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parts, that no additions could be made without marring its simplicity or its pathos. Lady Anne was daughter of James Lindsay, fifth Earl of Balcarres ; she was born 8th December, 1750, married in 1793 to Sir Andrew Barnard, librarian to George III., and died, without issue, on the 8th of May, 1825.”—Chambers' “Cyc. Eng. Lit.," vol. ii. p. 127. See Allibone's " Crit. Dict. Eng. Lit.”
Ramsay in his Tea-Table Miscellany,' and, according to information obtained by Burns, was drowned in coming from France in the year 1733. Crawford had genuine poetical fancy and expression. The true muse of native pastoral,' says Allan Cunningham,
seeks not to adorn herself with unnatural ornaments; her spirit is in homely love and fireside joy; tender and simple, like the religion of the land, she utters nothing out of keeping with the character of her people, and the aspect of the soil; and of this spirit and of this feeling, Crawford is a large partaker.'”— Chambers' “ Cyc. Eng. Lit.” vol. i. p. 128. See Allibone's “Crit. Dict. Eng. Lit."
MRS. COCKBURN AND MISS JANE
ELLIOT. " Here we find two ladies amicably united ir. the composition of one of Scotland's finest songs, the Flowers of the Forest. Miss Jane Elliot of Minto, sister of Sir Gilbert Elliot of Minto, wrote the first and the finest of the two versions. Mrs. Cockburn, the author of the second, was a remarkable person. Her maiden name was Alicia Rutherford, and she was the daughter of Mr. Rutherford of Fernilee, in Selkirkshire. She married Mr. Patrick Cockburn, a younger son of Adam Cockburn of Ormiston, Lord Justice-Clerk of Scotland. She became prominent in the literary circles of Edinburgh, and an intimate friend of David Hume, with whom she carried on a long and serious correspondence on religious subjects, in which it is understood the philosopher opened up his whole heart, but which is unfortunately lost. Mrs. Cockburn, who was born in 1714, lived to 1794, and saw and proclaimed the wonderful promise of Walter Scott. She wrote a great deal, but the 'Flowers of the Forest' is the only one of her effusions that has been published. A ludicrous story is told of her son, who was a dissipated youth, returning one night drunk, while a large party of savants was assembled in the house; and locking himself up in the room in which their coats and hats were deposited, nothing would rouse him; and the company had to depart in the best substitutes they could find for their ordinary habiliments, -Hume (characteristically) in a dreadnought, Monboddo in an old shabby hat, &c.—the echoes of the midnight Potterrow resounding to the laughter at their own odd figures. It is believed that Mrs. Cockburn's song was really occasioned by the bankruptcy of a number of gentlemen in Selkirkshire, although she chose to throw the new matter of lamentation into the old mould of song.”—Gilfillan's “Less-known Brit. Poets," vol. iii. See Allibone's " Crit. Dict. Eng. Lit.”
SIR GILBERT ELLIOT. “Sir Gilbert Elliot, author of what Sir Walter Scott calls the beautiful pastoral song,' beginning
My sheep I neglected, I broke my sheep-hook,' was father of the first Earl of Minto, and was distinguished as a speaker in parliament. He was, in 1763, treasurer of the navy, and afterwards keeper of the signet in Scotland. He died in 1777. Mr. Tytler, of Woodhouselee, says, that Sir Gilbert Elliot, who had been taught the German flute in France, was the first who introduced that instrument into Scotland, about the year 1725.”—Chambers' “Cyc. Eng. Lit.," vol. ii. p. 129. See Alli. bone's “ Crit. Dict. Eng. Lit.”
ROBERT FERGUSSON. " This unfortunate Scottish bard was born in Edinburgh on the 17th (some say the 5th) of October, 1751. His father, who had been an accountant to the British Linen Company's Bank, died early, leaving a widow and four children. Robert spent six years at the grammar schools of Edinburgh and Dundee, went for a short period to Edinburgh College, and then, having obtained a bursary, to St. Andrews, where he continued till his seven. teenth year. He was at first designed for the ministry of the Scottish Church. He distin. guished himself at college for his mathematical knowledge, and became a favourite of Dr. Wilkie, Professor of Natural Philosophy, on whose death he wrote an elegy. He early discovered a passion for poetry, and collected materials for a tragedy on the subject of Sir William Wallace, which he never finished. He once thought of studying medicine, but had neither patience nor funds for the needful preliminary studies. He went away to reside with a rich uncle, named John Forbes, in the north, near Aberdeen. This person, however, and poor Fergusson unfortunately quarelled ;
ROBERT CRAWFORD. “Robert Crawford, author of The Bush aboon Traquair,' and the still finer lyric of * Tweedside,' was the brother of Colonel Craw. ford of Achinames. He assisted Allan
tainly a youth of remarkable powers, although
pairts' rather than high genius seems to express his calibre. He can hardly be said to sing, and he never soars. His best poems, such as · The Farmer's Ingle,' are just lively daguerreotypes of the life he saw around him —there is nothing ideal or lofty in any of them. His Ingle-bleeze' burns low compared to that which in The Cottar's Saturday Night' springs up aloft to heaven, like the tongue of an altar-fire. He stuffs his poems, too, with Scotch to a degree which renders them too rich for even a Scotchman's taste, and as repulsive as a haggis to that of an Englishman. On the whole, Fergusson's best claim to fame arises from the influence he exerted on the far higher genius of Burns, who seems, strangely enough, to have preferred him to Allan Ramsay.”—Gilfillan's “Less-known Brit. Poets," vol. iii. pp. 206-8. See Allibone's “ Crit. Dict. Eng. Lit.”
and after residing some months in his house, he left it in disgust, and with a few shillings in his pocket proceeded southwards. He travelled on foot, and such was the effect of his vexation and fatigue, that when he reached his mother's house he fell into a severe fit of illness.
“He became, on his recovery, a copying clerk in a solicitor's, and afterwards in a sheriff-clerk's office, and began to contribute to • Ruddiman's Weekly Magazine.' We re. member in boyhood reading some odd volumes of this production, the general matter in which was inconceivably poor, relieved only by Fergusson's racy little Scottish poems. His evenings were spent chiefly in the tavern, amidst the gay and dissipated youth of the metropolis, to whom he was the 'wit, songster, and mimic. That his convivial powers were extraordinary, is proved by the fact of one of his contemporaries, who survived to be a correspondent of Burns, doubting if even he equalled the fascination of Fergusson's converse. Dissipation gradually stole in upon him, in spite of resolutions dictated by remorse. In 1773, he collected his poems into a volume, which was warmly received, but brought him, it is believed, little pecuniary benefit. At last, under the pressure of poverty, toil, and intemperance, his reason gave way, and he was by a stratagem removed to an asylum. Here, when he found himself and became aware of his situation, he uttered a dismal shriek, and cast & wild and startled look around his cell. The history of his confinement was very similar to that of Nat Lee and Christopher Smart. For instance, a story is told of him which is an exact du. plicate of one recorded of Lee. He was writing by the light of the moon, when a thin cloud crossed its disc. “Jupiter, snuff the moon!' roared the impatient poet. The cloud thickened, and entirely darkened the light. “Thou stupid god!' he exclaimed, 'thou hast snuffed it out. By and by he became calmer, and had some affecting interviews with his mother and sister. A removal to his mother's house was even contemplated, but his constitution was exhausted, and on the 16th of October, 1774, poor Fergusson breathed his last. It is interesting to know that the New Testament was his favourite com. panion in his cell. A little after his death arrived a letter from an old friend, a Mr. Burnet, who had made a fortune in the East Indies, wishing him to come out to India, and enclosing a remittance of £100 to defray the expenses of the journey.
“Thus, in his twenty-fourth year, perished Robert Fergusson. He was buried in the Canongate churchyard, where Burns afterwards erected a monument to his memory, with an inscription which is familiar to most of our readers.
" Burns in one of his poems attributes to Fergusson 'glorious pairts. He was cer
EDWARD THOMPSON. “Edward Thompson, born 1738, died 1786, was a native of Hull, and went to sea so early in life as to be precluded from the advantages of a liberal education. At the age of nineteen, he acted as lieutenant on board the Jason, in the engagement off Ushant, between Hawke and Conflans. Coming to London, after the peace, he resided, for some time, in Kew-lane, where he wrote some light pieces for the stage, and some licentious poems, the titles of which need not be revived. At the breaking out of the American war, Garrick's interest obtained promotion for him in his own profession; and he was appointed to the command of the Hyæna frigate, and made his fortune by the single capture of a French East Indiaman. He was afterwards in Rodney's action off Cape St. Vincent, and brought home the tidings of the victory. His death was occasioned by a fever, which he caught on board the Grampus, while he commanded that vessel, off the coast of Africa. Though a dissolute man, he had the character of an able and humane commander. A few of his sea songs are entitled to remembrance."Campbell's “Specimens."
HENRY HEADLEY. “Henry Headley, born 1766, died 1788, whose uncommon talents were lost to the world at the age of twenty-two, was born a', Irstead, in Norfolk. He received his education at the grammar school of Norwich, under Dr. Parr; and at the age of sixteen was admitted a member of Trinity College, Oxford. There the example of Thomas Warton, the senior of his college, led him to explore the beauties of our elder poets. About the age of
twenty he published some pieces of verse, 1751, Lord Lyttelton, in concert with Dodsley, which exhibit no very remarkable promise ; projected the paper of the World, of which but his "Select Beauties of the Ancient it was agreed that Moore should enjoy the English Poets, which appeared in the follow. profits, whether the numbers were written by ing year, were accompanied with critical himself or by volunteer contributors. Lyttel. observations, that showed an unparalleled ton's interest soon enlisted many accomplished ripeness of mind for his years. On leaving coadjutors, such as Cambridge, Jenyns, Lord the university, after a residence of four years, Chesterfield, and H. Walpole. Moore himself he married, and retired to Matlock, in Derby. 1 wrote sixty-one of the papers. In the last shire. His matrimonial choice is said to number of the World'the conclusion is made have been hastily formed, amidst the anguish to depend on a fictitious incident which had of disappointment in a previous attachment. occasioned the death of the author. When the But short as his life was, he survived the lady papers were collected into volumes, Moore, who whom he married.
superintended the publication, realized this “ The symptoms of consumption having jocular fiction by his own death, whilst the last appeared in his constitution, he was advised number was in the press.” — Campbell's to try the benefit of a warmer climate ; and “ Specimens.” he took the resolution of repairing to Lisbon, unattended by a single friend. On landing at Lisbon, far from feeling any relief from the
THOMAS RUSSELL. climate, he found himself oppressed by its sultriness; and in this forlorn state, was on
“ Thomas Russell, born 1762, died 1788, the point of expiring, when Mr. De Vismes, to was the son of an attorney at Bridport, and whom he had received a letter of introduction
one of Joseph Warton's wonderful boys at from the late Mr. Windham conveyed him to
Winchester School. He became fellow of his healthful villa, near Cintra, allotted spa New College, Oxford, and died of consumption cious apartments for his use, procured for him
at Bristol Hot-Wells in his twenty-sixth the ablest medical assistance, and treated | year. him with every kindness and amusement that
“His poems were posthumous. The sonnet could console his sickly existence. But his on Philoctetes is very fine ; and of our young malady proved incurable; and, returning to writers, mature rather in genius than in England at the end of a few months, he years, Russell holds no humble place. Mr. expired at Norwich.”—Campbell's “Speci. Southey has numbered five, and Russell is mens.” See Allibone's “ Crit. Dict. Eng.
among them-Chatterton, Bruce, Russell, Bampfylde, and Kirke White."--Campbell's “ Specimens.”
EARL NUGENT. “Edward Moore, born 1712, died 1757, was the son of a dissenting clergyman at Abingdon, “Robert Craggs, afterwards created Lord in Berkshire, and was bred to the business of Nugent, was an Irishman, a younger son of a linendraper, which he pursued, however, Michael Nugent, by the daughter of Robert, both in London and Ireland, with so little Lord Trimlestown, and born in 1709. He success, that he embraced the literary life was, in 1741, elected M.P. for St. Mawes, in (according to his own account) more from Cornwall, and became, in 1747, comptroller to necessity than inclination. His ‘Fables' (in the Prince of Wales' household. He after. 1744) first brought him into notice. The wards made peace with the Court, and reRight Honourable Mr. Pelham was one of his ceived various promotions and marks of favour earliest friends; and his "Trial of Selim' besides the peerage. In 1739, he published gained him the friendship of Lord Lyttelton. anonymously & volume of poems possessing Of three works which he produced for the considerable merit. He was converted from stage, his two comedies, the Foundling' and | Popery, and wrote some vigorous verses on • Gil Blas,' were unsuccessful; but he was the occasion. Unfortunately, however, he fully indemnified by the profits and reputation relapsed, and again celebrated the event in a of the Gamester. Moore himself acknow very weak poem, entitled “Faith.' He died ledges that he owed to Garrick many popular in 1788. Although a man of decided talent, passages of his drama; and Davies, the as his ' Ode to Mankind' proves, Nugent does biographer of Garrick, ascribes to the great not stand very high either in the catalogue of actor the whole scene between Lewson and Irish patriots or of royal and noble authors.”” Stukely, in the fourth act; but Davies's -Gilfillan's “Less-known Brit. Poets,” vol. authority is not oracular. About the year iü. p. 261. See Campbeli's “ Specimens.”
From 1727 to 1780.
All I was wretched by to you I owed ;
Lost to the life you gave, your son no more,
admire. Richard Savage.—Born 1698, Died. 1743.
840.-REMORSE. Is chance a guilt, that my disastrous
heart, For mischief never meant, must ever smart? Can self-defence be sin ? Ah, plead no more! What though no purposed malice stained thee
o'er? Had heaven befriended thy unhappy side, Thou hadst not been provoked-or thou hadst
died. Far be the guilt of homeshed blood from
all On whom, unsought, embroiling dangers fall! Still the pale dead revives, and lives to me, To me! through Pity's eye condemned to see. Remembrance veils his rage, but swells his
fate; Grieved I forgive, and am grown cool too
late. Young and unthoughtful then ; who knows,
one day, What ripening virtues might have made their
way! He might have lived till folly died in shame, Till kindling wisdom felt a thirst for fame. He might perhaps his country's friend have
proved; Both happy, generous, candid, and beloved ; He might have saved some worth, now doomed
to fall, And I, perchance, in him, have murdered all.
O fate of late repentance! always vain : Thy remedies but lull undying pain. Where shall my hope find rest? No mother's
care Shielded my infant innocence with prayer : No father's guardian hand my youth main.
tained, Called forth my virtues, or from vice re
strained; Is it not thine to snatch some powerful arm, First to advance, then screen from future
harm? Am I returned from death to live in pain ? Or would imperial pity save in vain ? Distrust it not. What blame can mercy find, Which gives at once a life, and rears a mind?
Mother, miscalled, farewell—of sonl severe, This sad reflexion yet may force one teor :
841.—THE WANDERER. Yon mansion, made by beaming tapers gay, Drowns the dim night, and counterfeits the
day; From lamined windows glancing on the eye, Around, athwart, the frisking shadows fly. There midnight riot spreads illusive joys, And fortune, health, and dearer time destroys. Soon death's dark agent to luxuriant ease Shall wake sharp warnings in some fierce
disease. o man! thy fabric 's like a well-formed
state; Thy thoughts, first ranked, were sure designed
the great ; Passions plebeians are, which faction raise ; Wine, like poured oil, excites the raging
Then giddy anarchy's rude triumphs rise :
The miser-spirit eyes the spendthrift heir,
ployed ; For this, though wealthy, he no wealth
For this, he griped the poor, and alms | These travellers meet.—-Thy succours I denied,
implore, Unfriended lived, and unlamented died.
Eternal king! whose potent arm sustains Yet smile, grieved shade! when that unpro The keys of hell and death. --The Gravesperous store
dread thing! Fast lessens, when gay hours return no Men shiver when thou’rt named: Nature, more;
appallid, Smile at thy heir, beholding, in his fall, Shakes off her wonted firmness:---Ah! how Men once obliged, like him, ungrateful all:
dark Then thought-inspiring woe his heart shall Thy long-extended realms, and rueful wastes ! mend,
Where nought but silence reigns, and night, And prove his only wise, unflattering friend. dark night, Folly exhibits thus unmanly sport,
Dark as was chaos, ere the infant sun While plotting mischief keeps reserved her Was roll’d together, or had tried his beams court.
Athwart the gloom profound. --The sickly Lo! from that mount, in blasting sulphur taper, broke,
By glimm'ring through thy low-brow'd misty Stream flames voluminous, enwrapped with vaults smoke!
(Furr'd round with mouldy damps, and ropy In chariot-shape they whirl up yonder tower, slime), Lean on its brow, and like destruction lower ! Lets fall a supernumerary horror, From the black depth a fiery legion springs; And only serves to make thy night more Each bold bad spectre claps her sounding irksome. wings:
Well do I know thee by thy trusty yew, And straight beneath a summoned, traitorous Cheerless, unsocial plant! that loves to dwell band,
'Midst skulls and coffins, epitaphs and On horror bent, in dark convention stand :
worms: From each fiend's mouth a' ruddy vapour | Where light-heeld ghosts, and visionary flows,
shades, Glides through the roof, and o'er the council Beneath the wan cold moon (as fame reports) glows:
Embodied, thick, perform their mystic rounds. The villains, close beneath the infection pent, No other merriment, dull tree, is thine. Feel, all possessed, their rising galls ferment; See yonder hallow'd fane ;--the pious work And burn with faction, hate, and vengeful Of names once famed, now dubious or forgot, ire,
And buried 'midst the wreck of things which For rapine, blood, and devastation dire !
were ; But justice marks their ways : she waves in There lie interr'd the more illustrious dead. air
The wind is up : hark! how it howls! MeThe sword, high-threatening, like a comet's thinks glare.
Till now I never heard a sound so dreary : While here dark villany herself deceives, Doors creak, and windows clap, and night's There studious honesty our view relieves.
foul bird, A feeble taper from yon lonesome room, Rook'd in the spire, screams loud : the gloomy Scattering thin rays, just glimmers through
aisles the gloom.
Black plaster'd, and hung round with shreds There sits the sapient bard in museful mood, of 'scutcheons And glows impassioned for his country's And tatter'd coats of arms, send back the good!
sound All the bright spirits of the just combined, Laden with heavier airs, from the low vaults, Inform, refine, and prompt his towering The mansions of the dead. - Roused from mind!
their slumbers, Richard Savage.-Born 1698, Died 1743.
In grim array the grisly spectres rise,
I'll hear no more; it makes one's blood run
chill. Whilst some affect the sun, and some the Quite round the pile, a row of reverend shade,
elms Some flee the city, some the hermitage ; (Coeval near with that) all ragged show, Their aims as various, as the roads they take Long lash'd by the rude winds. Some rift In journeying through life ;—the task be half down mine
Their branchless trunks; others so thin a-top, To paint the gloomy horrors of the tomb ; That scarce two crows could lodge in the Th' appointed place of rendezvous, whera all