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to have him in mistrust, and this he promised of his of exaggerating the price of her bolland, since, accorling honour. So by his great wisedome was the wrongfull to this estimate, and making due allowance for the com suspicion which his father hail conceived against him re ference in the value of money between her time and our moved, and he restored to his favour. And further, where each shirt of Falstafl's must have cost as much as it he could not but grievously complaine of them that had now suffice to clothe a man handsomely from heal to slandered him so greatlie, to the defacing not onelie of his But Shakespeare was thinking only of the price of Lien in honor, but also putting him in danger of his life, he his day; and, at eight shillings an ell, the expense of each humblie besought the king that they might answer their shirt would have been about five pounds,-a sum not unjust accusation; and in case they were found to have sidered particularly extravagant for this article of aparelo forged such matters upon a malicious purpose, that then the 16th century; for what says Stubbes upon the sutjata they might suffer some punishment for their faults, though his “ Anatomie of Abuses" ?-"In so much as I have band not to the full of that they had deserved.”—HOLINSHED, of shirtes that have cost some ten shillinres, some tread, (1402).
some fortie, some five pound, soine twentie bobles, ai (which is horrible to beare,) some ten pound apecoe, se
the meanest shirte that commonly is wone of any, dress (3) SCENE III. - Norr, as I am a true roman, holland of cost a crowne or a noble at the least ; and yet that a eight shillings an ell.] Dame Quickly has been suspected scarcely thought fine enough for the simplest person."
(1) SCENE II.
(, no, my nephew must not knor, sir Richurd,
The liberal and kind ojfer of the king.) There is unquestioned evidence to show that the ki made advances for the purpose of averting this conflict. He sent both the Abbot of Shrewsbury and the Clerk of the Privy Seal to Hotspur's camp with offers of pardon it his opponents would return to their allegiance. Hotspur is represented as being much moved by this unexpected act of grace, and to have dispatched his uncle, the Earl of Worcester, to negotiate. This nobleman, however, is reported to have addressed the king with such bitterness, and so to have misinterpreted the conversation between them, that both sides resolved to put their cause to the issue of a battle.
(2) SCENE IV.--Stay, and breathe avhile.] “The prince that daie holpe his father like a lustie yong gentleman :
for although he was hurt in the face with an arros, so that diverse noble men that were about him, would have conveied him foorth of the field, yet he would not suka them so to do, least his departure from amongst his hea might happilie have striken some feare into their harts : and so without regard of his hurt, he continued with men, and never ceassed either to fight where the batte was most hot, or to incourage his men where it seenei most need. This battell lasted three long houres, no indifferent fortune on both parts, till at length, the king crieng saint George victorie, brake the arraie of his entlue and adventured so farre that (as some write) the earl Douglas strake him downe, and at that instant, slue S Walter Blunt and three other, apparelled in the king's set: and clothing, saieng: I marvell to see so many kings tbos suddenlie arise one in the necke of an other. The king in deed was raised, and did that daie manie a noble feat of armes, for as it is written, he slue that daie with his vais hands six and thirtie persons of his enimies,"
THE SECOND PART OF
KING HENRY THE FOURTH. .
The Registers of the Stationers' Company contain the following memorandum relative to this
• 23rd August, 1600. And. Wise Wm. Apsley. ]-Two books the one called Much Adoe about Nothinge, and the other The Seconde Parte of the History of King Henry the iiii, with the Humors of Sir John Fallstaff: wrytten by Mr. Shakespeare.” In the same year Wise and Apsley published the only quarto edition of it known, under the title of “ The Second Part of Henrie the fourth, continuing to his death and coronation of Henrie the Fift. With the humours of Sir Iohn Falstaffe, and swaggering Pistoll. As it hath been sundrie times publikely acted by the right honourable, the Lord Chamberlaine his seruants. Written by William Shakespeare."
This edition appears to have been printed without proper supervision, for, independently of minor omissions, at the beginning of Act III. a whole scene was left out. Nor does the mistake seem to have been discovered until the greater part of the impression had been worked off: sheet E was then reprinted and the missing scene incorporated. The folio text of the play was printed from an independent and more complete copy than that of the quarto, depraved, however, as usual by playhouse alterations and the negligence of successive transcribers.
Malone assigns the composition of the Second Part of King Henry IV. to 1598; but from the circumstance of one speech of Falstaff's in Act I. Sc. 2, bearing the prefix of Old, i.e. Oldcastle, it is evident that the great humourist retained the name of Oldcastle when this play was written, and as it is known that the name was changed anterior to the entry of Part I. in the Stationers' books, on the 25th of February, 1597-8, we are warranted in assuming that the Second Part was produced before that date.
The historical transactions comprehended in this piece, extend over a period of about nine years ; beginning with the account of Hotspur's defeat and death in 1403, and terminating with the decease of Henry IV. and the accession and coronation of Henry V. in 1412-13.
Kina HENRY THE FOURTH.
0,; the King's party.
Opposites to the King.
Lords and Allendants, Oficers, Soldiers, Messengers, Drawers, Grooms, dc. dr.