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leg and life of my patient, sent him home found and well, and left him eight years after, a very stout strong man, without any degree of lameness.”
An account of a diseased Tibia, by Dr. Hunter, is annexed to the preceding article; and good engravings of the bones in both cases, and of the Callus in the latt, are added at the end of the volume. In this last the middle part of the native original Tibia, being deprived of all circulation, lost its connection with the Periosteum, and was gradually loosened from both its living extremities, which produced a Callus, extending froin one to the other, giving firmness and inflexibility to the part, and shooting in form of a tube, so inclosed the exfoliated, or loosened, part, that though quite loose, it could not be separated. Dr. Hunter subscribing here, in general, to the precept which Dr. Mackenzie drew froin the former inftance, thinks the present one seems also to prove, that Art may sometimes cure a disease which would get the hetter of Nature; whence, in Surgery, as in Physic, there will always be a field for the exercile of Judgment,
The twenty-fixth article is a letter from Mr. Matthew Tur. ner, Surgcon, to Dr. Fothergill, on the cure of Afcarides by tobacco fumes in form of glyster. This last expreslion is rather improper, as slyfter implies the injection of a manifest liquid: but the application or immission of any vapour, is terined a fumigation, this being so immitted thro' the anus by means of a tube directed by Heister. The Ascarides were difcharged in great numbers; and there is no doubt but it may often prove a remedy in such cases, in strong subjects, such as the present seems to have been. These fumes have often been received in America, in obstinate constipations from the Dry Belly-ach, and not without effect; though some tender subjects have suffered a temporary convulsion from them.
The twenty-seventh is an account of the great benefit of Blisters, applied to the region of the Os Sacrum, in incontinence of Urine, and Palfies of the lower extremities : by Dr. Dickson. The Doctor was considerably induced to this application from reflecting, that most of the nerves that go to the bladder, pass through the Foramina or perforations of the as facrum. He gives the Society three instances of its success in his own patients, and a fourth in a letter to himself, from Mr. Wolley, Surgeon and Man-midwife.
The twenty-eighth exhibits an uncommon case of the separation of the Ojo pubis : by a Physician in the country, communicated by Dr. Hunter. All the complaints of this Patient, who died about the eleventh day after delivery, are exactly detailed in about twelve pages : to which fome curious anatomical remarks on the Sympbyfis, or close union of these bones, commonly considered as one, are subjoined by Dr. Hunter.
The twenty-ninth is employed in several observations on a dislocated Shoulder, which could not be reduced; shewing the obstacles to its reduction, together with some general remarks on the disocations of this part : by Mr. Henry Thompson, Surgeon to the London Hospital.' The appearances in this case, on diffection, and on a fubfequent one included in this article, are accurately described ; and it appears, that in both of them there was some fracture of the bone and its capsula, the capsular ligament being compleatly torn off in the first. The whole concludes with fome practical remarks, to which we refer our chirurgical Readers.
The thirtieth, inculcates a new method of treating an Aneurism, in an extract of a letter from Mr. Lambert, Surgeon at Newcastle upon Tyne, to Dr. Hunter. This well conceived and ingeniously applied method was happily executed, by passing a ftcel pin, one 4th of an inch long, through the lips of the wounded artery, and then securing it, as in the operation for a háre-lip, by twisting a thread round it. The operation was performed June 15, and the Patient difinifted perfectly well July 19 following; the pulse of that arm remaining nearly as strong as in the former. The method is related with perspicuity and conciseness; and the article is concluded by a proper query on the further extending of this operation, so as to prevent fome, otherwise inevitable, amputations.
The next article, is from Mr. Triquet, Surgeon of the Guards, and may be considered as if it had been annexed to many preceding ones, on the great efficacy of the Sublimate Solution, and of the Sarsaparilla. The phagedenic ulcer cured by them, is attributed to a scorbutic habit of body.
In the thirty-second, Mr. Bard a Surgeon at New York, informs us of an extraordinary extra-uterine Fætus; in a letter to Dr. Fothergill. It was extracted in the mother's life time, who has suckled a healthy child since the opening of the tumour, and the healing of the wound through which it was
extracted. Extra-uterine Fæuses are much oftener extracted from dead than living bodies; a similar case occured to Mr. Marshal of Louth in Lincolnshire, about twenty years ago.
The thirty-third gives an account of a new method of re. ducing [disocated) Shoulders : communicated to Dr. Hunter, by Mr. Charles White, Surgeon to the Manchester Infirmary. It may deserve the perusal of Surgeons, as it contains three successful instances of this manner of reducing this dislocation; which was chiefly effected by drawing the Patient up by the dislocated arm, and letting the extension be made, in a great meafure, by the weight of his depending body. The most recent dislocation was of a fortnight's standing, the oldeft, of three months.
The thirty-fourth relates the successful treatment of a Locked Jaw, supposed to have been occasioned by a wound in the finger. It comes from the Surgeon just named. After an amputation of the first joint of the finger, the cure was effected chiefly by Opium and the warm Bath; the Patient having taken in about five weeks, three hundred and seventeen grains of Opium, besides several draughts with liquid Laudanum, and Syrup of Poppies. Mr. White candidly acknowleges, it was the recital of two cases in the first volume of this work, which directed him to pursue this efficacious inethod : several cases of locked jaws have occurred in that town and its vicinage, within twenty years past; all which proved fatal. This single circumstance evinces the great utility of the prefent Medical Society.
The thirty-fifth, is another short cafe, communicated by Dr. Dickson, and confirining the efficacy of a Blister to the region of the Os Sairum. This
happened to a man of twenty-fix, after a strain; and in all these fuccessful cases the Blister did not only cover all the region of the bone, but was extended from side to side.
The thirty-fixth and last article, contains farther Observations on a particular fpecies of Aneurism, by Dr. Hunter. This refers to what he had published in the first volume, on the same fpecies of it, which he does not recollect to have been mentioned by any Author, viz. that species of it, in which there is a direét and immediate communication between the wounded vein and artery; and which, he judiciously infers, should not be subjected to chirurgical operation. Two very remarkalle cases are given in support of this judgment, the subject of the last being a Servant now belonging to the Middlesex
Hospital. Hospital. The article is very curious and critical on the occasion; and concludes with three pertinent queries, on the causes of the various appearances in these Aneurisms, and the Doctor's very probable rationale of them.
Thus have we given the most comprehensive synopsis of the subjects of this valuable work, the continuation of which the preface encourages us to hope for. We had preinised, that Gentlemen of the medical professions could scarcely acquiesce in the largest abstract, which our attention to many other performances would allow us to make. But we imagine our Readers in general would be dissatisfied with a less circumstantial information of the substance of the different articles than this we have presented them.
We must not omit, that three good plates, containing several figures, are annexed to this volume ; and that the preface informs us, the authors do not chuse to condemn the cicuta, so highly recommended by Dr. Storck, until it has been tried here under every possible advantage.
The Shipwreck. A Poem.
A Poem. In three Cantos. By a Sailor. 4to.
T has been frequently observed, that true genius will sur
mount every obstacle which opposes its exertion. The very poetical and interesting performance before us, is a striking proof of this observation. How unfavourable soever the situation of a Seaman may be thought to the Poet, certain it is the two characters are not incompatible: for none but an able Sailor could give so didactic an account, and so accurate a description of the voyage and catastrophe here related; and none but a particular favourite of the Muses could have embellished both with equal harmony of numbers and strength of imagery.
Unless we are to attribute also a variety of affecting circumstances to the power of imagination, our nautical Poet appears to have been possessed of no inconsiderable share of fortitude, to posless, under such circumstances, so tenacious a memory, if, as we conclude from some parts of the poem, and particularly from his motto *, he was personally aboard, and shipwrecked by the storm he so poetically describes.
quæque ipfe miserrima vidi Et quorum pars magna fui.
The main subject of the poem is the loss of the ship Britannia, a merchant-man, bound from Alexandria to Venice, which touched at the island of Candia, whence proceeding on her voyage, the met with a violent storm, that drove her on the coils of Grecce, where she suffered shipwreck near Cape Colonnc; three only of the crew being left alive.
After a proper, and not unpoetical, introduclion, the Author begins his relation with a general intimation of his subject, and a comparative description of the island of Candia, wherein he expatiates on the difference between its present ftate and that of ancient Crete.
These eyes have seen, while famifh'd babes complain,
Appear, transported to Britannia's fhore. The ship, putting to sea from the port of Candia, the Poet takes an opportunity of making several beautiful marine descriptions, such as the prospect of the shore, a fhoal of dolphins, a water-spout, the method of taking an azimuth, working the ship, &c.
In the second canto, the ship having cleared the land, the storm begins, and with it the consultations of the pilots, and operations of the seamen ; all which the Poet has described with an amazing minuteness, and has found means to reduce the several technical terms of the marine into smooth and harmonious numbers. Homer has been admired, by fome, for reducing a catalogue of ships into tolerably flowing verse; but who, except a poetical Sailor, the nursing of Apollo, educated by Neptune, would eve: have thought of verlifying his own séa-language? what other Poet would ever have dreamt of reef-tackles, hall-yards, clue-garnets, bunt-lines, lashings, lannyards, and fifty ocher terms equally obnoxious to the soft fing-song of modern Poetasters?
The following lines, taken from among many others of the same kind, may serve to shew how fuccefsfully our Poet has ventured out of the common road, to excel in his own:
The main fail, by the squall fo lately rent,