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With that lean head-stalk, that protruding chin,
15. The long-drawn lesson narrows to its close ;
16. Land of my birth, with this unhallowed tongue
17. Lake, sea, shore, prairie, forest, mountain, fall,
Liberty. — E. P. WHIPPLE. 1. To the Anglo-Saxon mind, Liberty is not apt to be the enthusiast's mountain nymph, with cheeks wet with morning dew, and clear eyes that mirror the heavens; but rather is she an old dowager lady, fatly invested in commerce and manufactures, and peevishly fearful that enthusiasm will reduce her establishment, and panics cut off her dividends.
2. Now, the moment property becomes timid, agrarianism becomes bold; and the industry which Liberty has created Liberty must animate, or it will be plundered by the impudent and rapacious idleness its slavish fears incite.
3. Our political institutions, again, are but the body of which Liberty is the soul; their preservation depends on their being continually inspired by the light and heat of the sentiment and idea whence they sprung; and when we timorously suspend, according to the latest political fashion, the truest and dearest maxims of our freedom at the call of expediency or threat of passion, — when we convert politics
has been applied, from a tradition that a piece of the forbidden fruit which Adam ate stuck in his throat, and caused the swelling.
into a mere game of interests, unhallowed by a single great and unselfish principle, - we may be sure that our worst passions are busy “forging our fetters; " that we are proposing all those intricate problems which red republicanism so swiftly solves, and giving Manifest Destiny pertinent hints to shout new anthems of atheism over victorious rapine.
4. The liberty which our fathers planted, and for which they sturdily contended, and under which they grandly conquered, is a rational and temperate but brave and unyielding freedom, the august mother of institutions, the hardy nurse of enterprise, the sworn ally of justice and order; a liberty that lifts her awful and rebuking face equally upon the cowards who would sell, and the braggarts who would pervert, her precious gifts of rights and obligations.
5. And this liberty we are solemnly bound at all hazards to protect, at any sacrifice to preserve, and by all just means to extend, against the unbridled excesses of that ugly and brazen hag, originally scorned and detested by those who unwisely gave her infancy a home, but which now, in her enormous growth and favored deformity, reels with blood-shot eyes, and disheveled tresses, and words of unshamed slavishness, into halls where Liberty should sit throned !
LESSON XVII. Departure of Marmion from Tantallon, the Castle of the Earl
- of Douglas. — Sir W. Scott.
1. Not far advanced was morning day,
*" Plain” is a poetic license; a contraction for complain.
“Of cold respect to stranger guest,
2. But Douglas round him drew his cloak,
3. Burned Marmion's swarthy cheek like fire,
4. “ And, Douglas, more I tell thee here,
5. On the earl's cheek the flush of rage
* The Earl of Douglas was Earl of Angus, a maritime country in the north-east of Scotland, now better known by the name of Forfarshire.
No! by Saint Bryde of Bothwell, no!
6. Lord Marmion turned — well was his need!
7. The steed along the drawbridge flies,
8. “ Horse! horse!” the Douglas cried, “and chase!"
* The guard of the castle.
+ Portcullis was a frame of timber pointed with iron, and serving as a kind of gate of a castle or fortified town, to be let down, in case of surprise, to prevent the entrance of an enemy
# The rowel is the little wheel which 'forms the sharp points of the spur.
Gawain was a son of Douglas, and a bishop in the church. The story of Marmion, from which this piece is extracted, is a tale of the sixteenth century, during the reign of James IV. of Scotland, a contemporary of Henry VIII. of England, and grandfather of James I. of the latter country. The feudal system prevailed, and chivalry was still an honored institution. - During the prevalence of these characteristics of the middle ages, the profession of arms was the only avenue to distinction. Learning was held in light estimation, and was cultivated only by ecclesiastics, and others who were debarred from the military profession. Douglas himself, although one of the most powerful noblemen of the times, could neither read nor write ; and the light estimation in which he held these most useful accomplishments of the present day may be seen from his thanks to his patron saint, Bothan, that no child of his, except his "boy-bishop,” could write a line.
9. “Saint Mary mend my fiery mood !
LESSON XVIII. Charles the Second, of England. — MACAULAY. 1. CHARLES THE SECOND, of England, on his restoration to the throne of his ancestors, was more loved by the people than any of his predecessors had ever been. The calamities of his house, the heroic death of his father, his own long sufferings and romantic adventures, made him an object of tender interest. His return had delivered the country from an intolerable bondage
2. He had received from nature excellent parts and a happy temper. His education had been such as might have been expected to develop his understanding, and to form him to the practice of every public and private virtue. He had passed through all varieties of fortune, and had seen both sides of human nature. He had, while very young, been driven forth from a palace to a life of exile, penury, and danger.
3. He had, at the age when the mind and body are in their highest perfection, and when the first effervescence of boyish passions should have subsided, been recalled from his wander. ings to wear a crown. He had been taught, by bitter experi. ence, how much baseness, perfidy, and ingratitude, may lie hid under the obsequious demeanor of courtiers. He had found, on the other hand, in the huts of the poorest, true nobility of soul.
4. When wealth was offered to any who would betray him, when death was denounced against all who should shelter him, cottagers and serving-men had kept his secret truly, and had kissed his hand, under his mean disguises, with as much reverence as if he had been seated on his ancestral throne.
* This word "warrior" should be pronounced war'-yer.