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1 he submission of a free people to the executive authority of government is no more than a compliance with laws, which they themselves have enacted. While the national honour is firmly maintained abraod, and while justice is impartially adminftered at home, the obedience of the subject will be voluntary, chearful, and I might almost say unlimited. A generous nation is grateful even for the preservation of its rights, and wil. lingly extends the respect due to the office of a good prince: into an affection for his person. Loyalty, in the heart and understanding of an Englishman, is a national attachment to the guardian of the laws. Prejudices and passion have sometimes carried it to a criminal length; and, whatever foreigners may imagine, we know that Englishmen have erred as much in a mistaken • zeal for particular persons and families, as they ever did in defence of what they thought moft dear and interesting to themselves.
It naturally fills us with resentment, to see such a temper insulted and abused. In reading the history of a free people, whose rights have been invaded, we are interested in their cause, Our own feelings tell us how long they ought to have submitted, and at what moment it would have been treachery to themselves not to have resifted. How much warmer will be our resent, ment, if experience should bring the fatal example home to ourselves!.
The fituation of this country is alarming enough to rouze the attention of every man, who pretends to a concern for the public welfare. Appearnces justify suspicion, and, when the safety of a nation is at stake, suspicion is a just ground of enquiry. Let us enter into it with candour and decency. Respect is due to the station of ministers; and, if a resolution must at last be taken, there is none fo likely to be supported with firmness as that which has been adopted with moderation.
The ruin or prosperity of a state depends so much upon the administration of its government, that, to be acquainted with the merit of a ministry, we need only observe the condition of the people, If we fee them obedient to the laws, prosperous in their industry, united at home, and respected abroad, we may reasonably presume that their