« AnteriorContinuar »
Te Deum which, for generations, has been the triumphant expression of Christian joy :—" In te, Domine, speravi; non confundar in aeternum!" (In Thee, O Lord, have I trusted; let me not be confounded for ever).
His remains were removed to Malacca, and interred in the church of Santa Maria del Monte. A twelvemonth afterwards they were translated to Goa, where, on the 17th of March, they were solemnly deposited in the sanctuary of the College Church.
The estimate which I have been led to form of "the Apostle of the Indies" has been so sufficiently set forth in the preceding pages, that I need not here attempt a formal analysis of his character. But lest the reader should consider me unwisely partial, and look upon my judgment as that of a panegyrist, I propose to give the words of the late Frederick Myers, whom no one will suspect of an excess of sympathy with the enthusiasts of the mediaeval Church.
"We have before us," he says,1 " the idea of a Missionary of the Gospel realised in a greater degree than I know of anywhere but in the Inspired Records of our Faith. We have an instance of a young man and a noble, renouncing pleasure and preferment, to take up the Cross: of a Sadducee becoming a Saint: of a Collegiate Professor converted to do the work of an Evangelist. We have a remarkable instance of sanctity and self-sacrifice united with charity and zeal; and this alone is an approximation to the distinctive character of a Christian Apostle. Power of endurance and meekness beyond ordinary men were also conspicuous in Xavier: and these again are noble and Apostolic qualities. The most marvellous self-control was his—ever enabling him to calm a fiery nature into acquiescence in insult, and to submit to open shame with no other change of countenance than a smile, with no other utterance of the lips than a prayer. An uniformly cheerful man was he, always courteous, gentle, and genial—of the Pauline school. He had sold himself, or rather had surrendered himself, once for all, to work good in the sight of the Lord all his days: and so he never felt himself his own, but Christ's and his brethren's: and thus toil and affliction of all kinds 1 Frederick Myers, "Lectures on Great Men," p. 102. Y
he counted his ordinary state; absence of suffering was his highest pleasure, and repose his only indulgence. And joined to these singular passive virtues was a peculiar continuous zeal, inspiring without inflaming him—manifesting itself rather by a fuller and more living development of the ordinary graces of the Christian character than by any partial or irregular outbreaks: so that you could not say that he was extravagant in any way, at the same time that you could not deny that he was altogether extraordinary. For a model of severe piety unrelieved by unceasing charity; of asceticism without gloom, and yielding gentleness never spoiled by insincerity—I know not where to point you in these later ages better than to Francis Xavier."
AN ENGLISH MARTYR.
'' The martyrs' noble army still is ours,
For in the North our fallen days have seen How in her woe the tenderest spirit towers For Jesus' sake in agony serene."
[Authorities:—Anne Askew's manuscript notes of her examinations and sufferings, written at the instance of her friends, are preserved by Bishop Bale (of Ossory),—see his "Select Works," published by the Parker Society, 1849,—and by Foxe, in his well-known "Acts and Monuments," of which we have used the 1641 edition (vol. ii. pp. 572—580, fol.). See also Strype's "Ecclesiastical Memorials," vol. i., pt. i. (Oxford, 1822), and Thomas Fuller, "Church History of Britain" (ed. 1845). An eloquent sketch occurs in Mr. J. A. Froude's "History of England from the Fall of Wolsey;" and Southey's "Book of the Church," may be consulted.]
ANNE, the second daughter of Sir William Askew, of Kelsey, in Lincolnshire, a gentleman of ancient and honourable lineage, was born in 1520. Of her early life and education few particulars have been recorded; but it is said that, as she grew up, she displayed not only very considerable personal attractions, but a refined taste, some poetical fancy, and a warm imagination. Her manners were gentle and attractive; for a naturally quick temper was restrained by strength of will and firmness of judgment . She gave many indications of more than ordinary force of intellect, and could not be prevailed upon to accept an opinion until she had carefully examined it . On the other hand, once convinced of its truth, she would never abandon it. Such a woman, in her right sphere, might have enjoyed a happy and useful life. Unfortunately, her father marred her career by committing her to an unsuitable marriage. A close neighbour of his was a Mr. Kyme, a man of great wealth and local influence, and it occurred to him and Sir William Askew that they could not do better than confirm their friendship and unite their estates by marrying the son and heir of Mr. Kyme to Sir William's eldest daughter. The lady dying before the scheme could be carried out, Anne Askew was substituted, in spite of her urgent protestations against a match in which her affections were not engaged. She reminded her father that scandal had been