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mous for several manufactories; the chief of which is that of knit ftockings, employing near five thousand hands by computation. They reckon one hundred and twenty woolcombers, each employing five spinners, and each spinner four or five knitters; if four, the amount is two thousand four hundred ; this is the full work, fuppofing them all to be industrious; but the number is probably much greater. They make five hundred and fifty dozen a week the year round, or twentyeight thoufand six hundred dozen annually: The price per pair is from 22 d. to 6s. but in general from 22 d. to 4 s. some boys at 10d. If we suppose the average 35. or 36 s. a dozen, the amount is 51,480l.

The wool they use is chiefly Leicestershire, Warwickshire, and Durham: They gene


The upper end of it is fine, quite inclosed with bold steep craggy rocks and mountains; and in the center of the end a few little inclosures at their feet, waving upwards in a very beautiful manner.

The south side is a noble ridge of mountain, very bold and prominent down to the waters edge. They bulge out in the center in a pendent broad head that is venerably magnificent: And the view of the first sheet of the lake losing itself into the second among hills, rocks, woods, &c. picturesque. The opposite shore consists of inclosures, rising one above another, and crowned with craggy rocks.


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rally mix Leicestershire and Durham together. The price 8 d. 9d. and 10d. per lb. They send all the manufactures to London by land carriage, which is said to be the longest, for broad wheel waggons, of any stage in England. The earnings of the manufacturers in this branch are as follow :

d. The combers, per week,

6 The spinners, women,

Ditto, children of ten or twelve

The knitters,

Ditto, children of ten or twelve

years, All the work-people may have constant employment if they please.

During the late war business was exceedingly brisk, very dull after the


but now as good as ever known.

The making of cottons is likewise a confiderable manufacture in this town. They are called Kendal cottons, chiefly for exportation, or sailors jackets, about rod. or is. a yard, made of Westmoreland wool, which is very coarse, selling only at 3.d. or 4d. per 16. This branch employs three or four hundred hands, particularly shearmen, weavers, and spinners.

d. The shearmen earn per week, IO

6 The weavers, (chiefly women,) 4 3 The spinners,



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All have constant employment. During the war this manufacture was more brisk than ever, very dull after the peace, and has continued but indifferent ever since.

Their, third branch of manufacture is the linsey woolsey, made chiefly for home consumption, of Westmoreland, Lancashire, and Cumberland wool; the hands are chiefly weavers and spinners. The first earn 9 s. or 10 s. a week; the second (women) 4 s.

6 d. or gs.

The farmers and labourers spin their own wool, and bring the yarn to market every week: There are about five hundred weavers employed, and from a thousand to thirteen hundred spinners in town and country. The business during the war was better than it has been fince, but is now better than after the peace,

Their fourth manufacture is the tannery, which employs near a hundred hands, who carn from 75. to 7 s. 6 d. a week. They tan many hides from Ireland.

They have likewise a small manufactory of cards, for carding cloth. Another allo of filk : They receive the waste filk from London, boil it in soap, which they call scowering, then it is combed by women (there are about thirty or forty of them,) and spun, which article employs about an hundred hands ; after this it is doubled and


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dressed, and fent back again to London. This branch is upon the increase.

Bread - oatmeal baked in thin hard cakes,

called clap-bread, costs 1 d. per lb.
Cheese, 31 d.
Butter, '61 d. 16 oz.
Mutton, 2 d. to 21 d.
Beef, 21 d. to 3 d.
Veal, 21d.
Pork, 41 d.
Bacon, 6 d.
Milk, į d. a pint.
Potatoes, 10 d. four gallons.
Poor's house-rent, 305.

firing, 45$. to 50's.
Kendal is a very plentiful and cheap
place; fat stubble geese are sold at is.
4d. each.—This is fo cheap, that a living
I heard of is not a very fat one, 41. a
year, a pair of wooden shoes, and a goose-
gate. Alas, poor Rector! A goofe-gate is
the right of keeping a goose on the com-

All the

ne poor in this country wear wooden shoes.-Fat fowls at is. a couple ; fát ducks the same price; wild fowl and game in great plenty ; woodcocks often át 2 d. a piece ; partridges are sold common in the market, and very cheap : Filh in great plenty; trout oftentimes at a penny a pound,



besides any other forts. It is a neat wel built town *.

As I next resume intelligence of husbandry with the county of Lancaster, I shall here conclude this letter,

I am, Sir, &c.

From hence we viewed the famous lake called Winander Meer, ten miles west of Kendal; by much the largest water of the kind in England. It is fifteen miles long, and from two miles to half a mile broad. It gives gentle bends, so as to presen to the eye several sheets of water ; and is in many places scattered with islands: The shores are varied, consisting in some places of ridges of hills, in others of craggy rocks; in some of waving inclosures, and in others of the finest hanging woods ; several villages and one market town are situated on, its banks, and a ferry crosses it at another ; there is some business carried on upon it, so that it is not uncommon to see barges with spreading fails : All these circumstances give it a very chearful appearance, at the same time that they add to its beauty.

I would advise those who view this lake, not to take the common road down to the village of Bonus *, where the boats are kept, but (for reasons which I shall hereafter add) to go thither round almost by the ferry. The landlord at the inn át that village keeps a boat, and can always

* I am fenfible throughout this Tour of misspelt names; but

many of the places I mention are not to be found in maps, I am obliged, therefore, to write from


the ear.

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