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acceptance acceptor action admitted advances agent agreement amount appear apply assignment attachment authority Bank become bill bill of exchange bound brought cause charge circumstances claim consideration considered constitution contract corporation course Court creditors debt decided decision deed defendant delivered demand direct discharge discounted doctrine dollars drawer drawn duty effect endorser entitled error established evidence executed existence express fact firm founded give given ground guarantee hands held holder important instruction intended interest John judge judgment jury Justice letter liability limited Lord maker means ment nature necessary notice objection opinion original paid parties partnership passed payable payment person plaintiff present principle promise protest proved purchase question reason received recover referred respect rule statute sufficient suit taken tion transaction United usage usury whole
Página 227 - that the laws of the several states, except where the constitution, treaties or statutes of the United States shall otherwise require or provide, shall be regarded as rules of decision. In trials at common law, in the courts of the United States, In cases where they apply.
Página 141 - A corporation is an artificial being, invisible, intangible, and existing only in contemplation of law. Being the mere creature of law, it possesses only those properties which the charter of its creation confers upon it, either expressly, or as incidental to its very existence.
Página 143 - It must dwell in the place of its creation, and cannot migrate to another sovereignty. But although it must live and have its being in that State only, yet it does not by any means follow that its existence there will not be recognized in other places; and its residence in one State creates no insuperable objection to its power of contracting in another.
Página 228 - In the ordinary use of language, it will hardly be contended that the decisions of courts constitute laws. They are, at most, only evidence of what the laws are, and are not of themselves laws.
Página 91 - ... obligation shall be void and of no effect, otherwise to remain in full force and virtue.
Página 420 - The distinction between the obligation of a contract, and the remedy given by the legislature to enforce that obligation, has been taken at the bar, and exists in the nature of things. Without impairing the obligation of the contract, the remedy may certainly be modified, as the wisdom of the nation shall direct.
Página 396 - Mr. Chief Justice MARSHALL delivered the opinion of the Court, and, after stating the case, proceeded as follows: The...
Página 394 - I understand the rule, as now clearly settled, to be, that where the contract grows immediately out of and is connected with an illegal or immoral act, a court of justice will not lend its aid to enforce it.
Página 227 - But, admitting the doctrine to be fully settled in New York, it remains to be considered whether it is obligatory upon this court, if it differs from the principles established in the general commercial law. It is observable that the courts of New York do not found their decisions upon this point upon any local statute, or positive, fixed, or ancient local usage ; but they deduce the doctrine from the general principles of commercial law.
Página 442 - Whatever belongs merely to the remedy may be altered according to the will of the State, provided the alteration does not impair the obligation of the contract. But if that effect is produced, it is immaterial whether it is done by acting on the remedy or directly on the contract itself. In either case it is prohibited by the constitution.