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presented some obstructions to the approach of cent resolutions dated February 1, 1813, and cannon.
of the conditions for a convention insolently Third, He slept a mile and a half from his proposed in a letter to me from Chief Justice men, and the next to him in command being Woodward. Of the impropriety of this man's absent, they in fact had no commander. conduct, I certainly cannot entertain a doubt.
Fourth, He received intelligence of the He is an artful, designing and ambitious man, march of the attacking army in the evening, and his only objects have been to ingratiate but would not credit it.
himself with his own Government and to court The operations of the British commander popularity. In such a man I could not place are marked with the same minute correctness confidence, and associated with him in the adof judgment in this instance, and the same ministration of the government it was imposboldness of conception and execution which sible for that government to possess sufficient distinguished in the former instance his illus- energy to control such men. To preserve the trious predecessor, General Brock. It is a Territory, therefore, I found myself under the military movement of equal and in fact of absolute necessity of declaring martial law greater splendor. His allies, however, will therein. I have also found it necessary to tarnish his military laurels and plant a thorn order some of the more suspicious and turbuin his heart. “But that I am,” etc., Hamlet, Act lent characters to quit the Territory, among II. Scene 4. The American soldiers fought whom are some British subjects. They will like lions. The enemy do justice to their in- proceed to Fort George under an escort and trepid bravery, and being the first instance then will be at your disposal, though I shall they have felt in this quarter of American take upon me to make some remarks respectspirit, it is not without its impression. What ing some of them. ever credit is, however, given to the bravery of After having rid the Territory of these men, the men, the superiority of generalship beyond as there are a considerable number of the inall doubt or question belongs to the British babitants who are or were British subjects, commanders. If General Winchester ad. who were greatly controlled in their actions vanced without the approbation of the com- by the persons sent off, it is my intention to manding general, this was a still greater and bring over as many of the inhabitants as I can more military error.
I have the honor to be, sir, respectfully your and if I find they can be trusted, arm them in obedient servant,
defense of the Territory. As the majority of (Signed) A. B. WOODWARD. the inhabitants are Canadians, and as it is so
much for their own interest to be on good A. H. McLEAN, A. D.C.
terms with the Indians, I have hopes of succeeding in procuring a considerable number to
join us. And in respect to those who are conSANDWICH, February 4, 1813.
firmed citizens of the United States, and whom Major-General Sheaffe, Fort George
. I have not thought proper to order away, I MY DEAR GENERAL: The advance of Gen- shall call on them to take an oath of strict eral Winchester's force gave an opportunity to neutrality during the war. The most of those a part of the inhabitants of the Michigan Ter. sent away were, by the capitulation for the ritory to display their hostile sentiments to surrender of Detroit, made prisoners of war, as ward our Government. A number of them they had joined the army, and as such, I conwere prepared, I have reason to believe, in the ceive, liable to be sent away. What I have event of my having failed in my attack on the done has been under the firm conviction that enemy, to rise and possess themselves of Fort it was not only for the best but absolutely Detroit, in which, at the time, I could afford a necessary. I have, therefore, reasons to hope garrison of militia only; but disappointed in that my conduct will be fully approved. I that expectation, and acquiring confidence from remain, my dear General, faithfully yours, the approach of General Harrison, they held
HENRY PROCTOR, meetings which were productive of the inde
To Colonel Proctor :
with all the forces I could collect, the result of Return of prisoners taken after the action at which is that Brigadier General Winchester, his River Raisin, January 22, 1813:
surviving officers and upwards of 400 men are
prisoners, the remainder (I believe about the Brigadier Generals
same number) being killed by the Indians in Colonels -
their flight. I am sorry to say that our loss Majors Captains
has been for our number considerable. We Lieutenants
6 had no time to lose, for Mr. Harrison is on the Ensigns
advance. A week’s delay would have lost us Brigade Majors
everything. Perhaps this specimen of what Adjutants.
they are to expect in the Territory may deter Quartermasters------
them from making another attempt soon. The Surgeons Sergeants -----
troops, marine and militia, displayed great Rank and File----
bravery, as did also the Indians. The officers
did their duty well. It would be scarcely just Total.---------------------------------------495
to mention individuals. Colonel St. George reThe Indians have brought in and delivered ceived four wounds “whilst acting very galup several prisoners since this return was lantly." Lieutenant Kerr, N. F. L., is, I fear, taken. They continued to do so this morning, mortally wounded. I have not time for further so that the return is not exactly correct, nor particulars. Believe me, with regard and esteem, can a correct one be procured until they arrive ever yours, at Sandwich.
HENRY PROCTOR. (Signed) FELIX TROUGHTON, Lt. R. A., Act'g Asst. Quartermaster Gen'l.
Extract from a letter from General Proctor AMHERSTBURG, January 25, 1813. to Major-General Sheaffe : Return of arms, ammunition, etc., taken
SANDWICH, January 13, 1813. from the enemy at River Raisin on the 22d
Nothing can be more gratifying to me than inst. :
to find effectual measures taken to insure the as Serviceable, with Bayonets------369 superiority of the lakes, so requisite to the Muskets y Repairable, without Bayonets---- 28 397
security of the country. Every exertion is Serviceable, with Belts_ ----------- 292 Pouches y Repairable, without Belts --------- 57 349
making and shall be persevered in, as far as deMusket Ball, serviceable-----
pends on me to attain that object. The gunCartridges, unserviceable------- ---------500 1400
boats are to be built on the Thames, by which Swords with scabbards
-- 10 10 much time and expense will be sa
much time and expense will be saved. I want (Signed) FELIX TROUGHTON,
no assistance toward building the gunboats. Lieut. Com'd'g Royal Artillery. The labor and materials I have at hand. It is SAMUEL WOOD,
not so with respect to the ship; however, no Clerk of Ordnance Stores Train Dept.
time need be lost. An estimate of the materials N. B.-- There was much ammunition and
is sent, and a saving of time and expense will
arise in proportion to the number of shipmany muskets, rifles, swords and pistols which
wrights employed in building her. In the rigit was politic to allow the Indians to take away
ging of the ship, a naval officer should direct with them.
and sailors be employed. I do not believe
there are either here properly qualified. I have SANDWICH, January 21, 1813.
taken it for granted that we are to receive Major Evans, Fort George
officers and seamen from the only adequate MY DEAR MAJOR: Though much occupied, source, the royal navy. There are two very I shall take a few moments to acquaint you important points which I conceive it requisite that on the 19th inst., at 2 A. M., I was informed to occupy with block-houses. The expense that the enemy was in complete possession of will be very trifling, the timber being at band, the settlement at the River Raisin, and that on and the effect they may produce on our allies the 22d inst. at break of day, I attacked him very beneficial, as calculated to preserve our
communication with them and ensure their get those nations which are in the United retreat. One gun only will be requisite in each. States from among the Americans. Their plans
Mature reflection on the reading within my are well laid. The Americans, I understand, reach had determined me against demanding have in considerable force ascended the Illinois the military service of the inhabitants of the in boats shot proof, intending to build or estabceded Territory. I dread the consequences on lish themselves half way up, thence proceed to their account solely of the enemy entering into Chicago and there establish themselves again. the Territory. No commands or influence of You will perceive their object to be the cutting mine will be of sufficient weight to preserve the off from us the most formidable Indian nations. property, and I doubt not the lives, of the most Mopock, whom we knew here, has collected a of the inhabitants in the event of it. With my body of Indians to oppose them. Tecumseh, I inadequate means the game will be a difficult fear, has scarcely recovered his health. I have one; however, I will do my best and trust that just learned that the enemy are at the foot of the result may be as favorable as hitherto. the rapids, computed at 1,000 men. Two days
The Indians in council have formally re- since a few Indians and Americans encountered quested the aid of such a corps (Butler's) as each other, when the latter had two killed and were attached to and acted with them during some wounded, and the former one wounded. (as it is called) the Revolutionary War, and The Indians contrived to bring off three of the *Captain Caldwell, whom they well know and enemy's horses. think bighly of, may be employed. A corps of It may be requisite to dislodge the enemy that description would be, I am convinced, of from their present position, which is in the Terthe highest utility, both in restraining and di. ritory, and therefore we have no choice nor recting the hostility of the Indians to the option but to employ all and every description proper objects of it. I would propose one of force in our reach. I am under the necessity company at first, and if found to answer the in- of calling out some more of the militia, but I tended purpose, a second might be added under hope it will be but for a short time. a major. It would soon prove a good substi
(Signed) HENRY PROCTOR, tute for militia, whose officers here are almost
Colonel Commanding. all as bad as can be. An efficient corps of the
True extracts. description proposed, I doubt not, could soon
ROBERT R. LORING, Captain, A. D. C. be raised in this district. From the Indians I have had many applications for the regular troops to more and serve immediately with them, and which with some difficulty I have been able to evade, since the expedition in
FORT GEORGE, February 10, 1813. tended for Fort Wayne, often much to their Colonel Baynes, Adjutant General – dissatisfaction. Having the corps in question, SIR: I have the honor to transmit for your no other would be required to act immediately information a return of the troops, regulars, with them. The Indians are endeavoring to militia, marine and Indian department who
were engaged at Frenchtown on the River * Captain Caldwell referred to, soon after the War Raisin on the 22d Januars, 1813, with a stateof 1812, married Miss Catharine, the daughter of ment of the killed and wounded. Jaques Lasselle, who was a wealthy Indian trader. A return of the re-enforcements that left this Miss Catharine was an accomplished lady, who re
post on the 2d inst. to join Colonel Proctor at ceived her education at Montreal, making her trips
" Amherstburg, is herewith enclosed. I avail from the River Raisin to Montreal and return in open flat boats. The records in the Register's office of myself of this opportunity to inform you that Monroe county show that in 1840 she was the owner Brigadier General Winchester, with about of forty-four farms in Monroe county, inherited from twenty officers, arrived here two days since, her father. Captain Caldwell resided on the farm and with the exception of the General, a few known by bis name, five miles west of Monroe on field officers and his personal staff, they have the north side of the River Raisin. He died, leaving
been allowed to go over to the American side a large family, and many of his descendants yet reside in Monroe county. His grandson, Charles, is at on their parole; those
on their parole; those remaining are merely this time the Clerk of Monroe county.
detained until his Excellency's pleasure shall
be known. I have the honor to be, sir, your easy defense of the Province as in commercial" obedient humble servant, I. B. GLEGG, and other benefits to his Majesty's subjects. Captain, Acting B. M. That the posts of Amherstburg and Detroit
are the keys of the western countries, and their loss would in great measure deprive his
Majesty of the aid of the Indian tribes, and also HEADQUARTERS, January 31, 1813.
render them an easy prey to their implacable Dr. McKechen
enemies. SIR: You will proceed with the two men That the aid of the Indians is of infinite imwho are to attend you, to the River Raisin, portance to the success of his Majesty's arms bearing a flag of truce. The object of your trip in these parts; but your memorialists beg leave is to ascertain the situation of the wounded to observe that they are thinly scattered over which were left, as it is said, at that place. If immense tracts of land and through immense a British officer should be there you will de- forests, and from their necessities as well as liver him the letter with which you are charged, their habits, they cannot long continue together and proceed to give such assistance to the sick in large bodies, and that therefore an occasional as they may need and you be able to procure. aid only from them can be depended on. You are furnished with $100 in gold for the pur- That the States of Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee pose. Should there be no British officer on the and others which border on the Indian lands River Raisin, you will proceed toward Malden are large and very populous, and that the until you meet with one, unless there should be American Government and commanders are great danger from the Indians. Indeed, it is my resorting to every means to conciliate, intimiwish that you should go on to Malden, if you date and divide the different tribes. are permitted to do so, to bring dispatches That the Americans have already opened from General Winchester, or the senior officer several roads leading through the Indian lands remaining with our prisoners. If your pro. towards Detroit, and have strongly fortified fessional services are wanted with the wounded, themselves adjacent to the newly acquired Teryou will remain with them and send back the ritory of Michigan, within one day's march of two men to bring me an account of your pro- the River Aux Raisins and fifty miles of Amceedings. I am, respectfully, your obedient herstburg. servant,
That as well to unite the Indians and com(Signed) WM. HENRY HARRISON. mand their respect for us as to secure the ports
of Amherstburg and Detroit, and thereby in great measure the Province at large, and occa
sionally to co-operate with them, your memoTo His Excellency, Sir George Provost, Baronet,
rialists deem it essentially necessary that a conCaptain General and Governor-in-Chief in
siderable regular force should be immediately and over the Province of Lower Canada, Up- stationed at those ports per Canada, etc., etc.:
Your memorialists also beg leave to observe The memorial of a number of the principal that the late General Brock was so well coninbabitants residing within the western Dis- vinced of the absolute necessity of a considertrict of the Province of Upper Canada, most able regular force being stationed in this respectfully represents :
quarter, that he repeatedly declared to several That the post of Amherstburg is of the utmost of your memorialists that at least 1,600 men importance in the defense of the Province, should be stationed at Amherstburg alone. and that if the enemy should become possessed That from the want of such a force, the militia thereof, the Province would become an easy of the district having been kept absent from conquest.
their agricultural concerns, a very large proThat the late acquisition of the Territory of portion of the last year's crops was destroyed, Michigan, by giving us the entire possession of and that very little wheat was sown last fall, the strait, and removing the enemy to a which will produce a great scarcity during the greater distance, must be attended with the coming season. greatest advantage, as well toward the more That this evil can alone be palliated by suf
fering the inhabitants as much as possible to sideration of any person but Sir George, this remain on their farms and raise spring crops district will be entered also. You will learn of Indian corn, oats, etc.
from McIean that I can not with safety use Wherefore your memorialists humbly pray the militia. I should be much gratified if that your Excellency will be pleased to take Colonel Elliot, from his age and long service, the premises into your consideration, and af. was permitted to retire on his full pay. He is ford the country such relief as your Excellency past seventy, I have understood near eighty. in your wisdom shall deem expedient, and your I have the pleasure to acquaint you that Te. memorialists as in duty bound shall ever pray. cumseh and his people are settling on the River (Signed) THOMAS CALDWELL, Captain, Huron between the River Raisin and Detroit;
and forty-six inhabitants. the Pottawatomies twenty miles higher up SANDWICH, February 26, 1813. .
that river, and the Ottawas on the River Rouge between the Huron and Detroit, and that I
have ordered the Indian department to Detroit, SANDWICH, May 14, 1813.
which will make the Territory completely an Captain McDonall, Quebec
Indian country, and render its conquest still MY DEAR SIR: I shall not say anything to more difficult, if not impossible, if I can have you respecting our visit to Mr. Harrison or of a due proportion of regulars, for I repeat it, what passed between us; McLean will fully they cannot be dispensed with. We are anxinform you of the particulars. If his Excel. iously looking to the Lower Province. I hope lency approves I shall be much gratified. I the fleet is at hand. Our tars will soon set am just sending off an express to Mr. Dickson, things to rights on the lower lake, when York and have also to write to Niagara. You will be must fall to the right owners, though I supmuch surprised to hear that I have received pose the enemy are fortifying themselves there, only half of the Forty-First Regiment. If his which may cause us much trouble and lose us Excellency does not interfere I shall be kept many lives. Excuse haste. Mrs. and Miss so weak as to tempt the enemy forward. If Sir Proctor desire their best compliments, and George's intentions had been fulfilled I could Harry begs to be kindly remembered to you. venture to ensure the safety of this flank for some I remain, etc., months at least. Should I be left to the con