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THE

MISSIONARY CONVENTION

AT

JERUSALEM;

OR AN

EXHIBITION

OF THE

CLAIMS OF THE WORLD

TO THE

GOSPEL.

"The Prophets used much by metaphors

To set forth truth. Yea, whoso considers
Christ - his Apostles too, - shall plainly see,
That truths, to this day in such mantles be.”

John Bunyan.

BY REV. DAVID ABEEL,

MISSIONARY TO CHINA.

NEW-YORK:
PUBLISHED BY JOHN S. TAYLOR,
THBOLOGICAL AND SUNDAY-SCHOOL BOOKSELLER, BRICK CHURCH
CHAPEL, CORNER PARK-ROW AND SPRUCB-STREET.

The gift

con le tue Kirk strut bhurch 5.7 Lowie

Entered according to the Act of Congress, in the year 1838, by

JOHN S. TAYLOR, in the Clerk's office of the District Court of the Unit-d States, for the

Southern District of New-York.

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CONTENTS..

PAGE

PREPACE......
CHAPTER I. - Description of the Assembly. - Opened with reading the

Scriptures expressive of God's purpose to convert all nations, and

the means of its accomplishment...................................
CHAPTER II. - Speech of an Oriental ; - his own ignorance especially

of the subjects referred to in the texts cited, - how can they be recon-
ciled with the history of the church ? - Disobedience to Christ's com-

mands. Its effects upon his relatives and friends, ................. 17

CHAPTER III - An Englishman. - Attempts to reconcile the discrepan-

cies alleged. - Greatest exertions to be given to the most important

places. — England most important; therefore the command not

disobeyed,..........

.............

CHAPTER IV. - American, - applies the same reasoning to his own

country,..... ......................................

CHAPTER V.-German to his.......................
CHAPTER VI. - Other Christians, same reasoning. - A converted Chi-

nese-exposes the absurdity of such interpretation, -shows they

have not carried out their own principles,............

CHAPTER VII. - A native of India, of European parents. — Reaction

of Missions. -To benefit one's own country must act on a liberal

scale,............................................................. 38

CHAPTER VIII. - Second day.- One who had prevented his son from

becoming a Missionary.- Charity begins at home. - Heathen enough

at home,............................. ...........................

CHAPTER IX. -- Layman of education who had two sons Missiona-

ries. -- Fallacy of the above objections, ........................... 49

CHAPTER X.- A Christian who knew very little of Missions, and took

no pains to become interested in them.-Time not yet come - Must

not take God's work out of his hand,......

CHAPTER XI. - Converted Mahometan. - Inconsistency of previous

reasoning.- Do not act up even to this.- Providential preparations

for the gospel in many places,......................... .......... 50

CHAPTER XII. - A minister who was once going to the heathen, but

abandoned his purpose. The heathen in a much better state than

many suppose, .....

............ 63

CHAPTER XIII. — A commentator. - Destiny of the heathen. - Only

safe plan of action,............................................... 67

CHAPTER XIV.--Third day. - Subject of the day, sectarian distinc.

tion.-Speakers contending that the church must first be purified,
each in his own way. A converted Brahmin.-- Effects of this sec-
tarian spirit upon himself and the church. - Greatest hinderance to

M issions.....................................

CHAPTER XV. - Liberal-minded Christian.-How sects might act in

concert in evangelizing the world, ................................. 91

CHAPTER XVI. -- Objections to Missions by a Millenarian, answered by

one of the same school.- No other speaker.-Old man who first
spoke surprised at what he had heard, asked what grand laws had

been enacted for extending the kingdom of Christ. This to be the

subject of future discussion............

........... 100

CHAPTER XVII. - First principle admitted by the assembly. - Second

principle. – A heathen inquired why so many young men remained

at home. - Many replies, .... ..................................... 103

....

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PAGE,

CHAPTER XIX.- A returned missionary, his personal history, -re-

futes the objections of his brethren. Call to missionary service, and

impediments, ................................................. 107

CHAPTER XX. - A minister who had married a wife and could not go,

- objects to the above reasoning,............

............. 118

CHAPTER XXI. — Reply of a young clergyman who had left a congrega-

tion to go.- Every indication pointing to the foreign field, ......... 121

CHAPTER XXII.- Secretary of a missionary society, - Compares the

effects of the gospel in Christian and in heathen countries, .......... 130

CHAPTER XXIII. - Professor of theology, -approves the most liberal

scale of missionary operations. - Futility of objections. - Great hon-

our of the service,.................. ........................... 139

CHAPTER XXIV.- President of a college. - Young men who have de-

termined upon this course easily distinguished. - Approves of an

early determination. - No danger of sending too many abroad,.... 146

CHAPTER XXV.-Fifth day.--The third principle adopted by the as-

sembly. - Converted Jew.- Even this principle perverted, or Chris-

tianity would have universally prevailed,....

.......... 151

CHAPTER XXVI. --The next principle. - Speech of a physician who had

renounced a lucrative practice and gone to the heathen. - Reasons

for his course,. ................................................. 159

CHAPTER XXVII. - A merchant, -how brought to think and act cor-

rectly. - A new object. — Advice to others, ........

CHAPTER XXVIII.- A Christian of reduced fortune. -The duty o

giving liberally. - Motives, .....................

.......... 172

CHAPTER XXIX. - A ship-master. The advantage of men of secular

pursuits engaging in missionary labour. - His own observation.-

Missionary communities. - Missionary ships....................... 180

CHAPTER XXX. - A surgeon of a ship. - Female usefulness.- Letter

from missionary ladies. - His own observations,................... 186

CHAPTER XXXI. - The next principle. The principal speaker was an

aged missionary.-- Refers to apostolic rule of action. -Urges Chris-

tians to read and pray,............................................ 193

CHAPTER XXXII. - Sixth day. - Miscellaneous addresses and appeals.

- First address, a young man who in quest of health had visited sev-

eral of the Polynesian and Australasian islands. - Contradictory re-

ports. — Effects of the gospel in the Sandwich islands and many oth-

ers.--Necessities of many large, populous islands, New Guinea, Bo-

reno, &c.,..............

............ 202

CHAPTER XXXIII. — Caffree chief.- Power of the gospel among his

own people.- Pleads for oppressed Africa, .........

............... 214

CHAPTER XXXIV.-Speeches of several from different parts of the

world.-The triumphs of Christianity and the necessity of increased

exertion. - A Hindoo devotee, - his own efforts to obtain peace, and

how he found it. - Condition of India. -- Appeal to British Chris-

tians,.....

........................ 215

CHAPTER XXXV.- A Chinese. --How far China is open, and what

may be done. - Applies for young men and pleads for much prayer, 221

CHAPTER XXXVI. - A convert from a corrupt branch of the Christian

church. — The condition of many who call themselves Christians, but

know nothing of the essential doctrines of grace. - What has recently

been effected. --Call for help,.................................... 229

CHAPTER XXXVII. - An officer of the Indian army. -The collateral

influence of missions. - Conversion of many who went to India as

thoughtless as the heathen,......................................, 235

CHAPTER XXXVIII.-An aged minister. - Approaching millennium. -

Exhorts all to diligence. -Necessity of dependence upon the divine

spirit. — Advises them to look once more at our Lord's last com-

mand issued from this position, and then to go and fulfil it. - Hymn, 239

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