« ZurückWeiter »
Dec. 22, 1835.)
Patriolic Bank of Washington.
tlemen from the South. They were the most compe. of War on the subject of the construction of the Cumtent. For his own part, he knew nothing about it. If berland road in the States of Indiana and Illinois; which Congress could not act in this matter, who ought to was referred to the Committee on Roads and Canals. declare the fact? From whom woulil a statement of 1 Also, a report from the Treasury Department, conthe fact come with the most weight? Should it come cerning insolvent debtors. from Northern Senators, who had no hold on the confi. A report, also, from the Treasury Department, in ref. dence of the people of the South, or from the Southern erence to custom-house officers; which was ordered to gentlemen, who were most deeply interested in the sup be printed. pression of any injurious excitement? From the South Numerous petitions and memorials were presented à report would come with a more conciliatory effect by the Chair, and referred to the appropriate commita than from the North. No result could be more satisfac- tees. tory to the South than that which was brought about by the influence of the Southern Senators.
PATRIOTIC BANK OF WASHINGTON. Mr. BROWN intended to vote for a reference of the Mr. KING, of Alabama, having presented a memorial subject to the Committee on the Post Office and post from the Patriotic Bank of the city of Washington, Roads. It had been urged that it was more proper to Mr. BENTON said that a petition for rechartering a send it to a special committee, because they would have bank in the city of Washington had been presented by more time to examine the subject, and would carry a gentleman near him, and been referred, without exmore ability into the examination. He entertained a citing his immediate attention. During the last session different opinion. The Committee on the Post Office he had objected to the receiving of petitions of this had all the necessary experience; they were conversant character, and during the present he had found on his with all the Post Office laws. Gentleinen in all the im- table-and he presumed' other Senators had been portant committees were much engaged. No one was equally fortunate--a pamphlet of some two hundred entirely free. The special committee would not be pages, in which, without alluding to him by name, an able to afford more time to the investigation than the attempt was made to refute his arguments, and to turn standing committee. Another reason bad been urged, the position which he had then taken up against all that the committee ought to be constructed from the banking companies as now conducted. We still mainSouthern section of the country. He could not sub tained that position, nor would the essay of any man scribe to the soundness of this doctrine. Gentlemen move him from it. He still believed that the banking deprecate giving a party complexion to the matter; system was full of corruption every where; but that it what would be the effect of sending it to a special com had been more abused in this District than in any other mittee? It would be more than giving a party complex quarter of the globe-that these ten miles square had ion to the matter: it would be giving to it a sectional as more banking capital on paper than any other ten miles pect, which was the worst kind of political aspect. square in Europe, Asia, Africa, or America. The proper course appeared, in his opinion, to be, to He wished for the appointment of a special committee display a confidence in the North, in the full conviction to inquire into the system upon which these corporations that they would do right. If they were to exclude the had acted; for he believed their currency had depreciNorthern gentlemen, it would imply a distrust which he ated so low that the very washerwomen and laborers on was not willing to show. The proper course would be canals had been cheated out of the better portion of to confide the matter to the Northern Senators, who, their hard-earned wages, wbile at the same time the he was confident, were as much interested as any others Government of the United States could have supplied in putting down these incendiary efforts of a set of fugi them with more gold and silver than could possibly tives from the Northern States, and this was the course have been absorbed in all their business transactions. he was disposed to pursue in this case.
Such reports had reached him, indeed, as were sufli. lle never had believed that there was a majority in cient to excite the indignation of any man. He intended the North prepared to take a course which would tend to have proof upon every point; and if these reports to the destruction of the most glorious confederacy that were true, even in part, then the petitioners should have had ever been seen on the face of the earth. lle was, | leave to withdraw, and all who followed in their track therefore, disposed to send the subject to the Commit might go and do likewise. He had already taken a stand tee on the Post Office and Post Roads, the chairman of in favor of a hard-money currency, and he had no idea which was experienced, and fully conversant with the of being sneered out of all legislation upon the subject whole subject. Whatever could be done, must be now. He believed there were ten or twelve banks, through the Post Office Department. He would not broken and unbroken, in the District; he believed they think of attributing any party feeling on this subjec: 10 would all stop by the 4th of March, and he thought it any gentleman here; for any one who would stir up the
would be better for the community if they were stopsubject for the purpose of sustaining fanatic abolition ped now. ists, would bring up that which would have a tendency Mr. KING, of Alabama, said that the memorial was to dissolve our free and glorious institutions, and would
handed to him by several of the most respectable indirender himself an object for the finger of scorn to viduals in this community, and that, as a member of the point at.
Committee on the District of Columbia, it was assuredly The question was taken on the motion to refer the bis duty to present it. How far we should go in cbarsubject to a select committee, and decided in the affirm tering or rechartering banking companies was a ques. ative: Ayes 23.
tion for after consideration; as for this petition, it was The committee, on notion of Mr. CALIOUN, was perfectly respectful, and he hoped would be permitted ordered to consist of five members, and was chosen as
to take the usual course. When the proper time arfollows: Mr. Calhoun, Mr. King of Georgia, Mr. Man
rived, the Senator from Missouri would have an opporGUM, Mr. Davis, and Mr. Linn.
tunity of throwing such obstacles in its way as he might Adjourned.
Mr. BENTON said that, as for waiting till the bill was
on its passage before he offered his objections, that was TUESDAY, DECEMBER 22.
not the way in which the Bank of the United States was A message was received from the President of the prostrated. The petition for rechartering miglit be United States, transmitting a report from the Secretary uccessful, but the petitioners would find themselves
Northern Boundary of Ohio--Michigan Senators.
(Dec. 22, 1835.
mistaken if they thought their purpose was to be ac- line from the mouth of the Great Miami aforesaid; complished without such improvements and modifica- , thence, northeast, to the territorial line, and by said tertions being insisted upon as the lights of the age seemed ritorial line to the Pennsylvania line." to require.
And be it further resolved, That any State or States NORTHERN BOUNDARY OF ONIO.
that may be formed of the territory of the United
States lying east of the Mississippi river, which ConMr. MORRIS, in pursuance of notice given, asked
gress may hereafter deem proper to admit into the and obtained leave, and introduced the following joint Union, shall be bounded on the south by the States of resolution; which was read, and ordered to a second Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio, as the law may require. reading:
The Senate proceeded to ballot for the committee Whereas it is provided in the sixth section of the
ordered to be appointed on the message of the Presiseventh article of the constitution of the State of Ohio
dent concerning the Ohio and Michigan controversy, as follows: “ That the limits and boundaries of this
when the following Senators were appointed: State be ascertained, it is declared that they are as here
Mr. BENTON, Mr. Wright, Mr. CLAYTON, Mr. CRIT. after mentioned; that is to say, on the east by the Penn
TENDEN, and Mr. PRESTON. sylvania line, and on the south by the Ohio river, to the mouth of the Great Miami river; on the west by a line
MICHIGAN SENATORS. drawn due north from the mouth of the Great Miami On motion of Mr. BENTON, the Senate proceeded to river aforesaid; on the north by an east and west line consider his motion, laid on the table some days since, to drawn through the southern extreme of Lake Michigan, I extend the courtesy of the Senate to the Senators from running east, after intersecting the due north line afore. | Michigan, by assigning them chairs in the Senate. said, from the mouth of the Great Miami river, until it ! Mr. BENTON stated that he now proposed to modify shall intersect Lake Erie on the territorial line, and his motion by substituting what he would now send to the thence, with the same, through Lake Erie, to the Penn- Chair, which was copied verbatim from the resolution sylvania line aforesaid: Provided always, and it is here. adopted by the Senate when Messrs. Blount and Cocke by fully understood and declared by the convention, came here as Senators from the Northwest Territory. that if the southerly bend or extreme of Lake Michi- | The resolution could be found in the 2d volume of the gan should extend so far south that a line drawn due reprint of the Senate Journals, page 269. The only east from it should not intersect Lake Erie, or if it change was in inserting the words “on the floor, should intersect said Lake Erie east of the mouth of which he had added. the Miami river of the Lake, then, and in that case, with The modification was then read, as follows: the assent of the Congress of the United States, the Tbat Mr. Lyon and Mr. NORVELL, who claim to be northern boundary of Ohio State shall be established Senators of the United States, be received as spectators, by and extend to a line running from the southerly ex- and that chairs be provided for that purpose, on the treme of Lake Michigan to the most northerly cape of the floor) until the final decision of the Senate shall be given Miami bay, after intersecting the due north line from the on the application to admit Michigan into the Union. mouth of the Great Miami river aforesaid; thence, north- Mr. EWING moved to strike out the words “on the east, to the territorial line, and by the said territorial line floor;" which was carried in the affirmative. to the Pennsylvania line." And whereas the State of Mr. TIPTON. I must claim the indulgence of the Ohio claims that the assent of the Congress of the Uni- | Senate a few minutes, to explain the reasons that influted States has been virtually and substantially given to ence the course I feel it to be my duty to pursue on the the sixth section of the seventh article of the constitu- | question now before us. Coming as I do from a new tion as above set forth, and more especially to the latter | State, that but a few years ago was knocking at the door clause thereof, describing her northern bourdary as of Congress for admission into the Union, as Michigan contained in the proviso to said section, by admitting now is, I cannot consent to give a silent vote that would her Senators and Representatives to their seats in Con be thought unkind to the people of that Territory, gress, and more fully by the act of Congress as declared amongst whom it is my good fortune to have some valuaFebruary 19, 1803, entitled an act to provide for the ble friends, or uncourteous to the gentlemen sent to due execution of the laws of the United States within represent her in this Senate. the State of Ohio, in the preamble to which act it is de Sir, said Mr. T., I acknowledge the right of the peoclared that the State of Ohio has become one of the I ple of the Territory, when they have 60,000 free inhabiUnited States of America, whereby, as a matter of right, tants, to form a constitution, and to admission into the the said State has acquired, and can rightfully exercise, Union on an equal footing with the original States, projurisdiction on her northern border to the line as de vided the constitution formed by them is republican, and scribed in the latter clause of the proviso contained in not incompatible with the constitution of the United the sixth section of the seventh article of her constitu States. It will be recollected by Senators that, two tion; but as doubts have arisen whether the act of Con years ago, I had the honor to urge on the consideration gress of the 11th of January, 1805, entitled an act to of the Senate a bill providing for taking a census of the divide the Indian Territory into two separate Govern- people of both Arkansas and Michigan Territories; and ments, does not contravene the rightful jurisdiction of if they were ascertained to contain 47,700 inhabitants, Ohio to the line as described in the article of her consti- federal numbers, the present ratio of representation in tution as above stated: In order, therefore, that doubts the other branch of Congress, to authorize them to form may no longer exist on this subject,
a constitution and State Government. It was not the Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of pleasure of the Senate to adopt the measure I then prothe United States in Congress assembled, That the assent posed This I sincerely regretted, and still regret. I of the Congress of the United States is hereby fully de- / feel confident that the passage of this law at that time clared and given to the latter clause of the sixth section would have prevented most of the difficulty that has of the seventh article of the constitution of the State of happened in a certain quarter; it would have promoted Ohio, which is in the following words, to wit: “ The harmony and good feeling, and taught obedience to the northern boundary of this State shall be established by laws; and more, these Territories would have been adand extended to a direct line running from the south mitted into the Union, as independent States, at a much erly extreme of Lake Michigan to the most northerly earlier day than they now can, under the existing state cape of the Miami bay, after intersecting the due north of things.
Dec. 22, 1835.)
The people of Michigan now inform us that they have Let Michigan retrace her steps, and strike from her ascertained, to their own satisfaction, that they have a constitution all that part that claims a portion of the sufficient number of inhabitants to enable them to form neighboring States, and present herself here, and I will a constitution and State Government, and for their ad. be amongst the first to take her by the hand and welmission into the Union as an independent State; and they come her into our great family, the confederacy. Let present a constitution formed by a convention of that her come in as a peaceable and good-humored sister; I Territory, and demand admittance. The Senator from want no more schisms in our family. What have we Missouri has moved the Senate to allow two gentlemen, lately heard on our borders! We have had flaming sent to represent the State of Michigan in the Senate, general orders, calling on the militia to stand by their to take seats in this chamber. He tells us that we owe arms, to maintain the integrity of certain boundaries that it to courtesy as well to the people of the Territory as Congress had fixed, and that Congress alone has the to the two gentlemen sent to represent her. This is right to alter. It is true, sir, that no blood was shed in very civil, and looks well on paper; but, sir, courtesy | this tumult, but it is equally true that things there asis also due to the people of another section of the coun | sumed at one time a most alarming aspect. try, and my constituents come in for a share; and before I am confident, said Mr. T., that, if Michigan be admitI can vote seats in this chamber to Senators from Michi- ted with her constitution in its present form, there will gan, I must take the liberty of examining her constitu | be an appeal to the courts of the country, or, what is tion, to ascertain whether it is in conformity to the con
| far worse, to arms. This will produce a state of things stitution and laws of the United States, and what terri. that I am sure every patriot will avoid. tory it embraces within the bounds of the proposed new
Mr. T. said he had much more to say on this subject, State.
but would suspend further remark to some other I find, on examining the first article of her constitu opportunity. tion, that Michigan attempts to include within her limits
Mr. EWING said he would propose to the Senator all the territory embraced in the Michigan Territory by from Missouri a modification of his motion. Lucius an act of Congress of 11th February, 1805, organizing Lyon, on the ground of his having been a Delegate in the Michigan Territory. That act establishes the south the other House, had a right to come on the floor of the boundary of that Territory on a line to be drawn due Senate. No resolution, therefore, is necessary for him. east from the southern bend or extreme of Lake Michi. He is already a privileged spectator. As far as that gan, and the Michigan convention has overlooked or goes, a simple resolution to admit Joux Norvell as a disregarded an act of Congress of 19th June, 1816, spectator will be sufficient. He was not willing to do any authorizing the people of the Indiana Territory to form
thing which could be considered as directly or indirecta constitution and State Government. This act pro ly recognising the claims of Michigan. If the modificaposes to establish the north boundary of Indiana on a line
tion were adopted, the whole of the words after the drawn east through a point ten miles north of the south
word “resolved” would be stricken out, and the fol. ern extreme of Lake Michigan, provided that the con lowing words inserted: vention of the people of Indiana would accept and ratify
" That Joun Norvell be admitted as a spectator." that boundary. The Indiana convention did accept and
In this form he would vote for the motion. ratify the boundary thus proposed, and the country be.
Mr. BENTON suggested that his motion was copied tween these lines became part and parcel of the State from the resolution on the journals. He thought we of Indiana.
had better provide chairs. I find, sir, said Mr. T., that the third section of the Mr. HENDRICKS said that he always regretted fourth article of the constitution of the United States when an appeal was made to his liberality or courtesy reads thus: New States may be admitted by the Con for that which he could not grant, and that this was his gress into the Union, but no new State shall be formed present situation. What is the case? said Mr. II. A or erected within the jurisdiction of any other State, norman comes into my house; he te
man comes into my house; he tells me that he has come any Siate be formed by the junction of two or more ) for the purpose of appropriating to himself States, or parts of States, without the consent of the house, or of despoiling me of a portion of my goods; Legislature of the States concerned as well as of Con- and that he has means in train by which, in his opinion, gress.
he will speedily accomplish these objects. But, inasI consider it unfortunate for Michigan that her much as it will be more convenient to him to attend to convention has entirely disregarded this provision of this work of spoliation within the house than out of the United States constitution. She has set up a doors, he asks that, through courtesy, I would assign bim claim to a tract of country ten miles wide, north and a seat, and permit him to remain till he can finish his south, and extending from Lake Michigan to the east work. Now, said Mr. H., this statement well enough boundary of Indiana, over 100 miles. Indiana bas describes the relations, as far as this proposition is conbeen in possession of this part of her territory near cerned, between the two citizens of Michigan and thie twenty years; has laid off counties, built towns, opened two Senators from Indiana on this floor. They say that roads, and made her local arrangements, and she can.
they are Senators from the State of Michigan; that the not tamely surrender it up to any power on earth. sovereignty and independence of that State is extended This claim of Michigan was as unnecessary to her as it over a large territory of the State of Indiana; that it is was unexpected to us; she is larger without that territory their intention to eject the jurisdiction of Indiana from than Indiana is with it. The people residing there have this territory; and that, to enable them more convenientno wish to be included in Michigan--Indiana will never ly and more speedily to do this, they ask to be admitted surrender them to her. It is therefore, sir, impossible, upon the floor of the Senate. Comity should never ask under this view of the case, for her to be admitted what comity can never grant; and this seems to be a under the present form of her constitution. I can no case of that kind. more vote seats in this chamber to the gentlemen sent It has been said on this floor, continued Mr. H., that here as her Senators, than to any other gentlemen that | Michigan is a State de facto. But this, with great defermay be in attendance here from the Territory. One of ence to the opinion, on account of the source whence it her Senators bas a right to the privileged seats, in con comes, he must be permitted to controvert, and to say sequence of having been a Delegate in the other House. | that he knew of no such case. He inferred, indeed, I would be willing to vote like privileges to the other. | that no such case could exist, because the constitution Let them come in as spectators, not as Senators. I says that “no new State shall be formed or erected
[Dec. 22, 1835.
within the jurisdiction of any other State, nor any State league were not entitled to a seat as a right, but the be formed by the junction of two or more States, or parts presiding officer gave them seats as a courtesy. We of States, without the consent of the Legislatures of the never applied for seats or took them. The case is dif. States concerned, as well as of the Congress.” Now, erent here. These Senators have presented their cresir, said Mr. H., if it had been indispensably necessary dentials, and are bound to wait here until the admission that Michigan should become a State, and that the State of the State; and there could be no impropriety in their of Indiana should be partitioned and dismembered for waiting on the same terms as the Senators fron Tennessee. hier benefit, comity would bave said that she should at But, while the resolution carefully omits any word which least have asked the consent of the Legislature of that can commit any Senator, while every such word is studiState; and the constitution of the United States, as well ously left out, it may be, from the construction of the lanas comity would also have required the same thing. | guage, that the Senators from Michigan may think they Comity, too, would have deferred something to the fact cannot use the privilege at all, without surrendering their that the State of Indiana has been peaceably in the own grounds, and that they may believe that they cannot Union for about twenty years, and that, too, with attend even as spectators in the gallery. He would leave boundaries prescribed and assented to by Congress. it to gentlemen if it might not be better to give them
Sir, said Mr. H., I undertake to say that Michigan is chairs, and admit them as spectators. If they are allownot a State, neither de facto nor de jure, and that she ed to listen to the debates which relate to the diagram never can be a State with her assumed boundaries. of country to which they belong, they might be able to The President of the United States is bound to see that present their views. He had listened yesterday to the the laws of the Union are faithfully administered, in and speech of the Senator from Ohio, which to him was unover the Territory of Michigan, until the people of that answerable, but these gentlemen from Michigan miglit Territory shall have the permission of Congress to pass have found something to say in reply to it. They should from a Territorial to a State Government; and no one bave seats, to enable them to hear what concerns the can doubt that he will faithfully perform that duty. It diagram of country to which they belong, that if any might, perhaps, be out of place here to say much about erroneous facts or wrong analogies should be presentes, the rights, or pretended rights, of Michigan for admis they may furnish the correction. The Senate had bet. sion into the Union. He would, however, say that she ter give them chairs, according to the precedent on the is not on an equal footing with any of the three States journals, and not use words such as miglit preclude them, already formed out of the Northwestern Territory. I by making them suppose they cannot accept the courleTheir boundaries were described by the ordinance of sy without the compromise of their rights. 1787, and by it they were made and called States. In Mr. HENDRICKS said that he could very well apit, too, they had a guarantee that they should be admit I preciate the feelings of delicacy so often mentioned in ted into the Union, with a population each of 60,000 this discussion. The proposition before the Senate was free inbabitants. None of these pre-requisites exist in exclusively one of courtesy and delicacy. He admitted, velation to Michigan. Congress has never yet determin too, the propriety of prudence and caution in forming ed to form any Stale north of the latitude of the opinions about the right of Michigan to be received into southerly extreme of Lake Michigan.
the Union as a sovereign and independent State. But, The people of Michigan petitioned Congress two years in relation to himself and his colleague, a squeamista ago to do this, but it has never been done. There is no delicacy would be entirely out of place. For us to doubt case in existence to which the present condition and at- 1 or hesitate about our course or duty, with the constitutitude of Michigan can be assimilated. That of Tennes- tion of Michigan on our tables, claiming as it does a see was a much stronger case; but he was willing to large district of our State, would be wholly unpardonaccord to the citizens in question all that was granted | able. lle, for one, bad no opinion on this subject to form. to the Senators from Tennessee. And what was that? He had but one course to take, and that was to resist lle took it from the pamphlet, furnished as he supposed the admission of Michigan as a State of this Union, at by a citizen of Michigan, for he had searched no further. I every step, until she expunged from her constitution hier It was that they should be “ admitted as spectators," unfounded claim upon the territory of Indiana. until the decision of the Senate on the pending bill. It | The Senator from Missouri had spoken of precedents, would not enlarge the present privileges of one of the | and had instanced those of Tennessee and Missouri. But persons claiming to be received as a Senator from Mich- the Tennessee case conferred no greater privilege than igan. That privilege he had already under our rules, that already enjoyed by the bonorable Lucius Lyon,
aving been a Delegate in the other House; one of the gentlemen in question, in virtue of his bavbut it would confer this privilege on the other, who bading been a Delegate in the House of Representatives, it not. This much he was willing to do, and no more; ) and no greater privilege than that proposed by his amendand to effect this he offered an amendment to the prop. ment to be conferred on the other, the honorable JOUN osition of the Senator from Missouri, or a substitute, | NORVELL. The precedent of Missouri. And is there whichever it ought to be considered, (for he had not the any similarity between the case of Missouri and that of proposition before him,) proposing to extend the same Micbigan? Surely, none. Missouri was a State, known privileges of the Senate to the honorable Joux NORVELL, | as such to our laws. She had formed her constitutions which, by our rules, are extended to the members of in pursuance of a law of Congress. She was a State de the llouse of Representatives and the Delegates from jure, as well as in form and in fact. She presented a the Territories.
constitution unexceptionable. There was no question of Resolved, That the same courtesy be extended to the boundary; no question about her right of admission as honorable JOIN NORVELL, as a spectator in the Senate a State. The only question was one involving the powchamber, which, by the rules of the Senate, is now ex- | er of Congress to attach a condition, after hier right to tended to the Delegates of Territories and members of admission had become perfect. llere, in the case of Michithe Ilouse of Representatives.
gan, the question of State or no State has yet to be sel. en Mr. BENTON said we should be careful, lest the lan tled, as well as the question of boundary, involving, as guage be construed to expel these Senators altogether. it does, the integrity of one or more of the States. In He did not intend to charge any such design, nor would relation to other States, where there were no difficult he say that such would be the eflect. It was a case in I preliminary questions to seltle, he believed that no which every man must consult bis own bosom. When special comity had been shown to the Senators who prehe came here as a Senator from Missouri, he and his col- sented themselves. lle referred to the admission of
Dec. 23, 24, 1855.]
Newspapers to Members-Sessions of Congress.
Obio, Louisiana, Indiana, and other new States, where with bills.” It was contended by Mr. K. that this resothe journals showed no resolutions of courtesy to the lution came within the meaning of the rule, and ought Senators in attendance before they were sworn as mem- to bave three several readings on three several days. bers of the body. He well recollected that the Senators The CHAIR having placed the same construction on from Indiana did not obtain seats until the joint resolu- the rule, the resolution was ordered to lie over until totion of admission had passed both Houses, and obtained morrow. the appropriate signatures. The precedents which the
PATENT LAWS, practice of the Senate in these cases afforded were
The resolution offered yesterday by Mr. PRENTISS against the application in the present case.
I was taken up for consideration. Mr. BUCHANAN thought more consequence was ! Mr. PRENTISS modified the resolution by striking given to this matter than it deserved. There were some out all after the words “circuit court,” and inserting points in this controversy on which, after the fullest ex the following words: “in all cases where the validity amination, he had entirely made up his mind; and one
of a right derived from any such patent shall come in of these was, never, while he had a seat on this floor, to
question.” give a vote which would have the effect of disturbing The resolution, as modified and agreed to, reads as either the territory of Indiana or that of Illinois. Fur
follows: ther than this, at present, he would not go. But, lav Resolved, That the Committee on the Judiciary be ining come to this decision, he had as little hesitation to structed to inquire into the expediency of giving to the expressing it as the gentleman from Indiana. · The State circuit courts of the United States original jurisdiction, of Michigan now came here and asked admission. It exclusive of the district courts, of the process and prowas proper that those who had been sent by her as Sena
ceedings prescribed by law for the repeal of patents for tors should be present in this body to hear what was
new and useful inventions and discoveries; and also of said, and to prosecute the claim in a proper manner.
allowing an appeal to the Supreme Court, by writ of All agree that they shall be admitted in some way,
error or otherwise, from the judgment of any circuit and the only question is, whether chairs shall be as
court, in all cases were the validity of a right derived signed to them, or they shall be admitted on the footing
from any such patent shall come in question. of other privileged spectators. It had been said that it
The joint resolution introduced by Mr. Mornis was would be sufficient to admit Mr. NorveLL. He thought | read a second time, and referred to the Committee on so himself; but, as the precedent went further, he
the Judiciary. would vote with the Senator from Missouri. But, if he were in the situation of that Senator, and the course
BALLOT FOR CHAPLAIN. would be agreeable to the gentleman from Michigan,
The Senate, according to order, proceeded to ballot he would so modify the motion as to make it agreeable
for a chaplain. to what seemed to be the wish of the Senate. Mr.
There were three ballotings: Mr. Higbee and Mr. NORVELL might be admitted, and, when admitted, he Harrison were the principal candidates. On the first would have to sit somewhere.
ballot each of these gentlemen received 12 votes; on Mr. GOLDSBOROUGH suggested that the motion the second ballot Mr. Harrison had 16, and Mr. Higbee should be so modified as to admit the gentleman to the 15 votes; and on the third ballot Mr. Higbee received privileges of the Senate chamber.
23 out of 38 votes, and Mr. Harrison 14. Mr. BENTON suggested that the members of the The Rev. Mr. Higbee was therefore elected chaplain other House were all privileged to come into the Senate of the Senate. chamber. There were many other privileged persons, Much other usual business was transacted to-day, in and the whole number miglit be three or four hundred. the reception of memorials, resolutions, introduction of There were more privileged persons than could get bills, and the reference of portions of the President's into the chamber, and these gentlemen might be so | message to the appropriate committees. situated as to be excluded by the press of other persons. The Senate then adjourned. If chairs were provided, and a thousand persons were pressing into the chamber, they would be able to go to their chairs.
THURSDAY, DECEMBER 24. The question was put on the amendment moved by
Alter the reception of sundry memorials, Mr. IIENDRICKS, and dicided in the affirmative: Ayes
Mr. ROBBINS, in pursuance of notice given, asked 22, noes 18.
and obtained leave, and introduced a joint resolution The resolution, as amended, was then agreed to.
providing for supplying the members of the Senate After taking up sundry bills, and adopting various with newspapers; which was read, and ordered to a secresolutions lying on the table,
ond reading The Senate spent a short time in executive business, and then
SESSIONS OF CONGRESS. Adjourned.
Mr. HENDRICKS offered the following resolution:
Resolved, That the Committee on the Judiciary be in
structed to inquire into the expediency of fixing, by law, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 23.
the time of the commencement and close of every sucNEWSPAPERS TO MEMBERS.
ceeding session of Congress.
The resolution having been read, The resolution offered yesterday by Mr. Robbins, Mr. HENDRICKS said it would be recollected that, concerning the usual supply of newspapers to each Sen- at the last session of Congress, the Committee on the ator, was taken up for consideration.
Judiciary had been instructed, on his motion, to inquire Mr. KING, of Georgia, read the rule which provides | into the expediency of fixing, by law, the times of the " that all resolutions proposing amendments to the con commencement and close of every succeeding session of stitution, or to which the approbation and signature of Congress. That this subject, owing to the great mass the President may be requisite, or which may grant of business before the session, which was a short one, money out of the contingent or any other fund, shall be did not receive the action of the committee or the Sentreated, in all respects, in the introduction and form of ate; and it was his intention, at the present time, again proceedings in them, in the Senale, in a similar manner to present it for consideration. Ile carnestly hoped