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shot. The contrast is great with the present zens well remember the old toll bridge. Since time, as we see but comparatively few. The its day and before the day of iron bridges they bounty offered for their destruction was insuf. have seen many a wooden structure sent cavortficient, and the results were exceedingly dam- ing down stream by the spring freshets, but the

day for that kind of entertainment is now Major John Whipple, of Detroit, was this happily past. year (1830) appointed keeper of the light-house Township election for Monroe resulted April a short time before erected in the vicinity of 14, 1832, in the election of Luther Harvey, La Plaisance Bay harbor on Lake Erie. supervisor; Peter P. Ferry, township clerk;

On the 22d of January, 1832, a very revolt- Levi S. Humphrey,Nathan Hubbell and Ezekiel ing spectacle was witnessed by the citizens of A. Peltier, assessors; Samuel H. Gale, David Monroe - the whipping of Edward Dillon M. Jacobs and Stephen Duval, commissioners; with fifteen lashes on the bare back, a custom Edward D. Ellis, director of the poor; John which yet prevails in New Jersey. It was, Mulhollen, collector; James H. Miller, John however, an efficient mode, as those subjected Mulhollen, Louis E. Bailey, constables ; Daniel to public whipping were so thoroughly dis- S. Bacon, Phanuel W. Warriner and Harry graced that they were seldom in those days Conant, school inspectors; Waterbury Gray, seen twenty-four hours after punishment. It Harry Copant, poundmasters; W. W. Gale, was often adopted as a mode of punishment David M. Jacobs, Robert F. Navarre, fence for theft. The whipping always took place on viewers. the public square in Monroe.

Village election occurred June 4, 1832, and Alcott C. Chapman removed to Monroe from the following persons were elected: President, Pittsfield, Massachusetts, soon after the close of John Anderson ; trustees, Harry Conant, Timthe War of 1812, when the prospects of this othy H. Lindsley, Samuel P. Munger, Harry section of country were at the lowest ebb. He V. Mann, Thomas G. Cole; treasurer, Edward continued to reside here from that time to the D. Ellis; marshal, Lewis E. Bailey; assessors, date of his death, April 22, 1831, aged thirty- Levi S. Humphrey, Nathan Hubbell; school eight years. Mr. Chapman was uniformly one commissioners, Warner Wing, James Q. Adams, of its most public-spirited citizens, and to his Wolcott Lawrence; supervisor of high ways, exertions more than to any other single indi. Joseph Wood. vidual was the village of Monroe indebted for Jeremiah Lawrence came to Monroe August its then flourishing prospects. He erected the 5 1817 — was a native of Connecticut. Took largest hotel in the State, and even up to the an active part in the cause of his country durtime of his last sickness his enterprise was not ing the Revolutionary War; was for many in the least abated, as he was then engaged in years a civil magistrate in Massachusetts, and erecting another splendid building on Monroe during the most of his residence here acted in street.

a similar capacity, besides filling a variety of The River Raisin toll bridge on the 6th of public trusts in the village and township. He March, 1832, left its long established founda- died at the residence of his son-in-law, Joseph tion and departed in solemn majesty down C. Garwood, on the 5th of August, 1833. stream. This event, from a considerable rise Township election in Monroe April, 1834, of water and the heavy masses of ice that were resulted in the election of Edward D. Ellis, floating with great force at the time, was supervisor ; Peter P. Ferry, town clerk; Joseph looked for with a great degree of certainty by Wood, James H. Miller, Lewis E. Bailey, cona concourse of the citizens, who had assem- stables; Seneca Allen, Issachar Frost, Nathan bled to witness the exit of the rotten skeleton Hubbell, assessors; David M. Jacobs, Norman that had so long oversbadowed our river. D. Curtis, Stephen Duval, commissioners of Several individuals who bad posted themselves high ways; Thomas Wilson, Henry S. Platt, on the bridge narrowly escaped a similar fate. directors of the poor; Wolcott Lawrence, Harry The loss to the owners, Messrs. Henry Disbrow Conant, Isaac P. Skinner, school commissioners; and John Bt. Russeau, was severely felt by James Q. Adams, Daniel S. Bacon, Timothy H. them, as they had purchased the charter but-a Lindsley, Harry V. Mann and John H. Conshort time previous. Some of our older citi- verse, school inspectors.

THE VILLAGE OF MONROE.

public grounds could not be obtained upon the The settlement, so far as it could claim the opposite side. For the ten following years the name of a town prior to the disastrous scenes town made but trifling progress. of the late war with Great Britain, was con In 1824 the office for the sale of the public fined to the opposite (north) side of the River lands in the Southwestern Land District of the Raisin, principally at a point where the present Territory was opened in the village of Monroe. turnpike road leaves the River Raisin in the Charles J. Lanman and Dr. Robert Clark were direction of Detroit, at the place of the princi- appointed register and receiver, and the office pal massacre of the River Raisin at the time of was continued with advantage to the Govern. General Winchester's well-known defeat. The ment until by the passage of an act of Congress town was then known by the name of French- February 10, 1831, the office was abolished, the town, and was composed of a few dwellings district changed, and a new office opened in St. and stores of those who were principally en- Joseph county. The difficulties, however, to gaged in the Indian fur trade, but which was which the inhabitants were subjected by this mainly destroyed in January, 1813.

change soon became apparent to the GovernNo efforts were made towards building up a ment, and accordingly, early in the session of town on the south side of the River Raisin Congress, the Southern Land District was prior to the year 1817, when by an executive formed, and the office again located in the vilproclamation of acting Governor William lage of Monroe, and sales were commenced in Woodbridge, founded on the report of Colonel May, 1833. Early in the administration of John Anderson and Wolcott Lawrence, ap- General Andrew Jackson, Messrs. Lanman and pointed to examine and report in the premises, Clark were removed, and Messrs. Dan. B. Miller the town of Monroe was laid out as now exist and Levi S. Humphrey were their successors. ing, on the south bank of the River Raisin, By the census taken under authority of the upon lands belonging to Joseph Loranger and United States in the summer and fall of 1830, others, who duly expressed their assent to the the village numbered a population of but 478 subdivisions thereof into proper lots, streets, souls. The best judges computed the populacommons, and public squares, and moreover tion in 1834 between 1,200 and 1,500. agreed to make liberal donations for the benefit The county was then subdivided into nine of said county and to execute conveyances to in- townships, all possessing an active and enterure to the public use, and said town was at that prising population, and thought to comprise time constituted the permanent seat of justice 5,000 or 6,000 souls. The county is watered in and for the county of Monroe. The reason by Swan Creek, Otter Creek, Plum Creek, the for locating the town upon the south side of River Raisin and its branches, and Stony Creek; the river was that the titles to the lands for bounded on the north by Huron River.

CHAPTER XIV.

BIOGRAPHIES OF PIONEE

JAMES JACQUES GODFROY

interested in politics was averse to having

his name used as a candidate for any office W AS born in Detroit in 1824. Was edu- of public trust. In but one instance was his

V cated at Bardstown, Kentucky; there name submitted, then as a candidate for mayor studied law, but abandoned the profession on of the city on the temperance ticket. He was account of ill-health. He formed a copartner. a strong advocate of the temperance cause, was ship with his brother Peter, with the firm name elected by a very large majority, and dis. of P. & J. J. Godfroy. They were conversant charged the duties of the office acceptably to with the language of the different tribes of In the citizens, with credit to himself, and with. dians then in this vicinity, and spoke fluently out compensation. The firm of P. & J.J. Godthe English, French and Indian languages. froy built and occupied as a store the building The subject of this article was with the Indians on the corner of Front and Macomb streets, very popular, and was elected a chief by the now owned and occupied by Mr. Eli Rivard. Pottawatomie tribe. Their trade was mainly Mr. Godfroy resided until 1836 on his farm with the French and Indians, and was con on the north side of the River Raisin, now ducted on such thoroughly honest and up- owned and occupied by one of our most enterright principles that he secured their confidence prising farmers, Mr. Dubois. During that year and friendship. It was rarely the case that he built for those days a stately residence on any negotiations for farms or, transactions of the farm directly east of the Philip R. Tull importance were made by the French inhabit. residence, which he occupied up to the time of ants without first submitting them to Mr. God his death and which is still owned by his defroy, then adopting his advice and counsel. scendants. His feelings and sympathies were all with the Wedworth W. Clark, favorably known to Democratic party, and he wielded a wonderful our citizens, became a copartner of the firm of influence with the French vote of the county. P. & J. J. Godfroy under the name of P. & J. The common expression at that early day was: Godfroy & Co., removed from the old stand, “As goes Jock Godfroy, so goes the county." and for many years oecupied the store on the He was a constant attendant at the polls on south side of Front street, in the Dansard election days, and as many of the French did block, nos owned by his son Samuel. not read or write, they always felt sure of a Until the Indians were by our Government straight Democratic vote if they received it removed west of the Mississippi, it was customfrom the hands of Jock, and all efforts to dis- ary for the Indians on every New Year's day suade or influence them were fruitless. His to call at the residence of their chief with their activity and energy in distributing ballots at squaws and papooses. A papoose was strapped such times will long be remembered by the tightly to a board and carried on the squaw's early settlers.

back. An additional leather strap was nailed As heretofore stated, nearly all important to the “barseau" in order that it might be negotiations and transfers of real estate were slung over the mother's head, to enable her to made through his counsel and advice, and in a carry the “barseau" with its conterfts (the large proportion of the early conveyances in papoose). It was so constructed as to hang on the register's office of this county you find his the bough of a tree, thus serving the purpose of name as the subscribing witness. He was in a modern cradle. manner modest and retiring, and though much The approach of storms of thunder and light

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ning was fraught with terror and apprehension he has often been elected mayor of the city, to Mr. Godfroy, and it was his custom to leave and discharged the duties with great credit to his customers and business, basten home, dis- himself, proving worthy of the honor conferred. robe, hurry into his large feather bed and He is highly esteemed as a man of integrity cover his head with pillows, believing it a and uprightness, and has been for many years sure protection. When the storm had sub- and is now the President of the First National sided he would return to his customers, finding Bank of Monroe. them waiting for him and indulging in merri. The second daughter of James J. Godfroy, ment at his expense.

Regina Victoria Godfroy, married Thurlow A. Mr. Godfroy was employed by our Govern- Strong, present register of deeds of Monroe ment to remove the Indians west of the Mis. county. sissippi, and at that time purchased nearly all The third daughter, Alexandrine, married Mr. the French ponies in the county.

DeRutte, who died in Buffalo. The widow and Mr. Godfroy married Victoria, the daughter children reside in Monroe. of Colonel Francis Navarre. He died in 1847, The remaining sons, Augustus, Samuel and leaving a widow and a family of three sons and Philip, are in business in Monroe, and with five daughters, all of whom are now living their brothers have ever adhered to the tem. with the exception of one son, Frederick, who perance principles of their father. died at Plattsburg in 1885. He married the daughter of Richard Phillips, of Brest. Fred

COLONEL PETER PEYRE FERRY hood in the Catholic church, and partially completed a course of study in our State Uni- Was born in Marseilles, France, and received a versity; but preferring a business life, he was liberal education. He had a commission from for many years clerk in the dry goods store of and fought under Napoleon Bonaparte in his Charles G. Johnson, afterward clerk in the campaigns in Italy, Africa, Germany, and banking office of Wing & Johnson in Monroe, Austria, and with him suffered in common and in the banking office of Mitchell & Wal- with his army the horrors and hardships of dron of Hillsdale. Subsequently he was ap- his memorable campaigns, living for days and pointed by our Government a commissioner weeks on horseflesh, and when in Mouroe in and Indian agent in New Mexico.

subsequent years related the incident of his John L. C. Godfroy, the eldest son of J. J. entertaining at dinner a number of his fellow Godfroy, commonly called Columbus, inherited French officers, when the bill of fare consisted many of the characteristics of his father, and principally of rats. is one of our most trustworthy citizens. He After the successful campaigns of Napoleon was for many years a dry goods merchant in Bonaparte in 1800 and 1801, resulting in the Monroe. He has enjoyed the confidence of the treaties with Spain, Naples, Bavaria, Portugal, public, has served the county as treasurer, is Russia and Turkey, it seemed as if a universal

trator of estates, and is now identified in busi- history of Europe. To the title of Conqueror, ness with the Wilder Manufacturing Company the First Consol now added that of Pacificator. in Monroe.

Many could then understand the cautious steps J. J. Godfroy's eldest daughter, Celestine of Napoleon toward a still more absolute Ann Godfroy, married the Hon. Frederick power - his head was giddy with success, and Waldorf, who was born in Wellstown, Ger- it was apparent he was aiming at the imperial iany, January 27, 1825. He came to Monroe diadem. At this time, and two years before May 9, 1842, from Buffalo, and was in the em- he was proclaimed Emperor of France, Colonel ploy of Samuel J. Holley, the owner of the City Ferry believed in service he was contending Mills, on Front street. By his industry and for a republic. When it was apparent that enterprise he became one of the most promi- Napoleon Bonaparte's ambition and deternent and wealthy citizens. In politics he is a mination was to be the Emperor of France, Republican ; averse to holding office, though in disregarding and setting aside the principles a city where the party is in a large minority that had animated those whose heart's desire was a republic for France, and for which they Lewis Victor Ferry, second son, was born in supposed they were fighting, Colonel Ferry de- Danbury, Ohio, May 9, 1820; died at the age of manded his passports, which were with reluc- twenty-eight in Monroc. tance granted, and he embarked for America. Margaret was born at Sandusky, Ohio, May He first sought New York in 1802, in which 23, 1822; married in August, 1842, to Rev. city his brother Joseph resided: He could not Resing Sapp, a minister of the Methodist return to France, and authorized his brother by Episcopal church, who died May 5, 1873, leava power of attorney to convert his property in ing six sons: Dexter T. Sapp, a lawyer in ColoFrance into available money. His brother rado; William and Edward, both lawyers in proved false to his trust, appropriated his es. Galena, Kansas ; Charles, a bookkeeper in tate and wealth to his own use, reducing Colo- Grand Rapids; and John R. Sapp, who was nel Ferry from affluence to poverty.

killed by lightning in his thirty-seventh year, In New York city he married Ann Lloyd while a student at the Michigan University. Jones, an English lady, from thence moved to Elisha, the third son of Peter P. Ferry, was Stamford, Connecticut, from thence to Dan- born in Monroe, August 9, 1825; was educated bury, Ohio, and from thence to Cleveland, Ohio. in the Branch University of Michigan, at Mon

He arrived in Monroe in October, 1822, and roe, the Rev. Samuel Center, principal. He occupied one-half of the Lacroix house, now first settled and practiced law in Fort Wayne, standing, on the north side of the River Raisin Indiana. Practiced law thereafter in Waukeand owned by Louis Lafontain. After one gan, Illinois (then Little Fort). He there year's residence he was appointed a justice of married the daughter of Doctor Kellogg, was the peace. He also taught school a number of appointed surveyor-general by President Linyears, and is now well remembered by many coln, and was subsequently appointed for two of our older citizens as the keeper of the toll terms governor of the State. He is now living bridge that crossed the river at the site of the at Seattle, Washington Territory, with a family present Monroe street bridge.

of five children. Colonel Ferry was regarded as one of our Colonel Peter P. Ferry was in sentiment most intelligent citizens, a fine accountant and and belief an infidel, until his attendance in the trustworthy, and was for many successive old yellow court-house on the services con

roe. He resided on Washington street, in the clergyman, at which time he became a Chrishomestead now owned and in possession of his tian and united with the First Presbyterian descendants, Mrs. John Tull and family. . church in the year 1825, saying, however, that

He died in May, 1845, leaving a widow, two his father was a member of the Protestant sons and two daughters. Lucian Ferry, his Episcopal church in France, and his partiality eldest son, was born in 1811, at Stamford, Con- therefor would induce him to dissolve his connecticut, left Monroe at the age of seventeen nection should a Protestant Episcopal church and embarked in the fur trade at Fort Wayne, be organized. He was one of the first memIndiana, where he also studied law and was bers of the Protestant Episcopal church in this admitted to practice. He was for many years city, was the successor of Doctor Walter Colton, prosecuting attorney of that county. He died the first warden, assisted in organizing the at Fort Wayne, leaving a widow, one son and Sabbath school therein, and was for some time two daughters. The daughters are married superintendent thereof. and now reside in Fort Wayne. The son settled in and is now practicing law in Portland, Oregon.

ROBERT CLARK Adelaide, daughter of Peter P. Ferry, was born in Cleveland, Ohio, May 5, 1814; married Was born June 12, 1777, six months after his in the spring of 1835, but lived but one year father's family arrived in America. He was of thereafter.

Scotch ancestry, concerning whom very little Julia Ann was born in Danbury, Ohio, is known, beyond the fact that his family emiNovember 12, 1816; was married in October, grated from that part of Scotland known as 1837, to John Tull.

the Lowlands. The family settled in Wash

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