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Antennaria margaritacea (pearly everlasting), common, Moosehead, Smith's, &c.
Lulium Canadense (wild yellow lily), very common and large, West and East Branch; one on East Branch, 1857, with strongly revolute petals, and leaves perfectly smooth beneath, but not larger than the last, and apparently only a variety.
Linncea borealis (Linnaea), almost everywhere in woods.
Lobelia Dortmanna (water-lobelia), pond in Bucksport.
Lysimachia ciliata (hairy-stalked loosestrife), very common, Chesuncook shore and East Branch.
Lysimachia stricta (upright loosestrife), very common.
Microstylis ophioglossoides (adder's-mouth), Kineo.
Spiraea salicifolia (common meadow-sweet), common.
Mimulus ringens (monkey-flower), common, lake-shores, &c.
Scutellaria galericulata (skullcap), very common.
Scutellaria lateriflora (mad-dog skullcap), Heron Lake, 1857, Chesuncook, 1853.
Platanthera psycodes (small purple-fringed orchis), very common, East Branch and Chesuncook, 1853.
Platanthera Jimbriata (large purple-fringed orchis), very common, West Branch and Umbazookskus, 1857.
Platanthera orbiculata (large round-leaved orchis), very common in woods, Moosehead and Chamberlain carries, Caucomgomoc, &c.
Amphicarpcea monocea (hog peanut).
Aralia racemosa (spikenard), common, Moosehead carry, Telos Lake, &c, and after; out about August 1, 1857.
Plantago major (common plantain), common in open land at Smith's in 1853.
Pontederia cordata * (pickerel-weed), only near Oldtown, 1857.
Potamogetpn (pond-weed), not common.
Potentilla tridentata (mountain cinquefoil), Kineo.
Potentilla Norvegica (cinquefoil), Heron Lake shore and Smith's.
Polygonum amphibium (water-persicaria), var. aquaticum Second Lake.
Polygonum Persicaria (lady's-thumb), log-path Chesuncook, 1853.
Nuphar advena (yellow pond-lily), not abundant.
Nymphma odorata (sweet water-lily), a few in West Branch, 1853.
Polygonum kydropiper (smart-weed), log-path, Chesuncook.
Pyrola secunda (one-sided pyrola), very common, Caucomgomoc.
Pyrola elliptica (shin-leaf), Caucomgomoc River.
Ranunculus Flammula (spearwort, var. reptans).
Ranunculus recurvatus (hooked crowfoot), Umbazookskus landing, &c.
Typha latifolia * (common cat-tail or reed-mace), extremely abundant between Bangor and Portland.
Sanicula Marylandica (black snake-root), Moosehead carry and after.
Aralia nudicaulis (wild sarsaparilla).
Capsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's-purse), Smith's, 1853.
Prunella vulgaris (self-heal), very common everywhere.
Erechthites hieracifolia (fireweed), 1857, and Smith's open land, 1853.
Sarracenia purpurea (pitcher-plant), Mud Pond swamp.
Smilacina bifolia (false Solomon's-seal), 1857, and Chesuncook woods, 1853.
Smilacina racemosa (false spikenard ?), Umbazookskus carry (July 27, 1853).
Veronica scutellata (marsh speedwell).
Spergula arvensis (corn spurrey), 1857, not uncommon, 1853, Moosehead and Smith's.
Fragaria (strawberry), 1853 Smith's, 1857 Bucksport.
Thalictrum Cornuti (meadow-rue), very common, especially along rivers, tall, and conspicuously in bloom in July, 1857.
Cirsium arvense (Canada thistle), abundant at camps and highway sides in the north of Maine.
Cirsium muticum (swamp-thistle), well in bloom Webster Stream, August 31.
Rumex acetosella (sheep-sorrel), common by river and log paths, as Chesuncook log-path.
Impatiens fulva (spotted touch-me-not).
Trillium erythrocarpum (painted trillium), common West Branch and Moosehead carry.
Verbena hastata (blue vervain).
Clematis Virginiana (common virgin's-bower), common on river banks, feathered in September, 1853, in bloom July, 1857.
Leucanihemum vulgare (white-weed).
Stum lineare (water-parsnip), 1857, and Chesuncook shore, 1853.
Achillea millefolium (common yarrow), by river and logpaths, and Smith's.
Desmodium Canadense (Canadian tick-trefoil), not uncommon.
Oxalis acetosella (common wood-sorrel), still out July 25,1853, at Moosehead carry and after.
Oxalis stricta (yellow wood-sorrel), 1853, at Smith's and his wood path.
Liparis liliifolia (tway-blade), Kineo, Bradford.
Uvularia grandiflora (large-flowered bellwort), woods, common.
Uvularia sessilifolia (sessile-leaved bellwort), Chesuncook woods, 1853.
In all, 145.
4. Of Lower Order.
Scirpus Eriophorum (wool-grass), very common, especially on low islands. A coarse grass, four or five feet high, along the river.
Phleum pratense (herd's-grass), on carries, at camps and clearings.
Equisetum sylvaticum (sylvatic horse-tail).
Pteris aquilina (brake), Kineo and after.
Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive-fern), very common along the riversides; some on the gravelly shore of Heron Lake Island.
Polypodium Dryopteris (brittle polypody).
Woodsia Ilvensis (rusty Woodsia), Kineo.
Lycopodium lucidulum (toothed club-moss).
Usnea (a parmeliaceous lichen), common on various trees.
IV. LIST OF BIRDS
Which I Saw In Maine Between July 24 And August 3,1857.
A very small hawk at Great Falls, on Webster Stream.
Halicetus leucocephalus (white-headed or bald-eagle), at Ragmuff, and above and below Hunt's, and on pond below Mattawamkeag.
Pandion halicetus (fish-hawk or osprey), heard, also seen on East Branch.
Bubo Virginianus (cat-owl), near Camp Island, also above mouth of Schoonis, from a stump back and forth, also near Hunt's on a tree.
Icterus phoeniceus (red-winged blackbird), Umbazookskus River.
Corvus Americanus (American crow), a few, as at outlet of Grand Lake; a pecular cawing.
Fringilla Canadensis (tree-sparrow), think I saw one on Mount Kineo July 24, which behaved as if it had a nest there.
Garrulus cristatus (blue-jay).
Parus atricapillus (chicadee), a few.
Muscicapa tyrannus (king-bird).
Muscicapa Cooperii (olive-sided fly-catcher), everywhere a prevailing bird.
Muscicapa virens (wood-pewee), Moosehead, and I think beyond.
Muscicapa ruticilla (American redstart), Moosehead.
Vireo olivaceus (red-eyed vireo), everywhere common.
Turdus migratorius (red-breasted robin), some everywhere.
Turdus melodus (wood-thrush), common in all the woods.
Turdus WUsonii (Wilson's thrush), Moosehead and beyond.
Turdus aurocapillus (golden-crowned thrush or ovenbird), Moosehead.
Fringilla albicollis (white-throated sparrow), Kineo and after, apparently nesting; the prevailing bird early and late.
Fringilla melodia (song-sparrow), at Moosehead or beyond.
Sylviapinus (pine warbler), one part of voyage.
Muscicapa acadica (small pewee), common.
Trichas Marylandica (Maryland yellow-throat), everywhere.
Coccyzus Americanus? (yellow-billed cuckoo), common.
Picus erythrocephalus (red-headed woodpecker), heard and saw, and good to eat.
Sitta Carolinensis f (white-breasted American nuthatch), heard.
Alcedo alcyon (belted kingfisher), very common.