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had so roughly figured out that of the poor
Dof N and nov lashes away a grim-visaged Saracen's head, with some peculiar traits in it, designed to make it pass for that of the Doof
d, “ The Ikird noble Person,” says he, “ feels it a matter worthy of his indignation, that his Sovereign will not again enter into his ponage, and submit himself to a second pupillage. Fie would gain by force that power, with which neither the witdom of his royal Father, vor the apprehensions of the people, wouid intrust him in the
year 1751. But of what injuries does he complain? He has been treated, during the present reign, and more especially during the present administration, with every distinction due to his rank and relation to the crown. Even in the latest instance, When a plan was formed by the ministry for the reduction of the Havanna, it was immediately sent to him for his approbation. The commander in chief was appointed according to his domination. Everything he asked, in order to secure the success of the expedition, was instantly complied with. The vigour of the ministry seemed to fecond his demands. Never were any troops better appointed. Upon whac pretence of complaint, therefore, can He enter into an unnatural alliance in opposition to the interests of his own family? What views of future power can rempt Him to join with a man, whom he moit sincerely detests, to diftress the crown, to which he is to nearly related ? Is it Agrippina's impotence of anbition, eo lidi, quia non regnaret? Does he consider hintelf a Prince of the blood, and is this his proper conduct ? Does he acknowledge himself a subject, and is this his proof of duty to his Sovereign ? But, in truth, he is as much a subjeci to the crown, and, in all human probability, as far removed from the throne, as any private gentleman in England. Oliver Cromwell indeed rose to the tyranny of his country, as a private gentleman, and Richard the third, as an uncle.
“ We have often been reproached with our apprehenfions of military power. Whether those apprehentions were in themselves juít, or not, we certainly werè juitified, in being watchful to repel e en a posible danger, in formidable, indeed fo fatal, to the liberty of our country. li io wisdom io foresce such danger; it is courage to meet it in its ap soach ; it is our duty to die or to repel it. But now, what will they, who used to impute our tears to us as crimes; whai will they say now? when the proteffion of the oppolition is to govern the King absolutely; when the leader of that opposition is a military leader, who lias hardly any other ideas of government, than what he learned in the German discipline, which our foldiers, unused to such leverity, such cruelty, fo fcnfibly felt, and so loudly resented. If this man comes into power by violence, he mult maintain it by vio. Jence. Yet when he places himself at the lead of faction, every officer, who has a seat in parliament, and joins under such a leader, in such a cause, muft give us very serious apprehenfions. We cannot look upon such a member of parliament, as a man merely following his own opinion in civil matiers : whenever he succeeds, he becomes an initrument to oppress the liberty of a free people, but when this
commander in chief both of the King and army shall pour abroad bis spirit upon the soldiery—The unhappy Roman, upon whom Sylla either forgot, or neglected to smile, was butchered by his guards."
Having thus, in our most fincere opinion, grossly misrepresented as honest a man as ever was vilified, he proceeds to mention a certain very popular and right. honourable gentleman, of whose influence these dangerous ringleaders may find means to avail themselves, in order to carry their schemes into execution.- Thus, he concludes, “ three or four families have formed an opposition, that dares to threaten and insult their Sovereign. They have assumed to themselves, as most honourable, the no longer existing title of whigs; they have given to us, country-gentlemen, as most ignominious, the no longer existing name of tories.”
We do not think it worth while to trouble our Readers with any remarks on this well-written though invidious pamphlet; but proceed to take notice of the pieces to which it hath given birth.
Art. 23. A Letter to the Whigs, with some Remarks on a Letter
to the Tories. 4to. 6d. Nicoll. Apprehensive that the fire of party may possibly be re-kindled by the revival of those low, exploded terms, Whig and Tory, it is with concern we have seen them of late so much used by our political writers. It is servile and fcandalous for free-men to rank themielves under such vile, unmeaning, or worse than unmeaning denominations! Away with them to Paris or to Rome, where, to be the flaves of faves, is the humiliating birthright of the wretched natives !
The Author of this pamphlet, however, appears in the character of a Moderator. He professes himself a whig, but he relents not the inflammatory design of the Letter to the Tories, which is the subject of the foregoing article; which we think every honest Engliihman ought to resent, until the Author of that extraordinary pamphlet shall have demonstrated the reality of the iniquitous project which he charges upon the three noble personages. All that this conciliatory Writer contends for, is (what, indeed, every wise man, every true friend to his country, will acquiesce in) that there fhall be no contention, i.e. that the Whigs and Tories should unite, and thereby fecond the endeavours of our young monarch, for promoting the universal happiness of his people. This, no doubt, were a confummation de voutly to be wish'd: notwithilanding our best politicians are agreed, that the liberty of the subject is never so much in danger as when no danger is suspected. To which we thall be bold to add, without expresiig or feeling any apprehensions with regard to the disposition or conduct of the reigning Prince, that all administrations of government naturally tend toward Despotism; that Liberty is an ineltimable jewel, which we can never be too watchful in guarding and defending ; and that having no right to relinquish it, if we were so inclined, it is our indifpenfible duty to see it transmitted safe and inviolate to our pofterity.--" Rerencer à sa liberté c'est renoncer à sa qualité d'homme, aux droits de l'humanité, même à ses devoirs." Rousseau Contract focial.
G g 4
Art. 24. An Address to the Cocoa-Tree, from a IVhig. 4to.
15. Kearsly. In this well-written performance, in which spirit and decency are ha pily united, the Author smartly rallies the Torics, on account of the Epistle from their friend at the Cocoa-Tree, their supposed ascendancy at court, and their attachment to the present miniitry. As to the grand occasion of this controversy, (the complaint, that an oppofition is forming against the measures of government, which is construed into a design against his Majesty's independency and preragative, those darling objects of a party which has been lately thought extine?, in this kingdom at leas) our Author does not deny the reality of such an opposition, but he differs from the Cocoa-tree Letter-writer, in attributing the whole of it to “ three very great names,” that is his expression. According to him, the fact is, “ That the prefent oppofition is known to spread through the whole kingdom,—and existed in the minds of the people before the firit of the three great persons retired from business, before the second was banished from C---st, and before it was suggested that the third would openly patronize the cause, which has been the support of his illustrious house on the throne."
This general, and, according to our Author, national opposition, he endeavours to establish on the people's dislike of the FAVOURITE [Tory] Minister, on whose unpopularity he largely and severely expuiates through the greatelt part of his Epistle; endeavouring, from thit circumstance and some others, to thew the favourile's total difqualification for the enjoyment of that influence he is said to have acquired at the helm. The Tory maxim, “ That the King having a right to appoint his ministers, the people have no right to oppose them,” he very sensibly controverts, and extracts a different doctrine from Whig principles, viz. “That if a Miniter's pretenfions to power be not raturcl, corslit:tional, genily alerted, and generally admitted, the prerogative of the crown can be no shelter from the warmelt opposition which a free people may constitutionaliy form agairft such a minister.” This, he adds, “ has been invariably the doctrine of WHIGGISM ; and an opposition is forming against the present M-s, upon no other motive, than that he is supposed to be defective in each of those qualifications;” which he undertakes to 'evince; and has, in our opinion, said more to the purpose than will be easily answered, to the cqual satisfaction of the impartial reader, whether South-Briton or North-Briton. He concludes with fcme strong and manly assertions of the noble and genuine principles of Whiggism, [Oh! that we had a nobler denomination for thein ] and takes his leave of his readers with a declaration, by which we hope every true Briton will for ever abide, “ Under this royal fapily alone, we are fully convinced, we can live free; and under this
royal family, we are fully resolved, we will live free
"...While we continue in this perfuafion, and steadily adhere to this resolution, there can be little reason to fear the accomplishment of bihop Fleetwood's melancholy presage, which our Author has prefixed, by way of motto, to his pamphlet, viz. “ From the natural tendency of several principles and practices, that have of late been ftudioully revived, and from what has followed thereupon, I could not help both fearing and presaging, that these nations would some time or other fall into the way of all other nations, and lose their liberty."
• These words are said to have been the conclusion of a protest formerly made in a certain great assembly. Art. 25.
A Letter from Arthur's to the Cocoa-Tree, in Answer to the Letter from thence to the Country-Gentleman. 4to. is. Morgan
The puny effort of some boy-politician, who not being himself very deep in the subject, has filled up his insignificant pamphlet with extraets from Rapiu's history. Art. 26. A Derbyshire Gentleman's Answer to the Letter from
the Cocoa-Tree. 8vo. '6d. Moore. The Derbyshire gentleman knows no more of the matter than the little pamphlet-spinner at Arthur's. Both, however, talks in a tone of valt importance about their patriotic spirit, their whig principles their loyalty to the house of Hanover, and their unconquerable averfion to favrurites; an aversion which, in all probability, would be radically cured, by creating the Derbyshire gentleman a tide-waiter, and making the industrious politician at Arthur's an exciseman.
MISCELLANEOU S. Art. 27. The Reverie: Or a Flight to the Paradise of Fools. By the Editor of the Adventures of a Guinea.
12mo. 2 vols. 6s. Becket.
A number of public characters and transactions are here described and narrated, in that animated, but inelegant, style and manner, which is peculiar to the Author of the Adventures of a Guinea. We do not charge it on a malignancy of disposition, that some men are fond of placing every thing in the worit light; perhaps fuch a method of taking a view of human nature, may sometimes have its use. We would advise the Reader, however, to beware of forming injurious notions of persons and facts, on the authority of such Writers; since he might as well take the characters and actions of ancient Heroes and Heroines from the novels of Cariandra and Cleopatra, as those of our modern ones from the representations of this Author. Like those ungraceful Painters who have an admirable hand at an ugly likeness, this Writer hits of the wart on the cheek, the
squint fquint of the eye, and the pimple of the nose, to perfection. He appears, indeed, to have no taste or idea of the beautiful, either in #yle, character, or design: both the scenes and personages exhibited in this performance being, in general, the groffest dawbings we remember to have seen. Macheath, in the Beggars Opera, is a Gentleman in comparison to our Author's King of Prusia; and the Emprefs Queen is but a copy of Flanders Moll or the German Princess. Madam Pompadour may, indeed, for ought we know, be a second Jenny Diver; the Emperor little better than a Squire Sullen, a certain Prince a Captain Bobadil, and another a Master Stephen ; but we doubt of our Author's authority for exhibiting them in such a light ; por do we conceive, from the tenor of his work, that he hath been ket far into the secrets of the great and polite world : the news-papers, and his own imagination, appearing to be his greatest authorities.
Art. 28. Letters from Sophia to Mira : Containing the Adven
tures of a Lady. 12mo. 35. Dodsley. Tho' Sophia pretends to be, a Lady of family and fortune, she appears, by the manner of writing, to have been little used to good company, or polite conversation; and her sentiments are well suited to the flatternly style in which they are cloathed.
We are usually cender of the productions of a female pen; but, in truth, the number of Authoreljes hath of late fo considerably increased, that we are somewhat apprehensive leit our very Cookwenches should be infected with the Cacosthes Scribendi, and think themselves above the vulgar employment of mixing a pudding, or rolling a pye-cruft. - It seems high time, therefore, to deal plainly with the sex, in order, as far as the influence of the Review may extend, to prevent them from growing equally ridiculous with those pitiful male-Scriblers, who have so plentifully stocked the Circulating Libraries with Adventures, Familiar Letters, and Novels :-and, if poflible, to convince them, that every woman who has learnt to spell, is not a Cockburn, a Jones, a Carter, or a Lennox. • To thew how far this good Lady, Sophia, is qualified to figure in the republic of letters, we need only cite the following short passage, which, for liberality of sentiment, and propriety of expreffion, is Dot casily to be matched.
“I am sorry to say, there are some giddy, and inconsiderate youths, who make it their constant practice to scoff at old
and make a jelt of all human imperfections. This they think gives them an air of gaiety, and becomes their youth.” [So far is well-enough; but mark what follows] “ But, poor mistaken fouis! they not only excite the contempt of all humane well-disposed people, but deservedly draw down the wrath of Almighty God; who being ail goodiefs, clemencv, and mercy himself, will most affuredly punish with everlasting darkness, those of a different u ay of thinking
Sophia gives us this blundering denunciation of the dreadful wrath of a Being all goodness and mercy, as a specimen of her "tenderness of heart-tenderness with a vengeance! We are really