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POLITICAL laws, wisely framed, have made the United States powerful and wealthy to a degree unexampled in modern times; and I have thought that a book of facts, recording the public services of our national lawmakers, would be a deserved tribute to them, and, at the same time, be generally useful. The record embraces the Senators, Representatives, and Delegates, who have served under the Federal Constitution, as well as the Delegates to the Continental Congress, and has been made in each case as correct and concise as possible. Of many men more might have been written, but that was not deemed expedient in a work of this kind; and where not enough has been said, the fault must be attributed to the indif. ference of the persons mostly interested, or to the neglect of their friends. Not being a politician, it has given me but little trouble to be impartial. My intention has been to express no opinions of living men, and but seldom to echo public opinion in regard to the dead. My leading object has been to prepare a kind of labor-saving machine, compiled from original data and the National Archives, for the benefit of Members of Congress and of State Legislatures, of the Civil Officers of the Government, of Politicians and Lawyers, and all who feel an interest in the political history and future prosperity of the Republic.