their route. Other companies landed at Cleveland and so came across the state to their homes, on the Scioto river
General Hull and the regular officers, and soldiers were reserved for the triumphant entry of the British officers, into Montreal and Quebec. Thither they were taken, and Hull himself, seated in an old, ragged, open carriage, was drawn through the streets of Montreal, and thus exhibited as a raree show, to the natives there assembled. But the heart sickens at the recital; and we dismiss Hull, and his expedition, with the single remark, that he was afterwards tried for his conduct by a court martial on three charges, viz: First, for treason; second, cowardise, and third, unofficer like conduct, He was found guilty of the two last, condemned to death, and pardoned by the President, who had appointed such an inefficient creature to his high station of commander-in-chief of the North Western army. He was broke though, and we do not regret to state, is long since dead. We now return to Ohio.
Before the surrender of Hull's army, the then Governor of . Kentucky, Charles Scott, had invited general Harrison, governor of Indiana territory, to visit Frankfort to consult on the subject of defending the northwestern frontier. This was early in July, before Hull's disaster. Governor Harrison had visited Governor Scott, and finally on the 25th of August, 1812, having accepted the appointment of major general of the Kentucky militia, escorted by lieutenant colonel Martin D. Hardin, of Allen's regiment, by riding all night, reached Cincinnati, at 8 o'clock in the morning of the 27th of that month. On the 30th of August he left Cincinnati, and following the regiments, which he was about to command, and who were marching to Piqua, he overtook them forty miles on their route, below Dayton, on the morning of the thirty-first. These troops as he passed them from rear to front gave their General three hearty cheers of welcome. On the 1st of September, these troops reached Dayton. As they were marching between Dayton and Piqua, Harrison was overtaken by an express from the war department, informing him that he was on the 22d of August, appointed a brigadier general in the United States army, to command all the troops in Indiana and Illinois territories. Until he could hear from the government after the fall of Hull's army was known, and acted on, Harrison declined accepting this commission. On the 3d of September the troops arrived at Piqua. Harrison now learned that Fort Wayne was about to be besieged by the Indians, he therefore despatched colonel Allen's regiment, and three companies from his other regiments with instructions to make forced marches for the relief of the garrison. A regiment of Ohio volunteers seven hundred strong, he ordered forward to
Shane's crossing of the Sta. Mary's. Early on the 6th of September, he ordered forward all the remaining troops. On the 8th they overtook Allen's regiment at Girtystown on the Sta, Mary's. On the 19th a reconoitering party of twenty men was sent forward. The enemy learning the near approach of our army, abandoned all their positions around the fort and fled off in dismay. Before this time, twenty days, General James Winchester of Tennessee, an old revolutionary officer, had been appointed a brigadier general, and while he was in Lexington, Kentucky, on his way to join Hull's army, he was ordered to take the command, temporarily, of all the troops in Ohio. To him, therefore, Governor WILLIAM HENRY HARRISON, resigned that portion of his assumed command, if we may so call it. However, Winchester's command lasted but a few days, for on the 17th September, 1812, Harrison was appoin ted COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF, of all the troops, in the North Western Territory. He was ordered, as soon as practicable to retake Detroit. . . .
. po On taking command of the troops, he found them in their summer clothes, without a sock or a mitten for winter. Many of them were without shoes. In this case, the General ap plied to the government, but through fear of their not attending to this matter, Harrison addressed a letter, which was republished all over Kentucky and Ohio, calling on the wealthier citizens to contribute these articles forthwith to their patriotic defenders. This call was attended to and these artieles saved many from being frost bitten. In this address the eloquent General asked, “can' any citizen sleep easy in his bed of down, while the centinel who defends him, stands in a
Canadian climate, clad only in a linen hunting shirt??! Af· ter his appointment, Harrison pushed forward to Defiance, at
the mouth of the Auglaize. Leaving this post under the commånd of Winchester, we find him, at Franklinton on the 13th of October. Here he established his head quarters.. ..? - But it is necessary that we should go back, and learn what else had been doing in this state, by others, besides those with Harrison. " "" ai
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In March 1812, Colonel John Miller was ordered to raise a regiment of infantry in Ohio. He sent his subaltern officers into different parts of the state to enlist soldiers; this was early in May. In July, these recruits rendezvoused at Chillicothe, but, they amounted to only one hundred and forty men. These troops were placed under the command of captain Angus Lewis Langham, lieutenant George W. Jackson and ensign John E. Morgan, and were ordered off to the frontiers. They marched to Piqua, where leaving ensign Morgan, with about forty privates, to guard that place, and erect suitable works of defence, Captain Langham joined Winchester at Defiance. - Just about this time, Fort Wayne was attacked by the Indians, and Colonel John Johnston, the Indian agent, at Piqua having lost a brother, in the attack on that fort, was induced to ask for the force, which ensign Morgan commanded, to be stationed at the agency house. These men, under Morgan erected two block houses, at Piqua. Johnston in the meantime was engaged in holding councils with the Indians, in order to prevent their joining the common enemy.
GENERAL TUPPER'S EXPEDITION.
In July 1812, General Edward W. Tupper, of Gallia county, had raised about one thousand men, for six months duty. They were mostly volunteers and infantry, but they were accompanied by Womeldorf's troop of cavalry, of Gallia county. This force was mostly raised in what are now Gallia, Lawrence and Jackson counties.'
They marched under the orders of General Winchester through Chillicothe and Urbana and on to the Maumee river. Having reached the Maumee in August, we believe, of that year, an Indian or two, had been discovered, about their camp, Gereral Winchester ordered Tupper to follow the enemy, and discover his camp, if one was near. For this purpose, Tupper ordered out, a small party to reconoitre the country. This party pursued the Indians some six miles or more, and returned without finding any enemy, Winchester was offended, and ordered Tupper to send out a larger force, but, the troops with their half starved horses, and without a sufficiency of ammunition, refused to go. Winchester, in a rage, ordered Tupper himself to go with all his mounted men. Obeying this order, as he was just about to march, a Kentucky officer, came to him and offered to join the party, in any situation, which Tupper should assign him. Tupper appointed him, his aid, but, soon afterwards, taking Tupper aside, he showed him Winchester's orders, appointing this Kentuckian, to command the reconoitering party! This conduct so irritated Tupper and his troops, that they applied to the commander-in-chief to be allowed to serve under him. This was sometime afterwards, as soon as General Harrison had assumed the command of all the Northwestern army. Tupper moved down the Maumee near to the lower end of the rapids, where they usually crossed, at a fording place. The Indians in large numbers showed themselves, on the side of the river opposite Tupper's camp. He attempted to cross the river with his troops in the night. The current was rapid, his horses and men were feeble, being half starved, and the rocky bottom was slippery. The current swept away some of the horses and infantry into the deep water. Seeing this, disheartened those who were left behind on the eastern bank of the river so that only a small number of men crossed over the Maumee. Those who had crossed, had wetted their ammunition, and finally all returned back into their camp before day. The Indians were hovering about the camp, and a few were killed on both sides. . Finally, aļl the British Indians, along the river, anywhere near by, collected all their forces, and attacked Tupper and his troops on all sides. The enemy had, from one thousand to twelve hundred men, whereas, from sickness, and various casuaities, our force, amounted to only about eight hundred men, and they were badly supplied with provisions and ammunition. However, they fought bravely, drove off the enemy, and killed and wounded a large number of his warriors. Their own loss was trifling, losing only twenty or thirty in all, in the action.