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entitled, 'An act to establish the northern bound in the caucuses of the Jackson party, assemary of the State of Ohio, and to provide for the bled at Ann Arbor. Many absented themadmission of the State of Michigan into the selves as it was not lawfully called, and was Union on certain conditions.'" (See chapter on known as the “Frost-bitten convention," only Toledo war.) The legislature directed an those favorable to admission being present. election for a convention to meet at Ann Arbor They gave assent to the conditions and forthe fourth Monday of September, and the con- warded their action to Washington, and Michivention refused to purchase admission on those gan was finally admitted as a State, January terms. Soon another convention, originating 26, 1837.

CHAPTER XIII.

EVENTS IN MONROE COUNTY FROM 1825 To 1834.

IN the year 1825 Edward D. Ellis established remote western Indians, with some of whom I the Michigan Sentinel, the first paper pub- they had carried on hereditary hostilities for lished in Southern Michigan, and published it ages. But when compact white settlements until 1836, when he sold the press and office to surrounded the reservations, the Indians reAbner Morton and son. Mr. Ellis, though ceded as they have always done before the adquite young when he came to Monroe, took an vancing tide of civilized population, and sought active part and great interest in the prosperity refuge in the ocean of desert stretching along not only of the then small but growing vil- the bed of the Rocky Mountains. lage, but also of the entire Territory of Mich. During one day in the third week of June, igan. He became a leading man in the village 1825, the sales at the land office in Monroe and county, frequently holding offices of re- amounted to $2,300 -- a large amount for those sponsibility and trust; was one of the delegates early days. The purchasers were from the chosen to form the State constitution, and was State of New York. one of the first State Senators from the county During the same week Monroe Lodge of of Monroe.

Free and Accepted Masons was constituted, A very important service was rendered by and the officers installed by A. G. Whitney, him in the constitutional convention to the Grand Master, by the authority of the Grand people of the State of Michigan. When an Lodge of the State of New York. The instalenactment was under discussion for establish lations and constitution took place at the courting libraries in all the townships in the State, house, where an appropriate address was dewithout any provision either to receive books livered by the Grand Master to an audience of or sustain the libraries, it was Mr. Ellis who ladies and gentlemen. The proceedings were proposed and carried through the idea that all preceded and closed with prayer by the Rev. fines imposed for the violation of the penal Noah H. Wells. The following officers were laws through the State, and all sums assessed installed : Seneca Allen, Master; Hiram for the non-performance of military duty, Brown, Senior Warden ; Harry Conant (father should be set aside as a fund for the support of of our present Secretary of State), Junior Warsaid libraries. The idea was original with him, den ; John Anderson, Treasurer; Charles Noble, and has frequently been mentioned to his Secretary; together with subordinate officers. credit. He died in Detroit May 15, 1848. The members of the lodge, together with a

On the first of June, 1825, Governor Cass number of the fraternity from the adjoining passed through Monroe on his return from the counties, after the installation partook of an Indian council at Wapakoneta, Ohio. The excellent dinner, prepared by Alcott C. Chapobject of the council was to purchase the reser- man of the Mansion House, then located where vations in the State of Ohio and to induce the the banking office of B. Dansard & Son now Indians to join their red brethren west of the stands. Mississippi. It was convened at the request of On the 22d of July, 1825, a bateau arrived the Cherokees and some of the Shawnees, who at our wharf from the River Thames, U. C., were anxious that all the Indians east of the with one hundred and fifty bushels of wheat Mississippi should be removed to the country for grinding, having come a distance of one west of that river. But the Indians in Ohio hundred and eighty miles in consequence of were not prepared for such a measure. Many of the scarcity of water in that vicinity. This them were respectable farmers and lived com- may be considered a striking evidence of the fortably; were indisposed to remove among the singular changes which are sometimes effected by time. The depredations of our enemies March 1, 1826, a two-mile race on the lake twelve years previous had caused flight from at the mouth of the River Raisin, was run by their friends in the depth of winter to save the celebrated horse, White Stocking, owned their lives and those of their families; now, in by Isadore Navarre, and one owned by Stephen the enjoyment of independence and comfort, Duval. White Stocking, whose owner the year happy were they for the opportunity of ren- before challenged the world to run against him, dering to their former enemies good for evil, not and which was prior to that time deemed the forgetting to take a reasonable amount of toll swiftest horse in North America, came out for the grists.

several rods in the rear. September 16, 1825, there arrived at the port During this year (1826) the population inof Monroe a pine pump log seventy feet in creased more than one-third. length from the River St. Clair for James Hale, A settlement on Stony Creek, four miles north who was then building a distillery in the pres- of Monroe, was commenced four miles from its ent first ward. It was drawn from the River mouth, and in 1826 consisted of fourteen fainiRaisin wharf by six yoke of oxen.

lies, which was making rapid improvements. January 26, 1826, the River Raisin was cov- The inhabitants thereof then supplied Monroe ered with very thick ice, and colder weather with many of the necessaries of life. An exhad not been experienced for a number of tensive mill and other establishments were in years. Most business men were compelled to operation at the mouth of Stony Creek previous suspend operations in consequence. In the to the War of 1812, but were destroyed by fire printing office of Edward D. Ellis, boiling water by Colonel Proctor and the forces under his congealed instantly on being applied to the command. It was during this year the United type.

States road between Monroe and Otter Creek, February 17, 1826, the trial of Na-a-ga-bo or five miles south, was completed. Jock-nes-brow, an Indian of the Ottawa tribe, The Chapman House, the site of which was for the murder of Ambeynaw, a squaw of the the corner of Washington and Front street, Pottawatomie nation, on the evening of the 6th where B. Dansard & Son's bank now is, fortyof January, 1826, at Swan Creek, came on in six feet front and three stories high, ras comthe Circuit Court for Monroe county, Hon. pleted this year -- the highest building occuSolomon Sibley presiding. The prosecution pied as a hotel at that time in the State of

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Charles Noble, district attorney, and A. M. The assessors of Monroe county completed Robertson, Esq. The prisoner was defended by their assessments for the year 1826 in June of Messrs. Wolcott Lawrence and Whitney, who that year. The total amount of property assesswere assigned him by the court. It was proven ed was $1,328.33, an increase from the prethat the accused committed the murder, but vious year of $363.35. The assessors made it drunkenness was pleaded as an excuse. The a part of their duty to take a census of the injury brought in a verdict of not guilty of mur- habitants, and the following was the result : der, but guilty of manslaughter. The sentence

Monroe County. of the court was declared, that the prisoner be

Number of white males ---------------1,436 confined at hard labor in the county prison for

Number of white females.------------1,182 one year and pay a fine of one hundred dollars, together with the costs of prosecution.

Total inhabitants -----

-2,618 The change during the winter of 1826 in the

Lenawee County (attached to Monroe). mode of carrying the mails through this part Number of white males ---------------- 144 of the country from the back of a French pony Number of white females. to the inside of a substantial covered wagon, and an additional trip in the week, proved a

Total inhabitants --------

267 great public convenience, and was the first line The result of the census in 1820 exhibited a of stages established in Michigan. There were, population in the same district of country of however, some old fogies who thought it a use- 1,851. less expense to have a mail as often as twice a The officers of the Second Regiment of Michweek.

igan Militia, under command of Colonel Oliver

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Johnson, were engaged in military drill and court-house a petition was adopted to be premaneuvering through the streets of Monroe sented to the legislative council, praying for an the 16th, 17th and 18th of August, 1826. A act of incorporation. Our citizens were sometwenty-dollar sword carried by Lieutenant- what divided in opinion, and two parties Colonel Briggs (father of Perry Briggs, of this sprang up. The majority were, however, decity), a general supply of muskots, together with cidedly in favor of being incorporated. The the music, formed their equipment. Mili. vote stood 43 sor and 19 against. tary affairs received but little attention for the March 17, 1827, Mr. Price and Mr. Allen, two previous years, but the sound of music from Virginia, seized a colored man at Waterthough consisting of fife and drum, was per- loo, one mile west of Monroe, as a slave of fectly exhilarating.

whom they claimed to be owners. Mr. Allen On the first of September, 1826, Colonel was committed by Peter P. Ferry, a justice of Francis Navarre, the first white settler of Mon- the peace, and held a number of months in the roe, departed this life. He located here by the Monroe county jail, under the care of Captain invitation of the Indians, the then sole owners Thorpe, of Swan Creek, a deputy sheriff. The of the soil, who granted him a tract of 1,200 examination resulted in their commitment or 1,500 acres of land, comprising the portion under bonds of $250 each to appear at the of the city of Monroe east of Scott street, ex- next term of the county court. Mr. Price protending from the River Raisin south to the duced on the examination a power of attorney, farms laid out on Otter Creek. He retained the genuineness of which was very questionat the time of his death about five hundred able, from the owner of the slave in question, acres of great value, which he willed to his certified by the proper officers of the State of children. Was the first person who attempted Virginia. .. the establishment of military discipline and The first annual township election for the introduced the forms of civil government in this town of Monroe was held May 2, 1827. Samuel county; was first appointed captain, afterwards Choate was elected supervisor by a vote of 19; colonel, in the first regiment formed in the Edward D. Ellis, township clerk; assessors, county. He held at different times and for Samuel Stone, jr., Joseph G. Navarre, Jere. long periods distinguished civil offices. He miah Lawrence; commissioners of high ways, maintained during his whole life great influ- Daniel Mulhollen, Hiram Brown and Samuel ence over the Indians; was conversant with W. Gale; overseers of the poor, William W. and spoke fluently the language of many of the Gale and George Alfred ; constables, James Indian tribes; was distinguished for his energy McManus and Ethel Burch; collector, James in aiding to accomplish the celebrated Indian McManus; poundmaster, Waterbury Gray ; treaty concluded at Greenville, Ohio, under the fence viewers, William Page, Francis Robert, direction of General Wayne, by which the Aiken Duval, David Barker. United States became possessed of an immense May 12, 1827, the first village election took body of land, and secured the right of con- place, resulting in the election of John Anderstructing roads through a valuable portion of son, president; trustees, Hiram Brown, Ezekiel the State of Michigan. He witnessed the first A. Peltier, Edward D. Ellis, Peter P. Ferry, commencement of a fine settlement here; saw Anthony L. Briggs; treasurer, Thomas Wilson; the same destroyed, the bouses of the inhabit- marshal, Otia Stowell. ants sacked and burned upon the battlefield, May 30, 1827, the annual meeting of the Laand lived to see the remaining inhabitants Plaisance Bay Harbor Company was held. recover from the shock occasioned by the war, Alcott C. Chapman, Charles Noble, Levi S. settled anew in comparative affluence, and build Humphrey, John Anderson and Harry Conant up a flourishing village within a few rods of were chosen directors for the ensuing year. his own door. He was remarkable for his John Anderson, Levi S. Humphrey, Oliver habits of temperance, industry and frugality, Johnson, were chosen to superintend the next hospitable to new-comers, and was noted for the annual election. The directors chose Levi S. strictest honesty and uprightness in all his in- Humphrey president; Edward D. Ellis, secretercourse with mankind.

tary; and Oliver Johnson, treasurer. February 11, 1827, at a meeting held at the On the 23d of June, 1827, Messrs. Miller and

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Germain shipped from La Plaisance Bay harbor went to the house for which they had all for the city of New York, two hundred barrels started; it was deserted, surrounded by water, of flour, manufactured at the mills in the vil and the door fastened. She placed the two lage of Monroe. It is believed to be the first children on a ladder to which they clung, flour exported from Michigan, and passed in while she was endeavoring to gain entrance; New York market for superfine.

they clung for a few moments, but benumbed The election in 1827 for members of the by cold, fell into the water and perished. Findlegislative council in Monroe and Lenawee ing herself alone, she sought safety by climbcounties resulted in the following vote : ing'on the top of an outside oven, where she

remained until morning, when she was taken

Monroe. Lenawee. Total. Wolcott Lawrence.-------

from her perilous situation, where she could not, Charles Noble.

123

197 thinly clad, have long survived. Mr. Couture Laurent Durocher.-.--.. 170

was absent on a visit to the only surviving Charles James Lanman.-

184

child, who was attending school at Bay Settle. Peter P. Ferry..

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ment, now Erie. Edward D. Ellis --Darius Comstock ------------ 51

The greatest nuisance to farmers in early 90

times was a small blackbird, of insignificant The townships then organized in Monroe appearance, its probable weight two or three county in which votes were cast, were Mon- ounces, the male having a red spot on each roe, Frenchtown, Raisinville, Port Lawrence wing. For capability for destruction there are (Toledo). In Lenawee county the townships none of the feathered race that can compare were Tecumseh, Logan, Blissfield and St. with them. They attack all kinds of grain as Joseph.

soon as formed, or as soon as in the milk. The A distressing calamity, one of which the flocks have shown themselves in some instances history of this county affords no parallel, oc- capable of blasting the toil of a year of the curred January 27, 1828. On the evening of husbandman in a single day. Edward D. that day, the wife and five children of John Bt. Ellis watched one blackbird upon an ear of Couture, who resided on the beach of Lake corn, which commenced at the top and stripped Erie, on the south side of Otter Creek, in the the husk down as it became necessary to reach township of Lasselle (now Erie), were awak- the kernel, and then devoured the whole eår ened by the beating of the ice against the in less than an hour, constituting a weight and little dwelling, occasioned by the rising of the bulk apparently much larger than the bird. waters of the lake during a heavy storm of They appear to be capable of eating from sunwind. They resolved on making their way to rise to sunset. When the day's work of eating à neighboring house in the hope of finding is over with them, all within ten miles were at shelter. Mrs. Couture took two of the chil- an early day wont to resort to one spot to rest dren upon her back, the hired girl took two, for the night. This takes place in the marsh and the oldest, a little boy eleven years old, among the coarsest grass. In November they endeavored to make his way on foot. They retire to a more southern latitude, and return had not advanced far through water and ice, the last of February, greatly diminished in numwaist deep, before Mrs. Couture lost her two bers, generally congregating in their old restchildren. The idea of leaving them to perish ing-places. The first of May they disappear was insupportable. She endeavored in rain to — each pair to building nests and rearing their find them, when the little boy requested his young. About the middle of July they assemmother to leave him behind, in the hope of ble in the fields of grain with their replenished rescuing himself and comrades. Mrs Couture numbers, and commence the great work of advanced as far as a fence against which the ice destruction. They sought the farms west of appeared to beat without extending beyond. Monroe in immense numbers every morning, She was found Sunday morning with her foot and returned to the marshes a little before suncaught in the fence; her children were found set. I bave frequently seen files of men on some rods distant, but the affectionate little Washington street stationed a few rods apart boy was not found until the next day. The with their shot-guns, who fired as the flocks bired girl, finding she could be of no assistance, pass over, killing in some instances fifty at one

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