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act of Congress admiralty and maritime admiralty jurisdiction ancient appeal articles of confederation authority belligerent blockade Bynk capture character Circuit Court citizens civil law claim cognizance colonies commerce common law concurrent condemned confiscation considered constitution consuls contraband contract convention Court of Admiralty Cranch criminal decisions declared District Courts doctrine duties enemy enemy's England English equity exclusive execution exercise extend favour federal courts foreign grant Grotius high seas hostile judges judicial power judiciary act juris jurisprudence justice land law of nations legislative legislature Lord Lord Coke maritime jurisdiction ment militia neutral neutral country New-York offences opinion Pandects party peace person port President principles prize court prohibited punishment question Roman Roman law rule senate ship sovereign statute suit Supreme Court territory tion traband trade treaty twelve tables Union United usage Vattel vessel vested violation Wheaton
Seite 453 - So, if a law be in opposition to the Constitution, if both the law and the Constitution apply to a particular case, so that the court must either decide that case conformably to the law, disregarding the Constitution, or conformably to the Constitution, disregarding the law, the court must determine which of these conflicting rules governs the case. This is of the very essence of judicial duty.
Seite 235 - Each House may determine the Rules of its Proceedings, punish its Members for disorderly Behaviour, and, with the Concurrence of two thirds, expel a Member. Each House shall keep a Journal of its Proceedings, and from time to time publish the same, excepting such Parts as may in their Judgment require...
Seite 372 - ... saving to suitors, in all cases, the right of a common law remedy, where the common law is competent to give it...
Seite 360 - And shall have exclusive cognizance of all crimes and offences cognizable under the authority of the United States...
Seite 389 - Whenever the terms in which a power is granted to congress, or the nature of the power, require that it should be exercised exclusively by congress, the subject is as completely taken from the state legislatures as if they had been expressly forbidden to act on it.
Seite 453 - Certainly all those who have framed written constitutions contemplate them as forming the fundamental and paramount law of the nation, and consequently the theory of every such government must be, that an act of the Legislature, repugnant to the Constitution, is void.
Seite 299 - That a final judgment or decree in any suit, in the highest court of law or equity of a State in which a decision in the suit could be had, where is drawn in question the validity of a treaty or statute of or an authority exercised under the United States, and the decision is against their validity...
Seite 139 - I take the modern established rule to be this, that generally they are not contraband, but may become so under circumstances arising out of the particular situation of the war, or the condition of the parties engaged in it.
Seite 471 - The Common Law includes those principles, usages, and rules of action applicable to the government and security of person and property which do not rest for their authority upon any express and positive declaration of the will of the legislature.