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Thus did I keep my person fresh, and new;
My presence, like a robe pontifical,
Ne'er feen but wonder'd at: and so my state,
Seldom, but sumptuous, shewed like a feast;
And won, by rareness, such solemnity.

Henry IV. P. I, A. 3, S. 2.
If all the year were playing holidays,
To sport would be as tedious as to work;
But, when they seldom come, they wilh'd-for come,
And nothing pleaseth but rare accidents.

Henry IV. P. 1, A. I, S. 2.

If Cleopatra heard you, your reproof
Were well deserv'd of rashness !.

Antony and Cleopatra, A. 2, S. 2.


E A S O N.
Though with their high' wrongs I am struck to the

Yet, with my nobler reason, 'gainst my fury
Do I take part.

Tempest, A. 5, S. 1.



Holds onhere means, rests on, relies on; and the words wafailable and unshaken, fufficiently prove that such is the sense.

A. B. - your reproof Were well deserv'd of rashness.] In the old edition,

your proof • Were well deserv'd." Which Mr. Theobald, with his usual triumph, changes to approof

I think “ approofis right. Approof, with the writers of Shakespeare's time, is commendation. Your commendation of Oétavia (says Cæsar) would, if Cleopatra heard you, be construed into folly; rashness here is folly.

A. B.


Who was so firm, so constant, that this coil
Would not infect his reason? Tempeft, A. 1, S. 2.

Their understanding
Begins to swell; and the approaching tide
Will shortly fill the reasonable shore,
That now lies foul and muddy. Tempest, A. 5, S. 1.

-- I perceive, these lords At this encounter do so much admire, That they devour their reason; and scarce think, Their eyes do offices of truth. . Tempest, A. 5, S. 1.

Reason, my son
Should choose himself a wife; but as good reason,
The father (all whose joy is nothing else
But fair pofterity) should hold some counfel
In such a business. Winter's Tale, A. 4, S.
Is not your father grown incapable
Of reasonable affairs? Is he not stupid
With age, and altering rheums ? Can he speak, hear?
Know man from man? dispute his own estate?

Winter's Tale, A. 4,
I'll yet follow
The wounded chance of Antony", though my

reason Sits in the wind against me.

Antony and Cleopatra, A. 3, S. 8.

Reason thus with reason fetter: Love sought is good, but given unfought, is better.

Twelfth Night, A. 3, S. The I, of ladies most deject and wretched, That suck'd the honey of his musick vows,


S. 3.

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* The wounded chance of Antony.] I know not whether the author, who loves to draw his images from the sports of the field, might not have written

“ The wounded chase of Antony. The allusion is to a deer wounded and chased, whom all other deer avoid, I will, says Enobarbus, follow Antony, though cbafed and wounded.

JOHNSON. 6 Wounded chance," i. l. fallen fortunes.

A. B.

• Now see the noble and most fovereign reason, Like sweet bells jangled, out of tune and harsh.

Hamlet, A. 3, S. 1.

How stand I then, That have a father kill'd, a mother stain'd, Excitements of my reason, and my blood, And let all sleep? while, to'my shame, I see The imminent death of twenty thousand men, That, for a fantasy, and trick of fame, Go to their graves like beds. Hamlet, A. 4, S. 4. Sure, he, that made us with such large discourse, Looking before, and after, gave us not That capability and god-like reason To fust in us unus'd.

Hamlet, A. 4, S. 4.

Do not banish reason
For inequality: but let your reafon ferve
To make the truth appear, where it seems hid.

Measure for Measure, A. 5, S. 1.
If Cæsar hide himself, shall they not whisper,
Lo, Cæfar is afraid?
Pardon me, Cæfar; for my dear, dear love
To your proceeding bids me tell you this;
And reason to iny love is liable ?

Julius Cafar, A. 2, S. 2.

She hath prosperous art When she will play with reason and discourse, And well she can persuade.

Measure for Measure, A. 1, What, upon compulfion? No, were I at the strappado, or all the racks in the world, I would not téll you on compulfion.' Give you a reason on com

S. 3:

* And reason to my love is liable.] And reason, or propriety of .conduct and language, is subordinate to my love.

Johnson. Rather---Reason falls in with, or agrees, to what my love has luggested.

A. B.

pulsion! pulsion! if reasons were as plenty as black-berries, I would give no man a reason upon compulsion, I.

Henry IV. P. I, A. 2, S. 4

S. 1,


Their weapons only Seem'd on our side, but, for their spirits and souls, This word rebellion, it had froze them up.

Henry IV. P. 2, A. I, S. 1. For the mutable, rank-scented many, let them Regard me as I do not flatter, and Therein behold themselves : I say again, In foothing them, we nourish 'gainst our senate The cockle of rebellion. Coriolanus, A. 32

Your fon had only but the corps,
But shadows, and the shews of men, to fight :
For that same word, rebellion, did divide
The action of their bodies from their souls;
And they did fight with queasiness, constrain'd,
As men drink potions. Henry IV. P. 2, A. I, S. 1,

If that rebellion
Came like itself, in base and abject routs,
Led on by bloody youth, guarded with rage,
And countenanc'd by boys, and beggary ;
I say, if damn'd commotion so appear'd,
In his true, native, and most proper shape,
You, reverend father, and these noble lords,
Had not been here, to dress the ugly form
Of base and bloody insurrection

fair honours. Henry IV. P.2, A. 4, S. 1.
Fly, noble English, you are bought and sold ; .
Unthread the rude eye of rebellion',
And welcome home again discarded faith.

King Jobn, A. 5, S. 4.


With your

* Unthread the rude eye of rebellion.] Though all the copies



Praising what is lost,
Makes the remembrance dear.

All's well that ends well, A. 5, S. 3. There's rosemary, that's for remembrance; pray you, love, remember : and there is pansies, that's for thoughts'.

Hamlet, A. 4, S. 5. REP EN TAN C E. Well, I'll repent, and that suddenly, while I am in some liking ; I shall be out of heart thortly, and

concur in this reading, how poor is the metaphor of unthreading the eye of a needlc! And besides, as there is no mention made of a needle, how remote and obscure is the allusion without it! We should read, 66 Untread the rude

way of rebellion.” THEOBALD. The metaphor is certainiy harsh, but I do not think the passage corrupted.

JOHNSON “ Unthread the rude eye of rebellion,” is particularly harsh indeed; but Shakespeare certainly wrote tie. Unthread, has no allusion to a needle, but means loojen. The word is used in that fense by Milton. We muit read,

“ Unthread the tie of rude rebellion." i. p. loosen the knot of rebellion.

Mr. Steevens, indeed, observes in fupport of the ordinary seading, that “ Shakespeare elsewhere uses the expression, thread.

ing dark-ey'd night." But this is nothing to the purpose : threading dark-cy'd night, is travcrsing or going about during the night. To thread is to pass through, to unthread is to loofen.

A fimilar expression is to be found in Henry IV. “ Unknit as this churlish knot of war.

A. B. There's rosemary, that's for remembrance ; and there's panfies, that's for thoughts. There is probably some mythology in the choice of these herbs, but I cannot explain it. Pansies is for thoughts, because of its name, pensies; but why rosemary indi. cates remembrance, except that it is an evergreen, and carried ac funerals, I have not discovered.

JOHNSON. Rosemary has always been considered as an excellent cephalic. The reason why rotemary indicates remembrance, is, because it is supposed to strengthen the brain. It is well known that in inveterate head-achs, the menory is frequently lost. A. B. 2.


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