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with appurtenances in form aforesaid &c And whereupon they say that they were seised of the messuage aforesaid with appurtenances in their demesne as of fee and right in time of peace in the time of the Lord the King that now is by taking the profits thereof to the value &c. And into which &c. And thereof they bring suit &c.
And the aforesaid Elizabeth Tenant by her own warranty defends her right when &c. And thereupon furthei roncbeth to warrant Robert Lee who is also present here in Court in his proper person And freely warrants the messuage aforesaid with appurtenances to her &c. And hereupon the aforesaid William Hathway and Thomas demand against the said Robert Tenant by his own warranty the messuage aforesaid with appurtenances in form aforesaid he. And whereupon they say that they were seised of the messuage aforesaid with appurtenances in their demesne as of fee and right in time of peace in the time of the Lord the King that now is by taking the profits thereof to the value &c And (into which he. And thereof they bring suit he And the aforesaid Robert Tenant by his own warrantry defends his right when &c. And saith that the aforesaid Hugh did t-rt disseise the aforesaid William Hathway and Thomas of the messuage aforesaid with appurtenances as the same William Hathway and Thomas by their writ and declaration aforesaid above do suppose And of this he putteth himself upon the Country Ac.
And the aforesaid William Hathway and Thomas thereupon crave leave to imparl And they have it &c. And afterwards the same William Hathway and Thomas come again here into Court in this same Term in their proper persons And the aforesaid Robert although solemnly called cometh not again but departed in contempt of the Court And maketh default
Therefore it is considered that the aforesaid William Hathway and Thomas recover their seisin against the aforesaid Richard and William Smyth of the messuage aforesaid with appurtenances And that the same Richard and William Smyth have of the land of the aforesaid Elizabeth to the value &Q. And that the same Elizabeth have lastly of the land of the aforesaid Robert to the value &c. And the same Robert in mercy he, And hereupon the aforesaid William Hathway and Thomas pray a writ of Our Lord the King to be directed to the Sheriffs of London aforesaid to cause full seisin of the messuage aforesaid with appurtenances to be delivered to them And it is granted to them returnable here without delay &c. Afterwards, that is to say, on the Twenty ninth day of November in this same Term come here into Court the aforesaid William Hathway and Thomas in their proper persons And the Sheriffs namely Samuel Averey and John Bide now return that they by virtue of the said writ to them directed on the twenty seventh day of November last past did cause full seisin of the messuage aforesaid with appurtenances to be delivered to the aforesaid William Hathway and Thomas as by the said writ they were payed. &&
THE SUPPOSITITIOUS SHAKESPEARE DOCUMENTS.
Is addition to the MS. annotations of Mr. Collier's " Corrected folio, 1632," and those on the margins of Lord Ellesmere's folio, 1623, every one of which has been pronounced by the most competent authority to be of quite recent fabrication, the following documents, after careful inspection, have been found to present unmistakeable evidences of being counterfeit
Is Bridgewater House.
1. Memorial of the players, James Burbidge, Richard Burbidge, John Laneham, &c. &c. November, 1589 (See Bate w, p. xxiii.) and Collier's Life of Shakespeare, p. 82.
2. List of Claims made by R. Burbidge: Laz. Fletcher: W. Shakspeare, &c. No date, which Mr. Collier describes as " a paper, which shows, with great exactness and particularity, the amount of interest then claimed by each sharer, those sharers being Richard Burbadge, Laurence Fletcher, William Shakespeare, John Heminge, Henry Condell, Joseph Taylor, and Lowin, with four other persons not named, each the owner of half a share."— CoLirxfi's Life of Shakespeare, p. 189.
"For avoiding of the playhouse in the Blade Friers. her Richard Burbidge owith the Fee, and is alsoe a sharer therein. His interest he rateth at the
grouse summe of 1000 li for the Fee, and for his foure Shares the summe of 933 li 6s 8d 1933 li 6s 8d Aa» Laz Fletcher owith three shares wch he rateth at 700 li, that is at 7 years purchase
for eche share, or 33 li 6s 8d one year with an other. 700 li
Item W. Shakspeare asketh for the Wardrobe and properties of the same playhouse 500 li, and
for his 4 shares, the same as his fellowes Burbidge and Fletcher, viz. 933 li 6s 8d fei Heminges and Condell eche 2 shares A» Joseph Taylor one share and an halfe Jim Lowing one share and an halfe fo* Fame more players with one halfe share unto eche of them
"Moreover, the hired men of the Companie demaund some recompence for their greate losse, and the Widowes and Orphans of players, who are paide by the Sharers at diners rates and proporeSns, soe as in the whole it will cost the Lo. Mayor and Citizens at the least 7000 li."
3. A letter from Samuel Daniel to the Rt. Eon. Sir Thomas Egertoiyfrom which, Mr. Collier remarks, "we may perhaps conclude that Shakespeare, as well as Michael Drayton, had been candidates for the post of Master of the Queen's revels."—(See note "5, p. xxxv.) and Collier's Life of Shakespeare, p. m.
To the Right honorable Sir Thomas EgcHon, Knight, Lord Keeper of the great Seale of England. I will not indeavour, Right honorable, to thanke you in wordes for this new great and vnlookt for favor showne vnto me, whereby I am bound to you for ever, and hope one day with true harte and simple skill to prove that I am not vnmindfull.
Most earnestly doe I wishe I could praise as your Honour has knowne to deserue, for then should I, like my maister Spencer, whose memorie your Honor cherisheth, leave behinde me some worthie worke, to be treasured by posteritie; What my pore muse coidd performe in haste is here set downe, and though it be farre Mow what other poets and better pennes have written it commeth from a gratefull harte and therefore maye be accepted. I shall now be able to issue free from those cares and troubles that hetherto haue been my continuall and wearisome companions. But a little time is paste since I was called upon to thanke yor honor for my brothers advancement and nowe I thanke you for my owne w°k double kindnes will alwaies receive double gratefullnes at both our handes.
I cannot but knowe that I am lesse deserving then some that sued by other of the nobilitie vnto her Ma,ic for this roomc, if M. Drayton my good friend had bene chosen I should not have murmured for sure I am he wold have filled it most excellentlie: but it seemeth to myne humble iudgement that one which is the authour of playes now daylie presented on the publick stages of London and the possessor of no small games, and moreover himself an actor in the kinges companie of Commedias, could not with reason pretend to be m' of the Queenes Ma"" Reuelles for as much as he wold sometimes be asked to approve and allow of his owne writingo. Therfore he and more of like qualitie cannot iustly be disappointed because through yor Honors gracious interposition the chance was haply myne. I owe this and all else to yor Honors and if euer I haue time and abilitie to finishe anie noble vndertaking as God graunt one daye I shall, the worke will rather be yor Honors then myne. God maketh a poet but his creation would be in vain, if patrones did not make him to liue. Yor Honor hath ever showne yo" selfe the friend of desert, and pitty it were if this should be the first exception to the rule. It shall not be whiles my jioore witt and strength doe remaine to me, though the verses wcb I nowe sende be indeed noe proofe of myne abilitie I onely intreat yor Honor to accept the same the rather as an earnest of my good will then as an example of my good deede. In all thinges I am yo' Honors
Most bounden in dutie and obseruance,
4. A letter assumed to be from Henry Lord Southampton to the Lord Chancellor Ellesmere on behalf of Shakespeare and Burbadge. No date.—(See vote m, p. xxxvii.) and Collier's Life of Shakespeare, p. 193:—
My verie honored Lo. the manie good offices I haue receiued at yor Lps handes whh ought to make me backward in asking further favours onely imbouldeneth me to require more in the same kinde. Yo' Lp wilbe warned howe hereafter you graunt anie sure seeing it draweth on more and greater demaund es: this w*b now presseth is to request yor Lp in all you can to be good to the poor players of the blatke Fryers who call themselves by authoritie the Servantes of his Ma"c and aske for the protection of their most gracious maister and Soueraigne in ""■ the tyme of there troble. They are threatened by the Lo. Maior and Aldermen of London never friendly to their calling w,h the distruccon of their meanes of liuelihood by the pulling downe of their plaiehouse w1' is a priuate theatre and hath never giuen occasion of anger by anie disorders. These bearers are two of the chiefe of the companies, one of them by name Richard Burbidge who humblie sueth for ye Lps kinde helpe for that he is a man famous as our cnglish Roscius one who fitteth the action to the worde and the word to the action most admira[b]ly. By the exercise of his qualitie industry and good behaviour he hath become possessed of the Blacke Fryers playhouse wh hath bene imployed for playes sithence it was builded by his Father now nere 50 yeres agone. The other is a man no whitt less deserving fauor and my especial friends till of late an actor of good account in the cumpanie, now a sharer in the same, and writer of some of our best english playes as your Lp. knoweth were most singulerly liked of Quene Elizabeth when the cumpanie was called vpp°n t0 performe before her Matte at Court at Christmas and Shrove tide. His most gracious Ma"e King James alsoe since his coming to the crown hath extended his Royall favour to the companie in diuers waies and at sundrie tymes. This other hath to.name William Shakespeare and they are both of one countie and indeede allmost of one towne, both are right famous in their qualities though it longeth not of yo' Lo. grauitie and wisdome to resort vnto the places where they are wont to delight the publique eare. Their trust and sute nowe is not to bee molested in their wave of life whereby they
maintaine themselves and their wives and families (being both married and of good reputation) as well as the wnktwes and orphanes of some of their dead fellows. Yor Lo. most bounden at com. Copia rtra. Jj g^
5. Draft of warrant appointing Robert Dabornc, William Shakespeare, &c. instructors of the Children of the Queen's Revels— (See note *», p. xxxvii.) and Collier's Life of Shakespeare, pp. 197-8 :—
Bight trustie and well beloved &c James, &c. To all Mayors, Sheriffes, Justices of the peace, &c. Whereas the Queene our dearest wife hath for her pleasure and recrcacon appointed her servauntes Robert Dabome he. to prouide and bring uppe a convenient number of children who shalbe called the children of her Mates revelles. Know ye, that We have appointed and authorized and by these presentes doe appoint and authorize the saide Robert Dabome, William Shakespeare, Nathaniel Field, and Edward Kirkham from time to time to prouide and bring vpp a convenient noinber of children, and them to instruct and exercise in the qualitie of playing Tragedies Comedies &c by the name of the children of the reuelles to the Queene, within the blacke Fryers in our Cittie of London and els where within our realme of England. Wherefore we will and command you and everie of you te penairte her said servauntes to keepe a convenient nomber of children by the name of the children of the reuelles to the Queene, and them to exercise in the qualitie of playing acording to our Royall pleasure. Provided allwayes that noe playes &c. shalbe by them presented, but such playes he as haue receiued the aprobaam and allowance <rf our Maister of the Reuelles for the tyine being. And these our lies shalbe yor sufficient warrant in this Ichaife. In witnesses whereof &c. 4° die Janii, 1609.
Bl Fr and globe Curten and fortunel All in & ueere
Wh Fr and parishe garden Hope and Swanne J London
Is Dulwicu College.
1. Alleyn and Kernpe's Wager, which Mr. Collier introduces as follows :—
"But there is another paper of a very similar kind, apparently referring to the preceding, or to some other like contest, but containing several remarkable allusions, which Malone did not notice. Perhaps it never met his eye, ii perhaps he reserved it for his Life of Shakespeare, and was unwilling to forestall that production by inserting it ehewhere. It seetais to be of a later date, and it mentions not only Tarlton, Knell, and Bentley, but Kempe, Phillips, and Pope, while Alleyn's rival Burbage is sneered at as ' Roscius Richard,' and Shakespeare introduced nndff the name of Will, by which we have Thomas Heywood's authoritie (in his 'Hierarchie of the blessed Aaals,' l63o, p. 206) for saying he was known among his companions. The paper is in verse, and runs precisely afcOows:
'' Swett Nedde, nowe wynne an other wager
If Roscius Richard foames and fumes,
Memoirs of Alleyn, p. 13, ed. J. P. Collier, 1841
2. A list of players, added to a genuine memorandum; (See note v, p. xxxv.) of which addition Mr. Collier mji:-.
"Malone also appears to have reserved another circumstance, of very considerable importance in relation to Shakespeare, for his life of the poet To the last-quoted document, but in a different hand and in different ink, * appended a list of the king's players. The name of Shakespeare there occurs second, and as it could not be written at the bottom of the letter of the Council to the Lord Mayor, &c. prior to the date of that letter, it proves that up to 9th April, 1G04, our great dramatist continued to be numbered among the actors of the company.
Hitherto the last trace we have had of Shakespeare as actually on the stage, has been as one of the performers in Ben Jonson's 'Scjanus,' which was produced in 1603. We will insert the list as it stands at the foot of the Council's letter to the Lord Mayor, &c.
"' Ks Comp.
Collier's Memoirs of Alleyn, p. 68.
3. A letter from John Marston to Henslow, heralded thus :—
"The following undated note from Marston to Henslowe may not be unfitly introduced here : it refers to a play by Marston on the subject of Columbus, of which we hear on no other authority. It is one of the scraps of correspondence between Henslowe and the poets in his employ, existing at Dulwich College, of the major part of which Malone has given copies, but omitting the subsequent, which is certainly one of the most interesting of the whole collection.
"'Mr. Hensloe, at the rose on the Bankside. "' If you like my play of Columbus, it is verie well and you shall give me no more than twentie poundes for it, but If nott, lett mee have it by this Bearer againe, as I knowe the kinges men will freelie give mee as much for it, and the profitts of the third daye moreover.
"'Soe I rest yours
"' John Marston.'" Collier's Memoirs of AUeyn, p. 154.
4. A slip purporting to be a list of the inhabitants of Southwark who made a complaint,—against what is not specified,—in 1596, and which Mr. Collier's Life of Shakespeare, p. 126, represents as " valuable only because it proves distinctly that our great dramatist was an inhabitant of Southwark very soon after the Globe was in operation." (See note a, p. xxxi.)
5. "A breif noat taken out of the poores booke, contayning the names of all thenhabitants of this Liberty which are rated and assesed to a weekely paim' towardes the relief of the poor, as it standes now encreased, this 6* day of Aprill, 1609," &c This document is quoted by Mr. Collier in his Memoirs of Edward Alleyn, p. 91, and in his Life of Shakespeare, p. 187, to show that Shakespeare, at the date in question, was rated to the poor of the Clink in Southwark as an "inhabitant" at 6d. per week. Among the names on this list are Henslowe, AUeyne, Lee, Benfield, Lowins, Towne, Jubye, Hunt, Shakespeare, and Bird, all connected with the theatres of the period. (See note a, p. xxxvii.)
In Tjie State Paper Office.
1. A petition of Thomas Pope, Richard Burbadge, John Hemings, Augustine Phillips, William Shakespeare, &C. &C. For this instrument, see note ra, p. xxx.
Although the above are all of the documents brought to light by Mr. Collier which have been subjected to paleographic examination and are condemned as spurious, they form but a small part of his discoveries which stand suspected. But as the remainder will shortly undergo investigation by skilled paleographers, it is not prudent to offer an opinion on their authenticity based only upon internal evidence.
PRELIMINARY MATTER IN THE FOLIO OF 1623.1
To the Most Noble and Incomparable Paire of Brethren, William Earle of Pembroke, &c, Lord Chaniberlaine to the Kings most excellent Majesty. And Philip Earle of Montgomery, &c, Gentleman of his Majesties Bed-chamber. Both Knights of the most noble Order of the Garter, and our singular good Lord's.
Whilst we studie to be thankful in our particular, for the many favors we have received from your UK, we are falne upon the ill fortune, to mingle two the most diverse things that can be, feare, and rashnesse; rashnesse in the enterprize, and feare of the successe. For, when we valew the places your HH. sustaine, we cannot but know their dignity greater, then to descend to the reading of these trifles: and, while we name them trifles, we have deprived our selves of the defence of our Dedication. But since your LL have beene pleas'd to thinke these trifles something, heeretofore; and have prosequuted both them, and their Authour living, with so much favour: we hope, that (they outliving him, and he not having the fate, common with some, to be exequutor to his owne writings) you will use the like indulgence toward them, you have done unto their parent. There is a great difference whether any Booke choose his Patrones, or finde them: This hath done both. For, so much were your LL likings of the severall parts, when they were acted, as before they were published, the Volume ask'd to be yours. We have but collected them, and done an office to the dead, to procure his Orphanes, Guardians; without ambition either of selfeprofit, or fame: onely to keepe the memory of so worthy a Friend, & Fellow alive, as was our SHAKESPEARE, by humble offer of his players, to your most noble patronage. Wherein, as we hare justly observed, no man to come neere your LL but with a kind of religious addresse; it hath bin the height of our care, who are the Presenters, to make the present worthy of your HH. by the perfection. But, there we must also crave our abilities to be considerd, my Lords. We cannot go beyond our own powers. Country hands reach foorth milke, creame, fruites, or what they have : and many Nations (we have heard) that had not gummes & incense, obtained their requests with a leavened Cake. It was no fault to approach their Gods, by what meanes they wwld: And the most, though meanest, of things are made more precious, when they are dedicated to Temples. In that name therefore, we most humbly consecrate to your HH. these remaines of your servant Shakespeare; that what delight is in them, may be ever your LL, the reputation his, & the faults ours, if any be committed, by a payre so carefull to shew their gratitude both to the living, and the dead, as is
Your Lordshippes most bounden,
1 In the preliminary matter of the first and second folio, I spelling, and, where the sense was not obscured by it, to I hare thought it desirable to adhere to the old, quaint I the ancient punctuation also.