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depress his spirits. At Foresthill he wrote | shadowy, shifting, supernatural characterhis poem “Lochleven,' which discovers no heard, but seldom seen—its note so limited small descriptive power. Consumption began and almost unearthly :now to make its appearance, and he returned to the cottage of his parents, where he wrote
O Cuckoo, shall I call thee bird, his ‘Elegy on Spring,' in which he refers with
Or but a wandering voice?' dignified pathos to his approaching dissolution. On the 5th of July, 1767, this remarkable How fine this conception of a separated voice youth died, aged twenty-one years and three -The viewless spirit of a lonely sound,' months. His Bible was found on his pillow, plaining in the woods as if seeking for some marked at the words, Jer. xxii. 10, ‘Weep ye incarnation it cannot find, and saddening the not for the dead, neither bemoan him: but spring groves by a note so contradictory to weep sore for him that goeth away: for he the genius of the season. In reference to the shall return no more, nor see his native note of the cuckoo we find the following recountry.
marks among the fragments from the common. “Lord Craig wrote some time afterwards | place book of Dr. Thomas Brown, printed by an affecting paper in the Mirror,' recording Dr. Welsh :- The name of the cuckoo has the fate, and commending the genius of Bruce. | generally been considered as a very pure John Logan, in 1770, published his poems. instance of imitative harmony. But in giving In the year 1807, the kind-hearted Principal that name, we have most unjustly defrauded Baird published an edition of the poems for the poor bird of a portion of its very small the behoof of Bruce's mother, then an aged variety of sound. The second syllable is not widow. And in 1837, Dr. William Mackelvie, a mere echo of the first; it is the sound reBalgedie, Kinross-shire, published what may versed, like the reading of a sotadic line ; and be considered the standard Life of this poet, to preserve the strictness of the imitation we along with a complete edition of his Works. should give it the name of Ook-koo.' This is
"It is impossible from so small a segment the prose of the cuckoo after its poetry.” of a circle as Bruce's life describes to infer! Such is Gilfillan's eloquent tribute to the with any certainty the whole. So far as we genius of Bruce; we must, however, give the can judge from the fragments left, his power i authorship of the “ Cuckoo" to Logan.was rather in the beautiful, than in the sub Gilfillan's “ Less-known Brit. Poets," vol. iii., lime or in the strong. The lines on Spring, pp. 143-146. See Allibone's “ Crit. Dict. from the words. Now spring returns' to the Eng. Lit.”; Chambers's “Cyc. Eng. Lit." ; close, form a continuous stream of pensive | Shaw's - Hist. Eng. Lit.” loveliness. How sweetly he sings in the shadow of death! Nor let us too severely blame his allusion to the old Pagan mythology, in the wordsI hear the helpless wail, the shriek of
JOHN LOGAN. woe, I see the muddy wave, the dreary “John Logan was born in the year 1748. shore;'
He was the son of a farmer at Soutra, in the
i parish of Fala, Mid-Lothian. He was educated remembering that he was still a mere student,
for the church at Edinburgh, where he became and not recovered from that fine intoxication intimate with Robertson, afterwards the his. in which classical literature drenches a young torian. So, at least, Campbell asserts : but imaginative soul, and that at last we find him he strangely calls him a student of the same ‘resting in the hopes of an eternal day. standing, whereas, in fact, Robertson Saw • Lochleven' is the spent echo of the Sea- light in 1721, and had been a settled minister sons,' although, as we said before, its descrip- five years before Logan was born. After tions possess considerable merit. His ‘Last ! finishing his studies he became tutor in the Day' is more ambitious than successful. If | family of Mr. Sinclair of Ulbster, and the late we grant the Cuckoo' to be his, as we are
well-known Sir John Sinclair was one of his inclined decidedly to do, it is a sure title to
pupils. When licensed to preach, Logan befame, being one of the sweetest little poems
eetest little poems | came popular, and was in his twenty-fifth in any language. Shakspere would have been
year appointed one of the ministers of South proud of the verse
Leith. In 1781 he read, in Edinburgh, a Sweet bird ! thy bower is ever green,
course of lectures, on the Philosophy of Thy sky is ever clear ;
History, and in 1782 he printed one of them, Thou hast no sorrow in thy song,
on the Government of Asia. In the same No winter in thy year.'
year he published a volume of poems, which
were well received. In 1783 he wrote a tragedy Bruce has not, however, it has always ap. called "Runnymede,' which was, owing to peared to us, caught so well as Wordsworth some imagined incendiary matter, prohibited the differentia of the cuckoo,-its invisible from being acted on the London boards, but which was produced on the Edinburgh stage, | in Hants, and of Cobham, in Surrey. At the and afterwards published. This, along with age of sixteen our author was admitted a comsome alleged irregularities of conduct on the moner of Trinity College, Oxford, of which he part of Logan, tended to alienate his flock, continued a member, and an ornament, for and he was induced to retire on a small forty-seven years. His first poetical appearannuity. He betook himself to London, where, ance in print has been traced to five 'Eclogues' in conjunction with the Rev. Mr. Thomson in blank verse; the scenes of which are laid who had left the parish of Monzievaird, in among the shepherds, oppressed by the wars Perthshire, owing to a scandal-he wrote for in Germany. They appeared in Pearch's the 'English Review,' and was employed to * Supplement to Dodsley's Collection of Fugidefend Warren Hastings. This he did in an tive Pieces.' Warton disavowed those 'Ecable manner, although a well-known story logues' in his riper years. They are not disdescribes him as listening to Sheridan, on the creditable to him as the verses of a boy; but Oude case, with intense interest, and exclaim it was a superfluous offering to the public, to ing, after the first hour, " This is mere decla subjoin them to his other works, in Mr. mation without proof'-after the next two, Chalmers's edition of the British Poets. His • This is a man of extraordinary powers '--and poem, "The Pleasures of Melancholy,' was ere the close of the matchless oration, Of all written not long after. As the composition of the monsters in history, Warren Hastings is a youth, it is entitled to a very indulgent conthe vilest. Logan died in the year 1788, in sideration; and perhaps it gives promise of a his lodgings, Marlborough Street. His ser sensibility, which his subsequent poetry did mons were published shortly after his death, not fulfil. It was professedly written in his and if parts of them are, as is alleged, pilfered seventeenth, but published in his nineteenth from a Swiss divine (George Joachim Zolli. year, so that it must be considered as testifykofer), they have not remained exclusively ing the state of his genius at the latter period; with the thief, since no sermons have been for until his work had passed through the so often reproduced in Scottish pulpits as the press, he would continue to improve it. In elegant orations issued under the name of the year 1749 he published his “Triumph of Logan.
Isis,' in answer to Mason's poetical attack on “We have already declined to enter on the the loyalty of Oxford. The best passage in controversy about The Cuckoo,' intimating, this piece, beginning with the lines however, our belief, founded partly upon Logan's unscrupulous character and partly on *Ye fretted pinnacles, ye fanes sublime, internal evidence, that it was originally written Ye towers, that wear the mossy vest of by Bruce, but probably polished to its present time,' perfection by Logan, whose other writings give us rather the impression of a man of discovers that fondness for the beauties of varied accomplishments and excellent taste, architecture, which was an absolute passion in than of deep feeling or original genius. If the breast of Warton. Joseph Warton relates Logan were not the author of : The Cuckoo, that, at an early period of their youth, his there was a special baseness connected with brother and he were taken by their father to the fact, that when Burke sought him out in see Windsor Castle. Old Dr. Warton comEdinburgh, solely from his admiration of that plained, that whilst the rest of the party expoem, he owned the soft and false impeach. pressed delight at the magnificent spectacle, ment, and rolled as a sweet morsel praise from Thomas made no remarks; but Joseph Warton the greatest man of the age, which he knew justly observes, that the silence of his brother was the rightful due of another.”—Gilfillan's was only a proof of the depth of his pleasure ; . "Less-known Brit. Poets," pp. 266-268. that he was really absorbed in the enjoyment
of the sight; and that his subsequent fondness for 'castle imagery,' he believed, might be traced to the impression which he then re
ceived from Windsor Castle. THOMAS WARTON.
“In 1750 he took the degree of a master of
arts; and in the following year succeeded to a “ Thomas Warton, born 1728, died 1790, fellowship. In 1754 he published his Obserwas descended from an ancient family, whose vations on Spenser's Faëry Queen,' in a single residence was at Beverley, in Yorkshire. One volume, which he afterwards expanded into of his ancestors was knighted in the civil two volumes, in the edition of 1762. In this wars, for his adherence to Charles I. ; but by work he minutely analyses the Classic and the failure of the same cause, the estate of the Romantic sources of Spenser's fiction; and so family was confiscated, and they were unable far enables us to estimate the power of the to maintain the rank of gentry. The Toryism poet's genius, that we can compare the scatof the historian of English poetry was, there tered ore of his fanciful materials with their fore, hereditary. His father was fellow of transmuted appearance in the ‘Faëry Queen.' Magdalen College, Oxford ; professor of poetry This work, probably, contributed to his apin that university; and vicar of Basingstoke, pointment to the professorship of poetry, in
the university, in 1757, which he held, accord. which he meant to have extended to the last ing to custom, for ten years. While possessed century, was continued only to the reign of of that chair, he delivered a course of lectures Elizabeth. on poetry, in which he introduced his transla "In the year 1785 he was appointed to the tions from the Greek Anthology, as well as Camden Professorship of History, in which the substance of his remarks on the Bucolic situation he delivered only one inaugural dispoetry of the Greeks, which were afterwards sertation. In the same year, upon the death published in his edition of Theocritus. In of Whitehead, he received the laureateship. 1758 he assisted Dr. Johnson in the 'Idler, His odes were subjected to the ridicule of the with Nos. 33, 93, and 96. About the same Rolliad ; but his head filled the laurel with time he published, without name or date, ‘A more learning than it had encompassed for Description of the City, College, and Cathedral a hundred years. of Winchester ;' and a humorous account of " In his sixty-second year, after a life of Oxford, intended to burlesque the popular uninterrupted good health, he was attacked description of that place, entitled, 'A Com. by the gout; went to Bath for a cure, and panion to the Guide, or a Guide to the Com returned, as he imagined, perfectly recovered ; panion. He also published anonymously, in but his appearance betrayed that his constitu1758, “A Selection of Latin Metrical Inscrip tion had received a fatal shock. At the close tions.'
of an evening, which he had spent with more “ Warton's clerical profession forms no very than ordinary cheerfulness, in the commonprominent part of his history. He had an hall of his college, he was seized with a paraindistinct and hurried articulation, which was lytic stroke, and expired on the following peculiarly unfavourable to his pulpit oratory. day. His ambition was directed to other objects, * Some amusing eccentricities of his chathan preferment in the church, and he was racter are mentioned by the writer of his life above solicitation. After having served the (Dr. Mant), which the last editor of the curacy of Woodstock for nine years, as well as British Poets' blames that biographer for his avocations would permit, he was appointed, introducing. I am får from joining in this in 1774, to the small living of Kiddington, in censure. It is a miserable system of biography, Oxfordshire ; and, in 1785, to the donative of that would never allow us to smile at the Hill Farrance, in Somersetshire, by his own foibles and peculiarities of its subject. The college.
historian of English poetry would sometimes “ The great work to which the studies of forget his own dignity, so far as to drink ale, his life were subservient, was his . History of and smoke tobacco with men of vulgar condi. English Poetry,' an undertaking which had tion ; either wishing, as some have gravely been successively projected by Pope and Gray. alleged, to study undisguised and unlettered Those writers had suggested the imposing human nature, or, which is more probable, to plan of arranging the British poets, not by enjoy a heartier laugh, and broader humour their chronological succession, but by their than could be found in polite society. He was different schools. Warton deliberately re also passionately fond (not of critical, but) of linquished this scheme; because he felt that it military reviews, and delighted in martial was impracticable, except in a very vague and music. The same strength of association general manner. Poetry is of too spiritual a which made him enjoy the sound of the spirit. nature to admit of its authors being exactly stirring drum,' led him to be a constant and grouped, by a Linnæan system of classification. curious explorer of the architectural monuStriking resemblances and distinctions will, no ments of chivalrous times; and, during his doubt, be found among poets; but the shades summer excursions into the country, he always of variety and gradation are so infinite, that committed to paper the remarks which he had to bring every composer within a given line of made on ancient buildings. During his visits resemblance, would require a new language in to his brother, Dr. J. Warton, the reverend the philosophy of taste. Warton, therefore, professor became an associate and confidant in adopted the simpler idea of tracing our poetry all the sports of the schoolboys. When engaged by its chronological progress. The work is | with them in some culinary occupation, and certainly provokingly digressive, in many when alarmed by the sudden approach of the places, and those who have subsequently exa master, he has been known to hide himself in mined the same subject have often complained a dark corner of the kitchen ; and has been of its inaccuracies; but the chief cause of dragged from thence by the Doctor, who had those inaccuracies was that boldness and ex taken him for some great boy. He also used tent of research, which makes the work so to help the boys in their exercises, generally useful and entertaining. Those who detected putting in as many faults as would disguise his mistakes have been, in no small degree, in the assistance. debted to him for their power of detecting them. “Every Englishman who values the literaThe first volume of his History' appeared ture of his country must feel himself obliged in 1774; the second in 1778; and the third in to Warton as a poetical antiquary. As a poet, 1781. Of the fonrth volume only a few sheets he is ranked by his brother Joseph in the were printed ; and the account of our poetry, l school of Spenser and Milton; but this classification can only be admitted with a full (Where the tall shaft and fretted nook understanding of the immense distance between
between him and his great masters. He had, indeed, Thick ivy twines) the taper'd rites 'spelt the fabled rhyme ;' he abounds in allu
betray.' sions to the romantic subjects of Spenser, and
His memory was stored with an uncommon he is a sedulous imitator of the rich lyrical manner of Milton : but of the tenderness and
portion of that knowledge which supplies
materials for picturesque description; and his peculiar harmony of Spenser he has caught
universal acquaintance with our poets supplied nothing; and in his resemblance to Milton, he
him with expression, so as to answer the full is the heir of his phraseology more than his
demand of his original ideas. Of his poetic spirit. His imitation of manner, however, is
invention, in the fair sense of the word, of his not confined to Milton. His style often ex
depth of sensibility, or of his powers of reflechibits a very composite order of poetical archi.
tion, it is not so easy to say anything favourtecture. In his verses to Sir Joshua Reynolds,
able.”—Campbell's “ Specimens,” pp. 618-620. for instance, he blends the point and succinct.
See Gilfillan's “Less-known British Poets." ness of Pope with the richness of the elder and more fanciful school. It is one of his happiest compositions; and, in this case, the intermixture of styles has no unpleasing effect. In others, he often tastelessly and elaborately unites his affectation of antiquity, with the case-hardened graces of modern polish.
JOSEPH WARTON. “ If we judge of him by the character of the
“ Joseph Warton, born 1722, died 1800, son majority of his pieces, I believe that fifty out
to the vicar of Basingstoke, and elder brother of sixty of them are such, that we should not
to the historian of English poetry, was born be anxious to give them a second perusal.
in the house of his maternal grandfather, the From that proportion of his works, I conceive Rev. Joseph Richardson, rector of Dunsfold, that an unprejudiced reader would pronounce
in Surrey. He was chiefly educated at home him a florid, unaffecting describer, whose
by his father, Dr. Warton, till his fourteenth images are plentifully scattered, but without
year, when he was admitted on the foundation selection or relief. To confine our view, how of Winchester College. He was there the ever, to some seven or eight of his happier
schoolfellow and intimate of Collins, the pieces, we shall find, in these, a considerable
poet ; and, in conjunction with him and degree of graphic power, of fancy, and anima
another youth, whose name was Tomkyns, he tion. His Verses to Sir Joshua Reynolds'
sent to the “Gentleman's Magazine' three are splendid and spirited. There is also a
pieces of poetry, which were highly comsoftness and sweetness in his ode entitled
mended in that miscellany. In 1740, being * The Hamlet,' which is the more welcome, for superannuated, he left Winchester School, being rare in his productions; and his Cru
and having missed a presentation to New sade' and Grave of Arthur' have a genuine
College, Oxford, was entered a commoner at air of martial and minstrel enthusiasm. Those that of Oriel. At the university he composed pieces exhibit, to the best advantage, the most his two poems, “The Enthusiast;' and The striking feature of his poetical character, which
Dying Indian,' and a satirical prose sketch, in was a fondness for the recollections of chi.
imitation of Le Sage, entitled "Ranelagh,' valry, and a minute intimacy of imagination
which his editor, Mr. Wooll, has inserted in with its gorgeous residences, and imposing the volume that contains his life, letters, and spectacles. The spirit of chivalry, he may
poems. Having taken the degree of bachelor indeed be said to have revived in the poetry i of arts at Oxford, in 1744, he was ordained on of modern times. His memory was richly his father's curacy at Basingstoke. At the stored with all the materials for description end of two years, he removed from thence to that can be got from books ; and he seems not
do duty at Chelsea, where he caught the smallto have been without an original enthusiasm
pox. Having left that place, for change of for those objects which excite strong associa
air, he did not return to it, on account of tions of regard and wonder. Whether he
some disagreement with the parishioners, but would have ever looked with interest on a
officiated for a few months at Chawton and shepherd's cottage, if he had not found it Droxford, and then resumed his residence at described by Virgil or Theocritus, may be
Basingstoke. In the same year, 1746, he fairly doubted; but objects of terror, splen
published a volume of his 'Odes,' in the preface dour, and magnificence, are evidently con
to which he expressed a hope that they would genial to his fancy. He is very impressive
be regarded as a fair attempt to bring poetry in sketching the appearance of an ancient
back from the moralizing and didactic taste of Gothic castle, in the following lines :
the age to the truer channels of fancy and * High o'er the trackless heath, at midnight description. Collins, our author's immortal seen,
contemporary, also published his Odes' in the No more the windows, ranged in long same month of the same year. He realized, array,
with the hand of genius, that idea of highly
personified and picturesque composition, which Virgil in English and Latin. To this work Warton contemplated with the eye of taste. Warburton contributed a dissertation on the But Collins's works were ushered in with sixth book of the Æneid; Atterbury furnished no manifesto of a design to regenerate the a commentary on the character of Iapis; and taste of the age, with no pretensions of the laureate Whitehead, another on the shield erecting a new or recovered standard of ex of Eneas. Many of the notes were taken cellence.
from the best commentators on Virgil, par"In 1748 our author was presented by the ticularly Catrou and Segrais : some were Duke of Bolton to the rectory of Winslade, supplied by Mr. Spence; and others, relating when he immediately married a lady of that to the soil, climate, and customs of Italy, by neighbourhood, Miss Daman, to whom he had Mr. Holdsworth, who had resided for many been for some time attached. He had not years in that country. For the English of been long settled in his living, when he was the Æneid, he adopted the translation by invited by his patron to accompany him to the Pitt. The life of Virgil, with three essays south of France. The Duchess of Bolton was on pastoral, didactic, and epic poetry, and a then in a confirmed dropsy, and his Grace, poetical version of the Eclogues and Georgics, anticipating her death, wished to have a Pro constituted his own part of the work. This testant clergyman with him on the Continent, translation may, in many instances, be found who might marry him, on the first intelligence more faithful and concise than Dryden's; but of his consort's death, to the lady with whom it wants that elastic and idiomatic freedom, he lived, and who was universally known by by which Dryden reconciles us to his faults ; the name of Polly Peachum. Dr. Warton and exhibits rather the diligence of a scholar complied with this proposal, to which (as his than the spirit of a poet. Dr. Harewood, in circumstances were narrow) it must be hoped his view of the classics, accuses the Latin that his poverty consented rather than his text of incorrectness. Shortly after the apwill. “To those' (says Mr. Wooll) who have pearance of his Virgil, he took a share in the enjoyed the rich and varied treasures of Dr. periodical paper "The Adventurer,' and conWarton's conversation, who have been dazzled tributed twenty-four numbers, which have by the brilliancy of his wit, and instructed by been generally esteemed the most valuable in the acuteness of his understanding, I need the work. not suggest how truly enviable was the jour- “ In 1754 he was instituted to the living of ney which his fellow-travellers accomplished Tunworth, on the presentation of the Jervoise through the French provinces to Montauban.' | family; and in 1755 was elected second master It may be doubted, however, if the French of Winchester School, with the management provinces were exactly the scene, where his and advantage of a boarding-house. In the fellow-travellers were most likely to be in following year Lord Lyttelton, who had substructed by the acuteness of Dr. Warton's mitted a part of his 'History of Henry II. to observations; as he was unable to speak the his revisal, bestowed a scarf upon him. He language of the country, and could have no found leisure, at this period, to commence his information from foreigners, except what he Essay on the Writings and Genius of Pope,' could now and then extort from the barbarous which he dedicated to Young, without subLatin of some Irish friar. He was himself scribing his name. But he was soon, and it so far from being delighted or edified by his would appear with his own tacit permission, pilgrimage, that for private reasons (as his generally pronounced to be its author, biographer states), and from impatience of Twenty-six years, however, elapsed before he being restored to his family, he returned home, ventured to complete it. Dr. Johnson said, without having accomplished the object for that this was owing to his not having been which the Duke had taken him abroad. He able to bring the public to be of his opinion set out for Bordeaux in a courier's cart; but as to Pope. Another reason has been assigned being dreadfully jolted in that vehicle, he for his inactivity. Warburton, the guardian quitted it, and, having joined some carriers of Pope's fame, was still alive ; and he was in Brittany, came home by way of St. Malo. the zealous and useful friend of our author's A month after his return to England, the brother. The prelate died in 1779, and in Duchess of Bolton died; and our author, 1782 Dr. Warton published his extended and imagining that his patron would, possibly, finished Essay. If the supposition that he have the decency to remain a widower for a abstained from embroiling himself by the few weeks, wrote to his Grace, offering to join question about Pope with Warburton be true, him immediately. But the Duke had no it will at least impress us with an idea of his mind to delay his nuptials; he was joined to patience ; for it was no secret that Ruffhead Polly by a Protestant clergyman, who was was supplied by Warburton with materials for found upon the spot; and our author thus a life of Pope, in which he attacked Dr. Warmissed the reward of the only action of his! ton with abundant severity; but in which he life which can be said to throw a blemish on entangled himself, more than his adversary, in kis respectable memory.
the coarse spun robes of his special pleading. "In the year 1748-9 he had begun, and in The Essay, for a time, raised up to him another 1753 he finished and published, an edition of į enemy, to whom his conduct has even an air