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The fortune of the day quite turn’d from him, SCENE V.—Another part of the Field.

The noble Percy slain, and all his men
Upon the foot of fear,—fled with the rest ;

And falling from a hill, he was so bruis'd,
The trumpets sound. Enter KinG HENRY, PRINCE

That the pursuers took him. At

my

tent HENRY, PRINCE JOHN, WESTMORELAND, and

The Douglas is ; and I beseech your grace, others, with WORCESTER and VERNON, pri

I may dispose of him.
K. HEN.

With all my heart.

P. Hen. Then, brother John of Lancaster, to K. HEN. Thus ever did rebellion find rebuke.Ill-spirited Worcester! did not we * send grace, This honourable bounty shall belong : Pardon, and terms of love to all of you ?

Go to the Douglas, and deliver him
And would'st thou turn our offers contrary ? Up to his pleasure, ransomless, and free:
Misuse the tenor of thy kinsman's trust ?

His valour, shown upon our crests to-day,
Three knights upon our party slain to-day, Hath taught us how to cherish such high deeds,
A noble earl, and many a creature else,

Even in the bosom of our adversaries.* Had been alive this bour,

K. Hen. Then this remains,—that we divide our If, like a Christian, thou hadst truly borne,

power. Betwixt our armies, true intelligence.

You, son John, and my cousin Westmoreland, Wor. What I have done, my safety urg'd me Towards York shall bend you, with your dearest to ;

speed, And I embrace this fortune patiently,

To meet Northumberland, and the prelate Scroop, Since not to be avoided it falls on me.

Who, as we hear, are busily in arms : K. Hen. Bear Worcester to the f death, and Myself,—and you, son Harry.will towards Wales, Vernon too :

To fight with Glendower, and the earl of March. Other offenders we will pause upon.

Rebellion in this land shall lose his sway,* [Exeunt WORCESTER and VERNON guarded. Meeting the check of such another day: How goes the field ?

And since this business so fair is done, P. HEN. The noble Scot, lord Douglas, when Let us not leave till all our own be won.

[Exeunt.

he saw

(*) First folio, we not. (t) First folio omits, the.
1 Even in the bosom of our adversaries.) After this speech, in
the first four quartos, Prince John replies to his brother thus:--

(*) First folio, way.
“I thank your grace for this high courtesy,

Which I shall give away immediately."

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(1) SCENE II. -- An apartment in a Tavern. ] According to the modern editions, the action of this scene takes place in a room of the king's palace. Now, not to dwell upon the improbability of the prince of Wales surrounding himself with licentious companions, and planning a vulgar robbery in such a place, we are compelled to infer that he was not in the practice of making the court his home. In the last Act of Richard II.” King Henry asks :

“ Can no man tell of my unthrifty son !

'Tis full three months since I did see him last." And in a subsequent scene in the present play, when Falstaff personates the monarch, one of his inquiries, founded upon his knowledge of the prince's habits, is

Where hast thou been this month ?"

3 Jac. I. c. 21. AN ACTE TO RESTRAIN THE ABUSES

OF PLAYERS, (1605-6.) For the preventing and aroyding of the greate Abuse of the Holy Name of God in Stageplayes, Interluid Maygames Shewes and such like ;-Be it enacted by our Soveraigne Lorle the Kings Majesty, and by the Lordes Spirituall and Temporall, and Commons in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authoritie of the same, That if at any tyme or tymes, after the end of this present Session of Parliament any person or persons doe or shall in any Stage play Interlude Shewe Maygame or Pageant jest: ingly or prophanely speake or use the holy Name of God or of Christ Jesus, or of the Holy Ghoste or of the Trinitie, which are not to he spoken but with feare and reference, shall forfeite for everie such Offence by hym or them comitted Tenne Pounde, the one Moytie thereof to the Kings Majestie his Heires and Successors, the other Mortie thereof to hym or them that will sue for the same in any Courte of Recorde at Westminster, wherein no Essoigne Proteccion or Wager of Lawe shalhe allowed.

(2) SCENE II.-Or the drone of a Lincolnshire bagpipe.] Steevens acutely conceived that the ** drone of a Lincolnshire bagpipe," meant the dull croak of a frog, one of the native minstrels of that fenny county ; but it is more credible that Lincolnshire was celebrated for the making or playing on this instrument. In "A Nest of Ninnies,” by Robert Armin, 1608, a Lincolnshire bagpipe is mentioned in a way to show it was familiarly known :At a Christmas time, when great logs furnish the hallfire-when brawne is in season, and, indeede, all reveling is regarded, this gallant knight kept open house for all commers, where beefe, beere, and bread was no niggard. Amongst all the pleasures prouided, a noyse of minstrells and a Lincolnshire bagpipe was prepared--the minstrels for the great chamber, the bagpipe for the hall--the minstrells to serue vp the knight's meat, and the bagpipe for the common dauncing."

(3) SCENE II.— The melancholy of Moor-dutch.] Moorditch was a part of the great ditch or moat, which, with the well-known wall, surrounded and formed the defence of London. This ditch was begun in 1211, and finished in 1213. That portion of it known as Moor-ditch, extending from the Postern called Moorgate, to Bishopsgate, was cleansed and widened in 1595; but Stowe relates that it soon filled again, and, flanked as it was on the one side with miserable dwellings, and on the other by an unwholesome and sometimes impassable morass, it is easy to understand how the sombre, melancholy aspect of this filthy stream should have become proverbiai. Taylor in his Pennylesse Pilgrimage," 1618, says—“Walking thus downe the street, (my body being tyred with trauell, and my mind attyred with moody, muddy, Moore-ditch melancholly,") &c.

(5) SCENE II.-Hadskill.] This place, which is on the Kentish road near Rochester, appears at one time to have enjoyed the same kind of unenviable notoriety which reddered Shooters Hill and Hounslow Heath the terror of travellers in later days. So early as 1558, a ballad 138 entered on the books of the Stationers' Company, entitiei The Robbery at Gaulshill, and there is still extant amouz the Lansdowne Manuscripts in the British Museum a cr cumstantial narrative in the handwriting of Sir Roger Manwood, Chief Baron of the Exchequer, dated July 3d 1590, of the exploits of a daring gang of robbers, who at that period infested Gadshill and its vicinity. We entrat a portion of this curious account; the whole of which may be seen in Boswell's edition of Malone's Shakespeare, vol. xvi. p. 432.

“In October, at begynninge of last Mychaelmas Terme, iij or iiij robberyes done at Gadeshill by certen foote the res. vppon hughe and crye, one of the Theves named Hachfeild flying and squatted in a bushe, was broughte to me, and vppon exam ynacion findinge a purse and things about him suspiciouse, and his cause of being there and his flyinge and other cireumstances very suspiciouse, I committed him to the Jayle, and he ys of that robberye indyted.

“In the course of that Michaelmas Terme, I being at London, many robberyes weare done in the hye wares at Gadeshill on the west parte of Rochester, and at Chatham downe on the east parte of Rochester, hy horse theves, with suche fatt and lustye hor: os, as weare not lyke hackney horsses, nor farr jorneying horsses, and one of them some tyme wearing a vizarde greye bearde (by reason that to the persons robbed, the Theves did use to mynister an othe that there should bee no hue and crye made after, and also did gyve a watche woorde for the parties robbed, the better to escape other of their theves companye devyded vppon the hyghe-waye,) he was by common report in the country called Justice Greye Bearde ; and no mau durst travell that waye without great companye.

“ After the end of that Mychaelmas Terme, üj or inj gentn. from London rydinge home towardes Canterburye,

(4) SCENE II.-- Wisdim cries out in the streets.] In the first folio, this scriptural expression is omitted, in compliance, it has been thought, with the Act 3 Jac. I.; but that Act, which we append, was restricted to preventing the profane use of the sacred names. The numberless omis. sions of phrases like the above, as well as “by my faith," “by my troth," “ by the mass,” &c. &c. in the folio, must therefore be attributed not to the Act of Parliament in question, but to the increasing influence of the Puritans.

at the west end of Gadeshill, weare overtaken by v or vj horsemen all in clokes vpp about their faces, and fellowe lyke all, and none lyke servants or waytinge on the other, and swiftly ridinge by them gatt to the east end of Gadeshill, and there turned about all their horsses on the faces of the trewe men, wherby they became in feare ; but by chanse one of the trewe men did knowe this Curtall to bee one of the v or vj swift ryders, and after some speache betwene them of the manyfold robberyes there done and that by company of this Curtall, that gentleman hoped to have the more saffetye from robbing. This Curtall with the other v or vj swifte ryders, rode awaye to Rochester before, and the trewe men coming afterwards neere Rochester they did mete this Curtall retorning on horsebacke, rydinge towards Gadeshill againe ; and after they had passed Rochester, in Chatham streete, at a Smyths fordye they did see the reste of the swyft ryders tarying about shoing of their horsses, and then the trewe men doubted to be set vppon at Chatham downe, but their company being the greater, they passed without troble to Sittingborne that nyghte where they harde of robberyes daylye done at Chatham downe and Gadeshill, and that this Curtall with v or vj other as lustye companyons, and well horssed, much havnted the innes and typlinge howses at Raynham, Sittingborne, and Rochester, with liberall expences.”

In another memorandum belonging to the same collection, which relates to similar depredations in other parts of the country, we find the word match, used precisely as in “ Ratsey's Ghost,” (see note b, p. 513) to signify the plot, or scheme of a robbery, showing that the “set a match" of the quartos is the true reading, and the “set a watchof the folio, a misprint :

“ There maner of robbinge is to robbe in suche companies as afore saide if the matche soe require, and sometimes doe devide themselves and robbe three or fower together onelie, in a companie.”

ACT II.

(1) SCENE I. breeds fleas like a loach.] The efforts of critics who gravely labour to establish the pertinence and integrity of such comparisons as these, are as profitable, to adopt a characteristic simile of Gifford's, as the milking he-goats in a sieve. When the obtuse carrier tells us that his horse provender is as dank as a dog-that chamber-lie breeds feas like a loach, and that he himself is stuny like a tench and as well bitten as a king, he means no more, than that the peas and beans are very damp, that chamberlie breeds many fleas, and that he is severely stung. So, when the immortal Mrs. Quickly declares Sir John and his Dulcinea to be “as rheumatic as two dried toasts," she inten only to convey, what she wants language to describe in words, or imagination to portray properly by figure, that they are inordinately quarrelsome. An appropriate and congruous resemblance would be as inappropriate and incongruous jn such mouths, as forcible and well chosen phraseology. The Water Poet, John Taylor, has very happily derided such inapposite similitudes :-“But many pretty ridiculous aspersions are cast upon Dogges, so that it would make a Dogge laugh to heare and understand them. As I have heard a Man say, I am as hot as a Dogge, or as cold as a Dogge, I sweate like a Dogge, (when a Dogge never sweates) as drunke as a Dogge, hee swore like a Dogge, and one told a man once That his Wife was not to be believ'd for she would lye like a Dogge,” &c. --A Dogge of Warre, 1630.

(2) SCENE I.-Thou lay'st the plot, how.] The collusion between the Chamberlains and Ostlers, and the *Gentle

This, indeed, is put beyond all question by Minsheu's explanation of "

Oute parters.“ Some are of opinion, that those which are tearmed outparters, are at this day called out-putters, and are such as set matches for the robbing any man or house; as by discovering which way he rideth or goeth, or where the house is weakest and fittest to be entred."

(6) SCENE II.- Redeeming time, when men think least 1 will.) We had purposed in this scene, to say a few words on the contrast presented by the traditional character of the prince, familiarized as it is to us by the delightful fancies of the poet, and that ascribed to him by Mr. Luders and Mr. Tyler, the historians, who have laboured so zealously to exculpate him from the imputation of youthful riot and dishonour; but, upon reflection, prefer reserving our observations until Henry appears as King of England.

(7) SCENE III.-His brother-in-law, the foolish Mortimer. Every historian, from Walsingham to Sharon Turner, has fallen into the error of confounding Sir Edmund Mortimer with his nephew, Edmund Earl of March, who at this period was a boy not more than ten years of age, and in custody of the king at Windsor.

Sir Edmund Mortimer was taken prisoner by Owen Glendower, at the battle fought June 12, 1402, near Melienydd in Radnorshire ; became devotedly attached to the Welsh chieftain, and married his daughter. By this connexion, Owen shortly after obtained another accession to his power and influence in the person of Hotspur, who, incensed, it was thought, at the king's refusal to ransom his brother-in-law (for Hotspur had married Mortimer's sister), suddenly revolted from his side, and allied himself to the cause of his old opponent, Glendower.

men of the Road," in old times, is often referred to in works of the period. In Harrison's “Description of England," (Holinshed, Vol. I. p. 246,) there is an interesting account of old English Inns, wherein the villainy of tapsters, drawers, chamberlains, and ostlers, forms a prominent topic :-“ Those townes that we call thorowfaires have great and sumptuous innes builded in them, for the receiving of such travellers and strangers as pass to and fro. The manner of harbouring wherein, is not like to that of some other countries, in which the host or good man of the house doth chalenge a lordlie authoritie over his ghests, but cleane otherwise, sith everie man may use his inne as his owne house in England, and have for his monie how great or little varietee of vittels, and what other service himselfe shall thinke expedient to call for. Our innes are also verie well furnished with naperie, bedding and tapisterie, especiallie with naperie ; for beside the linnen used at the tables which is commonlie washed dailie, is such and so much as belongeth unto the estate and calling of the ghest. Ech commer is sure to lie in cleane sheets, wherein no man hath been lodged since they came from the landresse, or out of the water wherein they were last washed. If the traveller have an horsse, his bed doth cost him nothing, but if he go on foot he is sure to paie a penie for the same ; but whether he be horsseman or footman, if his chamber be once appointed he may carie the kaie with him, as of his own house so long as he lodgeth there. If he loose oughte whilest he abideth in the inne, the host is bound by a generall custome to restore the damage, so that there is no greater securitie anio

66

where for travellers than in the gretest ins of England. summer Eve-June 23d-fasting, and in silence; but the There horsses in like sort are walked, dressed, and looked attempt to secure it is reported to have been very frequently unto by certain hostelers or hired servants, appointoil at unsuccessful, for the minute seed fell spontaneously rith. the charges of the goodman of the house, who in hope of out being caught, and often disappeared altogether, #bea extraordinarie reward will deale verio deligentlie after apparently in safe keeping. Ben Jonson makes Ferret outward appeerance in this their function and calling, refer to the latent virtue of this seed in “The Ner Inn," Herein neverthelesse are manie of them blameworthie, in Act I. Sc. 6:that they doo not onelie deceive the beast oftentimes of

"I had his allowance by sundrie meanes, except their owners

No medicine, sir, to go invisible, looke well to them, but also make such packs with slipper

No fern-seed in my pocket.” merchants which hunt after preie (for what place is sure from evill and wicked persons) that manie an honest man Beside the bestowing invisibility, there seem to have is spoiled of his goods as he travelleth to and fro, in which been other qualities attributed to this seed. Even by feat also the counsells of the tapsters or drawers of drink, scientific

persons, in the 17th century, of which John Par and chamberleins is not seldome behind or wanting. Certes kinson, in his “ Theater of Plants," 1640, speaks as I heleeve not that chapman or traveller in England is follows:-" The seede which this and the female Ferne die robbed by the waie without the knowledge of some of beare, and to be gathered onely on Midsommer ere at night them, for when he commeth into the inne and alighteth with I know not what conjuring words, -is superstition from his horsse, the hostler forthwith is verie busie to take held by divers, not onely Mountebankes and Quacksalsers, downe his budget or capcase in the yard from his sadle but by other learned men, (vet it cannot be said but by bow, which he poiseth slilie in his hand to feele the those that are too superstitiously addicted,) to be of some weight thereof : or if he misse of this pitch, when the secret bidden vertue, but I cannot finde it exprest what ghest hath taken up his chamber, the chamberleine that it should be: for Bauhinus, in his Synonimies upon Vatlooketh to the making of the beds, will be sure to remove thiolus, saith these tales are neither fabulous nor superit from the place where the owner hath set it as if it were stitious." It must be observed that the “conjuring aords to set it more convenientlie some where else, whereby he mentioned in this extract constitute Shakespeare's

** TECEIL getteth an inkling whether it be monie or other short of fern-seed” as being the formula and directions with wares and thereof giveth warning to such od ghests as hant which it was to be effectually gathered. the house and are of his confederacie, to the utter undoing of manie an honest yeoman as he journieth by the waie.

(5) SCENE IV.-The Boar's Head Tarern.) Were it The tapster in like sort for his part doth marke his behaviour, and what plentie of monie he draweth when

practicable to obtain original and pertinent illustrations of

the famous Boar's Head Tavern of Shakespeare, there he paieth the shot, to the like end : so that it shall be an

would be little difficulty in composing an interesting artkie hard matter to escape all their subtile practises. Some

on the subject. But all that is really known, or that is thinke it a gay matter to commit their budgets at their

likely to be known relating to the edifice, has been recomming to the goodman of the house : but thereby they oft bewraie themselves. For albeit their monie be safe

peatedlly told ; and its story belongs rather to poetical and

speculative history, than to antiquarian or topographical for the time that it is in his hands (for you shall not heare

research. Yet the name and the locality were familiar in that a man is robbed in his inne) yet after their departure the host can make no warrantize of the same, sith his pro

connexion, so early as the end of the fourteenth century,

when William Warden gave "all that his tenement calloi tection extendeth no further than the gate of his owne

the Boar's Head,' in East Cheap,” towards the support house : and there cannot be a surer token unto such as

of certain priests serving a chapel founded by Sir William prie and watch for those booties, than to see anie ghest

Walworth, in the adjoining church of St. Michael, Crooked deliver his capcase in such manner.”

Lane.

There is no existing evidence to prove, whether any part (3) SCENE I.-Great oneyers.) For onewers of the

of those premises were at that time a tavern; though ancient text, Pope proposed oneraires, trustees or com

there is a strong probability, even arising out of their missioners; Theobald, Moneyers ; Capell, Mynheers ; Ma

peculiar designation, that they might have been one of lone, onyers, that is, public accountants; and Hanmer,

many places established in the vicinity for the sale of Of all these conjectures we prefer the last, not

provisions ready dressed. The practice of appropriating merely because it better suits the context than any of the

such dealers to this particular part of London dates from others, but because one having, as we believe, of old, the

a very early period, for Fitz-Stephen tells us that “the pronunciation of orn, a sound it still retains in only, (or

followers of the several trades, the vendors of various comonelie, as it was once written,) oneyers might easily have modities, and the labourers of every kind, are daily to be been misprinted for owners.

found in their proper and distinct places, according to their

employments.' l'his statement refers to the close of tbe (4) SCENE I. - We have the receipt of fern-seed, we valk twelfth century, at which time there stood on the riverinvisible.] This superstition appears to have originated bank at Billingsgate a very extensive tavern or provision partly in an imperfect knowledge of the natural history of store, that being then the common landing-place for all the fern, and partly in obscure traditions, which repre passengers who came to London by water. Fitz-Stephen sented the seed of that plant as possessed of many occult says of it, that no number so great of soldiers or travellers virtues. The first cause of error is attributable to Pliny, could enter the city, or leave it, at any hour of the day or who says, that “there are two kinds of fern, which bear night, but that all might be supplied with food.

The ne neither flower por seed ;” and hence it was supposed that, staurants of ancient London afterwards spread themselves as it was produced by invisible seed, such persons as could to the north and west of their original locality, until they by any means possess themselves of it would partake of its formed part of the East-Cheap, or market; so called in qualities, and also become invisible. Gerard, in his contradistinction to the Stocks Market and West-Cheap “Great Herbal," published in 1597, explained this pheno In this place, the shops of cooks were interspersed with menon by stating fern to be “one of those plants which those of the butchers; the contiguous “Poultry” supplied have their seede on the back of the leafe, so small as to the capons for which Falstaff ran into debt with Me escape the sighte. Those who perceived that ferne was Quickly ; and fish and wine were easily procurable from propagated by semination, and yet could never see the Billingsgate, and the ships lying near. seede, were much at a losse for a solution of the difficultie; So early as the reign of Henry V. Lydgate celebrated and, as wonder always endeavours to augmente itself, they the fame of East-Cheap, as being pre-eminent for good ascribed to ferne-seede many strange properties, some of cheer, a reputation it seems to have maintained throughwhich the rusticke vergins have not yet forgotten or ex out the sixteenth century. It is remarked by Stos, in ploded.” To make these marvellous powers available, the one of those many incidental passages in which he has seed was to be gathered at noon, or at midnight, on Mid preserved traces of ancient manners, not to be found

020 ner's.

" the

elsewhere, thatą“When friends did meete, and were disposed to be merrie, they wente not to dine or sup in tavernes, but to the cooke's, where they called for what they liked : which they always found readie dressed, and at a reasonable rate.” There is on contemporaneous record a curious anecdote of an affray on this spot, at one of these houses of public entertainment, in which two of the sons of Henry IV. were actually concerned ; and it might very well suggest to a sagacious dramatist, the idea of transferring their revelries to Prince Henry, Falstaff, Mrs. Quickly, and the Boar's Head. The disturbance in question took place June 23d, 1410, the Eve of St. John the Baptist, when, says Stow, “Thomas and John, the king's sonnes, being at London in East Cheape, at supper, after midnight, a great debate happened between their men and men of the court, till the Maior and Sheriffes with other citizens ceased the same."

In the sixteenth century these premises had become established as a tavern, and in the tract entitled “Newes

from Bartholomew Fair" the house is mentioned as Bore's Head neere London-stone." It continued in the same occupation during the next century and a half. In Mr. J. H. Burn's Descriptive Catalogue of the collection of Tradesmen's Tokens at Guildhall, there are notices of two which were issued from the Boar's Head avern, in Great East Cheap, and the same work contains also several interesting memorials relating to the house. One of these tokens is anterior to the Great Fire of 1666, which completely destroyed the whole premises. They were reerected two years afterwards, and a carving of the sign in stone, bearing the date with the initials J. T., was inserted between the windows of the first and second floor. The building was subsequently divided into two houses, at which time it probably ceased to be a tavern, and the sign remained in its original situation between them. In 1831, however, the premises were taken down for the London Bridge improvements, and the carved Boar's Head was removed to the Corporation Museum at Guildhall.

ACT III.

Dominion, honour, pleasure, praise,
Attend upon thy vigorous days.
And, when thy evening's sun is set,
May grateful Cambria ne'er forget
Thy noontide blaze; but on thy tomb
Never-fading laurels bloom.'

(1) SCENE I.

I can speak English, lord, as well as you :

For I was traind up in the English court.] The brave but ill-fated Owen Glendower, who contrived for twelve years to.sustain a desultory warfare against the English, often so successfully that his enemies were fain to attribute their defeats to supernatural agency, was descended from Llewellin ap Jorwarth Droyndon, Prince of Wales, and was called Owen-ap-Gryffyth Vaughan. He is said to have inherited a large estate, and to have taken his surname from a lordship of his property, called Glyndourdwy. When a youth, he was sent to London for his education, where he entered himself of the Temple, and subsequently became an esquire of the body to Richard the Second, and was one of the very few who faithfully adhered to the fallen monarch up to the moment when he was captured at Flint Castle.

Mr. Tyler, who, in his History of Henry of Monmouth, has paid a just tribute to the unconquerable courage and untiring perseverance of this remarkable man, thus touchingly alludes to the termination of his chequered career. “Owyn Glyndowr failed, and he was denounced as a rebel and a traitor. But had the issue of the 'sorry fight' of Shrewsbury been otherwise than it was ; had Hotspur so devised and digested, and matured his plan of operations, as to have enabled Owyn with his forces to join heart and hand in that hard-fought field ; had Bolingbroke and his son fallen on that fatal day ;-instead of lingering among his native mountains, as a fugitive and a branded felon, bereft of his lands, his friends, his children, and his wife, waiting only for the blow of death to terminate his earthly sufferings, and, when the blow fell, leaving no memorial behind him to mark either the time or place of his release,--Owyn Glendowr might have been recognised even by England, as he actually had been by France, in the character of an independent sovereign ; and his people might have celebrated his name as the avenger of his country's wrongs, the scourge of her oppressors, and the restorer of her independence.

The anticipations of his own bard, Gryffydd Llydd, might have been amply realized :

""Strike then your harps, ye Cambrian bards!

The song of triumph best rewards
An hero's toils. Let Henry weep
His warriors wrapt in everlasting sleep:
Success and victory are thine,
Owain Glyndurdwy divine !

(2) SCENE II.

A hundred thousand rebels die in this.] The interview between the King and Prince Henry, upon which the present Scene is founded, was brought about by the anxiety of the latter to disabuse his father of a suspicion which he had been led to entertain,

that the prince aspired to the throne, and is thus related by Holinshed; after narrating that the prince came to the court accompanied by many noblemen and others his friends, whom he had commanded to attend him no farther than to the fire in Westminster Hall, and that he himself was then admitted to the presence of his father, the chronicle proceeds :

“The prince, kneeling downe before his father, said : Most redoubted and sovereigne lord and father, I am at this time come to your presence as your liege man, and as your naturall sonne, in all things to be at your commandement. And where I understand you have in suspicion my demeanour against your grace, you know verie well, that if I knew any man within this realme of whom you should stand in feare, my dutie were to punish that person, thereby to remove that griefe from your heart. Then how much more ought I to suffer death, to ease your grace of that greefe which you have of me, being your natural sonne and liege man: and to that end I have this daie made myselfe readie by confession and receiving of the sacrament, And therefore I beseech you, most redoubted lord and deare father, for the honour of God, to ease your heart of all such suspicion as you have of me, and to dispatch me heere before your knees with this same dagger (and withall delivered unto the king his dagger in all humble reverence, adding further, that his life was not so deare to him that he wished to live one daie with his displeasure), and therefore, in thus ridding me out of life, and yourselfe from all suspicion, here, in presence of these lords, and before God at the daie of the generall judgement, I faithfullie protest clearlie to forgive you.

“The king moved herewith, cast from him the dagger, and imbracing the prince, kissed him, and with shedding teares confessed, that in deed he had him partlie in suspicion, though now (as he perceived) not with just cause, and therefore from thenceforth no mis-report should cause him

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