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National Unirersity-Judicial System.
[Jan. 5, 6, 1836.
The court was sometimes one and sometimes two days bullion and exchange; to inquire how far banks of any in session. He thought the difficulty suggested of per- kind are wanted for the uses of the federal Government forming the tour not a formidable objection. So far as the in this District; and wherefore the Treasurer of the constituents he had the honor to represent in part were United States may not act as keeper and payer of the concerned, he had no doubt they would be in favor of public moneys within the District of Columbia, and the amendment of the gentleman from New York, (Mr. drawer of checks and drafts in favor of those who choose WRIGHT.] He felt anxious for the passage of the bill. | to receive their money elsewhere. The said committee But he would ask how the bill was to be embarrassed? | to have leave to employ a clerk, and to report by bill or Certainly not by making it more acceptable to a large otherwise. portion of the country. By making it more acceptable, a better feeling would exist towards it, which would
JUDICIAL SYSTEM. be more likely to secure its passage.
On motion of Mr. CLAYTON, the Senate proceeded Mr. CLAYTON said, on the whole, he felt disposed to the consideration of the bill in addition to the act to to vote for the amendinent of the gentleman from New amend the judiciary system of the United States. York, (Mr. WRIGHT,) and also for the amendment men Mr. TALLMADGE moved an amendment in the sec. tioned by the gentleman from Pennsylvania, (Mr. Bu- / ond section, after the word “annually," in the twentieth CHANAN,] if that gentleman should offer it. All he line, by inserting the words “in the northern district asked of gentlemen was to make the bill to-day as per of New York, at Albany, on the first Tuesday in June fect as possible, in order that it might be passed to-mor and the second Tuesday in October;" which was row. The Senator from New York might, on the third agreed to. reading of the bill, by general consent, offer such Mr. BUCHANAN moved an amendment in the tenth amendments as would render the details perfect.
line of the first section, to make it read “the eastern After some further remarks from Messrs. DAVIS, and western districts of Pennsylvania.” Also, in the BLACK, TALLMADGE, MOORE, SHEPLEY, PREN second section, fifteenth line, by inserting the words TISS, and KING of Alabama, the question was taken, "in the western district, in the city of Pittsburg, on the and Mr. WRIGHT's amendment was adopted: Yeas 28, 17th day of March;" which was agreed to. nays 12, as follows:
Mr. B. also introduced an amendment to prevent the YEAs-Messrs. Benton, Black, Clayton, Davis, Golds bill in its operation from interfering with the holding of borough, Grundy, Hendricks, Hill, Hubbard, Kent, the courts in Utica, in the State of New York, and Wil. Knight, Leigh, Moore, Morris, Niles, Porter, Prentiss, liamsport, in the State of Pennsylvania; which was Robbins, Robinson, Ruggles, Shepley, Swift, Tallmadge, agreed to. Tipton, Tomlinson, Wall, White, Wright-28.
Mr. CLAYTON moved an amendment in the fourth Nays--Messrs. Brown, Buchanan, Calhoun, Clay, section, after the word “ Alabama," in the eighth line, Crittenden, Ewing, King of Alabama, King of Georgia,
by inserting the words “the northern district of New Linn, McKean, Mangum, Southard-12.
York, and western district of Pennsylvania;" which was After some verbal amendments were agreed to, sub agreed to. mitted by Messrs. CLAYTON and LEIGH,
After some further verbal amendments, On motion of Mr. CLAYTON, the bill was laid on the The bill was ordered to be engrossed for a third table, and
reading. The Senate adjourned.
Several bills were severally read the third time, and passed; when,
On motion of Mr. WEBSTER,
'The Senate proceeded to the consideration of execu. NATIONAL UNIVERSITY.
tive business, and when the doors were opened, Mr. LEIGH, from the Committee on the Judiciary, The Senate adjourned. to whom the subject had been referred, made a report on the legacy of the late James Smithson, of London, for a university in the District of Columbia, accompanied
WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 6. by a joint resolution authorizing the President of the
DISTRICT BANKS. United States to appoint an agent or agents to take the
On motion of Mr. SOUTHARD, the consideration of necessary steps to secure said legacy for the purposes
the resolution on the District banks, offered by Mr. mentioned and specified in the will. Read, and ordered
BENTON, was postponed till Monday next. to a second reading, and the report ordered to be
Several other resolutions on the table were severally printed. DISTRICT BANKS.
considered and agreed to. Mr. BENTON offered the following resolution, which
JUDICIAL SYSTEM. lies one day for consideration:
The bill to amend the judicial system of the United Resolved, That a select committee of five members be States, (adding one to the number of judges of the Suraised, to act jointly with any committee raised for simi preme Court, and altering the judicial districts, &c.,) lar purposes by the House of Representatives, to whom was read a third time. shall be referred all the petitions now presented to the Mr. BLACK called for the yeas and nays on the pasSenate for the renewal of bank charters in the District sage of the bill, and they were accordingly ordered. of Columbia, with authority to examine into the conduct Mr. BENTON observed that he would not have said and condition of said banks; and for that purpose to one word relating to this bill, if the yeas and nays had have authority to send for persons and papers, to inspect not been called; and, as they were called, he would not books, and to examine witnesses on oath; also, to ex say more than a dozen. He should vote for this bill, amine into the condition of the currency in the District because it suited the section of country from which he of Columbia, and the means of improving it, and ap came, and because it was also desirable to several States proximating it to the currency of the constitution; also, that it should pass. He had, however, objections to it, to inquire into the necessity, if any, for banks of circu which he should not then trouble the Senate with a delation in the District of Columbia, in contradistinction | tail of; and before he gave his vote he wished it disto banks of discount and deposite, and for dealing in tinctly understood that he had objections, and if ever
Jas. 6, 1836.)
Regulations of the Senate Chamber.
he was called on to state them, either there or else the same as it is now. The resolution adopted for the where, he was ready to do so. One word, while he was regulation of the Senate chamber, and now in force, up, in reference to a remark of the chairman of the was the same, verbatim et literatim et punctuatum, as the committee the other day. He (Mr. B.) also objected one adopted by the House of Representatives. Until to seeing the judges a debating body, though he should the adoption of the present regulation, the Senate had wish to see as many judges as twelve. He meant as experienced great inconvenience. He would like the many as twelve on paper, for he did not believe that honorable Senator from South Carolina (Mr. PRESTON) if the number of the bench consisted by law of so many, to point out some means of prevention against the intruthey would ever be all present on the bench at one time. sion of a crowd. Would the inducements to the collec
Mr. CLAYTON said his objections were the very option of a crowd be any less than heretofore! Would any posite of the objections of the Senator from Missouri, Senator refuse the admission of any one who would ask (Mr. Benton.] He (Mr. C.) was opposed to increasing him? Persons were much exposed in crowds. On one the number of judges to twelve. He hoped the pas- occasion an honorable gentleman bad had his pocket sage of this bill would put that question for ever at rest, picked in a crowd in the gallery. The attraction of an and that the number of judges never would exceed nine, audience was great. There were occasions on wbich at most.
gentlemen would withdraw their attention from the bu. Mr. PORTER rose briefly to remark that it was siness before the Senate, and turn round to more attracrather strange to hear a gentleman say he was about to tive objects in the gallery. He was willing to afford vote for a bill, but had some objections to it. That oc. further facilities to spectators by making some additional curred with regard to almost every bill that came be- exceptions to the rule prohibiting them, but he was opfore the Senate. Members had some small objections posed to any measure calculated to disturb the public to important measures, but waived them on account of business. the greater good to be obtained. He should regret Mr. PRESTON said that, under the late rule, as far that the bill went to the other House under the disad- as his experience went, and he believed his and the genvantage that there were serious objections to it. With tleman's (Mr. PORTER's) was about the same, be thought respect to the number of judges on the bench, he should the business of the Senate had been as well conducted much regret to see more than twelve; for although as at any time. The presence of an audience evidenttwelve men might be stronger than six, he never couldly excited them to a more faithful discharge of their believe that they were wiser.
duty. It was a privilege incident to all deliberative boThe question was then taken, and the bill was passed: dies, and one that ought not to be withheld. He flatYeas 38, nay 1, as follows:
tered himself that he was not more susceptible of those Yeas-Messrs. Benton, Black, Brown, Buchanan, attractions alluded to by the gentleman (Mr. PORTER] Calhoun, Clayton, Crittenden, Davis, Ewing, Golds than the gentleman himself; and he was very certain borough, Grundy, Hendricks, Hubbard, Kent, King they had never hindered him (Mr. PRESTON) in the disof Alabama, Knight, Leigh, Linn, McKean, Mangum, charge of his duties. He had experienced much inconMoore, Morris, Niles, Porter, Prentiss, Preston, Rob venience under the present rule. He had at times, in bins, Robinson, Ruggles, Shepley, Southard, Swift, the press of important business, been called three or Tomlinson, Tyler, Wall, Webster, White, Wright-38. four times at the door to persons who wished to see him. NAY-Mr. Hill--1.
The rescinding of the rule would not be attended with REGULATONS OF THE SENATE CHAMBER.
so much inconvenience in the Senate as in the House of
Representatives, where the throng was more general. Mr. PRESTON moved the consideration of the reso. It seemed to him that the whole organization of the lution offered by him some days ago, and which in his | Senate had fallen upon a very limited number of memabsence had, on motion of Mr. TIPTON, been laid on bers. the table.
It did not seem to him that there would be any diffi. The resolution reads thus:
culty in vesting the Senate with the power to say what Resolved, That the regulations in relation to the Sen number of spectators should be admitted. He did not ate chamber and galleries, adopted at the present ses believe it would be indiscriminately exercised. He had sion, be rescinded, except so much as relates to the rebimself refused admission to persons applying to him on porters.
certain occasions, and he believed other Senators would Mr. PRESTON said the object of the resolution was exercise a reasonable discretion also. The gentleman to establish things as they were before the adoption of (Mr. Porter) had alluded to the circumstance of a the resolution now in force in the Senate, except as re- gentleman having his pockets picked. He trusted garded the reporters, who were excepted in the resolu- | the pocket that was picked belonged to the honoration he had offered-seats having been provided for ble gentleman who had introduced the person who did then, by the existing resolution, on the floor of the Sen- it. The privilege of witnessing the proceedings of the ate. It was a privilege which, like others, might be British Parliament was not denied the public. It had abused; but inconvenience might, by proper circum- | been stated that the presence of an audience was apt to spection in future, be avoided. It was very desirable to divert the discussion of subjects before the Senate into have persons in the lobby who had business, without go- other channels. He was not averse to the Senate exering out during the session to speak with them. The cising a proper influence upon popular opinion, and he lobby might, on extraordinary occasions, be crowded to could see no reason why the Senate should not have the some extent, but he thought it might be restricted on same liberty in that respect that other bodies had. They any occasion within proper bounds. He thought so had all firmness enough to secure the Senate from the grave, so dignified, and so aged a body, might safely be inconveniences growing out of the extension of the trusted with the privilege of keeping open doors. The privilege. He would be glad to see the resolution pass, supposed necessity of such a provision would induce a or modified so as to suit the gentleman circumspection that would guard against the inconve- | Mr. PORTER wished to exclude the idea that he was niences heretofore experienced.
opposed to the proceedings of the Senate being made Mr. PORTER understood the Senator from South public. There are professional persons here, said be, Carolina (Mr. Preston) to regard the rule adopted as whose business it is to take an account of the proceedan innovation upon the rules of the Senate. Until withings of the Senate; and others, who are connected with in a very few years back the regulation was precisely | newspaper establishments, have access to us. He would
Regulations of the Senate Chamber.
(Jan. 6, 1836.
be sorry any Senator should be so unfortunate as to have and constituents, without losing any part of the business his pockets picked. The gentleman who had had his going on. He felt that there was much force in the repocket picked, no doubt, was deceived in the charac-marks of the gentleman from South Carolina, that the ter of the person whom he had introduced.
public eye should not be shut on the proceedings of that He thought the gentleman (Mr. PRESTON] was not so body. He wished for himself, and for those with whom old as to be impervious to the attractions of the ladies. he acted, to have a fair chance on that floor; for he beNo doubt, the animating motive was the country's good; lieved that, if a fair chance was to be bad, it would only but he would ask the gentleman if the splendid figures be had on that side of the Capitol. Again, he was not of speech the Senate had witnessed on certain occasions, willing to incur the risk of the imputation tbat might be were not stimulated in some degree by the smiles of the cast on them, in consequence of restricting the admisladies? Some part of the gallery had been appropri sions into the chamber, that the Senate did not wish to ated to the members of the other branch, and the adop give the utmost publicity to its proceedings. As to the tion of this rule would tend to exclude them.
galleries, they should be thrown freely open to all. It Mr. CALHOUN was disposed to put this question upon was what the public bad a right to expect, and he hoped different grounds from wbat either of the gentlemen who the Senator from Delaware would modify his resolution had spoken upon it had. Our Government was a pop- so as to meet their just expectation. ular Government, and he was disposed to accommodate Mr. CLAYTON was perfectly willing to take the sugas much as possible the people that belonged to it. gestions of the gentleman from North Carolina. His Those galleries were made for the accommodation of only object was to admit as many as possible in the cirthe public, and the public had a right to the use of them. cular gallery, without excluding the ladies. He thought
The smaller gallery bad been thrown open, but the the restrictions as to the floor of the Senate should still more commodious one had been closed against aged be continued. persons and others, unless they had females under their Mr. PRESTON regretted that his friend from Dela. charge. And shall we (said Mr. C.) keep that gallery ware should persist in giving the same effect to his (turning to the circular gallery) continually shut against amendment. He was inclined to think that the inconthe people of this Union? He had higher objects inveniences under the old rule bad been much exaggeraview than some of the gentlemen who advocated the ted. No deliberative body had ever conducted its busipassage of the resolution. He looked to the greatness in a more orderly manner than the Senate, and in struggle they were going to have in that body (the Sen- none had there been less interruption to the proceedings. ate) with one branch of the Government; and it was As for accidents such as had been alluded to by the plainly to be seen, by the course pursued in relation to Senator from Louisiana, they were unavoidable, and this resolution, who were the advocates of power, and might occur any where; for he had heard that a gentleby whom secrecy was desired. In a struggle between man had been robbed at a private party in Washington. power and the people, between power and liberty, an But he put it to gentlemen, if the business of the audience was materially necessary. In the great strug Senate had not always been conducted in the most orgle for liberty the galleries were thrown open. The derly manner, and whether they would continue these reports were thrown coldly on the world, and could not restrictions on account of the slight inconveniences that be relied on. He would suggest that a certain number had attended the operations of the old rule. On what of tickets should be given out, in order to prevent the occasions, he asked, had such great crowds been colgallery from being crowded to excess. He would hold lected there? Wby, on occasions of great excitement, that the generous-minded ladies themselves would fully when subjects of deep and absorbing interest were deaccord with his views. Mr.C. concluded his remarks bated, and he was very willing on such occasions to subby demanding the yeas and nays.
mit to slight inconvenience, rather than exclude any • Mr. CLAYTON moved to amend the resolution by | who could by possibility be admitted. He had witnessstriking out all after the word “resolved,” and inserting ed, for many years past, the occasional throngs which · "That the circular gallery of the Senate chamber be debates of great interest and importance had collected open for the admission of spectators, and that each Sen. there, and, although almost suffocated by the crowds, ator be allowed to admit any number not exceeding | yet there had been no interruption to their proceedings. three into the lobby of the Senate in front of the chair." | If any were excluded, he did not hesitate to say that it
Mr. MANGUM thought it to be very desirable that should be the ladies rather than those who came from the Senate should throw open its galleries entirely, and different parts of the Union, to bear and report what that the restrictions should apply to the number of per- passed in that body. He was not disposed to give to sons to be admitted on the floor of the Senate. He had the ladies more than their sex deserved; it was not desiwitnessed, under the change of the rule, in his own rable that they should be there at all. It was man, person, decided inconvenience, yet he should be willing thinking man, for whom they acted, who should superto agree to any modifications of the resolution the gen. intend their proceedings. He again repeated the belief tleman might choose to propose, provided the gaileries that the inconveniences under the old rule had been were thrown open to spectators. Under the old rule, greatly exaggerated-he had never seen the business spectators were not permitted to come within the bar of in any manner interrupted. He laid down this general the Senate, nor to go behind the pillars, therefore no proposition, that it was the bounden duty of that body very great inconvenience was occasioned by their ad- to give to the public, to the utmost extent, the proper mission. He, himself, though occupying a seat of the accommodation. He objected to the limitation proposed outer range, had experienced no inconvenience from by the Senator from Delaware. They had already closed the spectators. He would agree to the resolution, if more than half of their house to spectators; the small the restrictions were confined to the floor of the Senate, gallery was daily crowded almost to suffocation, while the but he would never agree that the galleries should be circular gallery seldom contained more than a dozen closed. There would be one inconvenience, however, ladies. He believed that no serious inconvenience had in the restrictions, as to the floor of the Senate. We resulted from the old rule, and he hoped that bis resoluhave, said he, strangers here from all parts of the Union, tion would be permitted to pass without limitation. and we have, in our intercourse with them, to go out of Mr. CALHOUN said he should vote for the resolution the chamber, thus incurring the risk of being absent of his colleague, with the amendment of the Senator from when a vote is taken; while, under the old rule, we Delaware, because he wished to take the question as to could still have the necessary intercourse with our friends I opening the galleries. If, hereafler, it should be found
Jas, 6, 1836.]
Regulations of the Senate Chamber.
that the lobby could contain more than the amendment Mr. BUCHANAN said he had not expected this proposed to admit, without inconvenience, it might be debate could possibly assume the character which it had further opened; but he was of opinion that the galleries now taken. The change of the rules of the Senate, in ought to be opened. It was the nature of power to shut regard to the use of the lobby and galleries, had been its doors, and hide its proceedings from the public eye;. made by common consent. It was not the work of any but those who resisted power had an interest in giving political party in this body. The change was made, as to their efforts the utmost publicity. He wished the he had supposed, for the accommodation of all parties whole people of the United States to have an opportunia in the Senate, as well as for that of the people. ty of witnessing what passed in that chamber. As he Under these circumstances, he could not but feel desired to have the question essentially on the opening surprised when the Senator from South Carolina (Mr. of the galleries, he should vote for the amendment. CALHOUN] very broadly insinuated that there was a
Mr. BENTON had but one word to say, and that was struggle in this body between two parties--the one the drawn from him by what he had heard of the hardship advocates of liberty, the other of power, and that the of those who were almost suffocated in the crowds at advocates of power desired secrecy. tending the little gallery, while so few occupied the Mr. Calhoun here said that he bad affirmed it. large one. Whoever encountered that hardship, he The Senator, then, has affirmed it. Sir, said Mr. B., would undertake to say, had brought it on himself, be if the gentleman intends to assert that the friends of the cause he could easily be relieved of it, by taking a lady administration on this floor desire to envelop the prounder his arm, and going into the other gallery; and if ceedings of this body in mystery and darkness, the he had such an antipathy to the ladies as to prefer the assertion is wholly unfounded. In saying so, I mean no crowds of the little gallery to their society, he (Mr. B.) personal offence. We are not the advocates of power had no sympathy for him. The circular gallery was against liberty, and our conduct has never shown that freely open to all, under the rule as it then stood. we were. It is easy for the Senator to make general Every gentleman could go there if he pleased; and if he charges of this kind, but he will find it very difficult to did not know how, he (Mr. B.) would tell him. He place his hand upon any single fact to support them. had simply to get a young lady, or an old one, or any Mr. B. said he was neither ashamed nor afraid to lady he pleased, to go with him, and he would find the speak, and to vote, and to act, openly, and fearlessly, and doors open,
directly, upon every question which may come before Mr. TALLMADGE said he should vote against the the Senate. He did not shun, but courted, publicity. amendment of the gentleman from Delaware, Mr. Neither his political friends nor himself had any thing CLAYTON,) and if the amendment of that gentleman did to conceal. He had never been consulted in respect to not succeed, he would then offer an amendment to admit the existing rule. He should now vote for the amenda certain number in the circular gallery. He was willing ment proposed by the Senator from Delaware, (Mr. to give to each Senator the privilege of admitting a certain CLAYTON.] He was willing that the upper gallery number of persons in that gallery. He bad no objec should be thrown open to all visiters who might think tion to affording every facility to spectators; but owing | proper to attend. Although our convenience might be to the inconvenience mentioned by some of the gentle. | sacrificed by again crowding the lobby behind the seats men, growing out of an unlimited privilege, he would of the members, he could endure this inconvenience as prefer extending the convenience to the circular gallery. well as any other Senator. On this subject he would
Mr. SHEPLEY suggested to the gentleman from New | go as far as he who should go farthest. Let all the York, (Mr. TaLLMADGE,] to submit his views in the | American people who can be accommodated be received form of an amendment to the amendment. The resolu. | into this chamber. tion, thus amended, would accomplish the object the gen
Mr. CALHOUN remarked that he was much gratified tleman from South Carolina (Mr. Calhoun) had in view. | at what had been said by the Senator from Pennsylvania, Mr. TALLMADGE then submitted the following
and hoped that every gentleman on the same side would amendment to the amendment:
concur with him. It was not for him or that gentleman " That each Senator have the privilege of admitting to decide which of them were on the side of liberty in into the circular gallery - - number of gentlemen."
the contest between liberty and power-that must be Mr. WEBSTER said the public had a right them. left to time and to posterity for a fair decision. He was selves to the use of the galleries until they were filled. not called on then to show the many arbitrary acts of He was opposed to granting tickets, and was for opening
the present administration; but, on a proper occasion, the galleries to all, without distinction of persons. It he would be ready to go into the subject. He did hope was preferable that fathers and brothers should meet that this session would show that the gentleman from and sit together in the same gallery, to having them Pennsylvania, and those with whom he acted, were not forced into separate galleries, merely because some of the advocates of power. He did hope that when that them happened not to bave ladies in their charge. great measure, the expunging resolutions, came up, it
Mr. CALHOUN said that the amendment to the would be seen that those gentlemen will be found on amendment of the Senator from New York did not the side of liberty in its contest with power. answer his purpose at all. He did not wish to be trou. Mr. BUCHANAN said the Senator from South Carobled with applications for admission there, nor did he lina had acted very wisely in referring the great queswish to put the people to the trouble of asking for tions now before this body and the country to time and admission. They had a right to be there, to come to posterity. If he had submitted them to the people there, and stay there, whenever the Senate was in ses- of the present generation, they are already decided sion. ]! was impossible to look at that debate without against him, seeing the nature of it, and from what quarter the oppo. In relation to his future course, Mr. B. said he would sition to the resolution came. Those who had got wait for the proper occasions to present themselves, power were not willing that the truth should be heard | and should express his opinions on subjects as they came boldly and openly. We, said he, who are on the oppo- before the Senate. “Sufficient for the day is the evil site side, and who oppose power, ought to desire to give thereof.” He had no hesitation, however, in now the utmost publicity to our proceedings. No, sir, said declaring his opinion upon the expunging resolution, as he, no modification of the amendment will answer my | the Senator had introduced it into this debate. On that purpose; nothing which will exclude a single individual, question he should be found in direct opposition to the will ever meet my consent.
Abolition of Slavery.
(Jax. 7, 1836.
The question was here taken on Mr. TallMADGE's | did not take the trouble to wait on a lady, they might motion, and it was lost: Yeas 6, nays 34, as follows: encounter the inconvenience (if any) of the smaller
YEAS— Messrs. Prentiss, Shepley, Swift, Tallmadge, gallery. The point, however, he wished to bring out, Tipton, Wright-6.
was, that his friend from Louisiana, (Mr. PORTER,) who NAYS-Messrs. Benton, Black, Brown, Buchanan, had introduced the resolution now in force, who had Calhoun, Clayton, Crittenden, Davis, Ewing, Golds- been put forward by the general understanding of the borough, Grundy, Hill, Hubbard, Kent, King of Ala- inconveniences of the old rule, and who had since been bama, King of Georgia, Knight, Leigh, Linn, McKean, abandoned by so many, never contemplated by his resoMangum, Moore, Morris, Niles, Porter, Preston, Rob-lution to shut the galleries against the public. He bins, Robinson, Tomlinson, Tyler, Wall, Webster, wished to give that gentleman his support, by assisting White-34.
him in bearing the brunt in defence of a resolution The question then being on Mr. Claytor's amend which was introduced and adopted by general consent ment,
of the Senate. Mr. NILES moved to divide it so as to take the ques. There was one gallery (pointing to the small one] tion first on the first clause, as to opening the galleries. open to every body, and there was the other (pointing
Mr. BENTON suggested that this division was not to the circular gallery] equally open to all, save those sufficiently explicit. To say “open the galleries,” im- whose limited acquaintance with females prevented them plied that they were closed; whereas one was already | from being accompanied by a lady. Certain he was that entirely open, and the other open to gentlemen accom there were more who could get ladies willing to accompanied by ladies. The division ought to be more ex pany them, by hundreds upon hundreds, than the gallery plicit, otherwise those who voted against the first clause would hold. Were they, then, under these circummight seem to vote against admitting spectators.
stances, to vote so as to admit the fact that the galleries Mr. NILES then moved to amend the resolution by were closed. Were they on an occasion like that to inserting the word “circular," so as to apply the amend call for testimony. If they did, the doorkeeper would ment to the opening of the circular gallery; which tell them that once already this session hundreds had to modification being accepted by Mr. CLAYTON, the divi. go away from that very gallery, because it was already sion of the question was ordered, and it was accordingly crowded almost to suffocation. He had made these few taken on the first clause of the amendment, and decided observations, because he wished to avoid, if possible, in the affirmative: Yeas 35, nays 7, as follows:
the imputation that this gallery had been shut up by the
tion now in force was proposed for adoption. He had Nays-Messrs. Benton, Hendricks, Porter, Ruggles, adopted the rule as a matter of experiment, but it had Tallmadge, Tipton, Wright-7.
failed. He had observed the gallery into which gentleThe question was next taken on the second clause of men were admitted crowded, while the circular gallery the amendment, allowing each Senator to admit - had been occasionally vacant. True, the circular gal. number of spectators into the lobby, and decided in the lery was not directly, but it was virtually, shut against negative: Yeas 18, nays 24, as follows:
any gentleman, who had come even five hundred miles,
tiss, Preston, Robbins, Robinson, Shepley, Swift, TomThe question being on the resolution, as amended, linson, Tyler, Wall, Webster, White—31. Mr. Benton asked the Secretary to read the resolution Nars--Messrs. Benton, Grundy, Hendricks, Hill, of the present session, by which the old rule was Linn, Porter, Ruggles, Southard, Tallmadge, Tipton, changed, and it was accordingly read.
| Wright--11. Mr. BENTON remarked that he only wished to make the resolution was thereupon adopted in the followsure of the words of the resolution, as it applied to the ing form: circular gallery, and he now beld that gallery to be open, “Resolved, That the circular gallery of the Senate be and that all that had been said in relation to it had been opened for the admission of spectators.' misapplied. He did not wish to give a vote which was On motion of Mr. HENDRICKS, to be understood, there or elsewhere, as intending to The Senate adjourned. shut up either of the galleries; nor did he wish to give any vote admitting, what every body knew to be untrue,
THURSDAY, JANUARY 7. that the galleries were closed. He wished in the most
SLAVERY IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. emphatic manner to declare that the circular gallery, instead of being closed, was open to every gentleman Mr. MORRIS presented two petitions from Ohio, who could get a lady to accompany Lim; and by lady praying for the abolition of slavery in the District of he meant each respectable female in the United States. Columbia. It might be that some few strangers here would not be Mr. CALHOUN demanded that the petitions should sufficiently acquainted in Washington to get ladies to be read. accompany them; those few, he thought, could always The Secretary having read the petitions, be accommodated in the small gallerv; but the great Mr. CALHOUN demanded the question on receiving mass could easily find female acquaintances, and if they them; which was a preliminary question, which any