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61. The sale of corn has been made an object of policy ; let us make it an object of commerce.
6 2. Premiums have been granted to trades and manufactures; let. us grant some to husbandmen.
3. Husbandmen have been transformed into tradesmen ; let us transform tradelinen into hufbandmen.
4. Penal laws have been enacted againt beggars ; let us enact agrarian laws for them.
5. The high interest of money has been made a matter of revenue, let us make it an encouragement to agriculture.
"6. In our manufactures, the preference has been given to foreign wool and silk; let us endeavour to support our manufactures by the wool and filk of our own growth.'.
These fix principles are discussed in as many instructive sections. From the reitoration of agriculture the author, in the second part of his work, proceeds to contider the restoration of trade, both foreign and domestic. His performance bears the marks of a sensible, patriotic, and correct writer.
FOREIGN LITERARY INTELLIGENCE. F. Vincentii Faslinii, Ord. Prædic. in Pisana Academia Sacr. Lit.
P.P. de Apoftolica Origine Evangeliorum Ecclefia Catbolica Li
ber fingularis adverfus Nicolaum Freretum. 410. Leghorn. HIEFLY pointed against a posthumous work, published in 1767,
at Geneva, under the title, Examen Critique des Apologistes de la Réligion Chretienne, in which the late Mr. Freret had attempted to invalidate the credibility of the historical account of Jesus Christ in the New Teftament, and especially the four Gospels. These objections are here examined and confuted with great erudition: the author, however, often (trays into useless digressions, by which the perspicuity and impreffion of the argument are necessarily weakened. Les Meurs des Germains et la Vie d'Agricola par Tacite; Traduc
tion nouvelle, avec des notes sur le sens et le Stile de Tacite, per M. Boucher, Procureur ou Parlement.
Paris. Mr. Boucher appears here both as a very fevere and relentless critic of Mr. Brotier the late French editor and translator of Tacitus; and as a very indifferent translator himself, who often mistakes the sense of his original in his translation and his notes; and whose own style cannot but strike even foreign readers, any way conversant with good correct French writers, as a most bärbarous French jargon.
When we reflect on the various miscarriages of the numerous tranfiators of Tacitus in almost every modern language, we think we fee his genius smiling on their weak attempts to follow him haud paffibus æquis.
Ef il necefaire au Chirurgica d'être fenfible? 4to. Paris. An instructive and interesting discourse delivered by Ds. Claude la Fisie ; in which he recommends sensibility and compassion to furgeons, as a source of amiable virtues, of patience and real, and of the delicate pleasure of softening the sufferings of their fellowcreatures.
Précis des Loix du Goût, ou Rhetorique raisonnée. 12mo. Paris.
A concise, elegant, and judicious performance; containing the principles of taste applied to history, eloquence, poetry, and even philosophical compositions; illustrated with short and well chofen examples. Del Riforgimento d'Italia negli Studi, relle Arti, e ne'Cofumi, dopo
il Mille. Dell'Abate Saverio Bettinelli, 2 vols. 8vo. Bassano. A judicious, elegant, and comprehensive account of the revival of arts and sciences in Italy, after the barbarous ages of ignorance; beginning with a general view of the History of Italy from the eleventh century, and then proceeding to the memoirs of the great restorers of learning, science, and taste, down to the year 1500. Bibliotheque des Amans. Odes Erotiques. Par M. Sylvain M...
Paris. No indifferent effusions of wit, and taste, and sensibility. The young poet in his first ode languishes for a mistress, and laments that he has none. Mr. Rocher, another poet, un peu goguenard, has endeavoured to sooth the plaintive swain in another copy of verses,
« Si n'avez point encore tendre amourette,
Et puis au bout, suis devenû Mari."
couragement pour le Minisére, avec des Notes d'un particulier. 8vo, (probably published at Geneva.)
From this Memoir, the clergy of the wealthy city of Geneva ap. pear to be so very poorly provided for, that several of the most eminent among them finding 800 French livres a year, utterly ina. dequate to any comfortable support of a family, have emigrated into other countries, and that very few good families chuse now to delo tine their sons for the church. The very natural and serious consequences of such a situation are obvious, and need not be enume.
Les Viatimes de l'Amour, ou Lettres de quelques Amans célébres : Porme
sur la Melancolie : Poeme lyrique. 8vo. Paris. These Poems are generally correct and elegant, but rather witty than sentimental. Dillionnaire Géographique, Historique, et Politique de la Suisse. 2 vols.
8vo. Neufchatel. Extracted from the Iverdon edition of the Encyclopedia. Dissertation sur la Nature du Froid, avec des preuves fondées sur des nouvelles Experiences chimiques. M, Herckenroth, 12mo. Paris.
An attempt to prove the truth of Kunckel's fyftem of cold being an alkali, and heat an acid, by several ingenious experiments.
Efai sur la plus grande Perfefion posible d'un Ouvrage quelconques
The author proposes to prove that the faculties of memory, rea-
prefenté au Roi. 8vo. Paris. Containing a great deal of useful and agreeable information, con. cerning the present state of phyfic, surgery and pharmacy, especially in France,
P O L I TICA L.
8vo. is, 6.4. Cadell.
-Fungar vice cotis, acutum Reddere quæ ferrum valet, exsors ipsa secundi.' The present answerer, by writing in the name of the Electors of Brittol, has opened a large field for humour, of which he has reaped a very plentiful crop.
The first paragraph will give our readers fome notion of the fatirical idea on which the whole pamphlet turns.
i The Letter which you have done our theriffs the honour to write them, “ on the affairs of América,” they have obligingly communicated to us, conformable to your detire. Although we had already perused, with great attention, the two acts of parlia'ment which you inclosed in them, and on which you have written To elaborate and learned a commentary ; yet your condescension * in having pleasure in accounting for your conduct to your conftituents," when it was matter of doubt " whether you was under any formal obligation to it,” hath given us a satisfaction, which we cannot soon, or ealily forget. On our reputation, we allure you, that we never will requite the most obliging favours conferred, with a studied neglect; or your inclination to inform and instruct us, by giving your opinion on the present state of public affairs," with a difreipectful filence. A moment therefore we could not delay, in writing you an answer, on this interesting subject. As.“our ta. lents are not of the great and ruling kind," as we are not writers by profeflion, we have some realon to hope, that if we facrifice the flowers of language to perfpicuity, and a ftudied ambiguity of sen„timent to plain and simple sense, we fall find pardon from your goodness. The graces of order, or the regularity of method, are hardly to be expected in an epiltolary correspondence; and it shall
be our endeavour to follow, with all possible attention, the several pages of your Letter; which, perhaps, we do wrong in considering rather as a vehicle of sentimental declamation, than a formal, methogical treatise on the present state of public affairs.'
Those readers of the present Answer, who have already perused the former, will be entertained to see the different inanner in which two sensible combatants attack their common political enemy
But we much question whecher this gentleman do not derive disadvantage from his irony-from the manner in which his plan obliged him to fight during the whole engagement.--Fine strokes will do mighty well in fencing, but the point of the sword calls for home thrusts. This combatant understands the play of the foil, the former is perhaps more dangerous to Mr. Burke's political existence.
In the laws, as well as in the politics, of this country, both authars seem to be very well read. Though the present anfwerer we suspect, from two or three marked phrases here and there, to be a native of Ireland. For one thing we looked in vain through the pamphlet before
for that manly and impartial hand which should hold the scales of censure and of praise in equal balance even to the grinding teeth of power: and, whatever pleasure the pamphlet afforded us in many respects, we were forry to observe its author labouring to prove the miniflry right in every thing, with almost as much blind obtinacy as Mr. Barke will have them to be wrong in every thing. What we did not find in this Answer, we remember with satisfaction to have observed in the one which 'we criticized last month; and which our want of room then obliged us, unwillingly, to criticile fo briefly, that we are glad to have been recalled to by the present article ; and, on that account, 'we shall give a short extract from it ;, being a prophecy, for the accomplishment of which, as the only second-lighted gentleman concerned in our Review is gone into his native country for the summer, we cannot venture to vouch, but must trust to time and to futurity.
But, let him remember I tell him, his name already loses of its influence-even bis eluquence, shorn of its beams, no longer warms, no longer thines a little time, and he will cease, for ever, to be lord of the ascendant-he mall no more dazzle the eyes of the na. tions--the western horizon is now, for the last time, in a blaze with his descending glory-I fee it gradually sinking behind the Atlan. tic-wliile, unlike that beneficent luminary to which, in its setting, I compare his former, but always baneful, brightness, he lias not the melancholy Satisfaction of appearing greater as he sets! Nay, more-poor, fallen fpirit of light!--Not even the reflection of a fingle.solitary ray, shall his extinguished eloquence leave behind it to cheer the gloom of neglected age; nor to light the pity of pofterity to the lost tomb of a forgotten orator *!!
* An Answer to the Letter from Mr. Burke to the Sheriffs of Bristol, p. 59, 2nd edition.' is. 6d. Cadell.
Letters occafioned by Three Dialogues concerning Liberty, &c. By
Joseph Wimpey. 8vo. 15. 6d. Johnson. The author of these Letters, Mr. Wimpey, offers some rational observations towards establishing a more precise idea of the State of Nature; accompanied with judicious remarks on Dr. Price's last production.
Free Thoughts on the American Conteft. 8vo. Edinburgh.
These observations, we are informed in an advertisement, were communicated to the publisher of the Edinburgh Weekly Magazine, in a series of letters under the signature of Timoleon; and they appeared to him of so much importance as to deserve to be printed by themselves. We entirely concur with him in opinion. The observations are just, the arguments are clear and forcible, and the whole is distinguished by a spirit of difpasionate enquiry. The Contrast, or Stri&tures on Select Parts of Dr. Price's Additional
Observations on Civil Liberty, &c. By A. Charles Dodd, 8vo. Iso 6d. Fielding and Walker,
The observations in this pamphlet, though they have not much claim to novelty, are enforced with a considerable share of spirit; and at least few the author's zeal not only for. the credit of government, but for the tranquility of his country. A Letter to Us, from One of Ourselves. 8vo, Is. 64. Kearsly,
The production of some political Cassandra, raving with the spirit of party, if not with that of personal malevolence. Letters to the High and Mighty United States of America. 8vo.
6d. Law. The author of these letters, who stiles himself Candidate for the office of Accomptant General to their Excellencies the Continental Congress, treats the political views and conduct of that body in a strain of irony and sarcasm. His remarks are in general well founded, tending equally to develop the artifices of the American demagogues, and undeceive them in their expectations respectiog the iffue of the rebellion. Letters from General Washington, to several of his Friends, in the
Year 1776. 8vo. Is. 6d. Bew, The original copies of those letters are said to have been found in a portmanteau, in the custody of a servant of Mr. Washington. It is difficult to determine their authenticity from any intrinsic evidence. They contain no facts of a private na. ture, and they discover not only sentiment, but a correctness of compofition. A Letter to the Body of Proteftant Disenters; and to Proteftant
Disenting Ministers of all Denominations. 8vo. Isa Almon,
This is the production of an able writer, and a severe satirg.on the conduct of the protestant dissenters, in their political