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may be done. 1. Slander. 2.De.

traction

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Of Slander.

TO Slander, is to speak

1 fallly against our Neighbour to his Prejudice. By accufing him of such Defects and Vices, as he is not guilty of.. i

Which may be done. Either

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1. Some

1. Sometimes the Slanderer doth invent the Story. And, in plain English, is guilty of a down-right Lye.

Such a Man Said or did such a Thing; which he never said or did in his whole Life. Ory.

; 2, If he did not invent it; yet if he reports it as a Truth, when he knows it to be false. Or, . .

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brg. Having no certain Knowledge whether it be false or No, if then he doth Divulge it with fuch Artifice and Design, as may Difpofe and Prejudice the Hearers to Believe it. He who doth thus, in any of thefe Ways, Report a Fallhood, he is guilty of Slander. Stet 11901 ghitung

Nay further,

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4. A Man may be guilty of Slander by speaking Truth : For all Truths are not to be fpoken. At least, not at all Times, or before all Persons. ..

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00" , Indeed, Where the Glory of God, and the Publick Welfare are Concerned, the Faults of Men are not to be Concealed, but may and ought to be Published. · But when such Discovery shall be Unseafonable, and Uncharitable ; And the faults of a Man fhall be Reported out of Spleen and Revenge ; only to diminish his Esteem and Reputation in the World: In such Circumstances, the Reporting even of Truth, may be a Slander. 4 may be a stanaer. ; “

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Of Detraktion. To on T o Detract, according to

the Notation of the Word, is to take off, or withdraw from, to lessen or impair the Reputation of another. It is to deny our Neighbour to have those Virtues and Endowments, which he really hath."

Wherein the Detractor commonly proceeds in this Method.

1. Being to give a Character of another, he chiefly takes notice of his Faults and Failings, (which to be fure no man can want;) and these he aggravates and improves. And not only real Faults, but even the Suspicions of them; the Whispers and Jealousies of Malicious People ihail

Pui be insisted upon. 1'?

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14. The Detractor will not I take notice of a Man's General

Conversation, the constant Course

and Practice of his Life, (which ! ought to be the Measure of his | Censure;) but he fixeth upon

fome single Failing; Which moltd
Triumphantly he enlargeth up-
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