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UNITED STATES ARMW.

According to Official Reports, the United States Regular Army in January, 1840, amounted to 12,577. The principal organization is as follows:

General Staff - 57 | Corps of Topographical Engineers 36

Medical Department - - - 83 || Ordnance Department - - - 322 Pay Department - - - - 19 || Two Regiments of Dragoons - 1,498 Purchasing Department - - - 3 || Four Regiments of Artillery - 3,020 Corps of Engineers - - - 43 | Eight Regiments of Infantry

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Total 12,577 The principal Officers are.

Major General - - - - 1 |Lieutenant Colonels - - - 18 Brigadier Generals - - - 2 || Majors - - - - - - 26 Adiutant General - - - - 1 || Captains - - - - - 172 Colonels - - - - - 17 | First Lieutenants - - - - 208

The total non-commisioned officers, musicians and privates are 11,804.

There are two great Military Divisions, divided by a line commencing at the mouth of the Mississippi—following up the river to Cassville, in Wisconsin Territory, thence north to the boundary line between the United States and Canada. All west of that line is called the WESTERN DIVISION, all east of it the EASTERN DIVIsrox.

The total number of the militia of the United states is about 1,400,000. The militia comprises all able-bodied white males from 18 to 45; and when called into actual ser. vice, they receive the same pay as the regular army.

POST OFFICE.

The following table exhibits the general condition of the Post Office Department, at different periods from 1790 to 1839, inclusive.

£ |No. of Rects, bein Balance in Balance [Extent of Miles annual ; Post- total am't of Totalex- favor of de-against de-Post Roadsmail transport> Offices postage. penditures. partment. partment. in miles. at 10n. 1790) 75|| $ 37,935| $32,140 $ 5,795 1,875 9,375 1800 903 280,804, 213,994 66,810 20,817 3,057,964 1810 2,300 551,684. 495,969 55,715 36,406 4,694,000 1820 4,500 1,111,927. 1,160,926 $48,999]. 72,492 8,800,000 1830, 8,450 1919,300 1,959,109 39,809 115,176 14,500,000 1835|10,770 2,993,556. 2,763,041 230,515 112,774 25,869,486 1836 11,091| 3,408,323, 2,841,766 556,557 118.264 27,578,620 1837| 11,767| 4,100,605 3,532,163 568,442 141,242| 32,597,006 1838 12,519 4,235,077| 4,621,837 368,759| 134,818, 34,580,202 1839 12,780. 4,476,638| 4,624,117 147,479_133,999; 34,496,878

The extent of mail transportation stated in the above table, is exclusive of the distance it is carried by steam boats and other vessels. The business is conducted in the Post Master General's office, by himself, his three assistants, and fifty-six clerks and messengers, whose aggregate salaries amount to $79,000. And in the Auditor's office, by himself and fifty-two clerks and messengers, whose aggregate salaries amount to 64,980. The communications received in the different offices, excluding the Auditor's office, amount to a daily average of about 900 for the working days, equal to 281,700 a year; the communications sent, to about 500 daily, equal to 156,500 a year; and the cases actually decided by the Post Master General, to 50 daily, equal to 15,650 a year.

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64 VALUE OF FOREIGN COINS—STATISTICS OF THE PRESS.

Value of Foreign Conn in money of the United States.

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Number of newspapers, magazines, and periodicals, published in the United States on the 1st of July, 1839.

Maine - - - - - - 41|Georgia - - - - - 33 New-Hampshire - - - - 26|Florida Territory - - - - 9 Vermont T- - - - - - 31|Alabama - - - - - 34 Massachusetts (at Boston 65) - 124|Mississippi - - - - - 36 Rhode Island - - - - - 14|Louisiana (at New Orleans 10) - 26 Connecticut - - - - - 31|Arkansas - - - - - 4 New-York (at New-York city 71) - 274|Tennessee - - - - - 50 New-Jersey - - - - - 39|Kentucky - - - - - 31 Pennsylvania (at Philadelphia 71) - 253|Ohio at (Cincinnati 27) - - - 164 Delaware - - - - 3|Michigan - - - - - 31 Maryland (at Baltimore 20 - -, 48|Wisconsin Territory - - - 5 District Columbia (at Washington 11) 16|Iowa Territory - - - - 3 Virginia (at Richmond 10) - - 52|Indiana - - - - - - 69 North Carolina - - - - 30|Illinois - - - - - - 33 South Carolina - - - - 20|Missouri - - - - - 25

1555

Of the above, 116 are published daily; 14 tri-weekly; 39 semi-weekly; 991 once a week. The remainder are issued semi-monthly, monthly and quarterly—principally magazines and reviews. Many of the daily papers issue tri-weeklies, semi-weeklies, and weeklies. Thirty-eight are in the German language, four in the French, and one in the Spanish. Several of the New Orleans papers are printed in French and English. - Hunt's Magazine.

PRINCIPAL EXECUTIVE AND JUDICIARY OFFICERS, FOREIGN MINISTERS &c., OF THE GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED STATES, WITH DATES of; APPOINTMENT, SALARIES, AND PLACES OF RESIDENCE.

Presidents. Salary, $25,000. Vice Presidents. Salary, $5,000. George Washington, (Va.) 1789 to 1797. John Adams, (Mass.) John Adams, (Mass.,) 1797 to 1801. Thomas Jefferson, Qo) Aaron Burr, (N. Y.

Thomas Jefferson, (Va.,) 1801 to 1809. George § Roy.

:-- George Clinton, (N. Y. James Madison, (Va.,) 1809 to 1817. Elbridge Gerr ! Mass.) James Monroe, (Va.,) 1817 to 1825. aniel D. Tompkins, (N.Y.)

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Secretaries of State. Salary, $6,000.

Thomas Jefferson, (Va.,) Sept. 26, 1789. James Monroe, (Va.,) Nov. 25, 1811. Edmund Randolph, (Va.,) Jan. 2, 1794. John Q. Adams, (Mass.,) Mar. 5, 1817. Timothy Pickering, (Pa.) Dec. 10, 1795. Henry Clay, (Ky.,) Mar. 8, 1825.

John Marshall, (Va.) May 13, 1800. Martin Van Buren. (N.Y.; Mar. 6, 1829
James Madison, (Va.,) Mar. 5, 1801. Edward Livingston, (La.,) 1831.
Robert Smith, (Md.,) Mar. 6, 1809. Louis McLane, (Del.,) 1833.

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Salary, $5,000.

John Marshall, (Va.,) Jan. 27, 1801.

Roger B. Taney, (Md.) Judge Taney was nominated 28th Dec., 1835, confirmed by the Senate, March 15, 1836.

Levi Lincoln, (Mass.,). Jan. 3, 1811, (de-
clined the appointment.)
John Q. Adams, (Mass.,). Feb. 22, 1811,
(declined the appointment.)
Gabriel Duvall, (Md.) Nov. 18, 1811.
Joseph Story, Mass., Nov. 18, 1811.
S. Thompsom, N.Y., Dec. 9, 1833.
Robert Trimble, Ky., May 9, 1826.
John McLean, Ohio, Mar. 7, 1829.
Henry Baldwin, Pa., Jan. 6, 1830.
J. M. wayne, Gajan i, iso.
P. P. Barbour, Va., Mar. 15, 1836.
john McKinley, Asa. Issi.
John Catron, Tenn., 1837.

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Post-Masters General. Salary, $6,000.

S. Osgood, (Mass.,) Sept. 26, 1789.
T. Pickering, (Pa.,) Nov. 7, 1794.
Joseph Habersham, (Ga.) 1791 to 1802.
Gideon Granger, Čonn.) 1802 to 1814.

Chief Justices.

John Jay, (N. Y.,) Sept. 26, 1789.
join follodge, Čš.C.) July 1, 1795,
(uot confirmed by the Senate.
William Cushing, (Mass.,) Jan. 27, 1796.
0. Ellsworth, (Conn.,) Mar. 4, 1796.

Associate Justices, Salary, $4,500.

J. Rutledge, (S. C.,) Sept. 26, 1789.
W. Cushing, (Mass.,) Sept. 26, 1789.
R. H. Harrison, (Md.,) Sept. 26, 1789.
James Wilson, (Pa.,) Sept. 26, 1789.
John Blair o Sept. 26, 1789.
james redeli, (8.c.) Feb. 10, ingo.
Thomas Johnson, (Md.,) Nov. 7, 1791.
W. Patterson, (N.J.,) Mar. 4, 1793.
Samuel Chase, (Md.,) Jan. 27, 1796.
Bushrod Washington, (Va.,) Dec. 20, 1789.
William Johnson, (S. C.,) Mar. 24, 1804.
Bools: Livingston, (N. Y.,) Dec. 17,

806.
Thomas Todd, (Va.,) March 2, 1807.

Attorneys General. Salary, $3,500.

E. Randolph, Va., Sept. 26, 1789.
Wm. Bradford, Pa., Jan. 27, 1794.
Charles Lee, Va., Dec. 10, 1795.
Levi Lincoln, Mass., Mar. 5, 1801.
J. Breckenridge, Ky., Dec. 23, 1805.
C. A. Rodney, Del, Jan. 20, 1807.
win. Pinçoney, Md., Dec. ii., isii.

Speakers of House of Representatives.

F. A. Muhlenberg, Pa., 1st Congress, 1789.
Jona. Trumbull, É. 2d Con., 1791.
F. A. Muhlenberg, Pa., 3d Con., 1793.
joma. Dayton. Nj., on conjoš.
Jona. Dayton, N.J., 5th Con., 1797.
Theo. Sedgewick, Mass., 6th Con., 1799.
N. Macon, N.C., 7th Con., 1801.
J. B. Varnum, Mass., 8th Con, 1803.
N. Macon, N. C., 9th Con., 1805.
J. B. Varnum, Mass., 10th Con., 1807.
J. B. Varnum, Mass., 11th Con., 1809.
Henry Clay, Ky., igh Con., 1811.
Henry Clay, Ky., 13th Con., 1813.
L. Cheves, S. C., 13th Con., 1814.
Henry Clay, Ky., 14th Con., 1815.
Henry Clay, Ky., 15th Con., 1817.

MINISTERS TO FOREIGN COUNTRIES. SALARY, $9,000. Outrit, $9,000.

Envoys and Ministers Plenipotentiary.

Thomas Pinckney, S.C., to England, Jan. 12, 1792.

Gouverneur Morris,

N. Y., to France, Jan. 12, 1792.

John Jay, N. Y., to England, April 19, 1794.

James Monroe, Va., to France, May 28, 1794.
Thomas Pinckney, S.C., to Spain, Nov. 24, 1794.
Rufus King, N. Y., to England, May 20, 1796.
David Humphreys, Conn., to Spain; May 20, 1796.
John Q. Adams, Mass., to Fortugal, May 30, 1796.
Charles C. Pinckney, S. C., to France, Sept. 9, 1796.

Ministers Resident.

William V. Murray, Md., to the Netherlands, March 2, 1797.
David Humphreys, Conn., to Portugal, Feb. 21, 1791.
William Short, Va., to the Netherlands, Jan. 16, 1792.
William Short, Va., to Spain, May 28, 1794.
John Q. Adams, Mass., to the Netherlands, May 30, 1794.

Envoys and Ministers Plenipotentiary.

Charles C. Pinckney, S. C., to France, June 5, 1797.

Elbridge o Mass., to France, June 5, 1797.
John Marshall, Va., to France, June 5, 1797.
Oliver Ellsworth, Conn., to France, Feb.26, 1799.
Patrick Henry, Va., to France, Feb. 26, 1793.
William W. Murray, Md., to France, Feb. 26, 1799.
James Monroe, Va., to Great Britain, April 18, 1803.
William Pinckney, Md., to Great Britain, May 12, 1806.
James Monroe, Va., to Great Britain, May 12, 1806.
William Pinckney, Md., to Great Britain, Feb.26, 1808.
Robert R. Livingston N. Y., to France, Oct. 2, išoi.
John Armstrong, N. Y., to France, June 30, 1804.
John Q. Adams, Mass., to Great Britain, Feb. 28, 1815.
Joel Barlow, Conn., to France, Feb. 27, 1811.
William H. Crawford, Ga., to France, April 9, 1813.
Albert Gallatin, Pagio France, Feb. 28, 1815.
George W. Erving, Mass., to Spain, Aug. 10, 1814.
William Eustis, Mass., to the Netherlands, bec. 10, 1814.
Thomas Sumpter, S. C., to Portugal, [in Brazil] Mar. 7, 1809.
John Q. Adams, Mass., to Russia, June 27, 1809.
James A. Bayard, Del, to Russia, Feb. 28, 1815.
William Pinckney, Md., to Russia, April 26, 1815.
Richard Rush, Pa., to Great Britain, Dec. 6, 1817.
James Brown, La., to France, Dec. 9, 1823.
John Forsyth, Ga., to Spain, Feb. 16, 1819.
Hugh Nelson, Va., to Spain, Jan. 15, 1823.
John Graham, Va., to Portugal, [in Brazil] Jan. 6, 1819.
Henry Dearborn, sen., N.H., to Portugal, May 7, 1822.
H. Clay, Ky., to Prussia, Special Commissioner to conclude a Treaty, 1823.
George W. Campbell, Tenn., to Russia, April 16, 1818.
Henry Middleton, S.C., to Russia, April 6, 1820.
Richard C. Anderson, Va., to Colombia, Jan. 27, 1823.
Caesar A. Rodney, Del., to Buenos Ayres, Jan. 27, 1823.
Heman Allen, Vt., to Chili, Jan. 27, 1823.
Rufus King, N. Y., to England, May 5, 1825.
Albert Gallatin, Pa., to England, May 10, 1826.
James Barbour, Va., to England, May 23, 1828.
Alexander H. Everett, Mass., to Spain, Mar. 9, 1825.
Albert Gallatin, Pa., {so} upon the Umpirage relating to the North Eastern Bound-
Wm. P. Preble, Me., Sary of the United States, May 9, 1828.
William H. Harrison, to Colombia, May 24, 1828.
John W. Forbes, Fa, to Buenos Ayres, Mar. 9, 1825.
Joel R. Poinsett, S. C., to Mexico, Mar. 8, 1825. -
Richard C. Anderson, 'va. To the Assembly of American Nations, proposed to be held
John Sergeant, Pa., at Panama, Mar. 14, 1826.
Joel R. Poinsett, S.C., to the same Assembly, Feb. 12, 1827.
Condy Raguet, Pa., to Brazil, Mar. 9, 1825.
William Tudor, Mass., to Brazil, Dec. 27, 1827.
William Miller, N. C., to Guatemala, Mar. 7, 1825.
John Williams, Tenn., to Guatemala, Dec. 9, 1825.
Louis McLane, Del., to Great Britain, 1829.
William C. Rives, to France, 1829.
William Pitt Preble, to the Netherlands, 1829.
Cornelius P. Van Ness, to Spain, 1829.
Thomas P. Moore, to the Republic of Colombia, 1829.
John Randolph, Va., to Russia, 1831.
Edward Livingston, La., to France, 1838.
William Wilkins, Pa., to Russia, išš.
Andrew Stevenson, Va., to England, 1836.

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