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“Studious to please, and ready to submit, But here more slow, where all are slaves to The supple Gaul was born a parasite: Still to his interest true, where'er he goes, Where looks are merchandise, and smiles are Wit, bravery, worth, his lavish tongue be sold; stows:

Where, won by bribes, by flatteries implored, In every face a thousand graces shine,

The groom retails the favours of his lord. From every tongue flows harmony divine.

"But hark! the affrighted crowd's tumul. These arts in vain our rugged natives try,

tuous cries Strain out with faltering diffidence a lie, Roll through the street, and thunder to the And gain a kick for awkward flattery.

skies : “Besides, with justice, this discerning age Raised from some pleasing dream of wealth Admires their wondrous talents for the

and power, stage:

Some pompous palace, or some blissful bower, Well may they venture on the mimic's art, Aghast you start, and scarce with aching Who play from morn to night a borrow'd sight part:

Sustain the approaching fire's tremendous Practised their master's notions to embrace,

light; Repeat his maxims, and reflect his face! Swift from pursuing horrors take your way, With every wild absurdity comply,

And leave your little all to flames a prey ; And view each object with another's eye ; Then through the world a wretched vagrant To shake with laughter, ere the jest they roam, hear,

For where can starving Merit find a home ? To pour at will the counterfeited tear;

In vain your mournful narrative disclose, And, as their patron hints the cold or heat, While all neglect, and most insult your woes. To shake in dog-days, in December sweat.

“Should Heaven's just bolts Orgilio's wealth How, when competitors like these contend,

confound, Can surly Virtue hope to fix a friend ?

And spread his flaming palace on the ground, Slaves that with serious impudence beguile, Swift o'er the land the dismal rumour flies, And lie without a blush, without a smile ; And public mournings pacify the skies ; Exalt each trifle, every vice adore,

The laureate tribe in servile verse relate Your taste in snuff, your judgment in a How Virtue wars with persecuting Fate; whore;

With well-feign’d gratitude the pension’d band Can Balbo's eloquence applaud, and swear Refund the plunder of the beggar'd land. He gropes his breeches with a monarch's air ! See! while he builds, the gaudy vassals come, “For arts like these preferr'd, admired, And crowd with sudden wealth the rising caress'd,

dome; They first invade your table, then your The price of boroughs and of souls restore, breast;

And raise his treasures higher than before : Explore your secrets with insidious art,

Now bless'd with all the baubles of the great, Watch the weak hour, and ransack all the | The polish'd marble, and the shining plate, heart;

Orgilio sees the golden pile aspire, Then soon your ill-placed confidence repay, And hopes from angry Heaven another fire. Commence your lords, and govern or betray. “ Couldst thou resign the park and play “ By numbers here, from shame or censure content, free,

For the fair banks of Severn or of Trent; All crimes are safe but hated poverty:

There mightst thou find some elegant retreat, This, only this, the rigid law pursues,

Some hireling senator's deserted seat, This, only this, provokes the snarling muse. And stretch thy prospects o'er the smiling The sober trader at a tatter'd cloak

land, Wakes from his dream, and labours for a For less than rent the dungeons of the joke;

Strand; With brisker air the silken courtiers gaze, There prune thy walks, support thy drooping And turn the varied taunt a thousand ways.

flowers, Of all the griefs that harass the distress'd, Direct thy rivulets, and twine thy bowers : Sure the most bitter is a scornful jest;

And while thy beds a cheap repast afford, Fate never wounds more deep the generous Despise the dainties of a venal lord : heart

There every bush with nature's music rings, Than when a blockhead's insult points the dart. There every breeze bears health upon its

"Has Heaven reserved, in pity to the poor, wings; No pathless waste, or undiscover'd shore ? On all thy hours security shall smile, No secret island in the boundless main ?

And bless thine evening walk and morning No peaceful desert yet unclaim'd by Spain ?

toil. Quick let us rise, the happy seats explore, "Prepare for death, if here at night you And bear Oppression's insolence no more.

roam; This mournful truth is everywhere confess'd: And sign your will, before you sup from Slow rises worth, by poverty depress'd :



Some fiery fop, with new commission vain, Where wav'ring man, betray'd by vent’rous
Who sleeps on brambles till he kills his man; pride,
Some frolic drunkard, reeling from a feast, To chase the dreary paths, without a guide,
Provokes a broil, and stabs you for a jest. As treach'rous phantoms in the mist delude,

“Yet e’en these heroes, mischievously gay, Shuns fancied ills, or chases airy good; Lords of the street, and terrors of the way; How rarely reason guides the stubborn choice, Flush'd as they are with folly, youth, and Rules the bold hand, or prompts the suppliant wine,

voice; Their prudent insults to the poor confine ; How nations sink by darling schemes op. Afar they mark the flambeau's bright ap-| press'd, proach,

When vengeance listens to the fool's request. And shun the shining train and golden coach. Fate wings with ev'ry wish th' afflictive dart, “In vain, these dangers pass'd, your doors Each gift of nature and each grace of art: you close,

With fatal heat impetuous courage glows, And hope the balmy blessings of repose : With fatal sweetness elocution flows, Cruel with guilt, and daring with despair, Impeachment stops the speaker's powerful The midnight murderer bursts the faithless breath, bar;

And restless fire precipitates on death. Invades the sacred hour of silent rest,

But, scarce observed, the knowing and the And plants, unseen, a dagger in your breast.

bold “Scarce can our fields, such crowds at Tyburn Fall in the general massacre of gold; die,

Wide wasting pest! that rages unconfined, With hemp the gallows and the fleet supply. And crowds with crimes the records of manPropose your schemes, ye senatorian band,

kind; Whose ways and means support the sinking For gold his sword the hireling ruffian draws,

For gold the hireling judge distorts the laws; Lest ropes be wanting in the tempting spring, Wealth heap'd on wealth, nor truth nor safety To rig another convoy for the king.

buys, "A single jail, in Alfred's golden reign, The dangers gather as the treasures rise. Could half the nation's criminals contain;

Let history tell where rival kings comFair Justice then, without constraint adored, mand, Held high the steady scale, but sheathed the And dubious title shakes the madded land, sword;

When statntes glean the refuse of the sword, No spies were paid, no special juries known; How much more safe the vassal than the Bless'd age! but ah! how different from our lord; own!

Low skulks the hind beneath the rage of "Much could I add,-but see the boat at power, hand,

And leaves the wealthy traitor in the Tower, The tide retiring, calls me from the land: Untouch'd his cottage, and his slumbers Farewell !—When youth, and health, and for sound, tune spent,

Though confiscation's vultures hover round. Thou fliest for refuge to the wilds of Kent; The needy traveller, serene and gay, And, tired like me with follies and with crimes, Walks the wild heath and sings his toil In angry numbers warn'st succeeding times ;

away. Then shall thy friend, nor thou refuse his Does envy seize thee? crush th' upbraiding aid,

joy, Still foe to vice, forsake his Cambrian shade; Increase his riches, and his peace destroy. In virtue's cause once more exert his rage, Now fears in dire vicissitude invade, Thy satire point, and animate thy page." The rustling brake alarms, and quiv’ring

shade, Samuel Johnson.-Born 1709, Died 1784.

Nor light nor darkness bring his pain relief,
One shows the plunder, and one hides the

Yet still one gen’ral cry the skies assails,

And gain and grandeur load the tainted 885.—THE VANITY OF HUMAN

gales; WISHES.

Few know the toiling statesman's fear or

care, Let observation, with extensive view,

The insidious rival and the gaping heir. Survey mankind from China to Peru;

Once more, Democritus, arise on earth, Remark each anxious toil, each eager strife, With cheerful wisdom and instructive mirth, Aud watch the busy scenes of crowded life; See motley life in modern trappings dress'd, Then say how hope and fear, desire and And feed with varied fools the eternal jest: hate,

Thou who couldst laugh, where want enO'erspread with snares the clouded maze of chain'd caprice, fate,

Toil crush'd conceit, and man was of a piece ;


Where wealth unloved without a mourner Still to new heights his restless wishes tower, died;

Claim leads to claim, and power advances And scarce a sycophant was fed by pride ;

power : Where ne'er was known the form of mock Till conquest unresisted ceased to please, debate,

And rights submitted left him none to seize : Or seen a new-made mayor's unwieldy state; At length his soy'reign frowns—the train of Where change of fav'rites made no change of laws,

Mark the keen glance, and watch the sign to And sonates heard before they judged a hate. cause;

Where'er he turns, he meets a stranger's eye, How wouldst thou shake at Britain's modish His suppliants scorn him, and his followers tribe,

fly; Dart the quick taunt, and edge the piercing Now drops at once the pride of awful state, gibe!

The golden canopy, the glitt'ring plate, Attentive truth and nature to descry,

The regal palace, the luxurious board, And pierce each scene with philosophic eye. The liv’ried army, and the menial lord. To thee were solemn toys, or empty show, With age, with cares, with maladies opThe robes of pleasure, and the veils of woe :

press'd, All aid the farce, and all thy mirth maintain, He seeks the refuge of monastic rest. Whose joys are causeless, or whose griefs are | Grief aids disease, remember'd folly stings, vain.

And his last sighs reproach the faith of Such was the scorn that fill'd the sage's kings. mind,

Speak thou whose thoughts at humble Renew'd at ev'ry glance on human kind;

peace repine, How just that scorn ere yet thy voice declare, Shall Wolsey's wealth with Wolsey's end be Search ev'ry state, and canvass ev'ry prayer.

thine ? Unnumber'd suppliants crowd Preferment's Or livest thou now, with safer pride content, gate, .

The wisest justice on the banks of Trent ? Athirst for wealth, and burning to be great; For, why did Wolsey, near the steeps of fate, Delusive Fortune hears th' incessant call, On weak foundations raise the enormous

They mount, they shine, evaporate, and fall. weight? · On ev'ry stage the foes of peace attend, Why, but to sink beneath misfortune's blow, Hate dogs their flight, and insult mocks their With louder ruin to the gulfs below ? end.

What gave great Villiers to the assassin's Love ends with hope, the sinking statesman's knife, door

And fix'd disease on Harley's closing life? Pours in the morning worshipper no more; What murder'd Wentworth, and what exiled For growing names the weekly scribbler lies, Hyde, To growing wealth the dedicator flies ;

By kings protected, and to kings allied ? From ev'ry room descends the painted face, What but their wish indulged in courts to That hung the bright palladium of the place ; shine, And, smoked in kitchens, or in auctions sold, And power too great to keep or to resign ? To better features yields the frame of gold; When first the college rolls receive his For now no more we trace in ev'ry line

name, Horoic worth, benevolence divine :

The young enthusiast quits his ease for The form distorted justifies the fall,

fame; And detestation rids the indignant wall. Resistless burns the fever of renown,

But will not Britain hear the last appeal, Caught from the strong contagion of the Sign her foe's doom, or guard her favourite's

gown: zeal ?

O'er Bodley's dome his future labours spread, Through Freedom's sons no more remon. And Bacon's mansion trembles o'er his strance rings,

head. Degrading nobles and controlling kings; Are these thy views ? Proceed, illustrious Our supple tribes repress their patriot

youth, throats,

And Virtue guard thee to the throne of And ask no questions but the price of votes;

Truth! With weekly libels and septennial ale,

Yet should thy soul indulge the gen'rous Their wish is full to riot and to rail.

heat In full-blown dignity, see Wolsey stand, Till captive Science yields her last retreat ; Law in his voice, and fortune in his hand : Should reason guide thee with her brightest To him the church, the realm, their powers ray, consign,

And pour on misty doubt resistless day; Through him the rays of regal bounty shine, Should no false kindness lure to loose delight, Turn'd by his nod the stream of honour Nor praise relax, nor difficulty fright; flows,

Should tempting Novelty thy cell refrain, His smile alone security bestows:

And Sloth effuse her opiate fumes in vain;


Should Beauty blunt on fops her fatal dart, Peace courts his hand, but spreads her charms Nor claim the triumph of a letter'd heart;

in vain ; Should no disease thy torpid veins invade, “ Think nothing gain'd," he cries, “till Nor Melancholy's phantoms haunt thy shade ; nought remain, Yet hope not life from grief or danger free, On Moscow's walls till Gothic standards fly, Nor think the doom of man reversed for And all be mine beneath the polar sky.” thee:

The march begins in military state, Deign on the passing world to turn thine And nations on his eye suspended wait ; eyes,

Stern Famine guards the solitary coast, And pause awhile from letters to be wise ; And Winter barricades the realms of Frost; There mark what ills the scholar's life assail, He comes, nor want nor cold his course Toil, envy, want, the patron, and the jail.

delay ;See nations, slowly wise and meanly just, Hide, blushing glory, hide Pultowa's day: To buried merit raise the tardy bust.

The vanquish'd hero leaves his broken bands, If dreams yet flatter, once again attend, And shows his miseries in distant lands; Hear Lydiat's life, and Galileo's end.

Condemn'd a needy supplicant to wait, Nor deem, when Learning her last prize While ladies interpose, and slaves debate. bestows,

But did not chance at length her error mend ! The glitt’ring eminence exempt from foes; Did no subverted empire mark his end ? See, when the vulgar 'scapes, despised or Did rival monarchs give the fatal wound ? awed,

Or hostile millions press him to the ground ? Rebellion's vengeful talons seize on Laud. His fall was destined to a barren strand, From meaner minds though smaller fines A petty fortress, and a dubious hand; content,

He left the name, at which the world grew The plunder'd palace, or sequester'd rent,

pale, Mark'd out by dangerous parts, he meets the To point a moral, or adorn a tale. shock,

All times their scenes of pompous woes And fatal Learning leads him to the block : Around his tomb let Art and Genius weep, From Persia's tyrant to Bavaria's lord. But hear his death, ye blockheads, hear and In gay hostility and barb'rous pride, sleep.

With half mankind embattled at his side, The festal blazes, the triumphal show, Great Xerxes comes to seize the certain prey, The ravish'd standard, and the captive foc, | And starves exhausted regions in his way; The senate's thanks, the Gazette's pompous Attendant Flatt'ry counts his myriads o'er, tale,

Till counted myriads soothe his pride no With force resistless o'er the brave prevail.

more; Such bribes the rapid Greek o'er Asia whirl'd, Fresh praise is tried till madness fires his For such the steady Roman shook the world ; mind, For such in distant lands the Britons shine, The waves he lashes, and enchains the wind; And stain with blood tho Danube or the New powers are claim'd, new powers are still Rhine;

bestow'd, This power has praise, that virtue scarce can Till rude resistance lops the spreading god; warm

The daring Greeks deride the martial show, Till fame supplies the universal charm.

And heap their valleys with the gaudy foe; Yet reason frowns on war's unequal game, Th' insulted sea with humbler thought he Where wasted nations raise a single name;

gains, And mortgaged states their grandsires' A single skiff to speed his flight remains ; wreaths regret,

Th' encumber'd oar scarce leaves the dreaded From age to age in everlasting debt;

coast Wreaths which at last the dear-bought right Through purple billows and a floating host. convey

The bord Bavarian, in a luckless hour, To rust on medals, or on stones decay.

Tries the dread summits of Cæsarean power, On what foundation stands the warrior's With unexpected legions bursts away, pride,

And sees defenceless realms receive his sway : How jnst his hopes, let Swedish Charles Short sway ! fair Austria spreads her mournful decido;

charms, A frame of adamant, a sonl of fire,

The queen, the beauty, sets the world in No dangers fright him, and no labours tire;

arms; O'er love, o'er fear, extends his wide domain, From hill to hill the beacon's rousing blaze Unconquer'd lord of pleasure and of pain ; Spreads wide the hope of plunder and of No joys to him pacific sceptres yield,

praise ; War sounds the tramp, he rushes to the The fierce Croatian, and the wild Hussar, field;

With all the sons of ravage, crowd the war; Behold surrounding kings their powers com The baffled prince, in honour's flatt'ring

bloom And one capitulate, and one resign;

Of hasty greatness, finds the fatal doom ; .


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His foes' derision and his subjects' blame, New sorrow rises as the day returns, And steals to death from anguish and from A sister sickens, or a daughter mourns. shame.

Now kindred Merit fills the sable bier, “Enlarge my life with multitude of days !” Now lacerated Friendship claims a tear; In health, in sickness, thus the suppliant Year chases year, decay pursues decay, prays :

Still drops some joy from with'ring life Hides from himself its state, and shuns to away; know,

New forms arise, and different views engage, That life protracted is protracted woe.

Superfluous lags the vet'ran on the stage, Time hovers o'er, impatient to destroy,

Till pitying Nature signs the last release, And shuts up all the passages of joy :

And bids afflicted worth retire to peace. In vain their gifts the bounteous seasons | But few there are whom hours like these pour,

await, The fruit autumnal, and the vernal flower; Who set unclouded in the gulfs of Fate. With listless eyes the dotard views the store, From Lydia's monarch should the search He views, and wonders that they please no descend, more;

By Solon caution'd to regard his end, Now pall the tasteless meats, and joyless In life's last scene what prodigies surprise, wines,

Fears of the brave, and follies of the wise ! And Luxury with sighs her slave resigns. From Marlb'rough's eyes the streams of Approach, ye minstrels, try the soothing

dotage flow, strain,

And Swift expires a driv'ler and a show. Diffuse the tuneful lenitives of pain :

The teeming mother, anxious for her race, No sounds, alas ! would touch the impervious Begs for each birth the fortune of a face ; ear,

Yet Vane could tell what ills from beauty Though dancing mountains witness'd Orpheus

spring ; near;

And Sedley cursed the form that pleased a Nor lute nor lyre his feeble powers attend,

king. Nor sweeter music of a virtuous friend ; Ye nymphs of rosy lips and radiant eyes, But everlasting dictates crowd his tongue, Whom pleasure keeps too busy to be wise ; Perversely grave, or positively wrong.

Whom joys with soft varieties invite, The still returning tale, and ling'ring jest, By day the frolic, and the dance by night; Perplex the fawning niece and pamper'd Who frown with vanity, who smile with art, guest,

And ask the latest fashion of the heart; While growing hopes scarce awe the gath’ring What care, what rules, your heedless charms sneer,

shall save, And scarce a legacy can bribe to hear :

Each nymph your rival, and each youth your The watchful guests still hint the last slave ? offence;

Against your fame with fondness hate comThe daughter's petulance, the son's expense,

bines, Improve his heady rage with treach’rous The rival batters, and the lover mines. skill,

With distant voice neglected Virtue calls, And mould his passions till they make his Less heard and less, the faint remonstrance will.

falls; Unnumber'd maladies his joints invade, Tired with contempt, she quits the slipp’ry Lay siege to life, and press the dire blockade;

reign, But unextinguish'd av'rice still remains, And Pride and Prudence take her seat in And dreaded losses aggravate his pains ;

vain. He turns, with anxious heart and crippled In crowd at once, where none the pass hands,

defend, His bonds of debt, and mortgages of lands; | The harmless freedom, and the private Or views his coffers with suspicious eyes,

friend. Unlocks his gold, and counts it till he dies. The guardians yield, by force superior plied :

But grant, the virtues of a temp'rate prime | To Int'rest, Prudence; and to Flatt'ry, Bless with an age exempt from scorn or Pride. crime;

Here beauty falls, betray'd, despised, disAn age that melts with unperceived decay,

tress'd, And glides in modest innocence away;

And hissing Infamy proclaims the rest. Whose peaceful day benevolence endears,

Where then shall Hope and Fear their Whose night congratulating conscience cheers; objects find ? The general fav'rite as the general friend : Must dull suspense corrupt the stagnant Such age there is, and who shall wish its mind? end?

Must helpless man, in ignorance sedate, Yet ev'n on this her load Misfortune Roll darkling down the torrent of his fate? flings,

Must no dislike alarm, no wishes rise, To press the weary minutes' flagging wings; No cries invoke the mercies of the skies?

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