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tinguished guests, and the officers of the day, our fathers gave; and, above all, to render reviewed the procession as it passed.
thanks to God that notwithstanding all the Arriving at the grove, the organizations sore trials through which our Nation has passed, formed in open order, and the voterans and in our liberties have been preserved to us — that vited guests passed to the grand stand with this land is a sure refuge to the oppressed and appropriate military honors.
The grand stand was erected with the tim. deed 'the land of the free and the home of the bers, planks and boards from the recent resi. brave.' dence of Dr. A. I. Sawyer, which was the "I will not enlarge on any of these topics. building in which General Winchester had his To the orator of the day is assigned the duty headquarters at the time of the celebrated battle and the honor of rehearsing to you the story and massacre of the Raisin, January, 1813. of our revolutionary struggles, and of sketch
After the veterans and guests had been seated ing the history of our National and State Govand the assemblage was called to order, the ernments, and of the legislation by which our Hon. Warner Wing, president of the day, de- civil rights are defended and protected, having livered the following opening address :
their foundations deep in the hearts of the people. “ FELLOW CITIZENS: It has been customary “To another is assigned the pleasing duty with all nations to perpetuate the memory of of addressing (for us) the war-worn veterans great events, either by the erection of temples, who have gathered with us from many a dismonuments, triumphal arches, statues, or the tant State of this Republic, and who at the call gathering of the people together on stated of our rulers in the hour of adversity and peril days. Such events are not unfrequently the — actuated by feelings of patriotism — rushed glorious achievements of armies, the death of to the front and bore back the invading enemy great men who have been public benefactors, of our country, and finally triumphed glorithe destruction of cities or of nations.
ously, in which triumpb and glory we claim “Should a stranger from foreign lands come an honorable part. He will greet them in our among us this day and inquire what means behalf with a cordial welcome. He will express this great gathering of the people from every to them our joy at being able to meet them part of our land, and why this great excite- here on the ground where they fought, and ment, let him know that ninety-six years ago some of them shed their blood, and where their this day our forefathers, who were colonists comrades and some of their brothers laid down from England, after struggling long with the their lives in defense of this (then) frontier. It injustice of the home government, and finding is the ground where other soldiers, now present, their burdens greater than they could bear, at a later period, at the call of our late Presithrew off their colonial dependence, renounced dent, first enlisted under our National banner, all allegiance to the parent government, and and joined that great army - 600,000 strong made and published to the world a declaration and marched to many a field of battle. They of their independence; to the support of which fought to repel a great wrong and to establish they pledged their fortunes, their lives and and perpetuate a great good, and by their their sacred honor, by which the connection of courage and the blessing of God they achieved the colonies with the parent government was victory, and saved our country from anarchy, forever severed and they were left free to and aided to place on a more firm foundation govern themselves, and free to worship God as our liberties and our institutions, under which they pleased; and this freedom is the common every living being is now free. Our orator will heritage of every citizen of these United States. welcome them to our festive board, to the hos
“We have met together on this 4th day of pitalities of our houses, and to our hearts
dence, to exchange friendly greetings with each loved one who laid down his life for us, and other; to receive and take by the hand, and from the scars and wounds of those present, render thanksgiving and homage to our soldiers what is the price of liberty. of many wars, who have so gloriously fought “There is also committed to another the the battles of our common country, and signally reading of the Declaration of Independenceaided in redeeming the solemn pledge which the palladium of our liberties. And as we .
listen to its masterly statements, embodying chorus of 150 voices, young men and young the principles of civil liberty, and especially to ladies of the city, led by Professor C. C. Zeus, the closing personal pledge of those who signed and accompanied by the orchestra. This feait, may we all realize that not alone upon those ture was a great success, and reflected credit honored delegates was the pledge binding -- upon those who conceived it and carried it out. by their act and deed we are also bound to Prayer was then offered by the Rev. C. W. maintain and perpetuate what they pledged Fitch, U. S. A., Chaplain of Fort Wayne. themselves and their constituents to observe After the prayer the choir sang “ America," and maintain.
and Mayor Redfield being introduced, delivered "We have recently passed through a deso- the following address of welcome: lating civil war. Peace now reigns in all our
“VETERAN VOLUNTEERS, PIONEERS AND borders. The Ship of State seems to be put on
GUESTS: It is appointed to me as the execuits true course under full and flowing sails.
tive officer of this ancient and honorable town We are greatly increased in wealth, and with
- in the name of the Floral City and all its it we may expect its usual concomitants - cor
people — to thank you for the honor of your rupt counsels and a low state of morals -- re
presence and in their name to bid you a hearty quiring of erery lover of his country and its
welcome and a most carnest and joyous greetinstitutions, increased watchfulness, knowing in that eternal vigilance is the price of liberty.
"Above all words of mine this great con“We have met under the sound of our cannon
course of the people of the State —its high and with many imposing ceremonies, to be ac
officials, its eminent jurists, its pioneers and companied with the singing of anthems and
yeomanry, its honored mothers and young our merry song of Yankee Doodle, which to
men and maidens – speaks a welcome, based
upon gratitude and affection, spontaneous, deep ican character, may savor of frivolity and
and genuine, and warrants me in embracing thoughtlessness. Well, suppose it does --We
the name of the State of Michigan in our welare free, and we have the right to do as we
come. The day itself in all its pleasant charplease on this, our Fourth of July, our Inde
acter-every branch and leaf above dip and pendence Day. We choose to be merry now and wise afterwards -- therefore we are not
united melody of our historic lake and river afraid to sing this song as expressive of our
greets you. Every plank and timber in this happy light-heartedness; but let cavilers and
platform, which in that cold dismal winter of our enemies beware when they hear their own
1813 formed the walls within which Winchesnational music on the decks of our war ships,
ter surrendered, seem to vibrate with the story or at the head of our armies, as they move to of that terrible trageds, when Proctor fled, battle-- it will then have a different meaning leaving your companions to be massacred with and will then be a warning to all, and espe- pitiless ferocity. Cheers. 7 cially to our enemies, that our soldiers and
“The uncompleted history of that scene and
as the uncon sailors are terribly in earnest. It will then
of those days welcomes you to this place and mean fight, not fun.
demands its vindication through you to-day in “When we shall have concluded our cere
this, that the war was carried on and the Fedmonies, may no one of us fail of being impressed
eral Government supported by volunteers alone, with the solemn conviction that as we enjoy
from June, 1812, to October, 1814; and that in 80 many blessings we are under renewed obli
all that time the only assistance we had upon gation to guard with scrupulous vigilance, in this frontier was from Ohio. Kentucky and stitutions which have secured and will secure
other Southern States, while Northern and the continuance of them to us and to our pos
Eastern States held back from the contest, terity. Let us resolve, in the words of the old
even until after this and the New York frontier song, that
had been desolated and laid waste, and the “ We freemen will live, we freemen will die,
capital of the Nation was sacked and burned. This oath we'll renew on each Fourth of July.”
[Cheers.] The President's address was followed by the "And this celebration and this welcome and singing of the “Red, White and Blue," by a these facts are dues to the memory of those
brave men who fought, and to the memory of not hallow this ground. The brave men who their brave comrades who left their bones on died, and you patriots who struggled here, the Miami, the Raisin and the Thames. From have consecrated it far above our power to add these groves and fields and from the graves of or detract. The world will little heed nor rethose 300 victims of the slaughter come a sad member what we say here, but it will never and solemn welcome to these old companions forget what they did here. It is therefore for and comrades.
us to be dedicated to the task before us; and « Welcome to you of Kentucky, who in our four years from this day, with the blessing of day and youth, baptized as the dark and God, upon the one-hundredth anniversary of bloody ground,'—from savage cruelty; in your American independence, we will complete our old age again denoted “the dark and bloody welcome and perpetuate our gratitude in an ground' in a contest for the Nation's life. enduring monument, and once more gather Welcome, and thank God that you are permit- you in who are left, and bid you to behold our ted to pass over the river of the Ohio no longer finished work. In memory of the River Raisin a vexed and fettered boundary of institutions upon its northern face --in letters large and social, domestic, or municipal, antagonistic to deep and lasting - So we may read: Christianity, and that where you encountered “This is for the blood that was shed for in your early march the wild forest and still us by Southern heroes in defense of a comwilder savage, flourishing towns and cities and mon country against a foreign foe and savage fruitful fields delight to meet and welcome you. allies. The lonely line of the Hull Road is to-day a “And upon its other face, looking out over great highway of travel and one succession of all the sunny South: This in remembrance of fertile farms. The seat of Winchester's camp blood that was shed for all -- that which was is there before you; behold its spires, its towers, saved from the condition of dependent colonies its broad fields and busy life. All around you in the first war - and preserved for us by you in earnest devotion behold its generous people. in 1812, was not lost through sedition, privy [Cheers. Beside you are the noble band of conspiracy and rebellion.” [Cheers.] pioneers whose strong will and sturdy arms General Leslie Combs, of Kentucky, was have caused this their wilderness to blossom then introduced, who replied on behalf of the · into such rich profusion, and they from their visitors, and made a very bappy and telling hearts do welcome you. And so as they and speech. He narrated many incidents of the all of us in our daily round of life-cares, duties War of 1812 connected with the campaign of and memories, think of the past and of you, we General Harrison and the movements of Genremember, that the battle cry of Kentucky and eral Winchester, in many of which he took a Ohio, under Green Clay at Fort Meigs, the personal and active part, and some of which gallant Croghan at Sandusky, Harrison at the have never been placed on historic record. In Thames, Jackson at New Orleans and in every all of these movements the brave sons of Kenfield was, Remember the River Raisin. We, of tucky bore conspicuous and honorable part. Monroe, all honor to him whose patriotic heart General Combs was frequently interrupted by and liberal hand gave impulse, have caught up vociferous cheers, and his remarks were listened the slogan of your youth and day; we will re- to with close attention. member the River Raisin and have resolved in During General Combs' remarks he made your presence, over the graves of fallen braves, some pleasant allusions to General S. L. Wilto pledge that veneration for your toils and liams, and to the prominent part he took in sacrifices still lives with us, that gratitude to the campaign under General Harrison; when you and all the fathers of the Republic is as General Williams was called for by the audistrong, quick and deep a sentiment with us as ence, and as the veteran arose from his seat on with our fathers. And so remembering the the speaker's platform, he was greeted with River Raisin, and you and your dead in our prolonged and furious applause and cheers. care and keeping, we will build a monument. The roll of reterans was then called by Gen[Cheers:]
eral Custer, each one rising in his seat and “We know that in the larger sense we can answering to his name. The following is the not dedicate-we can not consecrate — we can list, with their ages :
Armstrong, Jas. R., 85. Johnson, Moore, 77. Armstrong, S. J., 84. Jones, Thomas, 80. Ball, Lewis, 79. Kirk, James, 83. Barrett, Jos. C., 78. Kolfuss, J. W., 77. Baute, Peter, 81. Laforge, John B., 76. Beall, Leonard, 75. Lewis, Shubael, 70. Beach, Lewis, 79. Lindsley, Thos., 83. Benson, E. W., 75. Locke, W. R., 79. Beseau, John B., 81. Love, James Y., 74. Bisnett, Joseph, 79. McChesney, David, 79. Bittinger, Henry, 78 McDowell, J. C., 78. Blanchard, S., 77. McGoodwin, J. C., 80. Bolivar, Thos., 76. McLean, John B.; 77. Boroff, Fred., 1011. McLock, Francis, 78. Bortine, Benson L., 79. McNain, C. H., 84. Burns, Andrew, 77. McNain, Chas., 85. Carrick, Robert, 77. McNeil, Robert, 77. Clapper, John, 77. McVay, Solomon, 76. Clusin, Jas., 85. Martin, John, 75. Conseign, A. C., 82. Mason, Henry, 80. Combs, Leslie, 78. Mount, Thos., 78. Correy, Jas., 75. Moyer, N., 77. Craddock, J. G., 84. Mulhollen, John, 75. Crawford, Alex., 81. Nadeau, J. B., 77. Crawford, A. B., 82. Navarre, Alex., 82. Curtis, Alvah, 76. Navarre, Nap., 81. Curtis, Dr., 78. Navarre, Peter, 86. Davis, Henry, 82. Nedmore, Perry, 82. Davis, H. M., 79. Parker, J. C., 77. Davis, Thos. A., 83. Pasko, A. A., 78. Davis, W. B., 81. Pendleton, Edward, 84. Deland, Hall, 76. Penwick, James, 78. Dewese, Samuel, 80. Postwood, John, 84. Drayor, W. L., 82. Puller, B. J., 81. Duncan, Jere., 80. Quinsberry, Roger, 79. Eddleman, Aaron, 81. Reid, J. C., 75. Ewalt, Joseph, 87. Ressenet, Isaac C., 79. Foulke, Joseph, 83. Rogers, J. R., 80. French, Brown, 83. Root, John, 78. Fultzna, Isaac C., 74. Rowell, F., 77. Gaither, Henry, 82. Santour, Francis, 76. Ganarke, Simeon, 82. Shafer, William, 89. Gebhart, John, 78. Shapine, George, 81. Gibson, Matthew, 83. Shearer, Jona., 76. Goatney, Robt. S., 82. Suane, Louis, 89. Goodright, Michael,78. Talbot, Oliver, 79. Goodwin, J. K., 80. Thomasson, J. P., 74. Grant, L. Y., 77. Van Aiken, Simon, 82. Guyor, Joseph, 85. Vance, Joseph, 84. Hall, C., 77.
Vanderwalker, Jas., 82. Hall, Joseph, 88. Van Pelt, David, 91. Hamilton, Wm., 80. Verkies, Joseph, 82. Harvey, James, 80. Walters, W., 78.
Hayes, D. S., 72. Warring, Edward, 79. Helwig, Daniel, 82. Webster, Larken, 80. Hixson, W. D., 91. Whelpley, Thos., 97. Holly, Jesse, 72. Williams, Elisha, 86. Hudnut, E. P., 78. Williams, Sam. L., 91. Ivor, Charles, 77. Younglove, Geo., 79. Jacobs, Louis, 97. Younglore, Jas., 74. Jameson, John, 70.
When the name of Frederick Boroff, who resides in Bedford, Monroe county, was called, and his age announced (101 years and 6 months), calls were made from all parts of the crowd that he should show himself; and as the old veteran, comparatively smart, climbed up. on his seat, three hearty cheers were given him, and a shower of bouquets began to fall around and among the veterans, and on the speaker's platform, from the ladies of the orchestra, until it seemed that the veteran soldiers were fairly covered with flowers.
After more music by the orchestra, Hon. Edwin Willits announced that owing to the lateness of the hour, and the proceedings yet to follow, he would read only a portion of the Declaration of Independence. He then read in a clear and distinct voice, a portion of this time-honored instrument, and after more music, the Hon. James V. Campbell was introduced, who delivered the oration. Judge Campbell recounted in a very happy and felicitous manner many of the events preceding the War of 1812, with facts and incidents concerning the war, as relating especially to the operations in Michigan, Northern Ohio, and Canada. The oration was listened to with marked attention and eagerness by the gray-haired veterans who clustered around the speaker, and who seemed to drink in every word with great satisfaction.
As the oration was quite lengthy we omit the major part of it, giving the closing portion, merely, as follows:
“Now, after more than half a century, we meet here beside the Raisin and in sight of the scene of Perry's victory, to recall those eventful times, and to honor those who fought there.
“On the lake that was then almost solitary, the waves that roll over the place of the battle are disturbed by the keels of laden vessels, bearing heavy and costly freights of timber, and grain, and merchandise. The lonely bay that sheltered Perry's fleet is girt about with fair houses and green vineyards, and thronged by thousands in search of health and rest. This
field of blood, that was then too far off for succor, is passed by heavy trains that reach the sea in one circuit of the sun. The great Northwest had then less people than any one out of scores of its pleasant cities has now. This State of Michigan, that owed its deliverance to
younger sister in unbroken union, till those dark days are lost in hoary antiquity, and those heroes shine out of the far-off past like stars in the firmament.,
“Time may destroy the gathered wealth, the great works of commerce and enterprise.
tucky, has sent out more tban ninety thousand characters of light that will last undimmed of its citizen soldiers, to defend the Union through all ages." which those generous helpers then maintained. After the oration, and singing of the “Star
"It is with great pride, and with thankful Spangled Banner," the veterans and the guests remembrance, that we find represented in our were escorted to the tables, which were bountigathering here the powerful States of that 'fully loaded with all the substantials and deliancient Territory, meeting in this corner of the cacies which heart could wish, provided by the old homestead, and joining us in commemorat- ladies of this city, and guests were waited upon ing the perils and triumphs of the past. They with every attention by the young ladies, until had their share in the charges, and they have the wants of the inner man were fully supinherited a full share of the glory
plied. After the substantials of the feast had “The pious care of Kentucký has reclaimed been partaken of by about 1,500 people, the the precious remains of her children that hal- tables were liberally supplied with pure native lowed our soil, but the land they died for can wines of Monroe manufacture, supplied by the never forget them. And the heroes of those Point de Pean Wine Co., and the regular days have not all departed. The soldiers of toasts were offered and responded to as follows: this generation, assembled here in force, give 1. “The Day We Celebrate”_Response by homage to-day to the veterans who taught J. J. Adams, of Lenawee. them how to fight, and made this land worth 2. “Washington ”—The world honors the fighting for. They have seen their country man who conquered his own ambition to give tried by worse trials than foreign wars, and freedom to the continent. Response by Judge have seen the contending hosts fall back as Patchin, of Detroit.
to the industries of Peace. They see yet a land The founders of a system of government that of freedom under law, and a people able, when makes ours a powerful continental Republic they choose, to enforce their will. The people for the good of the world, if in our political of Michigan rejoice to honor all those whose advice we imitate their integrity. Response valor and sacrifices secured this pleasant land by Hon. E. G. Morton, of Monroe. under the protecting care of the Union.
4. "The Veterans of 1812” – Their march "Soldiers of the War of 1812, worthy fol. to victory was not by Pullman palace cars, but lowers of the men of 1776, accept our homage! through dense forests, dragging their cannon May you live many long years to remind our with weary marches; yet they conquered at children bow freedom is gained, and how she Tippecanoe, Fort Meigs and the Thames, and is guarded.
said to the world on Lake Erie,“ We have met “To you, our welcome guests, whose courtesy the enemy and they are ours.” Response by has again brought Kentucky to Michigan, we General Leslie Combs, of Kentucky. offer our warmest greetings on this spot, which 5. "The Brave Men Who Perished in the
memories recall to you friends and kinsmen, still live in our hearts. Let us erect a monuwbose loss made sorrow through all your ment to their memory, that they may live in households. To us they are the glorified mem- the hearts of our children's children. They ories of martyrs, who died in our behalf, and made the city of Monroe memorable in history not for themselves. May their spirit still live by their derotion to their country. Response where their bodies perished! And may the by Hon. C. C. Trowbridge, of Detroit. gracious Power that maketh men to be of one6. “Old Kentucky"-Once the dark and mind in an house, bind the elder and the bloody battle ground, whose heroes fell alike