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at Tippecanoe, the River Raisin, Fort Meigs, The Monroe Commandery of Knights Tempthe Thames and at New Orleans; always the lar prepared a sumptuous repast at their hall same good and brave old Kentucky. Response on Washington street, to which after the exerby Hon. W. P. Thomason, of Kentucky. cises at the grove, they invited the Knights

7. « Ohio "--The eldest of the galaxy of the Templar from abroad, and many other guests Northwest ; bright as ever; may her luster and citizens. Their tables were spread with never die. Response by Mayor Jones, of Toledo. erery luxury, and their guests were feasted,

8. " Michigan ”- No less eminent for her toasted and made merry to an entirely satisfaccommerce, agricultural and mineral resources tory degree. than for her intelligent and liberal system of A quantity of fireworks were provided, to be education and public charities. Response by sent off in the grove in the evening, but owing Governor Baldwin, of Detroit.

to an untoward accident the most and the best 9. “ Detroit”-The oldest city in the North of them were destroyed. In sending off a rewest;'an honor to the State for her intelligence volving rocket, it discharged directly into the and sterling worth and her connection with box containing the best pieces, and these were the pioneer history of the lakes, especially with thereby prematurely discharged and destroyed. the River Raisin. Response by Hon. Levi It was a great wonder that the accident did not Bishop, who read his poem entitled the “Bat- result in serious damage to those who were entle of the River Raisin.”

gaged in sending off the fireworks, but luckily 10. “No North, no South, no Atlantic, Pacific no one was injured. nor Western States, but our country,our whole Many of the guests from abroad left on the country and nothing but our country ; would earlier trains, and the late trains were literally that she were ever right; but right or wrong, alive with people, taking away the bulk of our country, sacred, tangible and unprofaned those who had united in the festivities of the forever.” Response by Chief Justice Campbell, day. We heard of not a single accident of the Supreme Court of Michigan.

throughout the day, and as a whole, exceeding 11. “The American Press”—Independent, good order and decorum was maintained enterprising and intelligent, it distributes through all our streets. Probably not less than knowledge and the spirit of freedom through 20,000 people were in the city, participating in out the length and breadth of the land, afford the commemorative festivities, which will long ing the best evidence and guarantee of her in- be remembered by the old veterans and piostitutions. Response by C. Waggoner, of the neers, as one of the happiest of their lives. Toledo Commercial.

They all expressed themselves bighly pleased 12. “Our Regular Army"-Though small and flattered with the reception given them, in number yet eminent in services, gallant in the provisions made for their comfort, and spirit, the educated intelligence that guides with the general arrangements for the occasion. and instructs the patriotic zeal of a nation in On Friday morning the veterans were esits defense. Response by General Custer. corted to the depot, and left for home, profuse

13. “The Sir Knights of the Order of the in their thanks to the citizens of Monroe for Knights Templar ”—The light shineth in dark- conceiving and getting up the re-union and ness, and the darkness comprehendeth it not. celebration. Response by Dr. A. I. Sawyer, of Monroe. Preparations had been made for taking in

14. “Sackett's Harbor"-One of the turn- groups the veterans and prisoners, and they ing points of 1812. Response by General were assembled on the porticoes of the semin* Joseph W. Brown, of Cleveland.

ary for that purpose. But the daguerrean 15. “Civil and Religious Liberty "_ Re artist failed to meet his appointment promptly, sponse by Dr. Curtis, of Cincinnati.

and their patience being exhausted they dis16. "Our Foreign-born Citizens" - Re persed; hence the failure to secure the pictures sponse by ex-Mayor Kraus, of Toledo.

as desired.

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THE record of the deeds of an individual the help of wealth or power a new home in the

I who by his own personal effort, the energy wilderness of Ohio. He located at Marietta, of his spirit and force of his talents, has raised then a small settlement at the mouth of the bimself to a conspicuous and prominent posi- Muskingum. Here he commenced the study tion among his countrymen, is the best incen- of the law, and entered upon its practice. At tire that the young men of our country can the bar he acquired a reputation which placed have placed before them. General Lewis Cass him among the eminent lawyers of the West. has risen from the station of the humblest His fame as a lawyer, spread through the citizen to that of one of the first statesmen of country, and the unfortunate pioneer who behis country, scarcely less known and celebrated came entangled in the meshes of the law looked among the great powers of Europe than in his upon his release as certain if he could secure own country, and wherever known command- the advocacy of Lewis Cass. ing attention, esteem and respect.

At the age of twenty-five he was elected to He was born at Exeter, New Hampshire, the Legislature of Ohio, then just admitted as October 9, 1782. His father was a practical a State. Here he was no less conspicuous for his mechanic, and at the commencement of the powers, both as a speaker and writer. He was Revolutionary War was industriously pursuing placed at the head of important committees, his occupation in a quiet New Hampshire and though the youngest member of the House village, but the first shot that proclaimed hos- of Representatives was regarded as the leader tilities between the mother country and the of his party. colonies awakened his patriotism. He joined The detection and exposure of the conspiracy the army of patriots on the day after the battle of Aaron Burr brought the young legislator of Lexington, and served under General Wash- into more conspicuous notice, and made his

war. His services were rewarded with a est. Ohio was then, in 1806, the scene of Aaron major's commission in Wayne's army. At the Burr's incipient operations. His progress was close of the war he settled down on the Mus- arrested by the prompt and decisive action of kingum River, where he died respected by all, Mr. Cass, who drew up the law which put an having been permitted to witness the rising end to Burr's designs. The Legislature of greatness of his son Lewis, who at the time of Ohio forwarded President Jefferson an address his father's death had been for thirteen years on the occasion written by Mr. Cass, which is Governor of the Territory of Michigan.

replete with the noblest sentiments than can The foundation of the education of Lewis animate the bosom of an American citizen. Cass was laid at the Exeter Academy, where he In 1807 President Jefferson appointed Mr. received a classical education of a high order. Cass Marshal of Ohio, in which capacity he He applied himself studiously to the acquire served until the year 1811, when the Indians, ment of knowledge, and in a short time was instigated by the British officers at Malden in qualified to take charge of the Wilmington Canada, attempted the recovery of the lands Academy, at Wilmington, Delaware. He re- they had ceded to the Americans hy treaty, mained at the head of this institution until we and attacked the American camp on the Wafind him at the age of seventeen, in the year bash. Mr. Cass was one of the foremost who 1799, crossing the Alleghenies on foot, carrying reached Dayton, the place of rendezvous. Here bis knapsack, and seeking unaided and without he was by acclamation elected colonel of the .



Third Regiment of Ohio Volunteers. In an- Larned, to Colonel Sylvester Larned of Detroit ticipation of the War of 1812, a call was made in 1833, with the promise it should not be made on the Governor of Obio for a draft of militia public until the last survivor should die. The and volunteers for the service of the United last survivor was David Cooper of Detroit, States. Colonel Kingsbury, of the First Regi- many years ago. ment of United States Infantry, was designated After the death of Mr. Cooper, Colonel Sylas the commander of the force, and was ordered vester Larned placed the original Round Robin to Washington to receive his instructions in the possession of Hon. B. F. H. Witherell, Sickness at that place prevented his assuming President of the Detroit Historical Society, and the post, and General William Hull, who had it cannot now be found. acquired a high reputation in the Revolution. This conspiracy was defeated by the perfidy ary War, and who was then at Washington, of one of the number.


was appointed brigadier-general, and was as- In April, 1812, under the order of Governor signed to the command of the Northwestern Meigs, the militia were in a very short time preArmy. General Hull was at that time civil pared to march, and were to rendezvous at Governor of the Territory of Michigan.

Dayton. The Third Regiment of Ohio militia This Round Robin, signed by General Lewis and volunteers was commanded by Colonel Cass, Charles Larned and seventy-eight others, Lewis Cass. For his participation in the war was given by his father, General Charles that soon followed, the reader is referred to the chapters under the head of "The War of tuple treaty, and thereby prohibited the estab1812.”

lishment of the right of search on the high seas, Lewis Cass was the second Governor of the so strenuously asserted by England. As SecTerritory of Michigan. As its executive he retary of State he served nearly four years, regoverned wisely for seventeen years, taking signing in the year 1861, a few weeks prior to the position in 1813 and continuing until 1830. the close of the administration of President His sword has helped to win freedom to the Buchanan. great Northwest. He was the fifth citizen to The official life of Lewis Cass embraces a represent the young State in the Senate of the period of fifty-seven years of service as legisNation, and in that high station he served for lator, soldier, executive, cabinet officer; and twelve years. He was called to the cabinet of diplomat. But one citizen, John Quincy Adams, President Jackson, and held the portfolio of exceeded that length of service. war four years, and was then transferred to the Although he was approaching the age of life French court as envoy extraordinary and min- when shadows foretell the nearness of evening, ister plenipotentiary, which place he graced his days were prolonged that he might see the for six years. His wisdom and discretion flag for which he had given his early manhood prevented trouble between the two countries, triumphant, the Union he bad loved so well reand restored friendly relations. While at this established, and again form one of the main post he prevented the ratification of the Quin- bulwarks of our civilization.




ing and closing up the estate. He then THE above gentleman, the first white settler ceased pursuing his studies, settled upon the

I on the banks of the River Raisin, was born farm south of and adjoining the city of Monroe; in Detroit in 1767. His father, Robert Navarre, owned and occupied it up to the time of his was of a family illustrious in the early days of death, which farm is now owned and occupied the colonies. The family trace back in an un- by his son, Alexander T. Navarre. Eliza Ann, broken line their ancestry to Antoine de Bour. daughter of Joseph G., married John Brevoort, bon, Duke de Vendome, father of Henry the of Detroit Mary T., daughter of Joseph G., Fourth. His father, Robert Navarre, was a married John D. Machin, of Pittsburgh, Pa. very handsome man, with courtly manners, J. B. F. Navarre, son of Joseph G., married most engaging and charming in conversation, Miss Sweet; entered the United States army; and blessed like all the French of that period, was wounded at the battle of Bull Run; was with an exceptionally large family.

by profession an engineer, attained prominence Francis and Marie (Suzor) Navarre were in his profession, and at the time it was dismarried November 9, 1790. Their children covered that the Washington Monument was were: Robert F. Navarre, born September 2, settling performed the wonderful enterprise of 1791 ; married Miss Du Chane, of Monroe. laying the second foundation ; now resides at Francis Navarre, born December 8, 1792; mar- Portland, Oregon. ried Miss Mettez, of Monroe. David Navarre, Charles F. Navarre, grandson of Colonel father of Frank Navarre, of Monroe, married Francis, and son of Samuel, is a farmer residthe daughter of Colonel Francis Lasselle, now ing in Washington Territory, and is owner of and for so many years connected with the Lake a large ranch therein. Shore Railway. Victoria Navarre married Hon. Ignatius, son of Colonel Francis Navarre, James J. Godfroy, of Monroe. Joseph G. Na- enlisted in the engineer department of the varre, born December 3, 1795; married Miss United States army. When the War of the Martin of Monroe. Marie Archange Navarre, Rebellion closed, he sought Washington Terborn April 6, 1794; Julia Navarre, born Decem- ritory for his future home ; followed his profesber 18, 1796 ; Hessalette Navarre, born June 15, sion as a civil engineer; was many years en1798; Paul or Perti Navarre ; Roselle Navarre. gaged in surveying the lands of the TerritorySamuel Navarre had one son, Charles F.; and studied and practiced law successfully, and two daughters, of whom the elder married was lionored for years with the office of Judge


Res wick, of Toledo, connected with railroads. Alexander Touissant Navarre, grandson of

Joseph G. Navarre, fourth son of Colonel Colonel Francis Navarre and son of Joseph G. Francis, was intended by his father for the Navarre, was born in Monroe, married Mapriesthood, and spent seven years at the Cath- rietta, the daughter of Ezekiel A. Peltier, a olic Institute at Bardstown, Kentucky, pre- merchant of Monroe, May 5, 1868; entered paring for orders; but before completing his the Union Army; remained therein twenty studies for the priesthood, entered as a law months; has been honored with the office of student the office of Hon. William Woodbridge, supervisor of Monroe a number of years; has of Detroit. While there he was called home also been elected treasurer of Monroe county, by the sickness and death of his father, and and discharged the duties with credit to himself was occupied a number of years in administer and his constituents, and now resides on the

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