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6.-Jacob Wrestling with the Angel. By Rev. G. D. Krumma
cher. Solomon and the Shulamite. By F. W. Krummacher, D. D., Author of Elijah the Tishbite. Translated from the German. New-York: John S. Taylor. 1841.
Of Solomon and the Shulamite we have spoken in the previous notice. The author of “ Jacob,” the reader will perceive, is a different individual from the one who has become so extensively known on this side the Atlantic, within a few years. But the writings of each might be easily mistaken for those of the other. We recognize in both the same warm hearted piety, the same extensive acquaintance with the Scriptures, and the same copiousness of thought and illustration. The author of Elijah the Tishbite is more imaginative and fanciful, but the author of Jacob is equally felicitous in unfolding the deep things of the inspired volume. This will be evident to any one who reads the work. It is founded upon that portion of Genesis which describes the wrestling of Jacob with the angel. The various truths taught in the passage, directly and indirectly, are successively considered in eleven short sermons.
7.-Cornelius the Centurion. By F. A. Krummacher, A.
Translated from the German, with notes and a biographical notice of the Author, by Rev. John W. Furguson, Minister of St. Peter's Episcopal Chapel, Edinburgh,
New-York: John S. Taylor. 1841. pp. 212. Still another Krummacher, strongly resembling the two als ready mentioned in mental bias, doctrinal sympathy and de. votional spirit. He was born in Westphalia in 1768. He was formerly a professor of theology; but he relinquished this station for the more congenial employment of preaching. He now resides in Bremen. “From an early period, he has been intimately acquainted with ancient and modern poetry ; this, with his profound knowledge of the languages and customs of the Eastern world, and his diligent study of the Scriptures, has given that peculiar bent to his mind, which beams through all his writings. “The meditations on Cornelius," the author observes, were originally preached as sermons at Bremen. They are now divested of that form ; some are enlarged, and some are curtailed. The style is historical, as being suited to the subject and my own views of Scripture. It appears to me that the numerous divine manifestations related in the Old and New Testaments, may be regarded as one continued history of God in his relation to man. Luther calls it the history of all histories,' for it is an account of the stupendous miracles of the divine majesty and grace, from the beginning even unto eternity. The sermon of Peter is the simplest and at the same time, the most comprehensive of all narrations."
8.-Popular Lectures on Geology; treated in a very comprehensive manner.
By R. C. von Leonhard, Counsellor of State, and Prof. at the University of Heidelberg, Germany. With illustrative engravings. Translated by J. G. Morris, A. M., and edited by 7. Hall, M. D., formerly Prof. of Math. and Nat. Phil. Middlebury College, Vt., and afterwards Prof. of Chem. and Min. Washington College, Ct., Nos. I.-III. Baltimore : Publication Rooms. 1839–40. pp. 100, 89,
100. The author of these Lectures is favorably known in Europe and to some extent in this country, as a distinguished professor at Heidelberg. His Manual of Geology and Geognosy, and his Treatise on Basaltic Formations have secured for him a high rank in this department of investigation. The present work is intended to be—as its name imports--popular; it is prepared with a particular reference to the wants of those who desire some acquaintance with geology, but who have too little auxiliary knowledge to plunge at once into the techni. calities of this science. Ten lectures have been presented to the American public, the subjects of which, we presume, will give some idea of the general plan. They are as follows: Sources of Geological Knowledge,
Importance of the Art of Mining in Geological Researches, Description of Mines and Miners ; Sciences auxiliary to Geology,-Natural Philosophy, Chemistry, Mineralogy,-general Properties of Bodies; 06servations on Light, Heat, Electricity, Galvanism, Magnetism and Thermo-magnetism ; Chemical Phenomena, Elements, Oxygen, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Carbon, Sulphur, Chloride, Fluorine, Phosphorus; Metals; Air and Water; Combinations of Gases, and with other Elements; Acids, Alkalis, Salts; Earths and Ores; are Rocks forming at the present day? simple and compound Rocks, Forms of Minerals, Quartz, Feldspar, Albite, Labrador-spar, Mica, Augite, Hornblend, Mag. netic Iron, Lime, Gypsum,
Prof. Leonhard, as our readers will perceive, has traversed a wide field; indeed he has touched upon topics that might have been omitted, even in a popular course on geology. But he is always interesting ; his style is well chosen and his illustrations are abundant and happy. The last three or four lec. tures create a desire to see the remaining numbers. Hereafter, the proprietors expect 'to publish a No. once in two months, till the whole shall have appeared. 9.-Sermons on Public Worship, suited to the Times. By Samuel
Nott, Jr., Author of Sermons from the Fowls of the Air and Lilies of the Field. Boston: Whipple & Dam
rell. 1841. pp. 404. The subject discussed in this volume is always important. The Christian ministry can effect but little without the aid of the sanctuary: if the courts of the Lord's house are empty or thinly attended, religion must decline. But there is reason to fear, that, in some parts of our country, the urgent necessity of sustaining public worship is not felt as it should be. The influences adverse to the Sabbath are many; and these, of course, bear directly on the ministrations of the Sabbath. The customs of society, particularly in cities, the rapid increase of light reading, lax notions of personal duty-all tend to aggravate the evil.
A work “suited to the times" in this respect, if generally read, cannot fail to be useful. This volume contains twenty discourses; the first five discuss the object, character and history of public worship; the next six, the character of the ministry required by public worship; the eight following, the character demanded of the attendants on public worship; the last is a centennial discourse. Sermons are far from being the most popular reading of the present day; these, however, will be perused with pleasure as well as profit. The style is perspicuous and animated, the sentiments are weighty and earnestly enforced. We feel as we accompany the author, that we are communing with one who is deeply penetrated with the sacredness of his office. Prevented by the Providence of God from laboring in a foreign country, he is evidently solicitous to devote himself wholly to his Master's work in the land of his birth. We trust that this effort will not be in vain. 10.-Universalism as it Is: or Text Book of Modern Univer.
salism in America. By Rev. Edwin F. Hatfield. New
York: J. A. Hoisington. 1841. pp. 341. The history of modern Universalism affords a melancholy illustration of the downward tendency of error. Huntington ard Winchester would have recoiled with horror from the blank and soulless creed of Balfour, the Ballous, etc.; and the full development of this mystery of iniquity, we firmly believe, is yet to come. Abner Kneeland was once a Univer. salist, and many appear to be treading in his steps.
The prevalence of this sect is no matter of surprise. A system, that makes such fearful havoc with the distinguishing doctrines of the gospel, must always secure numerous adherents.
The work before us is timely and valuable. “ Orthodox preachers,” the author observes, " in order to acquaint themselves with the peculiarities of this sect, have, in too many cases, contented themselves with an examination of the masterly argument of the younger Edwards against Chauncy, or the Calvinism Improved of Dr. Huntington, or the writing of Winchester and Mitchell. Thus informed, they have con. structed a most powerful argument, and completely overthrown the strong holds of the early advocates of this peculiar creed, and they wonder that any can hold on to a doctrine so untenable, and be Universalists still. The truth is, that not a Universalist preacher in the land, so far as the author has been able to learn, does hold on to the system thus attacked. These are not their text-books. They that would know what they believe must consult more modern writers, and gather their creed from their more recent publications, and inform themselves thoroughly in regard to the latest discoveries and intrenchments of the sect, or they will labor in vain.” Hence the publication of “Universalism as it is.” The picture is frightful, but, we fear, too true.
The results of the author's investigations were first given to the public in the New York Evangelist. This volume is a republication of those essays, rewritten and enlarged. His diligence and fidelity are entitled to confidence, and there can be no reason to doubt the substantial correctness of this exposition.
11.-An Examination of President Edwards' Inquiry on the
Freedom of the Will. By Jeremiah Day, President of
delphia: Smith and Peck. 1841. pp. 352. This is a labored exposition of Edwards on the Will. Such an undertaking was called for at the present time. The treatise on the “Freedom of the Will was never adapted to popular reading. In addition to this, we have that which
claims to be the philosophy of Edwards served up in almost every imaginable form. The abettors of error and of truth avail themselves alike of the name and authority of Edwards, whenever they fancy, that by so doing, their cause will be subserved; and by some his doctrines are represented as leading legitimately to the most dangerous and absurd doctrines of fatalism. Now if the work were popular in its character, and likely to be read by those who take some interest in metaphysical discussion, it might be safe for its friends to leave it to make its own defence, and stand or fall according to its merits.—But, as this is not the case, it is evident that many will form their judgments of Edwards' work on second hand authority; and if from any thing, either in the character of the work itself, or in the habits of the age, his doctrines are in danger of being misrepresented or perverted, this brings a challenge to some lover of 'truth and friend of Edwards to stand forth as his advocate. No one could have presented himself, in this character, more able and trustworthy than President Day.
His general character for extensive and thor. ough learning, his calm and patient habits of thinking, and especially his sincere and unprejudiced state of mind eminently fit him for his undertaking, and will secure a favorable reception for his work among all candid inquirers; and if our impressions are correct, those who take pains to read the book with care will not be disappointed. To say the least, Edwards is here dealt with by a friendly hand. Many recent attempts to sketch the portrait of this venerable man have been failures. The modern pencil and brush have so far changed his antique features and vestments, that his old friends have scarcely recognized him. But in this newly finished drawing, Edwards is professedly exhibited in his own robes, and with his own appropriate physiognomy. We cannot say that the lineaments of his countenance are not shaded, here and there, with a few modern improvements, but the great outlines are his, and his friends may embrace him as the object of their long cherished affection.
Some of the characteristics of the “Examination" are these :-First, its faithfulness. The Author has spared no labor in possessing himself fully of the meaning of Edwards, and has set it forth in connexion with ample proofs that it is his true meaning. He shows himself to be familiar, not only with every part of the treatise on the will, but with all of Edwards' works; and in several instances he has drawn his illustrations and proofs from his other productions. Thus Edwards is made to interpret himself. The first five sections