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líne that the second line, could scarcely find any thing to do. The enemy was broken, routed and slain, or driven two miles, in one hour, through this windfall and thicket, until they were within pistol shot of the British garrison. Here the battle ended, and here General Wayne remained in front of the field of battle, destroying the Indian houses, their corn, and every thing else, which he found there belonging to them. He burnt their houses within pistol shot of the British garrison.
There was a correspondence between General Wayne, and Major Campbell, the British commandant of the fort in which, the latter very wisely acquiesced in the destruction of the Indians, and their property, within the range of Major Campbell's guns. On the 28th of August, General Wayne returned by easy marches to DEFIANCE, from whence he came on the 15th of the same month. He destroyed all the Indian villages, corn and property, within fifty miles of the Maumee river..
In this most decisive battle, General Wayne lost, in killed, wounded and missing, only one hundred and seven men, officers included. Among the dead, were Captain Campbell, of the cavalry, and Lieutenant Towls of the Infantry. They fell in the first charge. General Wayne bestowed great praise on the courage and alacrity, displayed by the whole army. Of his aids, H. De Butts, T. Lewis and William H. Harrison, General Wayne spoke in the highest terms of approbation. The Indian hostility still continuing, their whole country was laid waste and desolated. All the fortifications were soon erected in it, that were needed, to protect it, from Indian warfare. This great, and decisive victory, saved the nation from one general war, with all the Indians, who lived, any where near our frontier lines, between us and Canada, and between us and Spain. The Indians were just on the point, of making one general war, when this timely victory saved all.
This campaign tranquilized the whole Indian frontier from Florida to the northern lakes.
On the opening of the next session of congress, General Washington in his speech, before congress, mentioned Wayne's operations with well merited applause, but congress in their reply, refused even to allude to them. Mr. Madison then led the opposition in the house, and though he offered something in lieu of it, yet, it was couched in such offensive terms, that the President's friends would not vote for the amendment. The whiskey insurrection, which grew out of the expenditures to carry on this war, had soured the minds of some members; and the wonderful French revolution, which was to make all honest men happy, by shedding their blood, had poisoned the minds, of still more. No mention was made of Wayne, nor of his meritorious services, by congress.
Next summer Wayne held a council with all the Indians living in this territory, and on the third day of August 1795, at Greenville, he purchased all the territory, not before ceded, within certain limits, comprehending in all, about four fifths of the present state of Ohio. The line is called to this day," the Greenville treaty line.” The Indians were left with about one fifth part of the territory which is now Ohio, lying in its northwest corner. Thus ended all the Indian warfare, in Ohio, worth naming, which we here put together, for the sake of unity.
After all these great, splendid and meritorious services of General Wayne, congress took no notice of him, not so much as to allow, even his name to be mentioned on their journal! On his way home, in Pennsylvania, he died, almost unattended, at a wretched hovel of an inn, in the then paltry village of Presque Isle. He was there interred, without a stone to tell where he was buried. Years afterwards, his son Isaac Wayne accompanied by a few of his old friends and neighbors, transferred his bones, to the place of his nativity where they now rest in peace.
That General Anthony Wayne was a man, of most splendid talents, both natural and acquired, no one can doubt for a moment, who reads his history. Every action of his life, from youth to age, shows this fact; and no panegyric of ours can render it more plain or make his character shine brighter. Political demagogues, might treat him with contumely and base ingratitude, but they cannot obliterate a single syllable, which records his brilliant actions. His fame will never fade, but grow more fresh and green to the end of time. Every son and daughter of Ohio, Kentucky, and of all the West, will forever cherish, in their hearts, the ever dear memory of ANTHONY WAYNE. Forty two years have passed away since his decease and this is the first full account that the writer has seen of his services on this theatre of his feats, in arms. Ohio has paid the debt which we owe him, in part with others, so far as calling a large county after him goes; and we have twenty-three towns or townships named after him.
He lives in the recollection of his countrymen to lead future patriot warriors to glorious victory. Death has purified his fame, and placed it beyond the reach of calumny. Party politicians, those meteors may rise and fall, flash and expire, in a moment; but the sun of Wayne's glory will never set in our western horizon, of Mississippi's wide valley, until the archangel's trump shall call his body from the grave to life everlasting
Having, for the sake of unity, related the most important events of the old Indian war, on this frontier, we now go back to the-infant colony, on the Ohio company's lands, and inform the reader what had been passing there during this period. During the whole Indian war, the settlers kept constantly on the alert, from four to six rangers, who were called “spies,” whose duty it was, to scour the woods, and if any Indians were discovered in the vicinity, to give the alarm; that being done, the alarm gun was fired at the fort, and every person hastened into the garrison. The gate was closed and every preperation was instantly made to receive their enemies. The settlement at Belpre lost several individuals who ventured too far into the woods, when no Indian signs had been recently discovered in the neighborhood. . .
In 1793, Major NATHAN GOODALE, a native of Massachusetts, and an officer of the old continental army, went out into the forest to haul some timber with an ox team. He was
taken prisoner by the Indians, and carried off into captivity. The supper was long kept waiting for him on the table by his anxious wife and children, but he never returned to eat it. His team returned home, but of him nothing certain was ever heard for a long time. From an examination of the ground where Major Goodale was taken prisoner, it appeared that two large Indians, had secreted themselves behind a pile of brush wood; that these Indians sprang upon the Major and binding his hands with cords, they led him off into the forest. The tracks of two Indians with mocasins on, and those of the Major with shoes on, between the Indians' tracks, showed the manner in which he was led off into captivity. He was taken to Upper Sandusky, where he died of a fever some six weeks after he was taken prisoner. His neighbours followed his tracks six miles and then gave up the pursuit.
Captain King, originally from Rhode Island, was shot and killed while cutting wood. He left a wife and two children. James Davis was killed and scalped about a mile from the garrison, at the mouth of Congress creek. Benoni Hurlbut, one of the spies; was killed at the mouth of the Little Hocking in 1791, while returning from a scout.
These were the principal losses of the Belpre settlement. Major Goodale was the principal man at Belpre, a brave, enterprising man, whose destruction was justly and deeply lamented by all who knew him. He had passed through the war of the revolution, whose dangers he had shared, and whose laurels adorned his brow. He left a widow, two sons and five daughters, orphan children, to mourn his loss, and who do honor to his memory.
The Newberry settlement, experienced some losses, and was harrassed continually. One woman and two children were killed. One child was tomahawked in the mother's arms, but survived. The woman and children were going to a party at work in a field, near the garrison, to carry them food. Pursuit was instantly made, but the murderers escaped unhurt.
In 1790 a settlement was began at Big Bottom on the Mus. kingum river, about thirty-five miles above Marietta. On the
2d day of January 1791, the settlement at the Big Bottom was attacked by the Indians; fourteen persons werc killed and five persons were carried into captivity. Among the slain, at Big Bottom, January 2d 1791, were a woman and two children; the remainder were young men. The Indians, up to this time, had often visited the settlement in a friendly manner, and the Indian war had been confined to parts distant from this settlement. The settlers were off their guard. The Indians from the summit of a neighboring hill, had watched our people all day, and just at the twilight of the evening, commenced their attack. One party visited a cabin in a friendly manner while another party visited the block house. The cabin was occupied by four men of the name of Choat. The Indians entered the cabin, beckoned to the men to keep silent, bound them with cords and made them prisoners. Another party of the Indians had reached the block house, where the occupants were at sup
per who had their arms standing in a corner of the room.' A · large Mohawk opened the door, while his companions fired upon
the astonished inen at their supper table. A woman assailed the big Mohawk with an axe, and cleaved the flesh from the side of his scull down to his shoulder. She was killed, and all the persons in the room as the Indians supposed, shared her fate... After the slaughter was over, the Indians plundered the house. Under the beds in a corner of the room, they found a boy, fourteen or fifteen years old. Him they made prisoner and carried him off to Detroit, with them. Another cabin was occupied by two men of the name of Ballard, who hearing the guns, rushed out of the house, and made their escape to the settlement at Wolf creek which had been begun simultaneously with the one at Big Bottom. Reaching that settlement, the Ballards gave the alarm, so that being prepared for their reception, when they appeared there early next morning, the Indians made no attack on the Wolf creek settlement. The Indians next attacked the settlement at Waterford, but were beaten off without loss of lives, though the Indians destroyed their cattle, In 1794, Abel Sherman was killed at Waterford,