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To co-operate with the truant officers of the different towns and cities to see that the child labor law is not violated.

The legislature appropriated for the last biennium $6,000.00, exclusive of the salary for the Deputy Commissioner and one stenographer.

For Maintenance of Department

The appropriation of 1913 for the Bureau of Labor and Industrial Statistics, including salary of the Deputy Commissioner and stenographer, aggregated $10,680.00, divided as follows: Deputy Commissioner of Labor, 'per year $1500; for biennium.. $3000 Stenographer and Librarian, per year $840; for biennium... $1680 Total salaries, per year $2,340; for biennium..

-$4680 For traveling expenses, printing, postage, office supplies, telephone, telegraph, rents, advertising, displays, factory inspectors and special deputy inspectors, and all incidental expenses, per year $3000; for biennium

-$6000 This amount was appropriated by the Legislature in lieu of the recommendation of my predecessor in office who asked for a total appropriation of $42,680.00.

The Department has accomplished a great deal during the past two years with the limited appropriation at its command, yet I do not feel that it would be the proper thing for me, at this time, to ask that more money be appropriated, but rather I would suggest that some of the duties devolving upon the Deputy Commissioner of Labor be handled through other channels or, as has been done in the past two years, by co-operation with some of the other departments.

I have received much assistance from personal friends who were pleased to render their services without compensation, and in this manner I have been enabled to greatly add to the usefulness of the Department without th expenditure of money.

Some criticism has been aimed at the Department from sources that should have been pleased to give assistance and advice. Each and every complaint filed with the Department has received careful attention whenever those filing the complaint signed their own names and furnished the name or names of those against whom the complaints were lodged.

In many instances I have found that complaints were made because of an ill-feeling on the part of the complainant toward the party against whom the infractions of the law were charged.

In not one instance has complaint been made about the Department by any persons who had taken the pains to advise themselves as to the different duties required of the Deputy Commissioner of Labor; nor had they called on the official in charge or offered a single suggestion as to any improvements that might be made with a view of bettering the condition of the laboring people.

It is a physical impossibility for the Department to perform all of the duties provided in he statutes, and it has been the custom in the past to look after that which appeared to be of the greater importance.

I would suggest that the Legislature amend the law and delegate authority to the Commissioner of Labor to collect fees under certain contingencies. The Department has spent many days in preparing information along special lines for which no charge could be made under the law as it now stands. These fees should be fixed by the statutes, and all fees should be turned into the State Treasury.

Fire Escapes

During my incumbency of the office of Deputy Commissioner of Labor I have had much to do with inspecting fire escapes and suggesting changes that might lessen the life hazard of those who were, by force of circumstances, required to occupy buildings more than two stories high. I have, in most instances, met with no resistance whatever in having the orders of the Department carried to a successful termination.

In this connection I feel that my duty to the boys and girls of Nebraska will not have been performed unless I earnestly urge the enactment of a law compelling the officers of school districts, wherein are located school buildings more than one story high, to provide adequate means of escape in case of fire for the little folks. In my judgment all buildings, two stories high, occupied as schools rooms, should be provided with some means of easy exit from the buildings in case of fire.

The Law Pertaining to Employment of Females.

The Legislature of 1913, very wisely, in my judgment, passed an Act naming nine hours instead of ten hours as the limit that a female might be required to labor in certain lines of industry, namely:

Manufacturing, mechanical or mercantile establishments, laundry, hotel, restaurant, office or by any public service corporation, the hours being so arranged that females should not begin work earlier than 6:00 o'clock a. m., or labor later than 10:00 o'clock p. m., except those who are employed by public service corporations, and they are permitted to work between the hours of 10:00 p. m. and 6:00 a. m., but in no event shall such employment be for more than eight consecutive hours.

The change in this law which became effective July 17, 1913, has been the cause of great annoyance to the Department, the public and those laboring under its restrictions. As a rule the Department has met little resistance in its endeavors to enforce the provisions of this Act, but in many instances it has proven a hardship to those whom it was passed to benefit.

Many females have been displaced by males because of the fact that


they were not permitted to work until 12:00 o'clock at night, notwithstanding the fact that they desired to do so. Many complained that the law granting special privileges to the public service corporations in their employment of females was unfair.

The Department was forced to prosecute two public service corporations in order to establish the authority given it by the law.

The first prosecution resulted in conviction and fine, and before the hour set for trial of the second case the corporation plead guilty and paid a fine, thereby admitting error on its part and acknowledging that the ruling of this department was sustained by the statutes of Nebraska.

In another instance the Department was forced to bring action against the manager of a cafe for requiring his female help to labor more than the number of hours provided by the statutes, and resulted in the payment of fine and costs by the defendant.

Child Labor Law

Nebraska has a child labor law which appears to meet with universal commendation from all sections of the country and in conjunction with the truant officers of the different sections of the state, the Department has contributed, in no small degree, to its enforcements and very few complaints have been registered that were founded on a substantial basis.

The percentage of children employed in the different industries in the state is very small and with proper supervision, the annoyance caused thereby, should be entirely eliminated in the near future.

Theaters and Moving Picture Shows

The law makes it the duty of the Deputy Commissioner of Labor to investigate all complaints arising through oversight or carelessness on the part of owners, managers or lessees of theaters and moving picture shows. The greater number of complaints filed with the Department were caused by a lack of exits properly placed and improper lining in the operating booths.

When these matters have been called to the attention of the person in charge, steps have been taken immediately to correct the error, and in no instance has the Department been forced to institute proceedings to force a compliance with its orders.

Inasmuch as quite heavy expense is frequently incurred in making inspections of buildings or rooms coming under this law, it appears to me that it would be the part of wisdom for the Legislature to amend the law requiring each and every play-house to pay a reasonable sum of money for a certificate from the Bureau of Labor showing that they had complied fully with the law and were permitted to cater to the wants of the public. This would be a source of revenue to the state, and at the same time give reputable play-houses better standing in the community. This tax should be placed more heavily upon persons who travel through the country and exhibit at different towns. Not one dollar of revenue is received by the Department of Labor other than through the appropriations made by the Legislature for its maintenance, and I think it only good business judgment to require slight compensation for the necessary expenses incurred in inspecting the institutions which come under this law.

Manufacturing Industries of Nebraska In our efforts to place before the public the fact that Nebraska is a manufacturing, as well as a leading agricultural state, the Department has made great effort to get a report from each concern engaged in that line of endeavor. We have received reports from one thousand seven hundred fifty-six (1756) institutions operating in the state during 1913. These concerns employed fifty thousand seven hundred eighty-four (50,784) laborers during the year, for which they paid in wages $20,025,850.00. Capital invested aggregated $75,065,848.00, while the cost of material amounted to $147,363,757.00 and the manufactured product was valued at $175,204,779.00. While this shows an increase of five hundred ninetyfour manufacturing institutions over the preceding year, it is not claimed that these are new concerns, but shows a more ready compliance with the demands of the Department made upon those who were engaged in this business.

The Department is under obligation to the Secretary of the Manufacturer's Association of Nebraska for assistance in securing a part of this increase, and I believe the report for 1914 should add considerably to the number herein given.

In many instances it has required from three to four appeals before a report covering the questions asked would be properly answered by the manufacturer, notwithstanding the fact that the law places a severe penalty upon any who may decline to comply with the request for such information.

Factory Inspection The inspection of factories or manufacturing plants during the past two years has received very careful consideration from the Department, and many changes have been made with a view to lessening the hazard of life to the employees.

The number of accidents reported to this Department as having occurred in factories and other institutions, (which are by law required to report to this Department) in the past twenty-five months, amount to a grand total of 501. Of those accidents reported, but seven proved fatal, and the number of days lost by those who were injured in accidents total up 5,146 days. The eDpartment has had the hearty co-operation of managers and owners of factories in its endeavor to place safety guards around dangerous pieces of machinery, and it would appear to the casual observer that the hazard to life has been very materially lessened by the work performed through the inspections made by the Bureau of Labor.

It is by law made the duty of the inspector to investigate and pass upon the sanitary conditions under which the men and women employed in factories are required to labor, and it is a great satisfaction to be able to state that in every instance where it was possible to make the conditions more sanitary, changes have readily been made at the suggestion of the Department.

Workingmen's Compensation Law

The Department is unable to discuss the workkings of this law from the fact that it did not become operative until the first of December, 1914, having been adopted by the people at the November 3rd election.

I believe this measure, with some slight amendments to be suggested at the coming session of Legislature, will prove of great value, not only to the laboring men but to the employers of labor.

The Minimum Wage Commission The Legislature of 1913 very wisely, I think, passed a measure providing for a Minimum Wage Commission, but owing to an oversight on the part of those having the measure in charge, no appropriation was made by which the law could be invoked should it become necessary, and it is certainly hoped the coming session will make adequate provision for the future in that respect. Had this law been operative, it would undoubtedly have been used on one or two occasions during the past year.

The Board of Mediation and Investigation A measure providing for the reorganization of a board of mediation and investigation was passed by the Legislative session of 1913, and an appropriation of $2,000.00 made for use should the board have occasion to make such investigations as are contemplated in the Act. Fortunately no occasion has arisen for any investigation along the lines covered by the statutes, hence no meeting of the board has been held since its appointment by the Governor, as provided by law.

Free Employment Bureau

This feature of the Bureau of Labor and Industrial Statistics is not taken advantage of by the general public to as great an extent as it should be. During the past two years I have been instrumental in placing several hundred persons in positions, some of them permanent but the greater number only temporary, and I feel that if it were more

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